122 Works

Lessons learnt from impact-oriented accompanying research: potentials and limitations to rigorously assessing the impact of governance programmes

Evelyn Funk, Lisa Groß, Julia Leininger & Armin Von Schiller
How to assess impact in governance programmes successfully? This publication documents some practical lessons learnt on how to conduct rigorous impact assessments, with a special focus on governance interventions. The project “Wirkungsinitiative Afrika” of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) follows the approach of impact-oriented accompanying research when measuring impact. Impact-oriented accompanying research in the project combines two elements of impact assessments: a) the measurement of impact using (quasi-)experimental designs, and...

How addressing divisions on African migration inside the EU can strengthen transnational development

Irene Schöfberger
Intense negotiations about migration management policies are taking place inside the European Union (EU), and between the EU and African states. Although these two negotiation processes are often analysed separately, they are actually interlinked. Drawing on interviews with representatives of European and African states and regional organisations as well as on policy analysis, this Briefing Paper argues that negotia¬tions inside the EU restrict EU-Africa cooperation on migration in two ways: first, by transmitting a strengthened...

Human mobility in the context of climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa: trends and basic recommendations for development cooperation

Benjamin Schraven, Stephen Adaawen, Christina Rademacher-Schulz & Nadine Segadlo
This paper provides an overview of what is actually known about the relationship between climate change and human mobility in West, East and Southern Africa – the most affected regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Although there is a general lack of data on “climate migration”, trends can be deduced from the growing number of case studies and research projects. This paper also formulates some recommendations for German and European development policies for addressing “climate migration” in...

Evidence-based allocation in global health: lessons learned for Germany

Anna Minasyan
This paper studies evidence-based aid allocations in global health with the aim to identify lessons learned for Germany as a donor for bilateral and multilateral aid programmes. At the same time, it contributes to the conceptualisation of evidence-based aid by defining two types of evidence, practical and scientific, where the former makes use of discretionary information to support the financing of aid projects, while the latter relies on the evidence from rigorous (scientific) research. This...

Mission impossible? Country-level coordination in the UN development system

Max-Otto Baumann
With its, on average, 18 entities in every developing country, the United Nations (UN) faces an enormous challenge in coordinating its development activities. Under the 2030 Agenda and its complex set of Sustainable Development Goals, coordination has become even more urgent. The UN Secretary-General has recognised this and has made better coordination the main thrust of his reform proposals, which were presented earlier this year. This discussion paper aims to contribute to the ongoing debates...

Comparing global trends in multidimensional and income poverty and assessing horizontal inequalities

Francesco Burchi, Daniele Malerba, Nicole Rippin & Claudio E. Montenegro
The 2030 Agenda has provided new impetus to two facets of the struggle for poverty alleviation, which is a central goal of the international development community. First, poverty is no longer viewed strictly in monetary terms, but rather as a multidimensional phenomenon. Second, the need to reduce poverty for different social groups and not just at the aggregate, national level is explicitly recognised. Against this background, this paper has three objectives: (1) to analyse the...

Strategic policymaking and the German aid programme in the MENA region since the Arab uprisings

Mark Furness
Germany’s official aid to Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has more than doubled since 2011, ostensibly to support their responses to development challenges and humanitarian crises following the Arab uprisings. But the dramatic increases in aid have not been accompanied by a public strategy that sets out Germany’s objectives in the region, and the role of aid in conjunction with other policy tools in achieving them. Furthermore, a closer look at the figures...

Monitoring and Evaluation in South-South Cooperation: The Case of CPEC in Pakistan

Murad Ali
Pakistan is one of the key countries in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) where the latter is implementing a multibillion-dollar, multiyear investment plan known as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). A collection of projects aimed at developing energy, industry and communication infrastructure, costing over USD 46 billion, CPEC is expected to contribute significantly to socio-economic development and poverty reduction in Pakistan. The main research question is, while implementing development projects in Pakistan, to what...

Incentivising and regulating multi-actor partnerships and private-sector engagement in development cooperation

Dorothea Wehrmann
The inclusion of actors from the private sector is a central challenge for multi-actor partnerships (MAPs) and multi-stakeholder platforms in development cooperation. On the one side, the heterogeneity of approaches that shape development cooperation and rather abstract, long-term agendas (such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development) make it difficult to incentivise the engagement of private-sector actors that typically prefer concrete and short-term activities with predictable outcomes. On the other side, the effectiveness of past...

Wie die EU-Migrationspolitik transnationale Entwicklung fördern kann

Irene Schöfberger
Innerhalb der Europäischen Union (EU) sowie zwischen der EU und afrikanischen Staaten finden intensive politische Debatten über Migrationspolitik statt. Obwohl diese beiden Prozesse oft getrennt analysiert werden, stehen sie miteinander in Verbindung. Dieses Papier basiert auf Interviews mit Ver¬tretern europäischer und afrikanischer Staaten sowie Regionalorganisationen und auf der Analyse politischer Dokumente. Es kommt zu dem Schluss, dass inneneuropäische Verhandlungen die Zusammenarbeit zwischen der EU und Afrika in zweierlei Hinsicht behindern. Erstens wird die verstärkte Fokussierung...

Successfully promoting decentralisation: the potential of the multi-stakeholder approach

Lisa Groß
Sustainable Development Goal 17 assigns an important role to multi-stakeholder approaches in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What are the advantages and impacts of a multi-stakeholder approach in decentralisation programmes?
The multi-stakeholder approach aims to involve all stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector that are relevant for a reform process. In the context of decentralisation programmes, this approach usually allows for simultaneous cooperation with political actors (supply side) and civil society (demand...

African economic development: What role can the G20 Compact play?

Rainer Thiele, Maximilian Köster, Ikechukwu Okoli & Friederike Rühmann
Under the German Presidency of the G20 in 2017, the Compact with Africa (CWA) was launched with the goal of mobilising private capital and promoting the efficient use of public resources so as to increase private and infrastructure investment in Africa. In this discussion paper, we provide a critical assessment of the role that the CWA could play for African development. We argue that, despite some positive developments since the early 2000s, Africa’s future prospects...

Potenziale der Blockchain-Technologie für die Handelsintegration von Entwicklungsländern

Jakob Schwab & Jan Ohnesorge
Die Blockchain-Technologie (BT), die durch ihren Einsatz in digitalen Währungen bekannt wurde, bietet auch auf anderen Gebieten neue Möglichkeiten. Eines ist die Handelsintegration. Besonders Entwicklungsländer können von verstärkter Handelsintegration mit BT profitieren, da die Technologie z.B. Defizite in den Bereichen Zugang zum Finanzsystem, Schutz geistigen Eigentums und Steuerverwaltung mindern kann. BT ermöglicht es, Transaktionen und andere Daten auf dezentralen Computernetzwerken nahezu manipulationssicher zu speichern. Aber es können nicht nur Daten manipulations¬sicher gespeichert werden, sondern auch...

South Africa’s changing role in global development structures: being in them but not always of them

Elizabeth Sidiropoulos
South Africa’s engagement in global development structures has evolved since 1994, when the country re-entered the international community. The historical philosophical underpinnings of the African National Congress, the governing party, aimed to reaffirm the country’s place in the Global South and African firmament after the end of apartheid. This understanding is necessary in the context of South Africa’s priorities over the past 25 years, not least in the development debates. The last two decades have...

(Re)negotiating refugee protection in Malaysia: implications for future policy in refugee management

Katrina Munir-Asen
Malaysia provides an interesting case study of the challenges of refugee integration, and the considerable implications of a country continuing to host refugees outside a refugee law framework and without a consistent refugee policy. The Malaysian government has not signed the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, nor its 1967 Protocol, and is therefore under no obligation to comply with the substantive provisions of it. It has neither implemented relevant legislation...

Constellations of State Fragility-csv-1.0.0

Jörn Grävingholt, Sebastian Ziaja, Constantin Ruhe, Patrick Fink, Merle Kreibaum & Christopher Wingens
Constellations of State Fragility provides an empirical typology of states from a fragility perspective. It uses global data from 2005-2013 to identify typical constellations of state fragility. State fragility is defined as deficiencies in one or more of three core functions of the state. These functions include state authority, state capacity and state legitimacy. Authority refers to the state’s ability to control violence. Capacity refers to the state’s ability to provide basic public services. Legitimacy...

Umfang und Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit: Trends und Implikationen für das BMZ und andere Ressorts

Michael Bohnet, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungsleistungen (Official Development Assistance, ODA) ist im Umbruch. Die zunehmende internationale Rolle Deutschlands, die Verschärfung der Klimafrage sowie die Flüchtlingskrise trugen wesentlich zu einem bedeutenden Anstieg der deutschen ODA bei. Diese haben sich seit 2012 mehr als verdoppelt und beliefen sich 2017 auf ca. 22 Mrd. Euro. Der Koalitionsvertrag zwischen CDU/CSU und SPD (2018) sieht ODA-anrechenbare Ausgaben als einen prioritären und Entwicklungspolitik als einen Schwerpunktbereich an. Deutliche Veränderungen sind auch...

Do trade deals encourage environmental cooperation?

Jean-Frédéric Morin, Vera Chaudhuri & Mathilde Gauquelin
Trade agreements have mixed effects on the environment. On the one hand, trade generates additional pollution by raising production levels. Trade rules can also restrict the capacity of governments to adopt environmental regulations. On the other hand, trade agreements can favour the diffusion of green technologies, make production more efficient and foster environmental cooperation. Whether the overall effect is positive or negative partly depends on the content of the trade agreement itself. Recent studies have...

Supporting or thwarting? The influence of EU migration policies on African free movement regimes in West and North-eastern Africa

Clare Castillejo, Eva Dick & Benjamin Schraven
The European Union (EU) approach to migration in Africa has significantly shifted in the last few years. Notably since 2015, it has focused on preventing irregular migration and privileges engagement with the main countries of origin and transit of migrants. In the context of the 2015 Joint Valletta Action Plan (JVAP), a funding instrument – the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) –was created to channel development aid in support of EU interests in...

Cultural values, popular attitudes and democracy promotion: how values mediate the effectiveness of donor support for term limits and LGBT+ rights in Uganda

Merran Hulse
Democracy is frequently thought of as a “universal value”. Donors for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) accept this assumption and take measures in recipient countries that aim to promote or uphold values they consider central to democracy, including political competition and individual equality, among others. However, some scholars have questioned whether such values are actually universally applicable, and whether donors need to disavow themselves of the notion that “one size fits all”...

Civil society engagement in regional governance: a network analysis in Southern Africa

Merran Hulse, Lisa Gürth, Helena Kavsek, Verena Stauber, Daniel Wegner & Jan Weinreich
Since the 1990s, international and regional organisations have responded to calls to open up to civil society. Some, however, remain relatively inaccessible. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is one of those regional organisations that seems to have resisted opening up, making it a “tough test” for civil society engagement. Yet, even in this difficult regional context, we observe the existence of transnational civil society networks that aim to engage and influence regional governance, although...

Data for development: an agenda for German development cooperation

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Data is a central but underestimated prerequisite for the realisation of the 2030 Agenda. Although technical innovations such as smartphones or the internet of things have led to a data explosion in recent years, there are still considerable gaps in the availability and use of data in developing countries and development cooperation (DC) in particular. So far it is not possible to report regularly on the majority of the 230 indicators of the Sustainable Development...

Daten für Entwicklung: eine Agenda für die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Daten sind eine zentrale, aber unterschätzte Voraussetzung für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030. Obwohl technische Innovationen, etwa Smartphones oder das Internet der Dinge, in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer Explosion an Daten geführt haben, gibt es insbesondere in Entwicklungländern und in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ) noch erhebliche Lücken in der Verfügbarkeit und Nutzung von Daten. Zu der Mehrzahl der 230 Indikatoren der Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) kann bisher nicht regelmäßig berichtet werden.
Eine unabhängige Expertengruppe hat daher...

The development policy system under pressure: acknowledging limitations, sourcing advantages and moving towards a broader perspective

Victoria Gonsior & Stephan Klingebiel
This paper uses the development policy system as an entry point assuming that various fundamental changes along three dimensions – narratives (why?), strategies (what?) and operational approaches (how?) – can be observed over recent years. Changes are diverse, ranging from new narratives translated to the development policy context (such as the migration narrative) to strategic considerations (for instance, developing countries’ graduation implications), new instruments (in form of development finance at the interface with the private...

A bridge over troubled water? The instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (ICSP) and the security-development nexus in EU external policy

Julian Bergmann
The enduring civil war in Syria, the fragile security situation in the Sahel and the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass region demonstrate that the European Union (EU) is currently confronted with complex security challenges. To provide an adequate response to these challenges, the EU seeks to implement a “joined-up” approach to its external action and strengthen its capacities at the interface of security and development policies.
This paper analyses the European Union (EU)’s approach to the...

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