5,669 Works

De oostpartij van de tiende-eeuwse Sint-Lambertuskathedraal van Luik als navolging van de Dom van Keulen

Gabri Van Tussenbroek
St. Lambertus Cathedral at Liège, renovated by Bishop Notger (972- 1008), was consecrated in 1015. After a fire in 1185 the church was largely rebuilt in Gothic style. This church was demolished after the French occupation at the end of the eighteenth century. In 1907 a research of the pre-Romanesque Cathedral was carried out in which the church was excavated from the west side. The eastern part was not laid bare until in the seventies....

Mobility and Micro accessability, the Challenges of Public Space

Rosanna Forray
In urban peripheral neighbourhoods, mobility is a right yet to be conquered. The residents have to face marginal conditions either in the ‘macroaccesibility’ that leads to long distances, as well as to the ‘microaccesibilty’ that develops in the proximal space and in daily life time. For this mobility, predominantly female, the most determinant factors are the quality, vitality, and along with it, the safety of the public space. It is precisely there where women have...

(Self) Housing Management

Luz María Vergara
The development of self-organised neighbourhoods positions the residents at the centre of the process. They organise themselves to plan, densify and subsequently manage their dwellings collectively. This chapter focuses on defining the type of management that accompanies the housing densification in condominium tenure, and the challenges related to the maintenance and administration of common property areas. Housing management is understood as a multidimensional process in which the correct performance of the condominium is defined by...

Public and collective space in ‘9x18 settlements’

Elke Schlack
In the debate about public space in the urban regeneration of 9x18 neighbourhoods, it is relevant to follow the urban space definition that transits from one form of society to another. This definition is used by Swekes to describe neighbourhoods that were originally informal settlements, and then suffered transformations that were not sensitive to their previous public life. In 9x18 neighbourhoods, which were born from informal settlements as well, it is possible to recognise the...


Luz María Vergara & Cristián Robertson
We are facing a paradigm shift in the production of housing, and it is precisely in this transition where contexts as different as The Netherlands and Chile find a common denominator: the problem of affordability and general discontent in the face of a supply that is increasingly remote from the economic capacity and needs of people. Access to housing has become a scarce commodity. In a growing context of demands for the right to the...

Challenges of Densification in 9x18 Neighbourhoods

María José Castillo & Sebastián Gray
The extension of Santiago’s metro line towards pericentral neighbouhods of social housing in 9x18 lots entails a process of densification and gentrification with the challenge of planning urban regeneration with territorial equity and social integration principles. This requires private/public management and investment at national, district and neighbourhood scale, that approaches to the neighbourhood improvement with maximum standards and high-quality densification that guarantee the permanence of current residents. In this chapter, measures for the development of...

Extended-Household as a Co-Residence Strategy

Juan Pablo Urrutia, Cristian Robertson & Francisco Walker
Extended- household, as a social phenomenon, depends on the value of relationships of support and dependence among the members of a community. When this collaborative relationship occurs between residents of the same dwelling, it is then understood as a situation of co-residence. In the case of Santiago de Chile, the Extended - household phenomenon has increased by 610%. Data shows that families prefer to sacrifice conditions of habitability, privacy and security to maintain networks of...

Informal Collaborative Housing

Rodrigo Tapia
The neighbourhoods 9X18 emerged from a housing policy promoted in the 60s in Chile. They represent today a particular way of collective habitat in relation to their neighbourhood scale and to the interior of each plot. They are territories constituted and built by familiar and community networks. In Santiago, they are 466 neighbourhoods, and 216.000 lots between 160 and 250 m2, with a 38% of public space surface and an excellent pericentral location. Here, there...

International Workshop

Cristián Robertson & Rodrigo Tapia
The ‘International Workshop 9 x 18. Imagining housing renewal in deprived areas’, is presented as a synthetic experience of diagnosis, analysis, proposal, and reflection on the challenges of regeneration of vulnerable urban neighborhoods, which are triggered from collective housing projects. Its structure, principles, and methodologies are born from the accumulated experience of the course 9 x 18, design module of the School of Architecture of the Catholic University of Chile, complemented with the knowledge and...

Reflections on the European Social Housing Model and Opportunities for Collaborative Housing from a Dutch Perspective

Vincent Gruis
This chapter briefly reflects on European social housing models and mainly discusses opportunities for housing cooperatives in the Dutch housing system. Since the introduction of the new Housing Act in 2015 in the Netherlands, there are legal opportunities for social housing tenants to form cooperatives. However, in practice, this does not happen a lot yet. From our analysis of the Dutch housing systems it is concluded that it is unlikely that it will take place...

Collaborative Housing

Darinka Czischke
Against the backdrop of the current housing crisis, Europe has seen the (re)emergence of collectively self-organised housing projects. Collaborative housing stands as an umbrella term for the wide range of these housing forms, where groups of residents collectively design, develop and inhabit housing. This chapter provides a brief characterization of the motives underlying these new types of housing forms, and lays out challenges and opportunities that these projects entail. In doing so, it applies the...

Collective Housing in Chile

Rosanna Forray
Collective habitat has been part of the housing history in Chile through the poor inhabitant's incursion in the city since more than one century. First, as round rooms, ‘cites’ and ‘conventillos’, and afterwards as ‘colectivos’. Later in informal settlements that evolved into self-organised and self-built neighbourhoods. During the last decades, in social condominiums. This form of co-habitation has adopted different shapes according to their historical moment, the spatial configuration of the places that inhabitants stayed...

Collaborative Housing Processes

Darinka Czischke & Elke Schlack
As an introduction, this chapter explains the main differences and convergences in the context of housing provision between Chilean and European cities. The chapter describes moments of housing provided by the Welfare States and moments in which housing rights are subject of major financialization. Here, the text describes what this publication wants to highlight: ‘the culture’ of the collective in housing provision. Despite the different traditions and cultural contexts in cities in the north and...


Luz María Vergara, Cristián Robertson, Darinka Czischke & Elke Schlack
This publication is part of an academic collaboration initiative between the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and Delft University of Technology. It seeks to reflect on the development of alternative housing production models that have arisen in response to social, economic and political changes in both contexts. Although these experiences have followed different paths and have had different results, they share a common denominator: the search for alternative housing models that are collaborative, affordable and...

Research in Urbanism Series, Vol 5 (2019): Housing and Urban Regeneration of Deprived Neighborhoods in Santiago

Research In Urbanism Series
This publication is a joint project between the Department of Management in the Built Environment at Delft University of Technology, and the School of Architecture at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, which seeks to reflect on alternative housing production models that have arisen in response to social, economic and political changes in both contexts. Although the experiences have followed different paths and therefore, have had different results, they share a common goal: the search for...

Guangzhou as livable city: Its origin, inheritance, and development

Yanjuan Han, Yue Pang & Xing Jian
This article intends to explore the ideas and concepts that dominate the landmark versions of planning in a historical survey on the development of urban planning for the construction of Guangzhou. From the Late 17th C. to the Mid-19th C. Xiguan in Guangzhou witnessed the booming of the Thirteen-hong characterized by gardens and buildings in Western architectural styles. These characteristics constituted the architectural features and urban spatial patterns on both sides of the Pearl River,...

Temporal Architecture: Poetic Dwelling in Japanese buildings

Michael Lazarin
Heidegger’s thinking about poetic dwelling and Derrida’s impressions of Freudian estrangement are employed to provide a constitutional analysis of the experience of Japanese architecture, in particular, the Japanese vestibule (genkan). This analysis is supplemented by writings by Japanese architects and poets. The principal elements of Japanese architecture are: (1) ma, and (2) en. Ma is usually translated as ‘interval’ because, like the English word, it applies to both space and time. However, in Japanese thinking,...

Structural glass envelopes – Implementation of environmental studies into viscoelastic analysis

Lisa Rammig, Peter Lenk & Vladimir Marinov
The focus of this paper is to promote close collaborations of facade and structural engineers through integration of design services in order to deliver more optimal glass envelopes. To achieve the best performance, this process involves a careful selection of glass and coatings, radiation analysis to maximise daylight while controlling solar gain, and preventing overheating of spaces as well as careful detailing. Site-specific environmental data are used to accurately determine the performance requirements of the...

Socio-ethnic segregation in the metropolitan areas of Lithuania

Donatas Burneika & Rūta Ubarevičienė
One of the specific features of many post-Soviet cities is their multi-ethnic structure, which was strongly influenced by internal migrations within the Soviet Union. Political and economic reforms in the 1990s led to changes in ethnic composition, and the attention given to the processes of ethnic-segregation has started to increase. While most studies focus on capital cities, much less is known about second-tier cities. This article examines the interrelationships between ethnic and social segregation in...

De Stichting Restauratie Atelier Limburg. Conservering, restauratie, onderzoek en restauratie-opleiding

René Hoppenbrouwers
The Stichting Restauratie Atelier Limburg (Limburg Conservation Institute) in Maastricht is a provincial conservation studio founded in 1988 in the monastery of Rolduc in Kerkrade. From 1990 onwards, the main activities of the SRAL take place in Maastricht, after 1995 in the Wiebengahal. The SRAL is divided in two departments, the school of conservation and a conservation studio for paintings on panel and canvas, polychrome sculpture, historic interiors and work on paper. The foundation's clients...

Проектирование экодомов в Иркутске: экодом на основе теплового ядра и буферных зон

Anna Zarubina & Alisa Saushkina
В статье формулируются принципы проектирования экодомов. Описываются два проекта экодомов в климатических условиях Иркутска, основанные на принципе сочетания теплового ядра и буферных зон: из комплектов заводского производства, а также из местных строительных материалов.

Бессильная звезда архитектурной элиты: О том, как Заха Хадид стала первым человеком, действительно скончавшимся во время строительства стадиона «Аль-Вакра»

Frank Van Der Hoeven
Архитектурная звезда Заха Хадид выиграла тендер на проектирование одного из стадионов, на которых планируется проведение Чемпионата мира по футболу в Катаре в 2022 году. Ее проект стадиона в Аль-Вакре вызвал множество споров на тему того, какую роль в обществе играют выдающиеся архитекторы. Эти споры достигли критической точки в августе 2014 года и привели к «цифровым гонениям», которые ставят под сомнение этику и профессионализм как архитектурных критиков, так и журналистов.

Het hofje. Bouwsteen van de Hollandse stad 1400-2000

Glenn Lyppens
Al begin jaren negentig stelde de Barcelonese stedenbouwkundige Manuel de Solà-Morales dat in tijden waarin particuliere projecten steeds vaker de kwaliteit van de stad bepalen, ontwerpers en beleidsmakers zich meer zouden moeten buigen over de vraag hoe het private een bijdrage kan leveren aan het publieke. Collectieve ruimtes, dat zijn ruimtes waarvan de sociale gebruikswaarde de juridische eigendomsstructuur overstijgt, zouden volgens hem hierop een duurzaam antwoord kunnen bieden. Over hoe die collectieve ruimtes nu concreet...

FOOTPRINT, Issue # 20 | Spring / Summer 2017 | Analytic Philosophy and Architecture: Approaching Things from the Other Side

This issue of Footprint explores the potential role of analytic philosophy in the context of architecture’s typical affinity with continental philosophy over the past three decades. In the last decades of the twentieth century, philosophy became an almost necessary springboard from which to define a work of architecture. Analytic philosophy took a notable backseat to continental philosophy. With this history in mind, this issue of Footprint sought to open the discussion on what might be...

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