136 Works

Van Bouwstenen naar Smart City: wat er geleerd kan worden van Nederlandse Smart City-initiatieven

Matthijs Duenk & Dianne Scholte
De term ‘Smart City’ wordt steeds vaker genoemd als oplossing voor klimaat- en verstedelijkingsproblemen. Veel lokale overheden weten echter niet wat zij concreet kunnen doen om hun eigen Smart City-initiatief te ontwikkelen. In het onderzoek ‘Van Bouwstenen naar Smart City’ is onderzocht wat voor lokale overheden de bouwstenen zijn voor een succesvol proces tot de ontwikkeling van Smart City-initiatieven. Met behulp van een viertal Smart City-initiatieven in Nederland en gesprekken met betrokken partijen is gekomen...

The Contribution of the Fouchet Commission to the Fouchet Negotiations

Cas Van Der Lee
The struggle between supranational and intergovernmental visions on European integration came to dramatic heights with the little-known battle over the Fouchet Plan in 1961-62. This study examines the internal negotiations within the Fouchet Commission, its share in the failure of the Fouchet Plan and how national politicians and interests shaped its negotiations. Thanks to new archival research the understudied influence of the Fouchet Commission has been scrutinised, which provides a new perspective on the failure...

Sediment ecotoxicity of the insecticide lufenuron to benthic macroinvertebrates

Lucas Jollie
Pesticides such as lufenuron are widely used in agriculture to preserve crops and maximize harvests. The application of lufenuron might cause it to inadvertently end up in surrounding ecosystems and causing unwanted damage. To assess the potential ecological damage and the fate of lufenuron, sediment toxicity tests using spiked sediment were performed, as well as a sediment aging test. Chironomids appeared as the most sensitive species and the toxicity of lufenuron decreased faster than previously...

The Influence of Sleep Quality on Student Burnout

Isabelle Göhre
To prevent a further increase in the high prevalence of student burnout, this longitudinal study investigated the influence of sleep quality on burnout. The impact of engaging in university on the development of burnout was assessed in first-year psychology students (N=75) by measuring symptoms before and after their first study period. The hypothesis that a poor sleep quality is associated with higher emotional exhaustion and cynicism and lower professional efficacy was confirmed. Although the change...

Language Attitudes Down Under

Hooft, Ellen 'T
Perceived similarity is an uncommon construct in previous studies on attitudes towards accents. This study focuses on how Australian adolescents rate the attractiveness of four English accents and how similar the participants judge these accents to be to their own accent. This study uses a verbal-guise technique and a survey to question 66 Australian adolescents. The speakers used in this study represent a General American, a standard British (RP), an Australian, and a New Zealand...

Empathy Legality Politics and Protection: Framing Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the UK Press

Haylee Kelsall
This paper compares the frames used in UK tabloid and quality newspaper coverage of refugees and asylum seekers [RAS] from August 2015 to February 2016. Specific and general framing devices were identified, and these were found to co-occur in coverage. A number of unexpected similarities were found, indicating a possible divergence from immigration related reporting patterns of the past. Moreover, the distinction between the presses with regards RAS coverage is becoming increasingly difficult to discern,...

Optimalisatie van een kraakbeen- en botkleuring in de zebravislarve

Jente Hoyberghs
Zebravisembryo’s worden door verschillende farmaceutische bedrijven gebruikt als een alternatief model om teratogene stoffen te detecteren. In vergelijking met dierproeven in zoogdieren komen echter nog steeds vals-negatieve resultaten voor, waardoor teratogene stoffen gemist worden tijdens de geneesmiddelenontwikkeling. In het zebravismodel worden nog geen skeletale eindpunten bekeken in tegenstelling tot studies in zoogdieren. Het doel van deze studie was om een dubbelkleuring op punt te stellen waarbij kraakbeen en bot in zebravislarven kan worden geëvalueerd. Uit...

Attenuation by the debris disk of the solar-like star HD 107146 of a distant occulted galaxy

Dennis Vaendel & Lennart Van Sluijs
Observations of the debris disk around the solar-like star HD 107146 reveal the disk (nearly) transiting an extended background galaxy. By using out-of-transit observations to model the galaxy, we show it to be smooth and well modelable. When subtracting this model from the edge-of-transit observation, attenuation by dust of the debris disk in the line-of-sight can be seen. From this we calculate the column density of the dust. The results of this new way of...

Impact modifiers als high-tech toepassing van RAFT polymerisatie

Astrid Clarysse, Thibo Clicteur, Bram Kemseke, Fabian Van Den Bosch & Mieke Van De Velde
Schokweerstand is één van de belangrijkste eigenschappen van een kunststof voor succesvol gebruik in allerlei toepassingen. Om de schokweerstand te boosten, kan een impact modifier (zie Figuur 1) in de vorm van core-shell nanodeeltjes toegevoegd worden aan kunststoffen. De productie van deze core-shell nanodeeltjes is echter niet vanzelfsprekend en vergt het gebruik van een gecontroleerde polymerisatietechniek, namelijk reversibele additie-fragmentatie ketentransfer (RAFT) polymerisatie, in emulsie. Als RAFT-specifiek reagens worden xanthaten aangewend. Ondanks een verminderde controle over...

Why do women fall for money? The Effect of Gender Ideology and Culture on the Mate Preference for Resources

Marina Thomas
Women generally value a potential partner's earning capacity more than men. Patriarchal gender ideologies could explain why even financially independent females prefer a mate with resources and would also hold for migrants from more to less patriarchal countries. To examine the role of gender traditionalism and ethnicity, the present online study compared the preference for a mate with financial resources in 406 Turkish, Dutch and German students and Turkish migrants in Germany and the Netherlands....

The Decembrist Revolt of 1825 as a Tool to Assess the Modern Russian Call for Freedom: The Case of the Russian Protests of 2011-2012

Vera Ande
The article presents a comparative historical analysis of two events from the Russian history: The Decembrist Revolt of 1825 and the Russian uprising of 2011-2012. The analysis is aimed at defining features that both events have in common. Based on the aftermath of the Decembrist revolt, the implications of the Russian uprising of 2011-2012 for the Russian domestic politics in the long-run are foreseen. The study uses a multidisciplinary and holistic approach, covering political, socio-cultural,...

Het verband tussen religie en interetnische solidariteit

Simon De Jong
Het doel van deze verkennende studie was inzicht te verkrijgen in de relatie tussen de religieuze identiteit van orthodox-protestanten en hun solidariteit met vluchtelingen. Door de multidimensionaliteit van hun religieuze identiteit hebben orthodox-protestanten een ambigue houding tegenover immigranten. Vanuit hun horizontale identiteit in brede zin, i.e. hun relatie tot medemensen, zijn zij op microniveau solidair met vluchtelingen. Op macroniveau bepleiten orthodox-protestanten echter restricties op het immigratiebeleid uit bezorgdheid wat een numerieke meerderheid van moslims zal...

Het Buddy-project voor eetstoornispatiënten: een exploratief kwalitatief onderzoek naar de inzet van herstelde ervaringsdeskundigen als Buddy

Marloes Biegel
Het Buddy-project is een initiatief om eetstoornis- patiënten te ondersteunen, waarbij de patiënt één op één wordt gekoppeld aan een herstelde ervaringsdeskundige. In dit onderzoek is middels interviews, vragenlijsten en een focusgroep het perspectief van ervaringsdeskundigen en eetstoornispatiënten ten aanzien van het Buddy-project in kaart gebracht. Uit dit onderzoek blijkt dat patiënten een Buddy zien als een begripvolle, gelijkwaardige en laagdrempelige gesprekspartner, die zou kunnen ondersteunen bij het oefenen van lastige situaties, zoals samen eten,...

Bridging the value-action gap: Compliance with Kyoto in the Environmental Liability Directive

Nick Doggen
This paper analyses compliance with the 2004/35/CE Environmental Liability Directive (ELD) in Sweden, the United Kingdom, Greece and Italy. Their compliance with the ELD reflects in how far pro-environmental ‘actions’ have been taken. Comparing compliance with environmental statements or ‘values’ made in their national parliaments displays to what extent there is a mismatch between values and actions, or a ‘value-action gap’. The four countries each represent one of the Four Worlds of Implementation, a model...

Green cosmetics via bio-oil

Laurens Cappoen, Pieter Deconinck, Kevin De Ras, Delphine De Saegher & Axel Vernimmen
The refining of crude vegetable oil results in an unused sidestream, the oil deodorizer distillate (ODD). This distillate contains valuable ‘minors’, like squalene, tocopherols and sterols, which have applications in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and nutrition industry. Therefore, their successful separation from this sidestream increases the viability of a refinery. The separation is achieved by supercritical esterification and supercritical CO2 extraction. The objective of this study is to simulate the process with Aspen® and model the...

State Aid in Europe

Jan Philip Böckers
The effect of state aid has been widely discussed in the existing literature from a policy makers point of view, yet the business perspective on obtaining state aid has not. This paper attempts to shed light on this viewpoint by examining potential factors affecting the aid intensity of state aid in Europe. It finds that the extent of state aid differs between countries, governing parties and the type of aid. Furthermore, it finds a general...

Is EU regulation effective in ensuring children’s online privacy and data protection?

Andrada-Cristina Mateiciuc
Following the rationale of the current EU legal framework protecting personal data, children are entitled to the same privacy and data protection rights as adults. However, the child, because of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection. In the online environment, children are less likely to make any checks or judgments before entering personal information. Therefore, this paper presents an analysis of the extent to which EU regulation...

Seasonal Changes in Cancer Mortality Rates among Cancer and Cardiovascular Patients in the Netherlands

Magdalena Shumanska
The burden of cancer, leading cause of death in developed countries, is increasing due to population aging and growth. In the general population there are higher mortality rates in winter than in summer. This study investigates seasonal changes in cancer mortalities (lung and breast cancer) in the Dutch population (1996-2016) and whether mortality in winter is correlated more with average temperatures, or more with influenza incidence. Results showed that temperature changes and higher influenza incidence...

Hearing the Shape of a Trapezoid Drum

Luuk Verhoeven
In this article we take a small step in answering the famous question “Can one hear the shape of a drum?” Recently, Grieser and Maronna have shown that if the drum is shaped like a triangle, the answer is yes. In this article we investigate this question for trapezoid drums. We define a subset of trapezia and prove that for drums of this shape the answer to the question is also yes. To do this,...

About Time

Nils L.M. Van De Ven
Survival analysis is a method of analysis used to study event occurrence. Missing periods in discrete-time survival analyses are problematic, since whether an event occurs determines whether the subject is followed up upon. Seven strategies that can be used when missingness occurs (case deletion, deletion upon missing, single imputation, multiple imputation, remembrance, the Non-Event-Strategy and the Event-Strategy) are evaluated using four criteria: effect size bias, standard error bias, power and coverage rate of confidence intervals....

The instrument of authority: The Niger river as propaganda in Northern Nigeria, 1900-1905

Bas Rensen
This paper discusses the ways in which Frederick Lugard used the Niger river and her subsidiaries as a tool to secure funding from Great Britain between 1900-1905. The annual reports written by Lugard were propaganda to convince Parliament of the value of the Nigerian project by showing progress towards the installation of “legitimate commerce”. This paper proves that the British were, especially in these early years of colonisation, to a great degree confined to the...

Protests, plenums and politics: An analysis of the Bosnian Spring and its political (dis)continuity.

Lisanne Veldt
This paper discusses the protests in February 2014, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina. While these protests resulted in the resignation of local governments, the elections that followed suggest a continuation of ethno-nationalist politics. This research explains how the characteristics that defined the collective identity of the protest movement are undermined over time and how this, together with a lack of strategy, created a negative climate for mobilization at the time of the cantonal elections, October 2014. Hereby, this...

The destruction of cultural property by the Islamic State in Mosul and Palmyra

Alessandra Silva
Among countless atrocities, the Islamic State (IS) is responsible for wreaking cultural artifacts in Mosul and Palmyra. This paper enquire what actions Iraq and Syria could undertake under International Law to protect cultural property and to hold IS’s fighters accountable for their crimes. After analyzing International Humanitarian law instruments, the rules on the use of force, the UNESCO Declaration on the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and the Statute of the International Criminal Court, it...

De Mediërende Rol van Lichaamsschaamte in de Relatie tussen Zelf-objectificatie en Veiligheidsangst

Aafke Swinkels
In deze studie werd onderzocht of zelf-objectificatie (het internaliseren van seksuele objectificatie) en veiligheidsangst (in publieke en interpersoonlijke privésituaties) samenhangen en of lichaamsschaamte daarin een mediërende rol speelt. Dit is belangrijk aangezien zelf-objectificatie (en zelfobservatie) kans op schaamte en angst verhoogt. Bij 56 vrouwelijke studenten zijn vragenlijsten afgenomen. Uit de eerste analyse bleek een positief verband tussen zelfobservatie en veiligheidsangst (in publieke situaties) en een volledige mediatie van lichaamsschaamte. Uit de tweede analyse bleek geen...

Creative Media Advertising: Het begin van het einde van de groeiende plastic soep?

Ellis Okkema
De huidige studie onderzocht de effectiviteit van creative media advertising (CMA) in vergelijking met traditional media advertising (TMA) in sociale marketing rondom milieuproblemen door plasticgebruik. Met behulp van een online experiment (N = 107) is gekeken of CMA tot een milieuvriendelijkere gedragsintentie leidt dan TMA en of deze relatie gemedieerd wordt door bewustzijn van het probleem. Er is een direct positief effect gevonden van CMA versus TMA op milieuvriendelijke gedragsintentie met betrekking tot eenmalig plasticgebruik...

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