37 Works

Public engagement in urban innovation: towards the concept of inclusive mobility

Xiaoxu Liang, Michele Lopez, Jacopo Aiello, Nicola Langone, SImone Vottari & Yuri Ardesi
In the process towards smart city, the concept of public transportation has evolved as a set of socio-material entanglements by highlighting the social impacts. This research offers a community-based approach to identify criteria for the design towards inclusive mobility by setting a validation model to measure and extract collected stakeholders’ data. The study provides a thematization of optimizing strategies to address mobility in future smart city actions towards sustainable community development, aiming to inspire further...

Results from experimental and design thinking driven programs

Saku J. Makinen
This issue includes a number of papers from the Innovation 4 Change program led by Silvia Petocchi, Chief Executive Officer, and Raghu Movva, Director, at the Collège des Ingénieurs, in collaboration with Politecnico di Torino during the spring of 2019. Tuuli Utriainen has also been involved in the program as a facilitator from CERN IdeaSquare.

Improving plastic management by means of people awareness

Francesca Demichelis, Riccardo Caivano, Edoardo Degli Innocenti, Edoardo Gava, Chiara Landini & Lisa Odoardi
In past decades the usage of plastic has seen a tremendous increment. This raise is mainly caused by industrial development and by the spread of this material in every aspect of people life, from food package to aerospace application. For sure plastic has a key role in society and it is not possible to erase, nevertheless its overuse has a serious impact on the environment as well know. In particular, just a few percentage of...

Controlled microalgae culture as a reactive nitrogen filter: from ideation to prototyping

Maurizio Capra, Elena Barone, Mario De Matteo, Martina Puppi & Ravin Garg
Freshwater pollution caused by excessive reactive nitrogen in water due to extensive use of nitrogen-based fertilizers poses an ecological threat. As a result of an innovation management program, the problem is explored through the stages of research, ideation, solution (identification and validation), and prototyping/execution. After a description of the problem and a theoretical argumentation of the methodology used to approach it, each of these stages is discussed and the solution is presented. A water treatment...

The influence of spatial distribution and work organization on the effectiveness of teamwork in an innovative multidisciplinary project

Betsabea Bussi, Francesco Ottoboni, Giuseppe Buccoliero & Ludovica Spazzini
The aim of this paper is to investigate and define the type of teamwork that best fits along various phases of innovation projects based on design thinking process for engaging people in the design thinking process. Within the context of Innovation 4 Change program, the typical phases of a design thinking project have been analysed by means of a macro methodology matrix based on two core variables: spatial distribution and internal organization of team members....

Customized servitization as an innovative approach for renting service in the fashion industry

Ana Ricchiardi & Giovanni Bugnotto
Fashion Industry has proven to be one of the most polluting industries that exists nowadays. Finding innovative ways to tackle its unsustainable development is a challenge that deserves attention. In the context of the 20-weeks program “Innovation for Change” a possible solution to the challenge was found. Design-driven and action research approach were encouraged in order to find innovative ideas. This paper show casts the partial results for a customized servitization for renting services in...

Impacts of a challenge-based innovation project course on the entrepreneurial intentions of multidisciplinary student teams

Santeri Palomäki
This study set out to explore whether a challenge-based innovation course focusing on design-thinking methods, user-centred design and interdisciplinary teams increases the entrepreneurial intentions of university students by simulating the process of creating a new, innovative product or service. The findings of the study are based on a data set consisting of pre-and post-course survey results. The data analysis shows that the students’ perceived feasibility of self-employment and the propensity to act upon it are...

The 3 T’s framework of social innovation labs

Claudia Marcelloni
Social Innovation labs present an unorthodox and varied typology, but one common denominator among them is the goal to create complex inter-organizational collaborations in order to tackle complex problems. These labs are systemic, experimental and social in nature. They utilise methodologies already discussed in the collaboration theory literature, adapting them to the context of innovation. We argue that social Innovation labs create safe spaces to innovate by using a framework composed of time, techniques and...

Creativity and science parks: more than just a physical platform?

Stefano Cirella & Anna Yström
This study explores how managerial practices can develop and enhance a creative climate in science parks. Based on a case study of one of the most important Italian science parks, Area Science Park, our results suggest that science park management can further enhance the park’s park potential and strengthen ties to its different actors by focusing on creative climate development. In particular, we identify and discuss key aspects that are relevant to this challenge, i.e....

Smart work centers as “creative workspaces” for remote employees

Luisa Errichiello & Tommasina Pianese
This paper focuses on the creative potential offered to remote workers by an innovative workplace, i.e. Smart Work Center (SWC), that acquired momentum with the diffusion of smart working, a holistic approach in managing employees’ flexibility. In conceptualizing SWCs as "creative workspaces", we draw on literature on workplace creativity to identify a number of factors related to work environment influencing individual creativity. Then, in light of specific SWC’s features, we developed a set of research...

How experiments in the fuzzy front end using prototyping generates new options

John K. Christiansen & Marta Gasparin
The fuzzy front in product development is frequently mentioned as the most critical phase of the innovation process, and the five cases of successful design innovations here indicate that experiments and an experimental approach are generating positive outcomes. The experiments in the cases can be characterized as various forms of prototyping. Interestingly the prototyping and experiments took place in the very early phases of the innovation process, rather than later as often advised and interestingly...

Extending lab results to advices for leadership facilitating creativity in organizations

Hicham Ezzat, Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil
In today’s innovation-dependent environment, organizations should constantly innovate to survive in the marketplace. However, fixation imposes major constraints on the creativity of employees in organizations. In recent years, experimental laboratory studies have proposed leadership-based methods to overcome fixation. In this study, we propose and test a research method that extends the results of these studies to organizations and demonstrate how this can help uncover new organizational leadership variables promoting creativity that are not usually considered...

Experiments in an Organisational Context

John Christiansen, Julian Birkinshaw, Pascal Le Masson & Saku Makinen
This special issue helps to shed new light on a large variety of methods, such as a method to learn from experiments driven by a company itself or a method to extend results from lab experiments to organizational situations. The papers illustrate how management science is able to articulate theoretical construction and empirical research through a variety of experimental approaches, and they attest to the scientific rigor and vitality of our scientific community. Furthermore, all...

Towards enabling disruptive innovation in a diffuse funding and resources landscape

VV., AA.
The purpose of this paper is to offer a “handbook at-a-glance” for enabling disruptive innovation in a diffuse geo-political and economic landscape. That is, to identify the enabling parameters for economy-revitalizing innovation in a geo- economically diffuse area. It is assumed that there are multiple parallel funding streams and resources allocation mechanisms, multiple political systems, diffuse legal and regulatory frameworks, and tight budgetary constraints and control. Our approach is inspired by systems biology and ecology-thinking....

Designing and building a 3D printed low cost modular Raman spectrometer

Onur Aydogan & Erol Tasal
Raman spectroscopy is broadly used in both industrial and academic communities, including nanotechnology, biology, materials engineering, physics, pharmaceutical industry and environment protection monitoring. Most of these devices are worth thousands of dollars and usually require a PhD-level assistant to operate them, hence they are usually not available for college and undergraduate students. The present paper describes an affordable, easy-to-use, Raman spectrometer that can be built with commercially available electronics and optics and 3D printing. A...

Who talks about collaborative spaces, how, and why

Gianandrea Ciaramella, Cristina Rossi Lamastra, Paola Rovelli & Chiara Tagliaro
Communities in urban contexts and firms in corporate offices have recently started to implement collaborative spaces. Several authors from different disciplines are currently advancing knowledge in this realm. Systematizing this diverse knowledge base helps to advance our understanding of this novel phenomenon. To this end, the present work reviews 29 papers focusing on collaborative spaces. We analyse these papers in terms of contents, research methods, fields of study, authors’ background, and impact on the academic...

Co-creating an idea lab: lessons learned from a longitudinal lase study

Katja Thoring, Roland M. Mueller, Carmen Luippold, Pieter Desmet & Petra Badke-Schaub
This article presents a longitudinal case study of the development process of an idea lab—from initial planning to final implementation and usage. The research approach comprised various methods, including a user study with cultural probes and a visual canvas, a focus group co-creation workshop, and a follow-up evaluation, two years after the space’s implementation. We identified 15 relevant themes and 39 spatial characteristics that constitute the individual users’ preferences, as well as several insights from...

Experimentation and innovation: purpose, possibilities and preferred solutions

Judy Matthews
This paper explores the range of purposes for experimenting and identifies some of the patterns and processes where experimentation leads to innovation. Thematic analysis of a brief overview of literature indicates that experimentation can be understood from multiple perspectives: as a mindset, a determination to solve a puzzle or challenge, a generic research process to develop new goods and services, to explore new fields and as a core process in creating desired futures. Experimentation will...

Generative action and preference reversal in exploratory project management

Mario Le Glatin, Pascal Le Masson & Benoît Weil
Organisations trying to innovate, despite being naturally encouraged to use project management and associated rational theories of choice, will necessarily experiment in some way or another due to the high levels of uncertainty and the unknown to be discovered. Exploratory project management may face situations requiring a constant reconfiguration of beliefs and hypotheses as a reaction to external factors. In this paper, we propose to discuss the existence of a generative rationality breaking away from...

How does organizational space help organizations cope with the challenges of ambidexterity and continue to innovate? A space reorganization experiment in a transitioning organization

Paula Ungureanu, Deborah Rietti & Luca Giustiniano
Influenced by internal and external factors, organizations are increasingly operating in divergent fields that require them to develop ambidextrous competencies. While research relating ambidexterity to aspects such as strategy and innovation has reached a maturity stage, we still know little about the strategic processes that allow organizations to implement ambidexterity, and in particular about the role that organizational space can play in an organization’s attempt to become ambidextrous. By conducting a qualitative study in the...

Assessing the usefulness of an early idea development tool among experienced researchers

Ulla Anneli Saari, Leena Aarikka-Stenroos, Stina Boedeker, Leena Köppä & Jörg Langwaldt
We test a novel ideation tool developed for early idea development among experienced academic researchers. We presented the tool called the Impact Canvas to experienced researchers and allowed them to test it. This paper analyses their perceptions of the tool: its usability and visual appeal, content elements, ability to facilitate collaboration, and motivate on a personal level. The majority of the researchers considered the tool useful and inspiring. Our findings imply that experienced researchers would...

Experimental research setting in management

Saku J. Mäkinen
The current issue of the CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation displays the plurality of levels of analysis for experimental research in management leaving only the policy level investigations untouched.

Open hardware as an experimental commercialization strategy: challenges and potentialities

Pietari Matti Veikko Kauttu
This article discusses a recent knowledge transfer (KT) case of CERN flagship open source hardware (OSH) technology commercialization for high frequency trading time stamping purposes. The case seems at first sight as KT success story par excellence: it enables viable business model without eroding market prices, increases the industrial innovation adoption clockspeed, and the technical complexity and operational importance of the adopted technology are high. However, questions of development community engagement, and sustainability of the...

How to get rid of the Pyramid of Bureaucracy that tyrannises innovation?

This time the experimental innovation team of IdeaSquare navigates the seas of ecology, learning masters of architecture and sipping from the Fountain of Wisdom of ancient Egypt. Why? To help getting rid of pyramids… not the Egyptian ones but those that tyrannise innovation.

Future states: design and science for sustainability

Nicholas De Leon, Qian Sun, Tuuli Utriainen, Markus Nordberg & Ronald Jones
In 2017 CERN IdeaSquare collaborated with the Royal College of Art, London to explore how an interdisciplinary approach to innovation that combines science, technology, design and business might address the global sustainability challenges as embodied in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals 2030. This collaboration examined how an interdisciplinary design led model of innovation that fuses design thinking with scientific discovery, could enable the innovative and potentially disruptive technologies from CERN to address the world’s most...

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