259 Works

New roles for the OHS representatives - from employee representation to problem-solving

Peter HASLE & Rikke SEIM
The changing role of occupational health and safety representatives (OHS reps) is studied in Danish enterprises and the results indicate that representation, and especially negotiation on behalf of colleagues, has diminished. The work environment is mainstreamed in many enterprises and it is rarely an area of conflict. The role of the OHS reps has accordingly changed to focus on solving specific problems at the workplace. Both management and colleagues consider the OHS reps as a...

Anticipated challenges for cross-organisational distributed collaboration in reactive telemedicine

Kine REEGAARD, Espen NYSTAD, Alexandra FERNANDES & Grete RINDAHL
On the Norwegian Continental Shelf, several operators have invested in technologies that are enabling and enhancing real-time collaboration between personnel onshore and offshore in order to achieve more effective decision-making. This is thought to improve operational performance, including delivery of offshore healthcare. Frequently in offshore healthcare, distributed collaboration takes place between medical personnel belonging to different organisations. Despite advances in and use of collaboration technologies, there is still potential for improvements in the cross-organisational collaboration....

Detecting and evaluating flicker from lighting systems during field assessments of lighting installations

Werner OSTERHAUS, Sophie STOFFER & Inger ERHARDTSEN
This paper provides guidance to practitioners in visual ergonomics and lighting design, as well as lighting specifiers and installers, on how to detect flicker during field surveys of lighting systems and avoid flicker in lighting system upgrades or retrofits. Flicker has been identified as a problem in several lighting installations in different building types. A common perception is that LED lighting systems are flicker-free. Measurements indicate that LED sources can produce as much flicker as...

Work environment, Lean and agriculture

Karin ANDERSSON & Jörgen EKLUND
Lean has become the predominant management concept in industry, but its effect on the work environment is debated. Lean has now reached farms and garden nurseries. This paper aims to identify consequences for the physical and psychosocial work environment when Lean was applied in micro-businesses in the agricultural sector. Observations, a questionnaire and interviews were used as methods. It was concluded that the psychosocial work environment became more structured and less stressful. The physical work...

Visualizing improvements of care processes- supporting engagement and perceived systems performance in improvement work

Anna WILLIAMSSON, Lotta DELLVE & Anette KARLTUN

Work related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN, Jerrish JOSE & Joshua Samuel RAJKUMAR
A systematic review was conducted to study the current literature related to work related musculoskeletal disorders in nurses. A review was done using MEDLINE by the keywords “nurses”, “risk factors”, and “musculoskeletal disorders”. All the articles were reviewed by three reviewers based on the EPOC criteria and studies which were not adequate and inappropriate were excluded. Study design, type of data collection, assessment tools and outcomes obtained in the respective study were noted. Nurses were...

Physical activity patterns in workers with neck pain assessed using accelerometry and GPS

David M HALLMAN, Svend Erik MATHIASSEN, Annika HED-EKMAN & Eugene LYSKOV

An industry case - Prediction of Glass Cartridge Robustness in Assembly line Loading

Torben Hansen & Bo Kristiansen
Each year Novo Nordisk produces multimillion injection devices incorporating drug contained glass cartridges. These cartridges will inevitably be subjected to various loadings in both line feeding systems and in the device assembly rigs. It is obviously crucial to preserve the structural cartridge integrity and avoid any form of cracking and fragmentation of the glass for the full life time of the devices. The robustness is quantified by a safety factor against cracking. As shown in...

KPI’s, leadership and psychosocial work environment

Kasper EDWARDS & Hermann BURR

Sharing is caring: a discussion for combining risk information

Matthew STOGSDILL, Pernilla ULFVENGREN, Daniele BARANZINI, Siobhán CORRIGAN & Nick MCDONALD
As the aviation system continues to grow, the need to develop models that allow for an understanding of the complex interactions that occur within the industry. This paper will present some preliminary finding of the PROactive Safety PERformance for Operations (PROSPERO), an FP7 project, regarding the development of the conceptual and practical implication of such a model. Additionally, work concerning the development of a new understanding of risk, which will be necessary to fully understand...

Standardized work processes: the role of programmed and lateral mechanisms of coordination

Thim PRÆTORIUS
This paper finds that standardized work processes should be considered as a bundle of coordination mechanisms—plans and rules, objects, routines, roles and proximity—rather than a coordination mechanism of its own. The bundle builds the accountability, predictability and common understanding needed to coordinate. This implies that the coordination potential rests on those underlying coordination mechanisms, thereby lending theoretical insights to the traditional view on standardized work processes. The research builds on an in-depth, qualitative analysis of...

OHS practitioners’ role in implementation of national OHS programmes

Kirsten OLSEN
This paper examines occupational health and safety (OHS) practitioners’ role in implementation of national OHS programmes using an insurance incentive scheme based on levy reduction for organisations that meet an audit standard for OHS management system. Two hundred and three OHS practitioners responded to an internet based questionnaire about their tasks related to implementation of the scheme and the reasons for their organisations to join. OHS policies and procedures and influencing stakeholders to engage in...

Transforming Relationships for Organizational Change

Jody Hoffer GITTELL

New ways of working and quality of working life: a macroergonomic approach

Christian KORUNKA & Cornelia GERDENITSCH
“New ways of working” (NWW) environment is a denotation for modern workplaces that are characterized by an increased use of media technologies, and temporal and spatial flexibilities. In three empirical studies, the role of job resources (autonomy and social interaction) in NWW environments was investigated. Study 1 examined general NWW environments using qualitative data, whereas studies 2 and 3 focused on specific NWW environments (flexible office concepts, Coworking Spaces). The results indicate that autonomy and...

The study of fatigue compared between touch screen and keypad mobile phone for use social network

Buensanteai SUMALEE, Musikapong PIRUTCHADA, Mevasana KHANIDTHA, Butsungnoen KIATTISAK, Ruangram SUPATTRA, Khongpolpan RATREE, Petburi SUPASINEE & Sompan KWANCHANOK
This aims of study to investigate and survey fatigue from use of social network between touch screen and keypad mobile phone with Public Health student Suranaree University of Technology total 614 person. They were screened by eye diseases, wrist injury. thumb and finger injury and other people do not use mobile social network. That separate 2 sample group for keypad and touch-screen mobile phone 30 person per group. The result compared before and after use...

A web-based model for teaching risk assessment methods

Teresia NYMAN, Kristina ELIASSON, Per LINDBERG, Ida-Märta RHEN, Katarina KJELLBERG, Peter PALM & Mikael FORSMAN

Whole body vibration training - good vibrations? Measurements of acceleration levels

Karin WILANDER & Istvan BALOGH

Displacements in organisations’ responses to the inspections of their psychosocial working environment

Liv STARHEIM
The purpose of this paper is to analyse how organisational activities correspond with the Working Environment Authority’s description of psychosocial working environment problems at the workplaces. Through the case study of twelve workplaces the activities are analysed focusing on the relationship between the Working Environment Authority’s problem descriptions after an inspection visit, and the solutions implemented by the workplace to solve the pinpointed problems. The Garbage Can model of decision making frames the understanding of...

Approach to identifying the ideal time to perform an FMEA during the product development process

Jan Würtenberger & Hermann Kloberdanz
The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is one way to preventatively identify failures. In it, failures and their risks to the customer are analysed and valuated in order to define mitigation strategies for minimization or avoidance. Depending on this purpose, a division into functional, design and process FMEA is mentioned in literature. If the FMEA is used as early as possible during the product development process, the usable level of information is very low....

How is the new economy a challenge to old ergonomics?

François HUBAULT & Laerte I. SZNELWAR

The Ahtola Industrial Research Project - Advanced Hybrid Method for the Tolerance Analysis of Complex Systems

Antoine Dumas, Jean-Yves Dantan & Nicolas Gayton
Tolerancing decisions can profoundly impact the quality, the cost of the product and the number of scraps in mass production. Designers want tight tolerances to assure product performance; manufacturers prefer loose tolerances to reduce cost. There is a critical need for a quantitative design tool for specifying tolerances. Tolerance analysis brings the engineering design requirements and manufacturing capabilities together in a common model, where the effects of tolerance specifications on both design and manufacturing requirements...

Distribution of work tasks and associations to pain, fatigue and physical exertion among construction workers

Jeppe Z N Ajslev, Roger Persson & Lars L Andersen
In this paper, results from a mixed-methods study on Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the construction industry will be presented and discussed. The study explores the associations between the distribution of work tasks within work gangs and the workers’ perceived fatigue, physical exertion and pain. The analysis is based on questionnaire responses from 519 construction workers and discussed with interviews from 8 construction work gangs. The analysis shows no associations between the studied variables. The qualitative...

CCTV mediated observation versus non-mediated observation: investigating perceived image quality with different test systems

Arthur BENNIS, Renske B. LANDMAN & Dick T.M.J. LENIOR
A basic question in practice is whether perceived image quality decreases when using a CCTV system (mediated) compared to direct observation (non-mediated). Three main characteristics were investigated: (1) test systems, (2) light conditions, and (3) image scaling. At (1) interpretable differences were found. At (2) normal light conditions (500 lux), no differences were found between mediated and non-mediated vision, while at 50 lux, mediated vision is significantly better. At (3) upscaling has a negative effect...

Interventional uses of relational coordination: early evidence from four countries

Joanne BESWICK, Jody Hoffer GITTELL & Kathryn McDONALD
Originally developed for observational research purposes, relational coordination principles and metrics have been adopted more recently for a different purpose - to inform interventions for organizational change. This paper examines data that were collected systematically through a standardized reporting form that elicits both narrative information and quantitative results from intervention leaders. Our analysis represents a synthesis of the first fifteen reports submitted. We present an overview of the data collection approach, explore variation in the...

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