238 Works

Convergent Television and ‘Audience Participation’

Vivi Theodoropoulou
The paper focuses on the introduction of interactive digital television (DTV) in the UK at the turn of the millennium, and its take-up and use by early audiences. It discusses whether the processes of television technological convergence went together with ‘consumer behaviour convergence,’1 enhanced audience engagement with the interactive TV services offered, and participation. Based on findings from a UK-wide survey and in-depth interviews with early Sky digital subscribers conducted during the early days of...

Comunicar Europa / Communicating Europe

Manuel Palacio & Concepción Cascajosa
This article will look into the case of a European television co-production: Pepe Carvalho (1999), a Spanish-Italian-French series based on the adventures of private detective created by writer Manuel Vázquez Montalbán. Taking account of production and reception issues, it will address the complexities of using media in the process of European construction. The main objective of this text is to observe the manner in which cinema and television are interwoven into the collection of actions...

Unlocking sound and image heritage

Abbazia, Danielle (Ed.), Opoku-Boateng, Judith (Ed.), Słomska, Agnieszka (Ed.) & Tandon, Aparna (Ed.)
Recognizing the need for greater collaboration and exchange of knowledge and information between collectors and users, ICCROM and KIK-IRPA organized an international conference, which took place in Brussels, 3–4 September 2015. Sixteen public and private institutions joined us in this endeavour. The papers in this publication are based on discussions held during the conference. They shed light on the diversity in the types of collecting institutions, conservation strategies and creative uses of sound and image...

Adapting university education in a digital and globally networked world

Mona Jimenez
Since 2003, the Moving Image Archiving and Preservation Program (MIAP) at New York University has graduated nearly 90 new moving image preservation professionals. Practices for moving image archiving and preservation have changed dramatically since the programme began. In addition, ‘born-digital’ productions have become the norm. Thus, MIAP has needed to continually adapt to the increasingly broad nature of heritage collections, and to new approaches and practices aimed at maintaining perpetual access to moving image works....

‘On the Road Again’

Andreas Fickers, Andy O’Dwyer & Alexandre Germain
This video documents the authors' journey back to the origins of transnational television in Europe. Inspired by the idea of experimental media archaeology (EMA), the trip to original locations of the transnational media event known as ‘Paris-week’ in 1952 illustrates a new approach to media historiography, which aims to sensitize television historians for the material remains, topography and physical spaces of early television transmissions. Readers /viewers are invited to watch the different episodes of the...

Story, History and Intercultural Memory

Marida Di Crosta & Anita Leandro
How can transmedia storytelling benefit to a documentary production in order to give historical archives a second life? Could it possibly help updating official archives, adding to the them amateur’s contributions? We will try to answer the question by recalling some recent European experiences of Web-documentaries linked to television series. This will allows us to extrapolate a few theoretical fundamentals underlying the design of our transcontinental transmedia collaborative project of archive-based documentary – Histories of...

Extending the Aerial: Uncovering Histories of Teletext and Telesoftware in Britain

Alison Gazzard
Beyond their roles of broadcasting programmed content into the homes of people around the country, Britain’s British Broadcasting Corporation and Independent Television stations delivered additional content via the home television set. This article will explore the British histories of Teletext and telesoftware in a wider context of microprocessing developments during the late 1970s and early 1980s through a media archaeological framework of their terminology and traits. Situating these developments in the industrial and political climates...

Hello, Lenin?

Kateryna Khinkulova
After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Soviet television looked old-fashioned and seemed redundant, with the emerging post-Soviet televisual cultures turning their gazes to global sources of inspiration. The next decade affected Russia and Ukraine in very different ways. In Russia brief exposure to what was seen as “cheap mass-culture” left TV viewers and producers disillusioned. With the change of attitude towards Western TV, the ideas about Soviet TV changed, too. From a grey...

Adapt Simulation: 16mm Film Editing for Television

John Ellis, Vanessa Jackson, Amanda Murphy & Rowan Aust
Two television editors who once worked with 16mm film discuss and explore their former working methods and demonstrate how to make a picture cut using film. The method of ‘hands-on history’ used for this simulation is discussed, as are the problems of presenting such data.

Folklore Music on Romanian TV

Alexandra Urdea
Music genres rooted in folklore have often been interpreted as ideological manoeuvres to forge a sense of national identity (Gordy, Mihailescu, Baker, Cash). This article explores formalized folklore performances of muzică populară as forms ‘media rituals’ (Couldry), and focuses on the role that television has played in establishing the genre as we know it today. It analyses the link between muzică populară as rooted in mass participation activities during communism, and ‘media rituals’ as framed...


Richard Misek, Arnau Gifreu-Castells & Erwin Verbruggen
Editorial to the issue on "Non-Fiction Transmedia". Over the last years, interactive digital media have greatly affected the logics of production, exhibition and reception of non-fiction audiovisual works, leading to the emergence of a new area called ‘interactive and transmedia non-fiction’. While the audiovisual non-fiction field has been partially studied, a few years ago emerged a new field focusing on interactive and transmedia non-fiction narratives, an unexplored territory that needs new theories and taxonomies to...

Protecting heritage during a crisis

Salphy Ohanis
Heritage creates people’s memory as well as their existence. The Knooz Syria archive represents the history of the press and printing in Syria from the mid-nineteenth century up to the 1970s. When its founders began collecting materials, they did not predict the crisis that wrecked Syria beginning in 2011. Forced to flee Damascus, they left behind tens of thousands of newspapers, books and documents representing more than 200 years of extended history. With the help...


Gabriele Balbi & Massimo Scaglioni
Editorial to the issue on "Convergent Television(s)". The history of media convergence, especially of convergent television, is a field that needs to be further investigated. Media convergence is often considered a taken-for-granted phenomenon, a kind of ‘irresistible’ force that has changed and is continuously changing media ecosystems. Furthermore, it seems to be mainly an American phenomenon because it has involved US politics and companies and because the most relevant reflections and publications on this topic...

Newspaper Video Content

Samuel Negredo
Newspaper websites and online only news operations deliver an increasingly varied and comprehensive offer of original audiovisual content. Videos on Spanish websites cover current affairs and niche interests, complementing the reports supplied by news agencies. The spoken word is a primary mode of expression, in the form of dialogues (interviews and debates) and speeches (comments and analyses), but more complex and visually appealing formats have been developed. Publishers face the challenge of organising these packages...

Eyewitnesses of History

Paolo Simoni
The role of amateur cinema as archival material in Italian media productions has only recently been discovered. Italy, as opposed to other European countries, lacked a local, regional and national policy for the collection and preservation of private audiovisual documents, which led, as a result, to the inaccessibility of the sources. In 2002 the Archivio Nazionale del Film di Famiglia (Italy’s Amateur Film Archive), founded in Bologna by the Home Movies Association, became the reference...

Great Escapes from the Past

Andreas Widholm
Over the last couple of decades, Europe has undergone fundamental political transformations that have challenged old stereotypes about the ‘essence’ of the European identity. This article analyses televisual narratives of the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, turning the analytical spotlight on two of Europe’s largest news broadcasters: BBC World and Euronews. The article focuses on how Europe is remembered in the news, but also how references to the past are used to explain what...

Old Stories and New Developments

Alexander Badenoch, Jasmijn Van Gorp, Berber Hagedoorn, Judith Keilbach, Eggo Müller & Daniela Mustata
It is our great pleasure to present this special issue of VIEW Journal of European Television and Culture in honour of Sonja de Leeuw, one of the founding members of the journal. The issue brings together articles that honour Sonja’s inspiring contributions to television history and television historiography.

East Meets West

Elza Ibroscheva & Maria Raicheva-Stover
This study provides a glimpse into the cultural history of this popular medium for the period 1944-2016. From the “golden age” of communist era television during which TV was hailed as a main cultural force for education and entertainment and simultaneously taunted as a tool of propaganda, censorship and political control, we will trace the unprecedented “boom” in commercial TV channels at the offset of the transition, with its often questionable quality, leading to the...

‘Remembering Our First TV Set’

Cecilia Penati
Personal memories represent a crucial source in outlining a history of television audience. However, they are undoubtedly special historical tools, and their interpretation requires particular cares and concerns. Relying on interviews leaded on direct witnesses, the paper describes the advent of television in the private space of the home in the mid fifties in Italy, comparing personal memories with the interpretative repertoires filtered down by the popular media system. The paper also tries to add...


Claude Mussou & Mette Charis Buchman
Archives have traditionally been the result of individual or collective decisions taken on political, institutional or business grounds in order to preserve documents and make these accessible for use. In the current digital ‘era of plenty,’ which enables an unprecedented creation of, and access to archival content, it seems that the very definition of an archive and its usage is being challenged. As a journal that aims to bring together archival expertise and academic knowledge...

Building Platforms For Historians

Lilian Landes
Each discipline and subject traditionally has specific needs regarding digital work and research environments. Still, essential thematic complexes which are especially important in terms of the conception and establishment of scholarly platforms providing content in Open Access, can be named: Based on specific examples from the field of history in Germany, the article considers four categories: content selection policy, digitalisation, content genres and contextualisation. With the development of user requirements over the last 10 years,...

The sonic heritage of ecosystems

David Monacchi
This paper discusses the importance of the ‘paleo- soundscapes’ of remote natural habitats as unique footprints of the systemic behaviour of healthy ecosystems and proposes considering them as intangible heritage to be urgently recorded and preserved. The interdisciplinary project Fragments of Extinction has worked toward preserving that ecological heritage through multidimensional sound recording eldwork in primary equatorial rainforests since 2002. The soundscapes of these unique, untouched and undisturbed places – increasingly threatened by human pressure...

Aesthetic Proximity

Jolien Van Keulen
Implications of the transnationalisation of television are often studied by focusing on the localisation of the content of formatted programmes. Although television is essentially an audio-visual medium, little attention has been paid to the aesthetic aspects of television texts in relation to transnationalisation and formatting. Transnationalisation of production practices, such as through formatting, implies a transnational aesthetic. At the same time, aspects of style are specific to place, culture or audience. In this article, the...

Small Change – Big Difference

Matthew Freeman
This article analyses transmedia as a non-fictional social phenomenon, discussing the significance of participation, documentary, and community media. Specifically, the article conceptualises transmedia through the lens of charity politics. To do so, I use the Comic Relief charity campaign in the UK to trace how the socials traditions, ways of life and sensibilities associated with Red Nose Day have evolved into emerging digital technologies to shape this charity campaign across the borders of multiple media...

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