28,228 Works

Average deviation for measuring variation in data in small samples (n < 5)

Wenfa Ng
Good control of experiment variability is critical to experiment success, and many methods are available for quantifying variation in data. Popular methods for measuring variability in data typically uses a statistical distribution such as a standard normal distribution, but these distributions are designed for large sample size with n > 30. However, experiments typically generate less than 5 replicates (n < 5). Thus, the key requirement for the use of standard normal distribution is not...

Average deviation for measuring variation in data in small samples (n < 5)

Wenfa Ng
Good control of experiment variability is critical to experiment success, and many methods are available for quantifying variation in data. Popular methods for measuring variability in data typically uses a statistical distribution such as a standard normal distribution, but these distributions are designed for large sample size with n > 30. However, experiments typically generate less than 5 replicates (n < 5). Thus, the key requirement for the use of standard normal distribution is not...

Full-length uncropped blots of Figure 5

Xiao Bing Tang; Huan Li; Jin Zhang; Wei Lin Wang; Zheng Wei Yuan; Yu Zuo Bai

Full-length uncropped blots of Figure 5

Xiao Bing Tang; Huan Li; Jin Zhang; Wei Lin Wang; Zheng Wei Yuan; Yu Zuo Bai

Expression pattern of Wif 1 during development of anorectum in fetal rats with anorectal malformations

Xiao Bing Tang, Huan Li, Jin Zhang, Wei Lin Wang, Zheng Wei Yuan & Yu Zuo Bai
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the expression pattern of Wnt inhibitory factor 1 (Wif1) during anorectal development in normal and anorectal malformation (ARM) embryos and the possible role of Wif1 in the pathogenesis of ARM. Methods: ARM was induced with ethylenethiourea on the 10th gestational day in rat embryos. Cesarean deliveries were performed to harvest the embryos. The expression pattern of Wif1 protein and mRNA was evaluated in normal rat embryos (n=288) and...

the IHC image

Xiao Bing Tang; Huan Li; Jin Zhang; Wei Lin Wang; Zheng Wei Yuan; Yu Zuo Bai

the IHC image

Xiao Bing Tang; Huan Li; Jin Zhang; Wei Lin Wang; Zheng Wei Yuan; Yu Zuo Bai

Expression pattern of Wif 1 during development of anorectum in fetal rats with anorectal malformations

Xiao Bing Tang, Huan Li, Jin Zhang, Wei Lin Wang, Zheng Wei Yuan & Yu Zuo Bai
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the expression pattern of Wnt inhibitory factor 1 (Wif1) during anorectal development in normal and anorectal malformation (ARM) embryos and the possible role of Wif1 in the pathogenesis of ARM. Methods: ARM was induced with ethylenethiourea on the 10th gestational day in rat embryos. Cesarean deliveries were performed to harvest the embryos. The expression pattern of Wif1 protein and mRNA was evaluated in normal rat embryos (n=288) and...

A new technology for predicting the fiber content in hemp bast

Deng Gang, Ding Ming Liang, Cheng Xia & Liu Fei Hu
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a traditional fiber crop, which is becoming one of the most important industrial fibers, with a promising future in many fields. To accelerate the breeding of hemp cultivars with increased fiber content, it is important to establish a pre-flowering method that can be used to predict the potential fiber content in hemp bast. This study investigated the correlation between fiber content in the stem bast portion and in the entire...

A new technology for predicting the fiber content in hemp bast

Deng Gang, Ding Ming Liang, Cheng Xia & Liu Fei Hu
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a traditional fiber crop, which is becoming one of the most important industrial fibers, with a promising future in many fields. To accelerate the breeding of hemp cultivars with increased fiber content, it is important to establish a pre-flowering method that can be used to predict the potential fiber content in hemp bast. This study investigated the correlation between fiber content in the stem bast portion and in the entire...

Coccolith arrangement follows Eulerian mathematics in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi

Kai Xu, David Hutchins & Kunshan Gao
Background. The globally abundant coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi, plays an important ecological role in oceanic carbon biogeochemistry by forming a cellular covering of plate-like CaCO3 crystals (coccoliths) and fixing CO2. It is unknown how the cells arrange different sizes of coccoliths to maintain full coverage as the cell surface area changes due to growth and cell division. Methods. We used Euler’s polyhedron formula and simulation software CaGe, validated with the geometries of coccoliths, to analyses the...

All of the raw data

Kai Xu; David Hutchins; Kunshan Gao

All of the raw data

Kai Xu; David Hutchins; Kunshan Gao

Coccolith arrangement follows Eulerian mathematics in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi

Kai Xu, David Hutchins & Kunshan Gao
Background. The globally abundant coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi, plays an important ecological role in oceanic carbon biogeochemistry by forming a cellular covering of plate-like CaCO3 crystals (coccoliths) and fixing CO2. It is unknown how the cells arrange different sizes of coccoliths to maintain full coverage as the cell surface area changes due to growth and cell division. Methods. We used Euler’s polyhedron formula and simulation software CaGe, validated with the geometries of coccoliths, to analyses the...

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