377 Works

Self-Gluing Formula of the Monopole Invariant and its Application on Symplectic Structures

Gahye Jeong
Seiberg-Witten theory has been an important tool in studying a class of 4-manifolds. Moreover, the Seiberg-Witten invariants have been used to compute for simple structures of symplectic manifolds. The normal connected sum operation on 4- manifolds has been used to construct 4-manifolds. In this thesis, we demonstrate how to compute the Seiberg-Witten invariant of 4-manifolds obtained from the normal connected sum operation. In addition, we introduce the application of the formula on the existence of...

Copper Carbazolides in Photoinduced C–N Couplings

Jun Myun Ahn
Photoinduced, copper-catalyzed reactions of organohalides have emerged in recent years as a powerful tool to construct a wide array of C–N bonds, which are prevalent in organic materials and polymers, pharmaceuticals, natural products, and ligands in transition metal catalysts. Described herein is the study and applications of copper complexes ligated by carbazole and its derivatives in photoinduced, copper-catalyzed C–N bond-constructing transformations. Various areas of synthetic inorganic and organic chemistry are explored, including in-depth mechanistic elucidation,...

Transcriptional Enhancer Activity of Biochemically Marked Genomic Elements

Gilberto DeSalvo
Functional genomics aspires to explain how a transcription factor (TF) and its measured biochemical occupancy relates to the enhancer activity of the underlying sequence elements. Tissue-specific TFs exhibit remarkable selectivity and reproducibility in the available genome-wide sequence motifs accessed. A consistent central conclusion is that, irrespective of the element selection criteria used, ~50% of candidate Enhancers score as transcriptionally active in both mouse and human cell types, while the remaining 50% of similarly biochemically marked...

Single-Neuron Correlates of Visual Object Representation in the Human Brain: Effects of Attention, Memory, and Choice

Juri Minxha
Neurons in the medial temporal lobe (amygdala and hippocampus) are known to respond selectively to specific object categories, such as faces. This dissertation investigates two novel extensions of this work: (1) how are such neuronal responses influenced by where we attend; (2) how is category information used by the brain to make decisions. The first question evaluated the representation of faces in the primate amygdala during naturalistic conditions, by recording from both human and macaque...

Eph Receptor Clustering by Chondroitin Sulfate Inhibits Axon Regeneration

Gregory Martin Miller
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) play important roles in the developing and mature nervous system, where they guide axons, maintain stable connections, restrict synaptic plasticity, and prevent axon regeneration following CNS injury. The chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan (CS GAG) chains that decorate CSPGs are essential for their functions. Through these sugar chains, CSPGs are able to bind and regulate the activity of a diverse range of proteins and through these interactions can regulate neuronal growth. These CS-protein...

TCCON data from East Trout Lake, SK (CA), Release GGG2014.R1

D. Wunch, J. Mendonca, O. Colebatch, N. T. Allen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Roche, J. Hedelius, G. Neufeld, S. Springett, D. Worthy, R. Kessler & K. Strong
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station East Trout Lake, SK, Canada.

Search for SUSY with Delayed Photons at the Compact Muon Solenoid

Gillian Baron Kopp
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment records data from proton-proton (pp) and heavy ion (Pb-Pb and Pb-p) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to search for physics beyond the Standard Model, test theories of supersymmetry (SUSY), and measure properties of known particles with higher precision. In 2025, the LHC will be upgraded to the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), where the luminosity will be increased by a factor of 10. This will increase the number...

Flashover of Insulation in Homogenous Electric Fields

George K. Surrapas Diamos & William Abbett Lewis
No Abstract.

The Colorado River - a Source of Water and Power for Los Angeles

Max W. Moody
The rapid growth and development of Los Angeles City and County has been one of the phenomena of the present age. The growth of a city from 50,600 to 576,000, an increase of over 1000% in thirty years is an unprecedented occurrence. It has given rise to a variety of problems of increasing magnitude. Chief among these are: supply of food, water and shelter development of industry and markets, prevention and removal of downtown congestion...

Thermalization in Periodically-Driven Interacting Quantum Systems

Karthik Iyengar Seetharam
Periodically-driven (Floquet) quantum systems are ubiquitous in science and technology. For example, when a laser illuminates a material or an AC voltage is applied to a device, the system is well-described by a time-periodic Hamiltonian. In recent years, periodic driving has been proposed, not just as a tool to excite and probe devices, but actually as a mechanism of engineering new phases of matter, some of which have no equilibrium analog. However, with this promise...

TCCON data from Rikubetsu (JP), Release GGG2014.R2

I. Morino, N. Yokozeki, T. Matsuzaki & M. Horikawa
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Rikubetsu, Japan.

TCCON data from Zugspitze (DE), Release GGG2014.R1

R. Sussmann & M. Rettinger
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Garmisch, Germany.

TCCON data from Garmisch (DE), Release GGG2014.R2

R. Sussmann & M. Rettinger
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Garmisch, Germany.

TCCON data from Burgos, Ilocos Norte (PH), Release GGG2014.R0

Isamu Morino, Voltaire A. Velazco, Akihiro Hori, Osamu Uchino & David W.T. Griffith
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Burgos, Ilocos Norte (PH).

TCCON data from Tsukuba (JP), 125HR, Release GGG2014.R2

I. Morino, T. Matsuzaki & M. Horikawa
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Tsukuba, Japan.

TCCON data from Zugspitze (DE), Release GGG2014.R0

R. Sussmann & M. Rettinger

These data are now obsolete and should be replaced by the most recent data: https://doi.org/10.14291/tccon.ggg2014.zugspitze01.R1

The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at...

TCCON data from Hefei (PRC), Release GGG2014.R0

Cheng Liu, Wei Wang, Youwen Sun & ,
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This data set contains observations from the TCCON station at Hefei (PRC).

The Equivalent Conductance of Solutions of Picric Acid

Frank Russell Capra
Picric acid possesses the property, which is rare among strong electrolytes, of having a convenient distribution ratio between water and certain organic solvents such as benzene, chloroform, etc. Because of this property, picric acid offers peculiar advantages for studying the well known deviations of strong electrolytes from the law of mass action, for; by means of distribution experiments, the activities of picric acid in various aqueous solutions may be compared. In order to interpret the...

Synthesis, NMR Solution Structure, and Neuritogenic Activity of Chondroitin Sulfate D and E

Kuang-Wei Yang
Chondroitin sulfate are ubiquitously expressed linear, sulfated polysaccharides that play critical roles in neuronal development and regeneration growth factor signaling, morphogenesis, and virus invasion. The diverse sulfation patterns presented by chondroitin sulfate has been suggested to regulate its activity, but the structural complexity and heterogeneity have hampered the understanding of structure-activity relationship. Therefore, we envisioned that chemically synthesized chondroitin sulfate oligosaccharide may provide a unique opportunity to specifically study the functions of sulfation patterns. Here,...

Computational and Neural Mechanisms Underlying Decision-Making in Humans

Ryo Adachi
How do we make economic decisions in everyday life? How do we make decisions in the face of uncertainty regarding the statistics of the environment? These are the questions that played a pivotal role in the formation of the field "Decision Neuroscience". In each chapter of this thesis, we investigated the computational and neural mechanisms to tackle these questions using behavioral and neural data acquired through fMRI experiments. In the first chapter, we investigated the...

The Bromination of Para-Cresol in the Presence of Strong Acids

Richard Clyde Datin
The purpose of this work has been to determine whether or not the formation of an oxonium compound of a cresol would change the directing influence of the hydroxyl group.

Thesis Plate 2: Stratigraphic columns of the Zebra Nappe, Southern Naukluft Mountains, Namibia

Daven P Quinn
Website containing stratigraphic columns for the southern Naukluft Mountains, Namibia.

Thesis Plate 1: Preliminary geologic map of the southern Naukluft Mountains

Daven P Quinn
Web map of the southern part of the Naukluft Mountains created from fieldwork in 2015 and 2016.

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