5,638 Works

SPOOL, Vol 6 No 1 (2019): Cyber-physical Architecture #2

Apparatisation in & of Architecture 6 articles / 58 pages ISBN 978-94-6366-200-0 Issue editor Henriette Bier, TU Delft Sang Lee, TU Delft

Can a Building Be an Apparatus?

Neil Leach
When Michel Foucault introduces the term, dispositif, commonly translated as ‘apparatus’, he uses the architectural example of the Panopticon to illustrate how power is exercised. A building, according to this line of thinking, seemingly has the capacity to exercise control on its occupants. But is this really the case? This paper examines the thinking of Foucault on the subject, and questions to what extent we can conceive of a building as being in and of...

The Architecture Machine Revisited

Jeroen Van Ameijde
This article summarises a series of experiments at the Architectural Association between 2011 and 2017, which explore the intellectual notion of ‘the architecture machine’ as introduced by Nicholas Negroponte and the Architecture Machine Group at MIT in 1967. The group explored automated computational processes that could assist the process of generating architectural solutions by incorporating much greater levels of complexity at both large and small scales. A central idea to the mission of the Architecture...

Structural Adaptation through Stiffness Tuning

Arwin Hidding, Henriette Bier, Qinyu Wang & Gennaro Senatore
Adaptive design strategies have been employed to improve structural performances in terms of load-bearing efficiency and energetic impact as well as to achieve multi-functionality. In this work, we investigate a passive adaptation strategy that employs variable stiffness in robotically printed materials. This paper focuses on the design and robotic fabrication of a chaise longue that can change shape to function as both recliner and chair depending on user requirements. The approach is unique in the...

Discrete Robotic Assemblies

Manuel Jiménez García, Gilles Retsin & Vicente Soler
The projects featured in this paper aim to demonstrate the potential of Discrete Robotic Assembly in architecture. Although still in its early stages, this research proves that there is an increase in construction efficiency within a discrete design framework. The research shows how a limited set of assembly possibilities eases the automation of the manufacturing process and leads to a reduction of labour, construction time, and cost. This intrinsic link between discrete design methods and...

Dialogs on Architecture

Henriette Bier & Keith Green
Dialogs on Architecture is a series of dialogs between researchers and practitioners who are embracing the intellectual model of high technology and are involved in its advancement and application in architecture. The first dialog focuses on the impact of an intellectual model of high technology on architecture, and takes place between Henriette Bier (HB) and Keith Green (KG).

Apparatisation in & of Architecture

Sang Lee & Henriette Bier
Apparatus and apparatisation, the focus of the Cyber-Physical Architecture (CpA) issue #2 of SPOOL, refer to an assemblage of various components, tools, and instruments that in combination produce an exponential surplus beyond the linear sum of parts. On the one hand, apparatus can be seen as a collective of means used to perform certain tasks in order to solve a range of problems. It can contain a series of tools and instruments and produce new...

Urban planning for the Yamashiro hot spring by Eika Takayama

Ryo Nishikawa
Though the necessity of urban planning for tourist destinations in Japan has been acknowledged by some of the professors, little progress has been made so far. In order to contemplate the urban planning of tourist destinations for the future, it is necessary to review the history of planning for tourist destinations. It is also important to clarify how urban planners in Japan previously engaged with tourist destinations. Therefore, this research focuses on Eika Takayama, one...

The Role of Residential Buyouts in Post-Disaster Housing Recovery Support

Elizabeth Maly, Tamiyo Kondo, Michiko Banda & Kanako Iuchi
After recent disasters in Japan and the United States, government acquisition of residential land has played a larger and increasing role within and in relation to housing recovery support programs. With different historical, legal, and governance contexts, residential buyouts are shaped by the respective policies of each country. Framed by earlier precedents, this paper explains the development and implementation of residential buyout programs used after recent disasters: the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami...

Portuguese Colonial Momentum and Political Inertia

Regina Campinho
From 1884 to 1915, ten projects to update Macao harbour capacity and equipment were presented by Portuguese engineers, aiming to turn the province from a “silting backwater” serving a supporting role in regional trade into a prosperous colony of an internationally preponderant modern Empire. Portuguese central government had been striving to build the colonial edifice in old self-governing Macao since the 1850s by taking control, restructuring and expanding the urban territory. Unfortunately, the Empire’s finances...

Losing Intangible Heritage under the Preservation Projects of Tangible Heritage

Bingqian Chen, Tianjie Zhang & Yingxiang Niu
On the basis of fully understanding the connotation and characteristics of intangible cultural heritage, this paper combed the preservation work of the Yangliuqing Town which is the National Historical Cultural Town in Tianjin, China. The author finds that preservation work had always focused on the tangible culture. And under these preservation planning, some historical sites are restored properly. And some construction improves the people's living condition. But during this process, some construction destroys the human...

Whatever happened to biological thinking in urban planning?

Marco Amati
Since 2007 the proclamation of the ‘urban age’ by the UN has been heralded as a critical moment in human society and history. The ‘urban’ has taken its place alongside the anthropocene as a new era for humanity. Its importance as a transformational moment has been underscored by scientific interest in cities. Anxiety about urbanisation was a motivator for early town planning activity in the 19th century. The tools developed by different disciplines to solve...

The application of city planning theory to industrial development in Japan

Shigeo Nakano
The purpose of this paper is clearfy the roots of garden city theory and ueighborhood theory in Japanese company town, case study on Kurabo and Hitachi company housing plan. This paper is analyzing how housing measures devised by companies through the application of advanced city development theory should be positioned. In conclusion, the historical positions of the two cases discussed in this paper in the overview of city planning history have been charted in this...

Japanese Students’ Studies at the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris in the 1870s and its Impact on Urban Planning

Junne Kikata & Ken Nakae
Between 1876 and 1879, young Japanese elites in the field of construction were selected by the government and sent to France to study at the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris (hereafter ÉCAM). This study discusses the features of technical education at ÉCAM during that period and reconsiders its impact on the planning history of Japan through the practices of its students after their return. It focuses on the activities of Hanroku Yamaguchi...

Architectural Analysis and Restoration. The Tower of the Zuiderkerk in Amsterdam

Pieter Vlaardingerbroek
In 2017, the restoration of the Zuiderkerk (1603-1614) was completed with the renovation of its tower. This striking tower, designed by Hendrick de Keyser (1565-1621), dominates the silhouette of the eastern part of Amsterdam’s city centre. It consists of a brick base, a sandstone octagon with columns and a wooden spire clad in lead and slate. The tower, which was last restored in 1978, was in need of a complete restoration due to salt efflorescence...

The Restorations of the Rietveld Schröder House. A Reflection

Marie-Thérèse Van Thoor
The Rietveld Schröder House (1924) in Utrecht is the only private home among the ten UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Netherlands. In 1987 it was opened to the public as a museum house and since 2013 it has been part of the collection of Utrecht’s Centraal Museum. The world-famous house was designed by the architect Gerrit T. Rietveld (1888-1964) in close collaboration with the client, Truus Schröder-Schräder (1889-1985). During the 1970s and ’80s the...

The rediscovery of the nineteenth-century exterior colours of the Vesting Naarden

Lenneke Willemstein
In the former fortress town of Naarden, the exterior woodwork of the military buildings from both the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries is still painted in a dark shade of green known as ‘monumentengroen’. The colour plays an important role in the buildings’ appearance. The owner of the fortifications, Stichting Monumenten Bezit (SMB), had doubts about the historical authenticity of this colour because previous colour research had revealed the presence of a lighter shade of green...

The life and work of Thomas Karsten

Daan Lavies
Review of a book authored by Joost Coté, Hugh O’Neill, Helen Ibbitson Jessup & Pauline van Roosmalen.

Life inside the Cloister

Gabri Van Tussenbroek
Review of a book authored by Thomas Coomans.

Bulletin KNOB, Bulletin KNOB 118 (2019) 2

Bulletin KNOB
Pieter Vlaardingerbroek: Ontwerpanalyse bij restauratie. De Zuiderkerkstoren te Amsterdam Marie-Thérèse van Thoor: De restauraties van het Rietveld Schröderhuis. Een reflectie Lenneke Willemstein: De herontdekking van de negentiende-eeuwse buitenkleuren van de vesting Naarden Publicaties: Fred Ahsmann, Order and Confusion. The Twelfth-Century Choir of the St. Servatius Church in Maastricht (recensie Aad Bastemeijer), Joost Coté, Hugh O’Neill, Helen Ibbitson Jessup & Pauline van Roosmalen, The life and work of Thomas Karsten (recensie Daan Lavies), Thomas Coomans, Life...

Unfamiliar territory: alternative landscape reading of disturbed sites’ particularities

Barbara Prezelj
In an age when it is becoming increasingly apparent that disturbed sites (or any other sites for that matter) can never be fully managed, nor can their future development be entirely predetermined, this paper looks at disturbed sites’ landscape as a complex and metastable system. While it deals with disturbed sites in particular, more broadly it aims to encourage a general re-examination of landscape design that relies on the world in harmonious balance and the...

Комментарии к стихотворению Иосифа Бродского «Архитектура»

Alexander Rappaport
Комментарии к стихотворению Иосифа Бродского «Архитектура» Александра Раппапорта, Константина Лидина, Елены Багиной. Стихотворение Иосифа Бродского «Архитектура» заслуживает, чтобы его изучали во всех архитектурных вузах и будущие архитекторы заучивали его наизусть, а теоретики архитектуры размышляли над проблемами, затронутыми поэтом. Это стихотворение – квинтэссенция современной теоретической мысли об архитектуре. В нем поднимаются темы времени и памяти, пространства, места и субстанции, затрагивается проблема идеальных геометрических фигур в архитектуре и динамики архитектурных форм. Архитектурные произведения – «шаг за чертеж»...

Robotic Fabrication Beyond Factory Settings

Kathrin Dörfler
To fully exploit Digital Fabrication within architecture, robotic fabrication must be expanded in prefabrication, but also fully implemented directly on construction sites. Focus of featured projects is on how to bring robots directly to the construction site and autonomously fabricate structures beyond factory conditions.

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