139 Works

Algorithm for Micro-Size Target Detection with Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Radar

Safiah Binti Zulkifli
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Micro-UAVs of the size of an insect can be used to perform stealthy surveillance or to gather intelligence crucial to attack roles at a relatively short range and within enclosed spaces and buildings. Conventional radar systems have been optimised to detect and classify bigger targets and are not specifically designed to detect micro-targets of less than 5cm in size. Other micro-targets that are relatively small in...

Infographic on global leaders

Elisabeth Kelan
Infographic from an extensive research project on how men as middle managers can engage in gender inclusive leadership.

X Ray Eyes: Seeing Through Walls Using Radar

James Elgy
Digital Image presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.

This image represents current research into ground-based applications of radar imaging in a through-wall context. Utilising different measurement geometries and signal processing, the aim is to gather and disseminate low-frequency synthetic aperture radar data to identify building structure and content. This image shows volumetric synthetic aperture radar data gathered in a multistatic modality, i.e. where there are two independent receiving antennas, both on the far...

Algorithm for Micro-Size Target Detection with Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Radar

Safiah Binti Zulkifli
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Micro-UAVs of the size of an insect can be used to perform stealthy surveillance or to gather intelligence crucial to attack roles at a relatively short range and within enclosed spaces and buildings. Conventional radar systems have been optimised to detect and classify bigger targets and are not specifically designed to detect micro-targets of less than 5cm in size. Other micro-targets that are relatively small in...

A Fibre Optic Long Period Grating Immunosensor for Campylobacter jejuni with Enhanced Sensitivity by Bacterial Staining

Antonio Rendon Romero
Poster presented at the Cranfield Doctoral Network Annual Event 2018.
Campylobacteriosis is one of the most widely reported bacterial cause of gastroenteritis in humans in the world. One of the bacterial species that most causes the disease is Campylobacter jejuni. The detection of Campylobacter jejuni by sensitising the surface of an optical fibre long period grating (LPG) with covalently attached rabbit polyclonal antibody is explored. The sensitivity of the sensor is enhanced by bacterial staining allowing...

Self-Healing Polymer Nanocomposites for Composite Structure applications

Ranjeetkumar Gupta
Poster presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Nanocomposites offer the possibility of realizing materials with bespoke properties that were un-realizable by the parent pristine materials. Since, nanoscale inclusions firstly engender small mechanical, electrical and optical defects; and secondly the differential property of the large volume of interfacial polymer from the bulk, bestow an opportunity for multi-functionality and attuning desired properties. The proposed research work deals with designing and controlling the interfacial structure-property-function relationships...

Metallic nano carrier complex targeting neuroendocrine prostate cancer

Aver Hemben, Iva Chianella & Glenn Leighton
Poster presented at Cranfield University’s 2019 Manufacturing Doctoral Community event.

IMPACT Showcase: Bioaerosols monitoring

Sonia Garcia Alcega, Frederic Coulon & Sean Tyrrel
Why shall we concern ourselves with bioaerosols in the environment? Poster showcasing work being conducting by Cranfield University

Rapid Monitoring of Bioaerosols from industrial, rural and urban environments

Sonia Garcia Alcega, Frederic Coulon & Sean Tyrrel
•Sampling at constant flow rate and varying sampling time: - does not affect in presence/absence of MVOCs (70% similarity) - There is large difference in abundance (ng.m-3), (20% similarity). • Sampling at different flow rates and varying sampling time affects both peak detection and concentration.

Corrosion resistant coatings for concentrated solar power

Sarah Yasir
Poster presented at Cranfield University’s 2019 Manufacturing Doctoral Community event.

Searching for High Density Material in Cargo Containers Using Gravity Gradiometry

David Leahy
Poster presented at the 2016 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Imaging cargo containers at ports in this country is an important task, especially if they are being checked for possible fissile material. Some detection methods cannot be used as they are too destructive. A possible alternative is the use of gravity gradiometry - a non-destructive sensing technique which can provide better resolution than straightforward gravity readings, with the trade-off being less penetration power. The resulting inverse...

Volatile fingerprinting of potato rots during cold storage

Maria Gutierrez Pozo
Poster presented at the Cranfield Doctoral Network Annual Event 2018. Winner of the best poster presentation.

Potato is one of the main food crops in the world after rice, maize and wheat. Half of it is sold as a fresh product for immediate use, while the rest is stored at cold temperatures (4-10oC) for up to 10 months. Storage is a dynamic situation where all environmental factors, mainly temperature (4-10oC) and relative humidity (95-98%), need to...

Poster presentation: Ultra-precision control of a reel-to-reel process

Andrew Graham, Paul Morantz & Paul Comley
Poster presentation of research work at the EPSRC Centre for innovative manufacturing in ultra precision.

IEEE sensors 2016 poster

James Barrington, Stephen James, Ralph Tatam & Matthew Partridge
Conference poster for IEEE sensors 2016 conference. Data can be found using the referenced URL.

Assessment of Light Transport Through Human Anatomy

Akhil Kallepalli
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Due to the non-contact and non-invasive nature, and ease of investigation, photonics and imaging have emerged as a preferred modality in a multitude of domains. Investigation of medical conditions and problems utilising these tools is a highly sought after domain of research and innovation due to the impact it would have in improving the quality of care for patients while reducing the workload of medical staff....

Interviews of Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Officers

Jordan Nunan, Rebecca Milne, Andrea Shawyer, Dave Walsh & Ian Stanier
Poster presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Intelligence led policing is deemed a proactive measure to counter criminal activity. The use of both overt and covert practices are used to support this proactive approach to policing England and Wales. There are a variety of methods that agencies can use to collect intelligence. First amongst collection capabilities is the discipline of HUMINT, the branch charged with eliciting intelligence through interaction with human sources, such...

Analytical Estimates of Proton Acceleration in Laser-produced Turbulent Plasmas

Konstantin Beyer
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
With the advent of high power lasers, new opportunities have opened up for simulating astrophysical processes in the laboratory. We show that 2nd-order Fermi acceleration can be directly investigated at the National Ignition Facility, Livermore. This requires measuring the momentum-space diffusion of 3 MeV protons produced within a turbulent plasma generated by a laser. Treating Fermi acceleration as a biased diffusion process, we show analytically that...

Baseband version of the bat-inspired spectrogram correlation and transformation receiver

Krasin Georgiev
Poster presentation at the 2016 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.Echolocating bats have evolved an excellent ability to detect, resolve and discriminate targets in highly challenging environments. They have had more than 50 million years of evolution to optimise their echolocation system and behavioural experiments have shown their exceptional ability to detect and classify targets even in highly cluttered surroundings. Behavioural experiments have demonstrated that bats are able to resolve closely located scatterers: • a two-point...

Future Sustainable Propellants

Peter Wilkinson
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.

Traditionally propellants have been made from materials specifically manufactured for this purpose. This project seeks to find whether commercially available thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) can be used to replace some or all of the existing propellants. Traditionally gun propellants used either nitrocellulose sourced from natural ingredients such as cotton or a synthetic binder such as hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPB), cross linked with an isocyanate. Two TPEs were...

Conceptualising Supply Chain Management: An Objective-Oriented Approach

Hussain Alkebaisi
Poster presented at the Cranfield Doctoral Network Annual Event 2018.
Although it has been more than three decades since the concept of Supply Chain Management (SCM) was first introduced, there are still significant attempts at, and a call for conceptualising, defining, remodelling and identifying the theory(s) behind it. There is no consensus in the literature on a concise and precise definition of SCM nor its underpinning theory(s). A rigorous theoretical framework has not yet been developed;...

Do you trust me?

Megan Field
Poster presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Automation of technology and systems across such domains as defence, nuclear, transportation and healthcare is forecast to increase dramatically in the coming decades, and with that, levels of automation (LOA) are set to change the role of operators.
However, the shift from of working directly with and within a system to one characterised by supervision and (sometimes remote) surveillance, brings a range of human-centred issues and limitations....

UAV Susceptibility and self-protection measures

Ioannis Vagias
Poster presentation at the 2016 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) has proliferated in the defence, security and scientific communities. Although still immature, the UAV market is the fastest growing sector of the defence industry, as senior and junior tactical military commanders request frequently both Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Close Air Support from unmanned aerial platforms. This increased dependence on UAVs, the associated attrition rate due to hostile...

Developments in CO2 Compression and Purification Unit (CPU) for Oxy-fuel Combustion Power Plant

Harry Yan Yan
Poster presented at the Cranfield Doctoral Network Annual Event 2018.
Developments in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Purication Unit (CPU) for Oxyfuel Combustion Power Plant. Oxyfuel combustion technology as one of three major carbon capture technologies, which has been largely investigated from bench scale to demonstration scale. The difference of carbon dioxide gas quality in oxyfuel combustion technology which require additional process with high cost and energy penalty than that of pre- and post-combustion capture technology. In...

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Crystallite Interactions in Shock-compressed Columnar Polycrystals

Patrick Heighway
Poster presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
The need for a fundamental understanding of the strength of materials that are deforming extremely rapidly under high stress has driven intense research efforts on both theoretical and experimental fronts. Recent advances in "ultrafast" x-ray imaging techniques have made it possible to track how a material evolves during the course of extreme deformation processes that might take place over the course of only a few nanoseconds:...

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