213 Works

The “csángó” image in the Transylvanian Hungarian press on the millennium turn

Sándor Ilyés
The present study follows the interpretation of the discourse on the Moldavian Csángós from one particular point of view and based on one particular corpus. At the beginning of the new millennium the Hungarian press from Transylvania regarded the Csángós as one of the main topics and that resulted in a process of narrative colonization. Based on the model of culture nation, the Csángós became a part of the Hungarian nation, being represented as the...

Culture in the age of social networking

István Szakáts
The basic idea of the study refers to a previous sociological observation that social relations contribute to increased self-confidence, sense of security and motivation (through bonding-type relations) and problem solving (through access to help through bridging-type relations) of the individuals. The author explores the possibilities through which in the online space, through culture, these relationships can be built and used more efficiently. He proposes an online news platform which is both event- and community-driven and...

On border: Hungarian - Romanian border-settlements social-economic strategies for forming crossborder relationships

Bernadett Csurgó & Boldizsár Megyesi
The paper presents three case studies conducted in Hungarian towns by the Romanian-Hungarian border: Makó, Gyula and Létavértes. Focusing on the situation of the Romanian workers in the selected settlements, it analyzes how the border and the neighboring regions appear in the every-day life and mid-term plans of these towns. Several researches proved (Németh et al 2009, Pulay 2009) that most of the Romanian immigrants work in the Central-Hungarian Region, and not in the bordering...

Changes in the ethnic map of Kolozs and Bihar counties in the period between 1966–2002

József Benedek & Egon Nagy
The authors, József Benedek and Egon Nagy, university teachers of Social Geography at the University of Kolozsvár, conclude their analysis with the warning that the subject of the rates and number of Hungarians and half-Hungarians in Transylvania should be treated more delicately. It is certain that the ethnical losers of the socialist industrialization and village-to-town migration were the Transylvanian cities where, before the First World War, the Hungarian inhabitants formed a majority - in 1956...

Researches in Time and Space: Chronological Overview of Hungarian Youth Research in Transylvania 1990–2014

Kálmán Ercsei
The present paper focuses on the empirical researches related to the ethnical Hungarian Youth population from Transylvania, Romania with the aim of giving an overview based on the literature of the domain. As a result of our desktop research we build a database which collects the main characteristics of a number of 70 empirical researches. The study first sketches the context of the formation and evolution of the field of the youth researches in Romania,...

Gender and physical discipline in Romanian families

Ágnes Dávid-Kacsó & Imola Antal
The gender factor influences the characteristics of the parental role and the parental social cognitions related to the child. In this way the discipline methods used by parents show special characteristics according to the gender of the parents and the child. The present study, using a sample of 3747 parents from Romania, follows the use of physically violent discipline methods by the gender of parents and children, in three different age groups of the child...

The sociocultural background of the spreading of enterprises. Entrepreneurial types in two Szekler villages.

Emília Palkó & Zsuzsa Sólyom
The study examines the social-economical context of the appearance of entrepreneurs after 1989 in two localities of the Szeklerland: Joseni (Gyergyóalfalu) in Harghita County and Ilieni (Illyefalva) in Covasna County. It starts by analyzing those local economic resourses that can influence regional differences in the number and structure of ventures. Following that, it examines the sociocultural background of the spreading of entrepreneurial attitude, then outlines the types of entrepreneurs.

Possible Directions and Methods of Studying Student Councils

Botond Dániel

Ethnic Inequalities in Labour Market Outcomes in Romania

Zsombor Csata
The study is a comparative analysis of labor market performance and income of different ethnic groups in Romania. Both census statistics and Labor Force Survey data show an increasing socioeconomic inequality along ethnicity. The majority of Roma live on the periphery of society, under very vulnerable conditions. Most of those who are employed are working in the secondary labor market, taking poorly paid, casual jobs. Although the gap from the average is incomparably smaller, the...

The Labyrinth: Roma Children in the Romanian Educational System

Ágnes Dávid-Kacsó
The Roma children’s low level of participation in education and the high dropout rate among them is seen often as the most problematic issue related to the social integration of Roma. The approaches however usually present the problem from the point of view of the majority, the responsibility for the failures being placed on the particularities of the Roma population. Due to the commitments to EU directives, the Educational Act includes regulations aimed at reducing...

Goodwill and competence –two components of trust in the light of an entrepreneurial survey conducted in Hungary

Marianna Kopasz
Policy, Corvinus University of Budapest in 2003, as part of an enterprise panel research. The principle goal of the research was to study the factors influencing the level of trust buyer firms place in their suppliers (contractual trust). According to the main findings, the level of contractual trust is affected by the time horizon of planning, the prior cooperation between the firm and its partners, and the trusting attitude of the firm leader (in the...

Linguistic skills, linguistic behaviour and ethno-cultural reproduction among the Hungarian population from Transylvania

István Horváth
Based on the study “Turning Points of Our Lives – Transylvania” conducted in 2006, the paper analyzes the conditions under which ethno-cultural reproduction is accomplished among the Hungarians living in Transylvania. Although in the past decades demographic processes affecting the Hungarian community from Transylvania have constituted a major topic for sociological analyses, these works have primarily focused on census data, without taking socio-linguistic aspects into consideration. The present paper describes and analyzes the odds and...

“Freedom” in debate. Some questions on the cultural policy of Aczél György

Szidónia Eszter Labancz
The study highlights some cultural political statements of the "Hungarian cultural pope" of the 1960's, like the question of loyalty and sovereignty, his perception of history as a transient, and the emphasis on the importance of debate (as a "democratic act") in a time when the Hungarian artists felt something like a breeze of freedom in the cultural politics.

The role of clusters in regional development

Gergely Török
The existence of agglomeration economies and the effects on the process of regional development has long preoccupied researchers in the field of economics as well as social studies. Since the beginning of the last century many authors have tried to shed light on the causes of economic agglomerations, trying to describe the factors (transport costs, information flow, personal relations, etc.) playing an important role in the clustering process. Although their role has significantly changed during...

Ezoterical practices among the South Plain (Dél-alföld) high school students

Csongor Sárközy
The study, after a brief theoretical overview, presents the esoteric practices (prophesy, necromancy, astrology, yoga, feng-shui, reiki, neo-pagan and Satanist practices) of young people as well the social reactions given to these. The author focuses on the results of a quantitative survey concerning the participation of high-school students compared to grownups, and analyzes the types and the frequency of practices, as well as the motivation of these participants.

Responsability for the infant patients' self-determination right

Csanád Albert-Lőrincz
The study draws attention that minor patients require a special attention and support, hence protecting their rights is an actual issue. In the literature it has been recognized that human rights are a very important factor in children's treatment. This rights-based approach conferes children legal personality, which has implications for health-services and health policy. Chlidren patient's rights are a result of patient rights in addition of children's rights, emerging from general human rights. Self-determination or...

The position on the labor-market of young people starting out on their carreers

Zsombor Csata, Botond Dániel & Carmen Pop
The study is focused on the relationship between the educational system and the labor-market in the context of educational policy and structural changes that took place after the change of regimes. More precisely, the position on the labor market of young people who are just starting out on their carreers is going to be analyzed: the position of those, who have recently finished their studies at the Babeş-Bolyai University.

‘Terrorism’ and ‘civilisation’: jihadism as a ‘decivilising’ process

Michael Dunning
The growth and relative success of the 'jihadist' group calling itself 'Islamic State' (IS) has, at the time of writing, contributed to an escalation of conflicts in Iraq and Syria. An estimated 2000 of its fighters are Westerners who have travelled to those countries to undertake jihad. Media reports, including social media, suggest that at least some of them have been involved in a variety of brutal acts of violence, including rapes, videoed beheadings, crucifixions...

MigRom – Patterns of the Migration of Romanian Roma, Relations and Effects at Home

Stefánia Toma
The article presents some results of the MigRom – The immigration of Romanian Roma to Western Europe: Causes, effects and future engagements strategies, a project funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme under the call on ’Dealing with diversity and cohesion: the case of the Roma in the European Union’ (GA319901). The Romanian team did research in origin localities of the Romanian Roma migrants, focusing on mobility patterns, networks, remittances and effects of migration...

Side Notes of a Paralympics

Lídia Berszán
Organizing the first Paralympics in Cluj Napoca for children and youth with disabilities and special educational needs was a significant moment of a 20-year-long inclusion process. Certainly, our society still needs to learn from this event: primarily solidarity, but also coping strategies and flexibility.

The perspectives of small-scale farming in Transylvania (a snapshot of Siklód, a small Szekler village from the period of EU-accession)

Melinda Nagyné Molnár
Small scale peasant type farming has had varying importance in the course of time, but has always been part of rural economy. Following the change of regime in 1989-1990, the large scale farming structure founded during state socialism was dissolved throughout the Central and Eastern European region. These changes led to the revival of the family farms. After the collapse of the socialist agricultural farm structure, the small scale family farms became the most widespread...

An Enquiry Over Local Level Deprivation in Rural Areas from Three Transylvanian Counties, with Focus on the Marginalization of the Roma Ethnic Minority

Valér Veres, Cristina Raț & Andrada Tobias
The present study has been carried out within the framework of the project “United Networks. Integrated initiative for the social inclusion of marginalized communities” led by the Caritas – Social Work Organization Alba-Iulia in partnership with the Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, the Mures, Harghita, and Covasna County Directorates for Social Assistance and Child Protection, and Caritas Norway between May 2015 and December 2016.
Our primary purpose is methodological: to construct two complementary macro-level indexes (an index...

Migrational willingness among ethnic Hungarians from Romania - October 2003

István Horváth

Football Myths of Cluj-Napoca – Character-study of a Club with Hiding Identity or the Role of Real and Presumed Bonds in Hungary’s Opinion about CFR 1907 Cluj

Péter Csillag
The football society in Hungary paid particular attention to the European presence of CFR 1907 Cluj from the club’s first Champions League-season in 2008. Basically three motives explained the popularity of the club of Cluj-Napoca: a Hungarian feature of the Romanian team, a lack of football success in Hungary and the appeal of the „capital” of Transylvania, deriving from the historical past. Regarding the first aspect, Árpád Pászkány, the Hungarian-born owner during the great European...

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