13 Works

Varieties of capital cities

David Kaufmann
This Ph.D.-dissertation studies the locational policies agendas of four secondary capital cities, namely Bern, Ottawa, The Hague and Washington, DC. Secondary capital cities are defined as capitals that are not the primary economic city of their nation states. Economic globalization challenges the primacy of capital cities and it pressure secondary capital cities to enter a globalized and increasingly knowledge-intense interurban competition. Cities aim to enhance their economic competitiveness by identifying, developing, and exploiting the place-specific...

Methoden zur Abschätzung extremer Hochwasser

Guido Felder
Abschätzungen für extreme Hochwasser quantifizieren je nach Definition äusserst seltene Ereignisse (HQ10 000), oder gar das vermutete maximal mögliche Hochwasser (Probable Maximum Flood, PMF). Das Verständnis der in diesem Fall ablaufenden Prozesse ist aufgrund fehlender Referenzereignisse stark eingeschränkt, und für vorgenommene Schätzungen gibt es keine direkten Validierungsmöglichkeiten. Die Abschätzung extremer Hochwasser stellt deshalb eine grosse Herausforderung dar, und die dabei angewandten Methoden bedürfen einer ständigen Weiterentwicklung und Evaluation. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden zwei Teilaspekte...

Biotic and abiotic controls of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in Central European forests

Martin Schwarz
The functioning and services of Central European forests are threatened by global change and a loss of biodiversity. Nutrient cycling as a key forest function is affected by biotic drivers (e.g., dominant tree species, understory plants, soil organisms) that interact with abiotic conditions (e.g., climate, soil properties). In contrast to grassland ecosystems, evidence for the relationship of nutrient cycles and biodiversity in forests is scarce because the structural complexity of forests limits experimental control of...

Essays on Behavioral Aspects of the Design and Disclosure of Compensation Contracts

Robert Andreas Grasser
This thesis consists of four essays on the design and disclosure of compensation contracts. Essays 1, 2 and 3 focus on behavioral aspects of mandatory compensation disclosure rules and of contract negotiations in agency relationships. The three experimental studies develop psychology- based theory and present results that deviate from standard economic predictions. Furthermore, the results of Essay 1 and 2 also have implications for firms’ discretion in how to communicate their top management’s incentives to...

Kreditderivate

Daniel Vogel
Als Grundtypen von Kreditderivaten gelten der Credit Default Swap (CDS), der Total Return Swap (TRS) sowie die Credit Spread Option (CSO). Diese drei Kreditderivate können Kreditrisiken auf andere Vertragsparteien übertragen. Sie unterscheiden sich untereinander in der Art der Anknüpfung an das zu übertragende Kreditrisiko. Das Kreditrisiko ist nun ein dem Vertragsrecht unbekannter Gegenstand, und seine Übertragung ein unbekannter Vorgang. Die vertragsrechtliche Erfassung des Kreditrisikos hat unter Rückbesinnung auf vertragsrechtliche Grundsätze zu erfolgen. Das Kreditrisiko als...

Consumer aggression in marketing

Andrea Kähr
Digitalization has changed the ways consumers interact with brands and has led to increasingly empowered consumer markets, where some consumers engage in activities that deliberately try to harm a brand. Against this background, this dissertation introduces a conceptual framework of aggressive consumer behavior toward brands and examines the antecedents leading to such behavior, its outcomes, and how managers can respond to diminish its damage. Paper 1 (Kähr et al. 2016) introduces the phenomenon of consumer...

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