796 Works

Banknoten als sprachenpolitisches Instrument

Simon Proell
For modern states, multilingualism is not an exception, but the norm. Most states explicitly deal with the status of their languages through their (often rather sparse) legislation, while implicitly reflecting their policy through language use on official documents. Banknotes provide a link between the official policy and its common application, as they are both a document of the state as well as an object of daily use. Here, the state is responsible for bridging the...

Anglizismen im öffentlich-medialen und sprachwissenschaftlichen Diskurs über die deutsche Sprache und in den Einstellungen der Sprecher

Goranka Rocco
This article explores the discourse on anglicisms in German. The first part is dedicated to the assumptions of language specialists and non specialists regarding foreign words and especially anglicisms, language change and language deterioration. These aspects are analysed with regard to different moments in the recent history of German. The second, empirical part of the article presents the results of an extensive questionnaire study among German university students regarding their attitudes towards the current language...

Formen und Funktionen von Interrogationen. Fragen in grammatischen Beschreibungen, empirischen Befunden und Lehrwerken für Deutsch als Fremdsprache

Martina Rost-Roth
Analysis of how questions are treated in grammar books shows that the main focus is on word order phenomena. At the same time, statements are often made about functions or the rela-tionship between form and function; these are not always consistent with more systematic approaches or with empirical findings. Empirical analyses of spoken language reveal a very complex picture; comparison of the question realizations of native speakers and non-native speakers shows that the questions produced...

The Grammatical Correlates of Social Class Factors: The Case of Iranian Fifth-Graders

Mahmoud Qaracholloo, Mahmoud Samaie, Mohammad Aliakbari & Kourosh Sayehmiri
Ever since Bernstein theorized the relationship between social class and language pattern, this issue has resulted in a growing body of research. However, few studies have been conducted in the context of Iranian society. In response to this shortcoming, a survey was designed to investigate the relationship between the linguistic and the social class patterns in the compositions of 350 male fifth-grade elementary school students. Accordingly, a Language Pattern Elicitation Prompt and a Social Class...

Near-native, nativelike or native? Some terminological and conceptual remarks on L2 ultimate attainment research

Kamil Zubrzycki
The main objective of this paper is to draw attention to the problem of the inconsistent and potentially confusing use of the terms near-native, nativelike and native with reference to study participants and their level of L2 ultimate attainment in age-related research, as well as to highlight certain conceptual discrepancies pertaining to this issue. A basic analysis of some of the best-known publications in the relevant literature has demonstrated that the terms near-native and nativelike...

Ausspracheabweichungen im Hochdeutsch thailändischer Immigrantinnen in der Deutschschweiz

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap
The situations of Thais not being understood by German native speakers even though they use correct words have always been experienced. However, the pronunciation difficulties of Thai native speakers are mostly just taken for granted as typical errors, but not systematically listed and discussed. As found out in the corpus consisting of utterances in Standard German of 16 female immigrants living in German-speaking Switzerland, their pronunciation variations which differ from the norm of the target...

Politische Persuasion im europäischen Parlament: Deutsch-Italienisch im Vergleich

Lucia Cinato
What strategies do politicians use to convey their ideas and convince the audience of what they say? How are these devices received by interpreters and, above all, how are they interpreted? In my article, I will use some speeches delivered by German-speaking members of the European Parliament to examine how the language of politics and the persuasion strategies of politicians are expressed and how simultaneous interpreting can reproduce these strategies. In the latter, due to...

On the Focusing Function of Focusing Adverbs: A Discussion Based on Italian Data

Anna-Maria De Cesare
This paper discusses the focusing function of the so-called focusing adverbs. Based on Italian data, drawn mainly from authentic linguistic corpora, I will provide evidence of the fact that, despite their name, focusing adverbs are not always focusing. They can have a weak, a strong or an anti-focusing effect. The different focusing effects of these forms will be accounted for by showing that they are determined modularly by the interplay of prosodic, syntactic and informational...

La synonymie du point de vue de la pensée linguistique de Coseriu : Étude sur un corpus slovène

Marina Zorman
Synonymy is a subject of research in various subfields of linguistics and related disciplines, each of these focussing on particular aspects of this phenomenon. Through the use of Coseriu's theory, it is possible to refine our understanding of 'expressions with the same or similar meaning' and to provide a coherent description of the causes and the effects arising from the choice between them in texts that may otherwise remain non-transparent and inexplicable. This paper presents...

Linguistik als Kampfsport – Ein Plädoyer für die Suche nach Paradigmen demokratischen Sprechens in Alltag, Medien und Recht

Friedemann Vogel
Following Bourdieu's notion of applied research this contribution asks for the possibility of linguistics as a kind of "martial art" and "self-defence", i. e. linguistics trying to interfere in society based on a holistic model of human rights and paradigms of democratic speech. In this perspective the text discusses elements of a normative model, which is able to lead linguistic research practices and explores the context of education, law and the media formation of par-ticipation....

A Study on Noun Suffixes: Accounting for the Vernacularisation of English in Late Medieval Medical Texts

Begoña Crespo
This paper seeks to contribute to the study of the vernacularisation process in late Middle English by measuring up to what an extent concrete and abstract noun suffixes (in line with Dalton-Puffer 1996) attach to either Germanic or Romance bases in the medical texts extracted from the MEMT (Middle English Medical Texts) corpus. The findings obtained have been further described according to text type or genre and to target audience/readership. The description of these suffixes...

Genus im DaF-Unterricht in Italien: Was sagen Lehrwerke und Grammatiken?

Marion Weerning
For foreign language students gender seems to be a great problem. This article about the teachability and learnability of German gender wants to show what Italian students learn about it and how they do so (and also how they could do it better).

Romanisierung als Schritt zur „Modernisierung” des Mazedonischen

Constantin-Ioan Mladin
This investigation aims to outline the contribution that Romanic languages had to the finalization of the configuration of the modern Macedonian language, both in terms of common language and of technical terms. More specifically, the paper aims: 1) to identify Romanic idioms that have influenced to some extent the Macedonian language, either indirectly (through another language such as French, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese) or directly (through Romanian – Dacoromanian and Aromanian, or through Meglenoromanian); 2)...

What Constitutes a Unit of Analysis in Language?

Pernilla Danielsson
Over the last decade, the study of multi-word units has become increasingly popular and now these units seem to have reached a status where they cannot be ignored. This paper should be seen as a recapituation of the discussion around multi-word units, especially focusing on corpus evidence of such units and what is perceived to be relevant findings. An unsupervised method for extracting multi-word units from corpora is presented and the findings examined. However, rather...

Selbstgerechtigkeit – Selbstermächtigte Status-Degradierungszeremonien von Online-Petitionen bis zum Lynchen 2.0

Wolf-Andreas Liebert
An increasing lack of commitment and brutalization was observed due to the erosion of traditional communities in late modernism (cf. Duerr 1993; Sennet 1998). In Social Media, this is shown as an aggressive style (flaming) or as "hate speech" (cf. Butler 2013), increasingly in organized forms of ensembles of actors of aggression directed specifically against individuals. This libel and these hate acts underlie a complex practice which can be described with Harold Garfinkel's concept as...

The Translation of Arabic Collocations into English: Dictionary-based vs. Dictionary-free Measured Knowledge

Aladdin Al-Kharabsheh & Dinha T. Gorgis
This paper compares the output of two translation tasks. In an attempt to find out the extent to which students of translation can translate Arabic contextualized collocations into English properly, two conflicting views about carrying out a translation task are tested. The first holds that avoiding the use of a dictionary in test sessions, though not in translation classes, would save time and yield better translation products, whereas the second contends that recourse to a...

Additive Particles in Romance and Germanic Languages: Are They Really Similar?

Sandra Benazzo & Christine Dimroth
The starting point of this paper is the observation of an unequal frequency of the additive particle auch in German as compared to the paucity of its French counterpart aussi, in L1 and L2 developmental data as well as in adult native speakers' production, which leads to an investigation of the reasons for the observed difference in language use. The paper brings together findings on the structure and discourse integration of utterances containing additive particles...

InliAnTe: Instrument für die linguistische Analyse von Textkommentierungen

Anke Beyer
Giving feedback on texts is a common method of supporting the writing process in different contexts. It involves using language in two different ways: It focuses on language and textual phenomena in the draft of the text, and is itself a communicative activity expressed through language. This double relationship with language has not, however, until now been taken into account systematically and comprehensively enough in either writing courses or research on feedback.This article presents an...

Kollokationsforschung und Kollokationsdidaktik

Anna Reder
Investigating and teaching collocations. The starting point of the paper is the observation that foreign language learners translate collocations literally from their L1. Collocations are conceived here as phrasal units which can be placed between free word groups and idioms. The paper focuses on metaphoric collocations, i.e. with polysemic collocator. In this type of collocation the collocator is used in a metaphoric meaning, while it appears in denotative meaning in free word groups. Contrasting types...

Linguistic Politeness and Greeting Rituals in German-speaking Switzerland

Felicity Rash
This paper describes the results of research into linguistic politeness in German-speaking Switzerland (GSS) and into one type of politeness in particular, namely the speech acts of greeting and leave-taking denoted by the German verb grüssen.[1] German-speaking Swiss people adhere to strict conventions of polite behaviour which have been eroded over time in the English-speaking world. My research shows that speakers of Swiss German, both young and old, and from all walks of life, believe...

Zur Bewertung von Niederdeutsch und lokalem Substandard in Hamburg

Lara Neumann & Ingrid Schröder
Based on the results of a quantitative study it is to be shown how Low German and forms of the Substandard of Hamburg are estimated within the population. The study was conducted within the context of the project Einstellungen gegenüber regionalen Sprachformen in der Großstadt: Niederdeutsch in Hamburg (NiH) (Attitudes towards regional languages in the city: Low German in Hamburg). The article takes a closer look at the connection between evaluation and social parameters such...

Kontrastive Grammatik Berndeutsch / Standarddeutsch. Einige ausgewählte Aspekte

Denise Imstepf & Gabriela Burri
The analysis presented in the following is the result of a project-seminar on "Contrastive grammar in Bernese German and High German" with Prof. Dr. Elke Hentschel, in which the preliminary works for a comprehensive contrastive grammar were conducted. The two authors exemplarily have analysed some questions. In the course of this analysis the accusative and the genitive of nouns on the morphological level and the position of verbal elements on the syntactic level have been...

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