720 Works

Eine neue phonetische Hypothese zum primären Umlaut von germ. */a/ im Althochdeutschen

Luca Panieri
This paper is concerned with the origin of the so-called Old High German primary umlaut. Even if this question has long been discussed, debate on this subject is still open. It seems however that scholars, though not agreeing with each other, mostly accept the standard theory's assumption of the existence of two kinds of short e in Old High German, of which the one derived from an umlauted germ. */a/ is taken to be higher...

Nebensätze in freien schriftlichen Produktionen kroatischer DaF-Lernender

Leonard Pon & Melita Aleksa Varga
The present paper looks into grammar competence of Croatian learners of German as a foreign language. More precisely, it deals with syntactic knowledge that learners need to activate in order to understand and produce complex sentences containing various types of subordinate clauses. Croatian learners of German as a foreign language spend a considerable amount of time during their German classes dealing with syntax – both explicitly and implicitly. In order to understand as well as...

The impact of discourse types on the acquisition of nominal determination in L2 French

Ewa Lenart, Marzena Watorek & Pascale Trévisiole
+N) are much more frequent in descriptions than in narratives: the use of these forms is determined by the marking of the introduction of referents and change of reference, that are more common in descriptions. The comparison with the results of previous studies on NP acquisition allows us to put in perspective the precocity of the acquisition of the definite article compared to that of the indefinite article. Contrary to such studies, our results show...

Zur Einzelsprachenspezifik wissenschaftlichen Sprachausbaus im gnoseologischen Funktionsbereich von Sprache

Winfried Thielmann
This paper attempts to demonstrate that academic research depends, to a certain degree, on the language in which it is conducted. The reason for this is that European languages have, due to their typological differences, different histories of linguistic expansion (Sprachausbau). As can be shown for German and English, the purpose of naming the object of investigation in academic research is served by linguistic devices of very different nature. This may lead to different conceptions...

Die laa-Verdoppelung in der Stadt Zug

Mirija Weber
The paper deals with the doubling of the verb laa 'let' in the dialect of the city of Zug. The data are collected by means of written questionnaires. The results of this inquiry are compared with the results gained by the project SADS ('Syntactic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland'). This comparison clearly shows differences in the results according to the elicitation techniques. It also shows that there is a greater variation with regard to the laa-doubling...

Sprachbewusstheit – Sprachreflexion – Sprachkritik – Sprachpraxis – Sprachspiel: Didaktische Perspektiven auf die Auseinandersetzung von Kindern mit tradierten sprachlichen Formen

Helga Andresen
Children enjoy playing with language, even when they are as young as four years of age. Their playful practice can be seen as dealing with linguistic rules and conventions critically. Therefore didactic language criticism should be aware of children’s motivation for language play and their experiences in this field. The article describes several forms of language play – spontaneous speech play, jokes and riddles – and relates them to language acquisition, language awareness and acquisition...

An Acoustical Study of the Fricative /s/ in the Speech of Palestinian-speaking Broca's Asphasics – Preliminary Findings

Hisham Adam
This study was conducted with four Palestinian-speaking Broca's aphasics and four normal speakers to examine the production of the fricative /s/ and to analyze the difference in acoustic patterns between the two groups. The acoustic analysis revealed that the Broca's aphasics were able to maintain the phonetic distinction between voiced and voiceless fricatives and did not exhibit voicing or devoicing errors. This result is inconsistent with findings from other languages. The spectral peak of the...

Formen und Funktionen von Interrogationen. Fragen in grammatischen Beschreibungen, empirischen Befunden und Lehrwerken für Deutsch als Fremdsprache

Martina Rost-Roth
Analysis of how questions are treated in grammar books shows that the main focus is on word order phenomena. At the same time, statements are often made about functions or the rela-tionship between form and function; these are not always consistent with more systematic approaches or with empirical findings. Empirical analyses of spoken language reveal a very complex picture; comparison of the question realizations of native speakers and non-native speakers shows that the questions produced...

Die Paronomasie als werbestilistisches Element – Zur gefühlten Inflation einer rhetorischen Figur

Thomas Hartung
Paronomasias are as rhetorical figures of repetition intentional combinations of at least similar, at best, equal, semantically and/or etymology but different words, the similarity in sound and/or writing is justified. Given the inflation of "Wau, ist das günstig", "MyTaxi holt dich app", "Hörvorragende Angebote"… questioned the contribution the spoken power of this particular figure of advertisement speech. Basis is the theory that advertising language is as comprehensive "semiosis of linguistic, paralinguistic and extra-linguistic" (Fix 1996)...

Vigesimal Numerals on Ifẹ̀ (Togo) and Ifẹ̀ (Nigeria) / Dialects of Yorùbá

Felix Abídèmí Fábùnmi
This study intends to bring Ifẹ̀ (Togo) into a linguistic limelight using the numeral systems. Numerals are a very important aspect of the day to day socio-economic and linguistic life of Ifẹ̀ (Togo) people. The traditional Ifẹ̀ (Togo) number system is vigesimal. In this study, forty-two different number words are listed for Yorùbá Ifẹ̀ (Nigeria) and Yorùbá Ifẹ̀ (Togo) and compared with Standard Yorùbá. We compared the Ifẹ̀ (Togo) number words and counting patterns with...

The Adjectival Relative Construction in Egyptian Arabic

Islam Youssef
The present paper investigates a type of broad-subject construction in Egyptian Arabic in which an adjective or participial structurally qualifies the head noun (or subject) but logically qualifies a subsequent noun, as in ir-raagil [il-ħilwiin banaat-u] 'the man the beautiful.PL his daughters'. This Adjectival Relative Construction is interesting in that it incorporates properties of both relative clauses and adjectival phrases. I evaluate the main analytical approaches in the literature and conclude that it must be...

Sprachgeographische Aspekte der Morphologie und Verschriftung in schweizerdeutschen Chats

Beat Siebenhaar
The regional chat-rooms in Switzerland show an extremely high portion of dialectal contributions (up to 90%). This non-standardized spontaneous writing of a dialectal language still reflects the geolinguistic distribution described in the linguistic atlas of German speaking Switzerland SDS (1962-1997) based on recordings of the 1940s and 1950s. This paper shows some reflexes of this geolinguistic distribution in four chat-rooms. The graphemic representation of the ending vowel of infinitives clearly confirms the traditional structure. Deviating...

The Grammatical Correlates of Social Class Factors: The Case of Iranian Fifth-Graders

Mahmoud Qaracholloo, Mahmoud Samaie, Mohammad Aliakbari & Kourosh Sayehmiri
Ever since Bernstein theorized the relationship between social class and language pattern, this issue has resulted in a growing body of research. However, few studies have been conducted in the context of Iranian society. In response to this shortcoming, a survey was designed to investigate the relationship between the linguistic and the social class patterns in the compositions of 350 male fifth-grade elementary school students. Accordingly, a Language Pattern Elicitation Prompt and a Social Class...

Wie 'Haar' zu 'Maus' wird: Geschlechtsbezogene pronominale Referenz im Thailändischen

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap
The use of gender-related personal pronouns is mostly found in different forms of third person singular (e. g. he/she/it in English or er/sie/es in German). In Thai, an isolate language without grammatical gender, the gender-specification can be observed in the use of first person singular pronominal reference. The selection of gender-related self-reference depends not only on sex but also on gender identity of the speaker. In this article, the complex system of pronominal reference in...

Focus Particles in Information Processing: An Experimental Study on Pragmatic Scales with Spanish incluso

Margarita Borreguero Zuloaga, Óscar Loureda, Adriana Cruz, Martha Rudka, Ines Recio & Laura Nadal
Focus particles have been one of the spotlights of linguistic research during the last fifty years. They have been studied mainly from a syntactic and semantic perspective, in formal and functional approaches. However, in the last years new insights in this field have been developed through pragmatic and textual approaches. From that perspective, focus particles can be considered as a type of discourse particles, as far as their semantic nature and their pragmatic function are...

Akzent auf die Standardsprachen: Regionale Spuren in "Français fédéral" und "Schweizerhochdeutsch"

Marie-José Kolly
Durch ihren fremdsprachlichen Akzent gibt eine Sprecherin ihre Herkunft, ihre Muttersprache preis. So werden die meisten Deutschschweizer beim Sprechen einer Fremdsprache als solche erkannt. Kann aber aufgrund dieses "Deutschschweizer" Akzents auch erkannt werden, aus welchem Dialektgebiet ein Sprecher stammt? Der vorliegende Beitrag stellt eine empirische Studie zur Perzeption dialektaler Akzente vor. Er beschäftigt sich mit dialektalen Akzenten im Standarddeutschen und im Französischen und zeigt mit quantitativen Methoden auf, dass dialektal bedingte Akzentunterschiede von native speakers...

Zum geschlechtergerechten Sprachgebrauch am Beispiel deutscher und polnischer Stellenausschreibungen

Marek Cieszkowski
The subject of consideration is the issue of using terms for professions which linguistically discriminate women or men in German and Polish job offers. Problems connected with the above were presented in the context of achievements of feminist linguistics in Germany and comprise a critical view of language asymmetries in Polish as well as the way of presenting it in Polish scientific discourses.

Can Hatred Speak? On the Linguistic Dimensions of Hate Crime

Gerald Posselt
Starting from the pressing issue of hate crime and hate speech, as addressed by several EU Framework Decisions and recently by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the article focuses on the complex and often contested relation of language and violence. Whereas recent accounts are usually concerned with the violent dimension of speech and language, the article approaches the question from a different methodological angle and asks in which way hatred and...

Implications for Gender Relations of Summons-Response and Address Forms in Dagbanli

Nantogma Alhassan Salifu
This paper examines the structure and function of the summons and response in Dagbanli as well as address forms in the husband-wife relation. The Dagbanli language imposes different response forms on males and females and asymmetrical address terms between husband and wife. Drawing from my knowledge of the language as a native speaker and from observed practices of other speakers as well as from insights of key informants, I apply theories of sociolinguistics and pragmatics...

"Wir bitten Sie das nicht misszugeneralisieren". Sprachverhalten in grammatischen Zweifelsfällen am Beispiel trennbarer und nicht-trennbarer Verben

Corinna Peschel & Tabea Becker
In this paper we attempt to determine the criteria speakers apply in morphologically or syntactically ambiguous cases. In German separable vs. inseparable verbs can be included in these cases. Although most grammar books present patterns or rules which give the impression of relatively clear cut cases, in contrast literal usage in every day life seems to hint to the contrary. In an empirical study with 120 students we demonstrated that separable verbs are a grammatical...

Sprachliche Zweifelsfälle als linguistischer Gegenstand. Zur Einführung in ein vergessenes Thema der Sprachwissenschaft.

Wolf Peter Klein
The term "sprachlicher Zweifelsfall" ('linguistic case of doubt') is not yet well established in the terminology of linguistics. The first part of the paper therefore outlines a definition of "sprachlicher Zweifelsfall" and a classification of various types. Basically, the definition takes up the fact that even fully competent speakers sometimes do not know definitely which variant to choose from two (or more) alternatives. Doubts like this evolve on all levels of language (phonetics, morphology, lexic,...

Modal Particles in Dutch as a Second Language. Evidence from a Perception Experiment

Ton Van Der Wouden & Johanneke Caspers
The perception of modal particles in Dutch was studied, contrasting native and speakers of Dutch as a second language (DSL). According to expectations, non-native subjects turned out to have more significant problems with selecting the best fitting stimulus in the contexts designed to evoke a modal use of the target word. Contrary to expectation, however, the non-native subjects had problems with non-modal contexts as well. Work on spontaneous speech elicited from DSL-speakers with Spanish as...

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