213 Works

Social capital

Annamária Orbán & Zoltán Szántó
The study presents the notional changes of the term 'social capital' in history, eventually providing a synthesized definition. It explains the character of the notion connected to the individual and the collective, its mechanisms of operation, effects, and the different perspectives on its measuring. The authors trace back the genesis of social capital to the recurrent cooperative situations that can be modeled by the notion of public goods and the prisoner's dilemma game. Finally, examining...

Migrational potential in Transilvania

Zsombor Csata & Tamás Kiss

From the periphery to the center. Theses to the interpretation of the situation of Hungarian youth abroad.

Kálmán Gábor
The author – Kálmán Gábor, sociologist, youth researcher from Hungary – interprets the situation of Hungarian youth abroad from the hypothesis that in the 1990’s, after the fall of communism their position shifted from the periphery to the center. This means that the Hungarian youth abroad, as well as in Hungary, is subject to many kinds of pressure: from competition in school to unemployment, premature independence, entering the market too early, and different stress-fighting techniques....

The relationship between division of household labour, partnership satisfaction and instability

Attila Pilinszki
The study examines the correlation between division of household labour and relationship quality and stability based on data of a dyadic research (N = 175 dyads). Recipients of family support and child welfare services participated in the questionnaire survey in Budapest and Pest county. As a consequence, the data primarily applies to families with lower socio-economic status. The aim of this analysis was the examination of whether and to what extent the division of household...

Minority Protection in the European Union: From Economic Rights to the Protection of European Human Values

Lia C.R.M. Versteegh
Minority protection did not receive attention in the original EC treaty of 1956. The concept of nondiscrimination of laborers and later of EU citizens became the cornerstone for minority protection. Gradually the EU became familiar with the concept of human rights because of judgments of the European Court of Justice (ECJ). This concept has officially been introduced in the 2009 Lisbon Treaty, which includes the rights of persons belonging to minorities and has been elaborated...

Ezoterical practices among the South Plain (Dél-alföld) high school students

Csongor Sárközy
The study, after a brief theoretical overview, presents the esoteric practices (prophesy, necromancy, astrology, yoga, feng-shui, reiki, neo-pagan and Satanist practices) of young people as well the social reactions given to these. The author focuses on the results of a quantitative survey concerning the participation of high-school students compared to grownups, and analyzes the types and the frequency of practices, as well as the motivation of these participants.

Reflections on Transfer Market. Theoretical Sketch of a Market Value Predictive Model

Előd Balázs & László Péter
The mediated professional soccer is a special economic domain. All those actors directly connected with the inner practice of the game – footballer, coaches or physiotherapists – have estimated market values. That’s why a large number of experts and organizations concern themselves with the appraisal of the aforementioned value. In the present study we are going to summarize the special literature concerning the football transfer market in order to develop an explicative model to estimate...

The bilingualism of Romania's ethnic Hungarians: bilingual competencies, language use, and language dominance, in a regional comparative perspective

István Horváth
The article offers an analysis of the (1) typology of bilingualism based on the level of self assessed proficiency of the two languages (2) the language choice patterns, (3) the minority representations of the social norms referring to the use of the Romanian language, among the ethnic Hungarian, Romania's 1,6 million large minority population, characterized by a relative large degree of Hungarian – Romanian bilingualism. The analysis is based on the data offered by a...

„Inventing the past" – media representations of ethnic communities – the case of the archeological excavations in Kolozsvár's main square

László Péter
The case study focuses on the media discourses that emerged around the archeological excavations on Kolozsvár's Main Square, in order to present the local nationalist practices in two important historical moments: in 1943 and in 1994. The author concludes that in historic moments of this kind social and hierarchical relationships between ethnic communities can be described by analysing the discourses about particular events, which offer the possibility of identification and thus group membership through the...

Sociology of religion in post-communist Romania

Dénes Kiss
The study gives an insight into the Romanian sociology of religion regarding post-communist Romania. In order to achieve this I have analyzed studies concerned with religious issues in three Romanian sociology periodicals published in the last fifteen years. Besides the overview of these studies, the author presents the structure of the field of religion studies by discussing the significance of respective authors and the system of mutual references among them.

Natural dynamics of Hungarian population in Romania

Tamás Kiss
There are three main factors of the decreasing of Hungarian population in Romania: natural dynamics, emigration and assimilation. The present paper deals with the first one.

Transylvanian reflections connected to the new Hungarian village

Dénes Kiss
The study below aims to provide a local context for the paper written by Pál Juhász, intended for the Transylvanian reader. It discusses whether the symptoms of changing Hungarian rural society also occur in Transylvanian villages and if so, to what extent do they appear. The analysis reviews the situation of Transylvanian rural society following the structure defined by the most important statements in Juhász's essay, attempting to provide a complete overview of the problems...

Optional mandatory" drug prevention in schools – in the light of drug use patterns among festival attending youth

Renáta Botházi, Anita Anikó Ozsváth, Ignác Lukács, Katalin Krecsák & László Csaba Dégi
This article aims is to provide insight trough Independence Zone's drug, alcohol, nicotine and HIV prevention work - which among other tasks works among youth attending various Transylvanian summer pop-rock festivals - into the drug use patterns of younger people, with the aim of providing certain information to schools and teachers which can be implemented in their own work, further helping their ability to preserve the health and personal development of young people. To this...

Research of Shadow Education among High School Students from Northern Transylvania and Szeklerland

Júlia Olaru
The shadow education is the special segment of the two educational systems of the public and private tutoring education. In the sociology of education these topics were only recently discussed, and researches about these subjects only have a history of two decades. In our research we try to define the types of shadow education among Transylvanian high school students, more exactly those activities that do not take part of the formal educational system and private...

From subordinate positions to self-actualization? Analysis of Oscar best picture movies’ female characters in relation to the public and private spheres

Emese Bíró
This paper presents the analysis of female characters in leading roles and important supporting roles in films that have won the Oscar Best Picture Award from 1970 to 2013. It concentrates on the chosen female characters’ activity, goals, goal attainment and hierarchical relations with male characters and other female characters, in the private and public spheres. Looking into the women character’s perception of the border between their private and public spheres, I am interested in...

MigRom – Patterns of the Migration of Romanian Roma, Relations and Effects at Home

Stefánia Toma
The article presents some results of the MigRom – The immigration of Romanian Roma to Western Europe: Causes, effects and future engagements strategies, a project funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme under the call on ’Dealing with diversity and cohesion: the case of the Roma in the European Union’ (GA319901). The Romanian team did research in origin localities of the Romanian Roma migrants, focusing on mobility patterns, networks, remittances and effects of migration...

„Women are watching soap opera, men are watching football”. A typology of cultural consumption styles

Marius Lazăr
The study is a description of cultural consumption styles of Romanian citizens based on the "Barometer of Cultural Consumption" survey conducted in 2005. Using principal component analysis method, the author defines nine types of cultural consumption which are presented in detail then the frequency of their occurrence is analyzed in several culturally segmented social categories. The main conclusion of the analysis is that social and cultural stratification, even if they interfere, do not overlap; however,...

The inequality of educational chances of different social category teenagers in Transylvania

Zsombor Csata
The study deals with the relationship between social status variables and chances of gaining entry in high schools. The particular community the researcher and author focus on is the Hungarian community in Romania. The core result of his analysis is that the origin status is a better predictor of inequalities already in elementary school, than in the case of middle education institutes.

Theatre critics today and tomorrow

Ágnes Bakk
Although representative surveys haven't been made until now, it is highly probable that the growing number of art journals is inversely proportional with the number of their readers. In this introduction two surveys are confronted, realized by two critics from two different contexts. The first one is written by István Szabó and it presents the situation of the Hungarian theatre critics. The other research was made by the German theatre critic, Vasco Boenisch which shows...

The process of establishment of Roma elite. The case of Cluj.

Réka Geambașu
In Romania, the political leaders of the Roma community and the main actors from civil organizations face a particular situation. The legitimization of their leadership position ought to come neither from Roma population, nor from the non-n-Roma, but from the political elite of the majority-state who might accept or reject them as partners of political dialogue, as legitimate representatives of the Roma population. The Romanian political actors decide who or whose circle will be considered...

The Romanian orthodox church after 1989: social identity, national memory, and the theory of secularization

Iuliana Conovici
The Romanian Orthodox Church engaged, after the fall of communism, in the reconstruction of its public identity and its position in society. The public discourse of its official representatives – the Holy Synod and individual hierarchs, especially the Patriarch Teoctist – expresses and „translates” this process to the faithful and the general public. Its perception by this public, particularly when mediated by means of mass communication, is usually partial and frequently altered. By focusing on...

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