237 Works

Structuring and implementing the Brazilian Academic Cloud: strategy, modelling, challenges and services

José Luiz Ribeiro Filho, Antônio Carlos Fernandes Nunes, Ricardo Nobuyoshi Dos Santos Makino, Gorgonio Barreto Araújo, Graciela Machado Leopoldino Martins & Leandro Marcos De Oliveira Guimarães
This paper presents an overview of the strategies currently adopted by some National Research and Education Networks (NREN) to implement and offer scientific cloud computing services. It describes the constraints, opportunities and the strategy chosen by the Brazilian NREN – Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa (RNP) to plan, deploy and operate cloud services to and in collaboration with Brazilian public universities and research institutes. The hybrid, community and federated strategy was chosen as the...

Video- Conferencing for Outreach Communication Strategy to Enhance Academic Publishing and Research Communication in Africa

Wilson Okoka & Irene Judith Nagasha
The paper presents the effectiveness of video-conferencing community outreach projects in enhancing research ethics communication for public awareness in Uganda. It sets out to establish how vital the practice of research ethics in cross-cultural environment was in enhancing the smooth tripartite interactions among the researchers, communities and host institutions. The objectives were to: get an overview of community outreach research ethical issues and communication strategies; establish researchers’ outreach methods (approaches); identify the ethical challenges facing...

Improving Quality Education and Research Capacity through Advanced ICT Services: Lessons of NREN Implementation in Sierra Leone

Thomas Songu, Anne Powell, Boubaker Barry & Parminder Brar
Sierra Leone is just 12 years from a devastating conflict and still suffers from serious gaps in its infrastructure. The average adult has had just 3.3 years of schooling, and adult literacy rates are around 43%. Among its six million people, 60% live below the national poverty line. While there are many needs in Sierra Leone, previous experience has shown that universities can play a key role in social and economic development. To achieve this,...

Leveraging Inter-Institutional Connectivity to Facilitate Weather Data Transmission from Automatic Weather Stations in Uganda

Maximus Byamukama, Mary Nsabagwa & Julianne Sansa-Otim
The use of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) for Environment monitoring by the Uganda National Meteorological Authority has increased massively over the past 15 years. This increase is mainly due to the savings in time, energy and money that are usually accompanied by the use of Information Technology to replace manual organizational processes. These stations collect various weather data and automatically transmit this data to a central repository, usually a physical server in a relatively remote...

Using trust federations for Virtual Research Organizations at research centers in Mali and Uganda

Christopher Whalen
Research centers in low- to middle-income countries have historically been at a disadvantage participating in international collaborations, in many cases forced to depend on less reliable infrastructure and resources. Multiple foundations and governments sponsor and collaborate on research at these sites, and often these programs span many academic institutions as well. More than twenty years ago, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) established two centers for collaboration in Sub-Saharan Africa, in Mali...

Implementing Mconf web conferencing at the South African National Research and Education Network

Kasandra Isaac
Mconf web conferencing has been launched successfully as a South African National Research and Education Network (SA NREN) production level service from July 2015. This web conferencing service is an Open Source Multi-conference System funded mainly by the Brazilian National Research and Education Network (NREN), Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa (RNP). Mconf is a research collaboration tool that is web based and that can also be set up as a room based video conferencing...

Videoconferencing-as-a-Service for African NRENs

Rob Bristow
The suggestion has been made (Bristow et al. 2015) (Isaac 2015) that there is an opportunity to leverage the installed infrastructure for both Video and Web conferencing in South Africa to extend the services to the NRENs that make up the UbuntuNet Alliance. Videoconferencing is one of the common services offered by many NRENs worldwide, and there are indications that this kind of service may be offered at a meta-NREN level (Géant). Experience over the...

Learning from Somalia and Ethiopia – the NREN as a tool for Building National Expertise: A co-authorship between SomaliREN and the World Bank

Rachel Firestone
Countries in the process of developing their ICT ecosystem often face the challenge of end users lacking the skills and information necessary for using the new technological service to its full capacity. States recovering from conflict and emerging out of long periods of isolation tend to experience this imbalance in infrastructure and soft-skill development even more poignantly as they work to expand many services and sectors concurrently. Somalia is a good example of this as...

Building Institutional Repositories in Sudan: Keys to Success

Iman Abuel Maaly Abdelrahman
An Institutional Repository (IR) is a set of services that a university offers to its community members for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by its researchers and staff members. IR establishment is a challenge for information professionals because the main goal for implementing IRs is to provide Open Access (OA) to institution research output. The growth of open access institutional repositories has been very remarkable in the developed countries. However, in most...

On the Development of Climate Data Visualization tool for Interpretation of Empirical Results from Climate Model: Does it add Value to Different Stakeholders?

Camilius Sanga, Neema Sumari & Siza D. Tumbo
In time of climate change there is a lot of interest in communicating detailed information and knowledge pertaining to climate to different stakeholders. In order to aid informed decision making related to changing climate and weather variability there is need for data visualization tool. Data visualization tool plays a great role in interpreting bulk climate information produced or collected from different districts, regions and nations at large. In Tanzania, online real-time data visualization tool can...

Security: A Necessary Piece of the Collaboration Puzzle

Alex Kisyake
Educational Institutions have always been known to be the heart of complex computing systems in any region they exist especially in Africa. The existence of high end computing power often connected to the Internet and to research network grids make educational institutions soft targets for attackers. Attackers of such networks are normally either looking to exploit the large computing resources available for use in secondary attacks or to steal Intellectual Property (IP) from the research...

Managing Science and Technology: the Mozambican Ecosystem

Marangaze Munhepe Muhlanga, Solange Rito Lima, Venâncio Massingue & João Nuno Ferriera
The Current Research Information System (CRIS) emerges as an embracing paradigm for managing the multitude of Science and Technology (S&T) components and players. Instantiating its concepts and directives in the S&T ecosystems of developing countries allows to save years of progress, bringing these countries directly to the European level regarding S&T management. In this context, this article aims at discussing the challenges and strategies for the implementation of technological platforms for managing S&T, taking Mozambique...

The Case for Digital Spaces at Daeyang University

Chifundo Chilivumbo
Daeyang University is a new University having opened its doors in 2010 as a Nursing College and has since expanded to include ICT(2014) and Medical Colleges(2015). Like any institution of higher learning it would like to increase its visibility and its prestige by disseminating its research findings and scholarly works in various areas of the individual colleges’ interest. This can best be done in this digital publishing age by creating an institutional repository. This would...

Global Open Exchange Points and Research and Education Networking Futures

Dale Smith
Work is underway to develop a set of principles that are intended to guide the interconnection of national and regional research and education networks. These principles have the concept of a Global Open Exchange Points as a foundational element for interconnection of research and education networks. While this work is not yet fully developed, the Author encourages the African research and education community to consider whether the African community would like to identify opportunities for...

Content Alert System Using Short Message Service (SMS): A Testimony of two Collaborative Projects in Africa and Asia

John Paul Anbu & Sridevi Jetty
This paper is a case study of a semi-automated Content Alert System implemented at two university libraries; The university of Swaziland, Swaziland, Southern Africa and Bundelkhand University Library at Jhansi in India. Among the various mobile services, Short Message Service (SMS) is one of the most popular services widely used all over the world. The projects initiated at these libraries were intended to use the SMS service to provide an effective content alert system with...

Label generation rules for the Internet's root zone for African scripts

Yaovi Atohoun
ICANN is working to promote the use of Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). This work will allow domain names to be completely represented in local languages and scripts of the world, by developing rules to determine valid and unique top-level domains (TLDs). As per the guidance of the community, this is being achieved by organizing script based panels to determine these linguistic rules for the different scripts and languages of the world. ICANN is organizing script-based...

Interoperability, Integration and Standardization of e-Health Initiatives in Malawi: Current Efforts and Prospects

Shawo Mwakilama, Marlen Chawani, Maganizo Monawe, Gibson Kapokosa & Oliver Gadabu
Since its inception in Malawi, e-health continues to offer new opportunities for improving health-care delivery in the country. In places where implementations are done right, it enables proper and easy management of pharmaceuticals and lab samples together with results, provides clinical decision support and better patient management, and facilitates easy generation of reports for facility managers and policy makers. However, with the presence of many different e-health solutions and implementers in the country, for the...

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