259 Works

Body worn video cameras with simultaneous technical measurements for ergonomic assessment of full work days

Peter PALM, Vanda BARKSTEDT & Mikael FORSMAN
Video is a powerful tool in ergonomic observations. However it is often time consuming to record a video and to identify demanding work postures. A time-saving method was developed: information from direct measurements synchronized with video of a body worn video camera was utilized to identify reasons for demanding work moments. This method was successfully tested on a 5.5-hour work shift of a garbage collector: 17 of 18 events when the worker bended forward were...

Motor variability traits among individuals performing repetitive precision work

Divya SRINIVASAN, Jonas SANDLUND & Svend Erik MATHIASSEN

Defining the role of healthcare leadership for organizational safety challenges

Ari GOLDBERG, Vicki R. LEWIS & Brian M. KLEINER
This paper draws on healthcare work systems research conducted in several healthcare facilities in both urban and rural domains in the United States to determine the most salient organizational design and management factors that impact intervention success, either negatively or positively. Thematically, the common technical subsystem focus across studies was the goal of reducing healthcare associated infections, which cause a risk to patients, healthcare workers and other stakeholders who visit healthcare facilities. The methodology used...

Women’s work environment, health and ergonomics

Minke WERSÄLL

Drivers for leaders to achieve sustainable benefits from ergonomics interventions

David Caple
Leaders of industry assess the outcomes of risk assessments from a holistic perspective. Compliance with legislation is only one driver and the sustainable interventions are those that bring productivity and quality benefits. A review of 10 Case studies where supply chains have successfully implemented sustainable risk reduction interventions found that reduction of OHS risk was a minor driver for success. The primary drivers related to the impact on process productivity and quality of the system....

How to sell a room without a view?

Sjoerd REINSTRA & Niels DE GROOT
The locks and bridges of a large seaport are locally operated. A consortium of Human Factors engineers, installers and simulator engineers investigated the possibility of operating the locks and bridges from a remote control room, supported by CCTV. The end users (lock operators and bridge operators), participated in the design process but they had serious objections and considered the project as an unrealistic option. The main question in this case study is: how can HF...

Performance and innovative behavior of employees. Development and application of a measurement tool for workplace research

Jan DUL, Martijn SCHEFFERS & Marten STIENSTRA

Organizational simulation: issues for ergonomics and for teaching of ergonomics’ action

Flore BARCELLINI & Laurent VAN BELLEGHEM
Activity-centered ergonomics has developed an approach to provide support for design projects which incorporates ergonomics work analysis, participatory design and simulation of work. As the approach has been initially developed and used in relation to technical and industrial design, there is nowadays an ongoing interest to apply it specifically to organizational design. In this communication, we examine the requirements for participating to organizational design settings and consequently the issues regarding the methods to be developed...

Workplace needs and experiences of university staff

Virpi RUOHOMÄKI, Marjaana LAHTINEN, Annu HAAPAKANGAS & Kari REIJULA
Workplaces of universities are changing. The study analyzed and identified work, workplace needs and experiences of university staff at the beginning of a broad building renovation. The university staff was profiled with different tasks, work specific needs and space requirements. The facilities supported well independent, individual tasks, but less collaboration and teamwork. The identified problems were related to the quality of indoor air, temperature and acoustics. The staff participated in workplace design through workshops. They...

Work related musculoskeletal disorders among physiotherapists

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN, Jerrish JOSE & Joshua Samuel RAJKUMAR
The main aim of the study was to review the current literature in order to know various measurement tools used, ergonomic risk factors and other finding related to work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSD) among physiotherapists. A systematic review was done using MEDLINE by the keywords “physiotherapists”, “ergonomics” and “musculoskeletal disorders”. Articles were reviewed by two reviewers and studies which were not adequate and inappropriate were excluded. Prevalence of WRMSD in the selected studies was reported...

Children's attitudes towards comfort and safety of an extra seatbelt during car travelling

Anna-Lisa OSVALDER & I HANSSON

Sustainability and development of Lean implementations

Jörgen EKLUND, Agneta HALVARSSON, Henrik KOCK, Pernilla LINDSKOG & Lennart SVENSSON
Lean production has become a major change strategy in Swedish public organizations. The aim of this paper was to identify factors that support or counteract sustainability and development of Lean implementations in public organizations. In an interactive research project including interviews and questionnaires, seven public organizations were followed during a three year period. Some factors supported and other factors counteracted sustainability and development of Lean. In conclusion, lack of sustained change was to a large...

Comparison of two human factors approaches in an integrated evaluation/validation of a future emergency operating organization

Cecilia DE LA GARZA, Hélène PESME, Pierre LE BOT & Jean-Paul LABARTHE
This paper focuses on a Human Factors evaluation campaign that had associated Ergonomics and Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) for the evaluation of a future control room. This campaign was conducted within the framework of a broad design project and was performed in a full scale simulator with 3 futures operating teams. The aims and methods of both, ergonomics and HRA, are compared and their particularities and complementariness in the different stages of a HF evaluation...

Robustness and Reliability of the GM Ignition Switch - A forensic Engineering case

Tobias Eifler, Jonas Lerche Olesen & Thomas J. Howard
This paper uses forensic engineering from the perspectives of Robust Design and Reliability Engineering to review one of the most infamous recalls in automotive history, that of the GM ignition switch. The design, engineering and management failures in this case ultimately resulted in a fine of $35 million, the recall of 2.6 million vehicles and the death of at least 13 people. In a systematic approach, design clarity, tolerance stack-ups, sensitivity analysis, etc. are used...

Participatory ergonomics, cognitive behavioral training and physical training for prevention of low back pain

Charlotte Diana Nørregaard RASMUSSEN, Andreas HOLTERMANN, Marie Højbjerg RAVN, Ole Steen MORTENSEN, Karen SØGAARD & Marie Birk JØRGENSEN

A phase of life oriented personnel development: a new approach considering the demographic change and the skills shortage in Ger

Meike SIEBERT-ADZIC & Ellen SCHÄFER

Detecting and evaluating flicker from lighting systems during field assessments of lighting installations

Werner OSTERHAUS, Sophie STOFFER & Inger ERHARDTSEN
This paper provides guidance to practitioners in visual ergonomics and lighting design, as well as lighting specifiers and installers, on how to detect flicker during field surveys of lighting systems and avoid flicker in lighting system upgrades or retrofits. Flicker has been identified as a problem in several lighting installations in different building types. A common perception is that LED lighting systems are flicker-free. Measurements indicate that LED sources can produce as much flicker as...

Participatory ergonomics in industrial engineering projects: The case of a new cheese packaging line work system

Carolina CONCEIÇÃO, Ole BROBERG, Per T. ALDRICH & Palle BANKE

Postural analysis of pork special cuts in a typical slaughterhouse in Brazil

Wemerton Luis EVANGELISTA, Laureilton José Almeida BORGES & Cassia Maria Silva NORONHA
Nowadays, with the most competitive market, companies have sought new ergonomic strategies. This study was conducted in a typical slaughterhouse from the Brazilian swine industry, in order to perform a postural ergonomics analysis, followed by proposals to minimize or eliminate identified risks. Among the various sectors of the productive processes in the slaughterhouse the one that presented greatest need was selected: the special cuts sector (sausages). It is believed that the analysis of postural assessment...

Development of sustainable work – is there a future for a Nordic model

Peter HASLE

Are physical work demands during cleaning associated with sedentary leisure time?

Mette Korshøj, Peter Krustrup, Mark Lidegaard, Karen Søgaard & Andreas Holtermann

Quality of everyday rehabilitation in the home care – a question of relational coordination?

K. ALBERTSEN, IM WIEGMAN, HJ LIMBORG, C THÖRNFELDT & J BJØRNER
Almost all municipalities in Denmark have within the latest years implemented a kind or everyday rehabilitation in the home care. The aim of this study was to explore how the relational coordination in the home care teams was related to the employee’s experience of job and quality of care. Analyses of qualitative and quantitative data from 5 municipalities indicate that if everyday rehabilitation is to succeed, it is crucial that the care workers perceive shared...

Registration Year

  • 2014
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