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Rasputin, Grigoriĭ Efimovich

Siobhan Peeling
Rasputin was a peasant turned pilgrim who became a close associate of the Russian royal family. Accounts of his wartime influence on government may be exaggerated but public perceptions of his power and rumours of his debauchery undermined the authority of the monarchy and contributed to its collapse in 1917.

Humanitarianism (Sweden)

Lina Sturfelt
This article offers an overview of Swedish transnational humanitarianism from 1914-1924. First, it sets Swedish wartime humanitarianism within the framework of benevolent Nordic neutrality. It sketches some of the major relief operations, from the exchange of disabled POWs through Sweden in 1915-1918, missions for war prisoners and starving civilians in revolutionary Russia, to interwar child-relief for Central Europe. It briefly introduces key actors such as the Swedish Red Cross and the Swedish Save the Children....

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