238 Works

Foreword

Stefano De Caro & Hilde De Clercq
Foreword to: Unlocking sound and image heritage. Selected readings from the 2015 SOIMA conference

The Problem of Personality on the Soviet Screen, 1950s-1960s

Simon Huxtable
Over the course of the 1950s and 1960s, Soviet television acquired a growing popularity amongst the public. In a period when its technical and artistic quality remained low, the welcoming presence of TV personalities like Valentina Leont’eva and Iurii Fokin was one key reason for TV’s popularity. In this article, which combines an analysis of selected TV shows with archival documents and press articles, professionals’ discussions over the desirable qualities that personalities needed to possess...

Extending the Aerial: Uncovering Histories of Teletext and Telesoftware in Britain

Alison Gazzard
Beyond their roles of broadcasting programmed content into the homes of people around the country, Britain’s British Broadcasting Corporation and Independent Television stations delivered additional content via the home television set. This article will explore the British histories of Teletext and telesoftware in a wider context of microprocessing developments during the late 1970s and early 1980s through a media archaeological framework of their terminology and traits. Situating these developments in the industrial and political climates...

Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals

Peter B. Kaufman
The White Paper "Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals" aims to facilitate stakeholders active in the preservation of audiovisual heritage to identify their strategic priorities over the coming decade. The paper also puts forward ten recommendations for collective action to address these priorities. From the paper: "Archiving, properly defined, is the establishment and then stewardship of the human record, and the remembering that it facilitates may be the...

Editorial

Gabriele Balbi & Massimo Scaglioni
Editorial to the issue on "Convergent Television(s)". The history of media convergence, especially of convergent television, is a field that needs to be further investigated. Media convergence is often considered a taken-for-granted phenomenon, a kind of ‘irresistible’ force that has changed and is continuously changing media ecosystems. Furthermore, it seems to be mainly an American phenomenon because it has involved US politics and companies and because the most relevant reflections and publications on this topic...

Reading Between the Lines

Andreas Fickers & Andy O'Dwyer
In 1950 and 1952, the British Broadcast Corporation (BBC) and Radio Télévision Française (RTF) realized the first transnational television transmissions ever. The so called “Calais Experiment” (1950) and the “Paris Week” (1952) were celebrated as historic landmarks in European television and celebrated as a new “entente cordiale” between the two countries. This article aims at highlighting some of the tensions that surrounded the realization of these first experiments in transnational television by embedding the historic...

Looking for What You Are Looking for

Jasmijn Van Gorp
In this essay, the author reflects on her first search with the online search system of the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision. It was part of a pilot study on how media researchers use the audiovisual archive. Consequently, her search was being logged, video taped and sound recorded, she had to 'think aloud', and all of this in presence of a fellow researcher from computer sciences who observed her search behaviour. By showing how...

The Production of Czechoslovakia´s Most Popular Television Serial 'The Hospital On The Outskirts' and Its Post-1989 Repeats

Petr Bednařík
In 1970s and 1980s, the television serial "Hospital on the Outskirts" achieved success with a large audience in Czechoslovakia as well as abroad. In 1981, the West German television Norddeutscher Rundfunk even co-produced the shooting of another 7 episodes. After the change of regime in 1989, the series first made a comeback in the form of re-runs. And then at the beginning of the 21st century, Czech Television produced a sequel named “Hospital on the...

Changing gears

Johan Oomen, Maarten Brinkerink, Bouke Huurnink & Roeland Ordelman
Audiovisual archives are embracing the opportunities offered by digitization for managing their work processes and offering new services to a wide array of user groups. Organization strategy, working processes and software development need to be able to support a culture where innovation can flourish. Some institutions are beginning to adopt the concept of ‘two-speed IT’. The core strategy aims to accommodate two informational technology tracks simultaneously: foundational but ‘slow’ and innovative but exible and ‘fast’....

Interactive Graphic Journalism

Laura Schlichting
This paper examines graphic journalism (GJ) in a transmedial context, and argues that transmedial graphic journalism (TMGJ) is an important and fruitful new form of visual storytelling, that will re-invigorate the field of journalism, as it steadily tests out and plays with new media, ultimately leading to new challenges in both the production and reception process. With TMGJ, linear narratives may be broken up and ethical issues concerning the emotional and entertainment value are raised...

Korsakow Perspective(s)

Franziska Weidle
In “linear documentary land”, we are trained to see stories everywhere we look. As noted by Grasseni and Walter (2014), digital media affordances encourage reflections on this particular “schooling of the eye”, the power relations it is embedded in as well as the creation of counter-practices. Indeed, many artists, media practitioners and scholars advocate interactivity as a different, possibly more “authentic“, representative strategy for documentary. Drawing on my ethnographic study of the Korsakow-System, this paper...

Writing Games: Continuity and Change in the Design and Development of Quiz Shows in Italy

Massimo Scaglioni & Axel Fiacco
As in the United States and in many countries across Europe, the quiz show was a founding genre for Italian television as far back as the 1950s: because of their broad appeal, such game shows as Lascia o raddoppia and Il musichiere contributed strongly to television’s burgeoning popularity during the subsequent decades. Since then, the quiz show has traversed different eras of television history, with partial and gradual changes to its textual features, aesthetics and...

Introduction

Aparna Tandon & Danielle Abbazia
Introduction to: Unlocking sound and image heritage. Selected readings from the 2015 SOIMA conference

From PSB to Privatisation

Theodora Maniou
In Cyprus the historical evolution of television follows the country's turbulent political history, while clearly depicts the political system's vulnerabilities. This article presents a historical overview of the historical evolution of television in Cyprus, in accordance to the specific historical artefacts that generated a series of disadvantages still reflecting upon private broadcasting. The aim of the article is to present the interrelation between private broadcasting and politics and its current aftermath in Cyprus. Through a...

‘Great Stuff!’

Eggo Müller
In 2014, British Pathé launched its YouTube channel with more than 85,000 items of audiovisualheritage from the 20th century. This article analyses the curational strategies of this channel as developed bythe German multi-channel network Mediakraft in consideration of YouTube’s algorithms and supposed userexpectations. This article argues that, in the context of YouTube’s commercial ecosystem, Mediakraft’scuration emphasizes celebrities, spectacular historical events, and curiosities to attract users online.

‘On the Road Again’

Andreas Fickers, Andy O’Dwyer & Alexandre Germain
This video documents the authors' journey back to the origins of transnational television in Europe. Inspired by the idea of experimental media archaeology (EMA), the trip to original locations of the transnational media event known as ‘Paris-week’ in 1952 illustrates a new approach to media historiography, which aims to sensitize television historians for the material remains, topography and physical spaces of early television transmissions. Readers /viewers are invited to watch the different episodes of the...

Newspaper Video Content

Samuel Negredo
Newspaper websites and online only news operations deliver an increasingly varied and comprehensive offer of original audiovisual content. Videos on Spanish websites cover current affairs and niche interests, complementing the reports supplied by news agencies. The spoken word is a primary mode of expression, in the form of dialogues (interviews and debates) and speeches (comments and analyses), but more complex and visually appealing formats have been developed. Publishers face the challenge of organising these packages...

Is the End of Television Coming to an End?

Jérôme Bourdon
This article analyses the discourses of the end of television in relation to its status as a bad object. It traces the early, transnational, massive negative treatments of television. It suggests four explanations for this: sociological (television as a popular medium), economical (disappointing investment), metapsychological (frustrating experience), technological (insincere dispositif). It suggests that discourses of the end are coming to an end, because television is becoming a kind of archive, increasingly considered nostalgically, while its...

Memory, Television and the Making of the BBC’s 'The Story Of Wales'

Steve Blandford & Ruth McElroy
The production of television history programming is a rich site for examining the dynamic relationship between history and memory. This article approaches these dynamics through original, empirical research of a specific case study, BBC Wales’ The Story of Wales (Green Bay for BBC Wales 2012). It analyses the commissioning, production and presentation of a landmark national history programme within the specific context of a small nation (Wales) and provides insights into how television intervenes in...

Bury my bones but keep my words

S. Mshaï Mwangola
The author’s experiences preparing and presenting at the 2013 (Nairobi, Kenya) and 2015 (Brussels, Belgium) SOIMA conferences form the basis for this reflection on the work of custodians safeguarding the sound and image heritage of the past. Drawing inspiration from the artistic reflections of acclaimed master poet Ko Awonoor and accomplished writer Yvonne Owuor on death and life viewed through the prism of the dirge singer, the paper explores what it means to be a...

‘The Schneiderverse’

Helena Louise Dare-Edwards
This article will analyse the textual features of two recent and successful American-based Nickelodeon shows, both of which incorporate digital and social technologies into their sitcom-style format. Aimed at a tween-girl1 audience, these ‘convergence comedies’2 complicate traditional notions of media spectatorship and the distinctions between media producers and consumers as audiences are invited to participate in the processes of production. While media convergence is built into the visual style of both shows, the shows themselves...

‘More than a Television Channel’

Hannah Andrews
Obliged by act of Parliament to ‘innovate and experiment’, Channel 4 has, since its birth in 1982, been the UK’s most pioneering commercial television broadcaster. Its arrival broadened the meaning, function and operations of public service broadcasting in the UK, with a particular focus on minorities and pushing boundaries, political and creative. In the late 1990s, though, it was under increasing threat from specialist pay-TV services that could more accurately target its audiences. As a...

Live From Moscow

Lars Lundgren
On April 14th, 1961, television viewers across Europe watched live images of Yuri Gagarin being celebrated on the Red Square in Moscow. The broadcast was made possible by the linking of the Intervision and Eurovision television networks, which was the result of cooperation between broadcasters on both sides of the Iron Curtain. By looking into how the co-operation between the OIRT and EBU was gradually developed between 1957 and 1961 this article engages with the...

Emergent Principles for Digital Documentary

Richard Lachman
Digital Documentaries are an area of rapid invention and experimentation at all levels, including creative content, production techniques, and business models. As with many forms of digital storytelling, a focus on technologies can be distracting; platforms change rapidly, and are dependent on external commercial forces rather than creative potential. This article presents several design strategies for driving experimentation in digital documentary above and beyond the specific of platform and technology. The core focus is on...

Window to the West

Annika Lepp & Mervi Pantti
This study is concerned with the memories of Estonians of watching Finnish television during the last decades of the Soviet occupation. We will look at the practices of watching Finnish television in Soviet Estonia and the meanings attributed to it. Finnish television took North-Estonians into a colourful world of consumption and entertainment, while at the same time educating them about Western values and encouraging them to dream a better future.

Registration Year

  • 2015
    22
  • 2016
    39
  • 2017
    131
  • 2018
    46

Resource Types

  • Text
    233
  • Audiovisual
    1