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46,641 Works

Defended Small Towns of Roman Britain

Michael Fulford, Alex Smith & Lisa Lodwick
Although the vast majority of the population of Roman Britain continued to live in small rural farmsteads, many larger nucleated settlements developed after the conquest, often sited along the expanding road network. Some of these roadside settlements gained earthwork and/or masonry defences at various points during the mid- to late Roman period, and have often been termed 'defended small towns', although these vary markedly in terms of their scale and in the extent of any...

Origins of agriculture: archaeobotanical database

Michael Wallace, Alexandra Livarda, Michael Charles & Glynis Jones
Scope This database compiles, from published sources, the sample records of archaeobotanical (plant) remains from archaeological sites located in southwest Asia, central Anatolia and Cyprus dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic or earlier. Research The database contributes directly to the following publication, and users are referred to that article for further information on the development and intended use of the database: Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Forster, E., Stillman, E., Bonhomme, V., Livarda, A., Osborne,...

The Social Context of Technology: non-ferrous metalworking in later prehistoric Britain and Ireland

Sophia Adams, Leo Webley & Joanna Bruck
Database generated by the Leverhulme Trust funded research project at the University of Bristol investigating excavated evidence for later prehistoric non-ferrous metalworking. The data from excavated sites was used to explore how the social context and significance of non-ferrous metalworking varied regionally and developed over time from c.2500 BC to AD 50 (Chalcolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age) in Britain and Ireland. The database is a record of the excavated archaeological sites where evidence for...

No. 9 New Street, Worcester. Archaeological Watching Brief (OASIS ID: borderar1-254986)

Border Archaeology
Border Archaeology was instructed by Julian Alder of PLJ Ltd on behalf of Crystalight Ltd to carry out a programme of archaeological recording with respect to the conversion to residential use of a mid-18th -century range to the rear of No. 9 New Street Worcester. The building served as an Oddfellows Hall from 1923 and was subject to a programme of rebuilding, alteration and extension in 1928-9. It is later shown as a 'Club' on...

Oasis Academy, Romsey Road, Southampton (SOU1617). Archaeological Watching Brief

Southampton City Council Archaeology Unit
The Archaeology Unit of Southampton City Council carried out an archaeological watching brief on the replacement of an existing grass sports pitch with an all-weather sports pitch at the Oasis Academy, Romsey Road, Southampton on behalf of Oasis Academy. The aims of the investigation as defined in the written scheme of investigation were 'To investigate the human use of the area, and to record the nature of the natural deposits'. The site was in an...

Former Meridian TV Studios, Northam, Southampton (SOU1695). Archaeological Evaluation (OASIS ID: wessexar1-267090)

Wessex Archaeology
Trial trench evaluation focused on the southern part of the Site, specifically the 'dry land' south of the area of 20th century reclamation, the former Bridge Foundry, and the earlier foreshore of the River Itchen. The results of the evaluation indicate that most of the Site has been subject to reclamation, levelling and subsequent extensive and deep disturbance during the late 19th and 20th centuries. Much of the evidence revealed in the seven evaluation trenches...

Eastpoint Centre, Bursledon Road, Southampton (SOU1652). Archaeological Evaluation

Southampton City Council Archaeology Unit
Six evaluation trenches were excavated on the site of a proposed building. The main aims of the evaluation were to determine the extent, condition, nature, character, quality, and date of any archaeological remains encountered, as dictated by current best practice. Prehistoric remains had previously been found on land to the west of the site (SOU1521), consisting of nine probable prehistoric features, marked by charcoal, burnt flints, and flint flakes. One feature was dated by the...

Brunswick House, Brunswick Place, Southampton (SOU1667). Archaeological Watching Brief

Southampton City Council Archaeology Unit
The Archaeology Unit of Southampton City Council carried out an archaeological watching brief on soil investigation work to the north of Brunswick House, Brunswick Place, Southampton. The aim was to see if any archaeology relating to Hamwic or the medieval town survived.

Land at Reading Road and Wallingford Road, Wallingford, Oxfordshire (OASIS ID: oxfordar1-305636)

Oxford Archaeology (South)
During October 2017 Oxford Archaeology undertook a trial trench evaluation at Reading Road and Wallingford Road, Wallingford. The evaluation was undertaken in advance of the construction of a new retirement home. The evaluation revealed two ditches, which were undated. Trench 1 contained a shallow-sided north-east to south-west orientated ditch and Trench 5 contained a substantial north to south-orientated ditch. No finds or archaeologically rich fills were identified. Eventhough the ditches were undated, they may potentially...

Land at Oak Lane, Bredon, Worcestershire. Archaeological Evaluation (OASIS ID: cotswold2-257167).

Cotswold Archaeology
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Cotswold Archaeology in March 2016 at Land at Oak Lane, Bredon, Worcestershire. A total of eight trenches were excavated. Much of the recording was hampered by water ingress into the trenches. The evaluation identified two ditches of broadly Roman date in the west of the site, potentially agricultural in nature. Modern ditches which correspond to field boundaries depicted on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map of the area, were...

Eversley, London Road, Sawbridgeworth, East Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire (OASIS ID: heritage1-197829)

The Heritage Network
In order to investigate the archaeological potential of a proposed new residential development located on land at Eversley, London Road, Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, the Heritage Network was commissioned by the owners to undertake a programme of targeted trial trenching. One trial trench was excavated across the footprints of the proposed new dwellings. This revealed no archaeological features. No other features, deposits or finds were encountered on the site. On the basis of the results of the...

Culmstock Road, Hemyock, Devon (OASIS ID: acarchae2-134908)

AC Archaeology Ltd
An archaeological excavation was undertaken by AC archaeology to the south of Culmstock Road, Hemyock. An area of 40 m by 15 m was stripped of topsoil revealing the remains of slagpit furnaces, pits and gullies which were sealed beneath a deposit of slag and fuel waste derived from iron smelting activity. Two radiocarbon dates indicate a probable late 8th century date for this activity.

Central Station North Quarter, Southampton (SOU1613). Archaeological Watching Brief

Southampton City Council Archaeology Unit
A watching brief was carried out by Southampton City Council Archaeology Unit on 73 trial holes excavated in the Central Station North Quarter area in advance of improvements to the area. The purpose of the fieldwork was 'to make a record of the deposits that survive beneath the surface. In addition the nature, dimensions, and relationship of natural deposits will be noted and recorded if revealed' (Garner 2013, 3). The information was to be used...

47A Bevois Valley Road, Southampton (SOU1653). Archaeological Watching Brief (OASIS ID: thamesva1-182552)

Thames Valley Archaeological Services Ltd
A watching brief was carried out on footings for a new building. A single post-medieval pit was observed. Natural deposits were observed at the southern end of the site but not to the north.

Nantwich waterlogged deposits digital archive

Timothy Malim, Mark Swain & Ian Panter
The nationally strategic aim of the Nantwich Waterlogged Deposits project was to develop and test a scientifically rigorous methodology for characterizing and monitoring the historic buried remains in urban waterlogged deposits so that bespoke management plans could be designed to secure the long-term conservation of such remains in ancient urban centres where this is viable.

The Mount, No. 4 North Avenue, Ashbourne, Derbyshire. Historic Building Recording (OASIS ID: preconst1-248243)

Pre-Construct Archaeology Ltd
Pre-Construct Archaeology Limited was commissioned by Pillar Construction Ltd to undertake a programme of historic building recording focused upon The Mount, a large late 19th century Gentleman's residence within landscaped grounds at No. 4 North Avenue, Ashbourne, Derbyshire. The historic building recording was undertaken in connection with planning permission to demolish the house and replace it with an apartment block. Documentary evidence shows that The Mount was built between 1871 and 1876. By 1876 it...

Household Waste Recycling Centre Stainton Grove, County Durham. Historic Building Recording (OASIS ID: wessexar1-265588)

Wessex Archaeology
Historic building recording of 6 tank garaged, identified as Romney sheds (or huts) at Stainton Grove. The Site comprises part of a mid-20th century military camp, which has been redeveloped into a housing estate, industrial estate and the current Household Waste Recycling Centre. Six tank garages within the site were subject to a Historic England Level 3 survey that was conducted at the site between the 29th - 30th September 2016.

Late Iron Age Calleva: The Pre-Conquest Occupation at Silchester Insula IX

University Of Reading
The excavation in Insula IX of the Roman town of Silchester explored an area of approximately 3025 metres squared within the defended core of the oppidum. This area amounts to about 9 per cent of the 32.5 ha enclosed by the Inner Earthwork. Previous seasons of excavation demonstrated that the foundations, pits and wells of the Roman town had penetrated into the underlying natural gravel and destroyed earlier occupation, but that the Victorian trenching had...

Land at Vicarage Hill, Kingsteignton, Devon. Archaeological Watching Brief (OASIS ID: acarchae2-229236)

AC Archaeology Ltd
Archaeological monitoring and recording carried out on land at Vicarage Hill, Kingsteignton, Devon (centred on NGR SX 8757 7303) was undertaken by AC archaeology between December 2014 and June 2015 during groundworks associated with a residential development. The archaeological investigations recorded the presence of Bronze Age activity on the site, with this consisting of the base and collapsed body of a Middle Bronze Age pottery vessel deposited within a pit. Two adjacent undated small pits...

Land at Black Peak Farm, Melbourn, Cambridgeshire

Oxford Archaeology East
A4 paper bound report

Hod Hall Lane, Haddenham, Cambridgeshire

Oxford Archaeology East
A4 paper bound report

Land north-east of Street Farm, Saxmundham, Suffolk

Oxford Archaeology East
A4 paper bound report

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