69 Works

Landfill mining report_2016.pdf

Luisa Canopoli, Stuart Wagland & Frederic Coulon
An era of rising consumption has led to resource scarcity across major industries. One way to overcome this challenge and ascertain future supply of resources is recovery of landfilled material. This so-called landfilled mining may valorise previously discarded material streams for a number of purposes and contribute to a circular economy. Across England and Wales, there are more than 20,000 landfill sites of which 90% have been closed before 1996. Besides the general belief that...

Gender Diversity Index - preliminary considerations and results

Anne Laure Humbert & Elisabeth Gunther
In this report we outline the preliminary concept for the Gender Diversity Index.

Poster Gender Diversity

Anne Laure Humbert & Elisabeth Gunther
This poster outlines the Gender Diversity Index and its main aims.

Characterization and Micromechanical Modelling of a Temperature Dependent Hyper-viscoelastic Polymer Bonded Explosive

Joanna Li-Mayer, D. Williamson, D. Lewis, S. Connors, M. Iqbal & M. N. Charalambides
Technical paper presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Polymer bonded explosives (PBXs) are highly filled binary particulate composites, typically >90% volume fraction. The composites consist of a compliant matrix binder and rigid filler crystals. In order to predict the bulk composite behaviour, the polymer matrix material properties and a suitable constitutive model was determined for use in a multi-scale micromechanical finite element model.
The matrix material was characterized using monotonic tensile tests at room...

Gender Diversity Index - preliminary considerations and results

Anne Laure Humbert & Elisabeth Gunther
In this report we outline the preliminary concept for the Gender Diversity Index.

Sustainable manufacturing for the future - a white paper

Mark Jolly
First white paper on the future of Manufacturing in the Food and Drinks industry in Great Britain based on the outcomes of an Industry-Academia Workshop.

Rapid characterisation of bioaerosols from rural, industrial and agricultural environments

Mahmud Shuaib
The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to compare two different bio aerosol sampling techniques, polycarbonate filters, and Coriolis®µ and 2) characterise bioaerosols by the analysis of PLFA biomarkers in order to identify the microbial communities present in contrasting outdoor environments (a WWTP, compost facility, three different farms, 2 parks and an urban area). Sample collection efficiency was 34% greater when collecting air samples with polycarbonate filters than with Coriolis in recreational parks where...

Appendices for PhD Thesis Titled "ADVANCEMENT IN CO-CRYSTAL FORMATION THEORY THROUGH THE USE OF HYDROGEN BONDING SYNTHONS IN N-HETEROCYCLES"

Colum O'connor
Appendices for PhD thesis titled "Advancement in co-crystal formation theory through the use of hydrogen bonding synthons in N-heterocycles"

Poster Gender Diversity

Anne Laure Humbert & Elisabeth Gunther
This poster outlines the Gender Diversity Index and its main aims.

Conceptual and preliminary design methods for use on conventional and blended wing body airliners

Howard Smith & John Fielding
Transcript of John Fielding and Howard Smith's 1999 lecture to Court, Cranfield University.

Towards Determining Wall Properties with Bistatic Radar

James Elgy, Daniel Andre, Ivor Morrow & Mark Finnis
Poster presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Remote sensing techniques to gather information about building structure and interiors are of significant interest for both military and civilian applications. Radar offers an attractive approach due its long-range, all-weather and non-destructive through-wall sensing nature. Radar however, is affected by the electrical properties of the medium the electromagnetic waves are passing through. For through-wall Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), this leads to a defocusing and a distortion...

Aquifer parameters deduced from pumping tests in Kenyan sand dams

Ken Rushton
Pumping tests have been used to determine aquifer parameters in three sand dams in Kenya.

A Human Factors Evaluation of Mixed Reality Technologies for Command and Control Applications

Christopher Bibb
Technical paper presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
This research assesses the Human Factors aspects of adopting Mixed Reality (MxR) technologies for advanced interaction and visualisation techniques within future cockpit environments, where the role of the occupant is envisaged to change from that of a pilot to mission management specialist. Specifically, the work sets out to assess the impact on human perceptual-motor performance, cognition, workload and situational awareness of replacing physical display and...

Preprint: 'Improved State of Charge Estimation for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries'

Karsten Propp, Daniel Auger, Abbas Fotouhi, Monica Marinescu, Vaclav Knap & Stefano Longo
This is a preprint of a manuscript submitted for publication.
Good state of charge estimation in lithium-sulfur batteries (Li-S) is vital, as the simplest convention methods commonly used in lithium-ion batteries - open-circuit voltage measurement and 'coulomb counting' - are often ineffective for Li-S. Since Li-S is a new battery chemistry, there are few published techniques. Existing techniques based on the extended Kalman filter and the unscented Kalman filter have shown some promise, existing work has...

Linchpin - men, middle managers and gender inclusive leadership

Elisabeth Kelan
The final report from an extensive research project on how %0Amen as middle managers can engage in gender inclusive leadership.

Anomaly Detection for Security Imaging

Jerone Andrews
Technical paper presented at the 2016 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.

Non-intrusive inspection systems are increasingly used to scan intermodal freight shipping containers, at national ports, to ensure cargo conformity with customs regulations. Initially, each container is risk assessed based on shipping information such as origin, destination, and manifest. If the risk is deemed sufficiently high the container is imaged, typically by non-intrusive X-ray radiography. Finally, on the basis of the X-ray image, a human operator...

Appendices for PhD Thesis Titled "ADVANCEMENT IN CO-CRYSTAL FORMATION THEORY THROUGH THE USE OF HYDROGEN BONDING SYNTHONS IN N-HETEROCYCLES"

Colum O'connor
Appendices for PhD thesis titled "Advancement in co-crystal formation theory through the use of hydrogen bonding synthons in N-heterocycles"

Trust in Automation: A Qualitative Study of Behaviour and Attitudes Towards Emerging Technology in Military Culture

Megan Field
Technical paper presented at the 2018 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Trust is often explored as a determinant of appropriate automation usage and reliance. Despite the wealth of research into the antecedents, decision making and cognitive factors to facilitate human-automation interaction, internal factors that influence dispositional trust, are often underrepresented. High speciality and criticality domains characterise the most researched areas in this field, however, there are minimal studies exploring organisational culture, such as within the military,...

Circular Innovation and Re-distributed Manufacturing

Mariale Moreno, Fiona Charnley, Richard Court, Matt Wright & Callum Campbell
This is one of five feasibility studies conducted as part of the RECODE Network

Insulating Polymer Nanocomposites for High Thermal Conduction and Fire Retarding Applications

Ranjeetkumar Gupta, Dehong Huo, Mehul Pancholi, James Njuguna1 & Ketan Pancholi
Technical paper presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
The possibility of combining the flexibility and light-weight of polymers with the highest insulation and dielectric permittivity of ceramics, drives the field of nanocomposites for potential commercial application. The inclusion of nano-sized insulating particles in the polymer matrix, and orienting the fillers along the direction of heat flow results in modifying the induced interfaces for effective phonon propagation. Such flexible polymer nanocomposites (PNC) offer easy...

Business as Unusual: Designing products with consumers in the loop

Mariale Moreno, Harris Makatsoris, Leila Sheldrick, Emma Dewberry & Matt Sinclair
This is one of five feasibility studies conducted as part of the recode network

Tailored Influence Through Theory Based and Application-oriented Narrative Interventions

Ioannis (John) Bernadis
Technical paper presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
Stories and narratives are a fundamental mode of human communication and a principal means that many socio-political institutions disseminate information to the public. Their ability to permeate every society, culture, ethnicity, race and religion, as well as their potential to influence, have established narratives as a theoretical and methodological point of investigation across many disciplines. While technology is an integral channel of deployment of persuasive...

A Novel Fast Readout, Gamma Detector System for Nuclear Fingerprinting

Alessia Giroletti, J.J. Velthuis & T. Scott
Technical paper presented at the 2017 Defence and Security Doctoral Symposium.
In order to be effective, decommissioning of nuclear facilities as well as recovery procedures following a nuclear accident require a precise estimation of the amount, type, and topological distribution of nuclear material present at the scene.
In this work we present a novel, fast readout, spectroscopy system suitable for high radiation level environment which we estimate to be 10 times faster than current deployed systems.
The...

Rapid characterisation of bioaerosols from rural, industrial and agricultural environments

Mahmud Shuaib
The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to compare two different bio aerosol sampling techniques, polycarbonate filters, and Coriolis®µ and 2) characterise bioaerosols by the analysis of PLFA biomarkers in order to identify the microbial communities present in contrasting outdoor environments (a WWTP, compost facility, three different farms, 2 parks and an urban area). Sample collection efficiency was 34% greater when collecting air samples with polycarbonate filters than with Coriolis in recreational parks where...

Supportive Information DES and Case Study Analysis

Mariale Moreno, Fiona Charnley, Richard Court & Matt Wright
Supportive information for the full case study analysis and the DES simulation

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