114 Works

Editorial

Melanie Pichler
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 12, No 1 (2019)

Book Review: Werning, R. & Schwieger, J. (2019). Handbuch Philippinen. Gesellschaft-Politik-Wirtschaft-Kultur

Ralph Chan & Joshua Makalintal
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 12, No 1 (2019)

China’s cultural diplomacy in Malaysia during Najib Razak’s premiership

Jakub Hrubý & Tomáš Petrů
This article aims to provide an analysis of China’s cultural diplomacy (CCD) in Malaysia in the latter years of the premiership of Najib Razak (2015-2018). It intends to reflect on the efforts China has been exerting in order to increase its soft power in the Southeast Asian nation. The authors have identified and analyzed four major fields of CCD: the activities of two Confucius Institutes; the first overseas campus of a renowned Chinese university; invocations...

The new politics of debt in the transition economy of Vietnam

Hong-Kong T. Nguyen, Viet-Ha T. Nguyen, Thu-Trang Vuong, Manh-Tung Ho & Quan-Hoang Vuong
This study reviews the rising household debt and nonfinancial corporation debt in Vietnam, a socialist-oriented, lower middle-income emerging economy. Vietnam has made huge strides in economic growth within three decades of reforms, lifting millions of people out of poverty thanks to better access to credit. At the same time, there are lending and borrowing practices that signal troubles ahead. Based on a thorough examination of the theoretical literature on indebtedness, the study sets out to...

Excluding migrant labor from the Malaysian bioeconomy: Working and living conditions of migrant workers in the palm oil sector in Sabah

Janina Puder
In 2012, Malaysia launched its bioeconomy program, with the palm oil sector as one of the main pillars. In focusing on the societal processes that accompany the Malaysian plans to establish a bioeconomy, it is of special interest to understand which occupation groups in the palm oil sector are included and which are excluded from the socio-economic targets of the program. Research on the bioeconomy, as well as a green economy more broadly, often neglect...

Recalling hydraulic despotism: Hun Sen’s Cambodia and the return of strict authoritarianism

David J. H. Blake
Mirroring trends elsewhere in Southeast Asia, Cambodia has witnessed a pronounced shift towards stricter authoritarianism over recent years. The state appears more firmly ruled by prime minister Hun Sen than at any time during the past three decades, while the de facto status of the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) more closely resembles the single party regimes of neighboring states. One of the major tools of political control and expansion of authority employed by the hierarchical...

The third wave of Indonesia’s food market: Practices at small community markets in Yogyakarta

Dodi Widiyanto
There is growing awareness among people living in developing countries of the importance of healthy lifestyles. Farmers’ markets (FMs) are a rather new type of market in Indonesia, succeeding traditional and modern markets. They began to appear in 2006 in Bali and were established in Yogyakarta in the early 2010s. This article contributes to limited research in this area by presenting a qualitative analysis of market participants with three main aims: to explore the meanings...

Future-making and frictional mobility in the return of Burmese migrants

Prasert Rangkla
This article explores the experiences of recent returnees from Thailand to Southeast Myanmar and the complicated landscape of their future-making. In looking at the arduous journeys of Burmese migrants both in Myanmar and Thailand, I discuss how economic and political developments in reform-era Myanmar have informed Burmese migrants’ idea of return migration. Seeking a better life through coming home, they have encountered factors of friction and traction that either support or impede their plans. Accordingly,...

The contestation of social memory in the new media: A case study of the 1965 killings in Indonesia

Hakimul Ikhwan, Vissia Ita Yulianto & Gilang Desti Parahita
While today’s Indonesian democratic government remains committed to the New Order orthodoxy about the mass killings of 1965, new counter-narratives challenging official history are emerging in the new media. Applying mixed-methods and multi-sited ethnography, this study aims to extend our collaborative understanding of the most recent developments in this situation by identifying multiple online interpersonal stories, deliberations, and debates related to the case as well as offline field studies in Java and Bali. Practically and...

Gender, Ethnicity, and Environmental Transformations in Indonesia and Beyond

Kristina Großmann, Martina Padmanabhan & Suraya Afiff
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Gender, Ethnicity, and Environmental Transformations

The Institutions of Authoritarian Neoliberalism in Malaysia: A Critical Review of the Development Agendas Under the Regimes of Mahathir, Abdullah, and Najib

Bonn Juego
After toppling the 61-year dominant Barisan Nasional through a historic election victory in May 2018, expectations are high for the new ruling government led by Mahathir Mohamad and the Pakatan Harapan to fulfil their promises for socio-economic reforms and regime change in Malaysia. But what have been the institutions of the prevailing regime that need to be reformed and changed? This article offers a critical review of the evolving development agendas since the 1990s of...

Philippine Mining Capitalism: The Changing Terrains of Struggle in the Neoliberal Mining Regime

Alvin Almendrala Camba
This article analyzes how the mining sector and anti-mining groups compete for mining outcomes in the Philippines. I argue that the transition to a neoliberal mineral regime has empowered the mining sector and weakened the mining groups by shifting the terrains of struggle onto the domains of state agencies and scientific networks. Since the neoliberal era, the mining sector has come up with two strategies. First, technologies of subjection elevate various public institutions to elect...

Transdisciplinary Responses to Climate Change: Institutionalizing Agrometeorological Learning Through Science Field Shops in Indonesia

Yunita Triwardani Winarto, Stigter, Cornelis Johan (Kees) & Muki Trenggono Wicaksono
Science Field Shops (SFSs) are an example of a transdisciplinary educational commitment where farmers, scientists, and extension staff exchange knowledge on agrometeorology in dialogue form to better respond to climate change. How can scientists, farmers, and extension staff build up this transdisciplinary collaboration? How has the agrometeorological learning environment been institutionalized in several places in Indonesia? An interdisciplinary collaboration between agrometeorology and anthropology serves as basis for developing seven climate services that are provided in...

Changing Media Ecologies in Thailand: Women's Online Participation in the 2013/2014 Bangkok Protests

Olivia Guntarik & Verity Trott
Traditionally marginalized groups now have more access to new and unconventional means to participate in politics, transforming the media ecologies of existing political environments. Contemporary feminist scholarship has centered on how women use new media technologies to serve political agendas. However, this literature focuses predominately on women in the West, while women in developing countries, or Asia more generally, have been largely excluded from analysis. This article aims to fill in this gap by examining...

Shaping Southeast Asia: Tracing Tourism Imaginaries in Guidebooks and Travel Blogs

Felix Magnus Bergmeister
Tourism constitutes both an economic activity and a cultural force that involves a dynamic interplay between travelers and their ideas about the societies they visit. This paper traces the construction and negotiation of “tourism imaginaries” (Salazar, 2012) in popular guidebooks and independent travel-blogs, critically examining questions of representation and power relations in a Southeast Asian context. Employing critical discourse analysis, this paper investigates how particular Southeast Asian destinations are represented from a Western perspective. Whereas...

Separating Sisters From Brothers: Ethnic Relations and Identity Politics in the Context of Indigenous Land Titling in Indonesia

Stefanie Steinebach & Yvonne Kunz
Environmental and social transformations in Jambi province, Indonesia, are inextricably interlinked. Large-scale agro-industrial development and nature conservation policies equally alienate local communities from their agricultural lands and turn land into a scarce resource. Consequently, access to agricultural land becomes increasingly contested, not only between communities and state institutions or companies but also among communities themselves. To secure or restore local ‘indigenous’ land rights against land grabbing and green grabbing by states and companies, indigenous land...

“I Don’t Want to Limit Myself to Binary Thinking”: An Interview With the Indonesian Artist Arahmaiani

Gunnar Stange
Arahmaiani is one of the best known contemporary Indonesian women artists. Her works, performances, and installations have been exhibited at 7 biennials and in a total of 29 countries. She has taught at universities in Australia, China, Indonesia, Germany, the United States, and the Netherlands. Arahmaiani is a politically committed artist. In her works, she addresses the reduction of human beings to consumers, which is on the rise all over the globe, as well as...

Book Review: Pichler, M. (2014). Politische Ökologie der Palmöl- und Agrartreibstoffproduktion in Südostasien.

Timo Duile
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Food Sovereignty, Beginn und Erscheinungsfrequenz: Nummer: 1, Jahr: 2008, Ausgaben pro Band: 2, Bände pro Jahr: 1

Legacies of Cultural Philanthropy in Asia

Mary Zurbuchen
During the second half of the 20th century the Ford Foundation – at the time the world’s largest private philanthropy – made a significant commitment to issues of cultural heritage as part of its international work in Asia. Across countries in South and Southeast Asia, in particular, foundation grants were made to governments, private institutions, and individuals engaged in a wide range of fields in the arts, humanities, and applied sciences such as archaeology. The...

The Political Economy of New Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia

Rainer Einzenberger & Wolfram Schaffar
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 11, No 1 (2018): The Political Economy of New Authoritarianism

The State of Coal Mining in East Kalimantan: Towards a Political Ecology of Local Stateness

Anna Fünfgeld
The article aims at expanding political ecology research towards the role and constitution of states by demonstrating how local stateness is negotiated within conflicts over natural resources. It draws on a qualitative field study on the conflict over coal mining in East Kalimantan’s capital Samarinda, Indonesia, where certain characteristics of states, such as the monopoly of violence and the rule of law, are being affirmed, altered, or undermined through practices of state and non-state actors...

Book Review: Vatikiotis, M. (2017). Blood and Silk: Power and Conflict in Modern Southeast Asia.

Jera Lego
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Forced Migration in Southeast Asia

“From Frustration to Escalation in Marawi”: An Interview on Conflict Transformation in Southeast Asia With the Indonesian Peace and Conflict Advisor Shadia Marhaban

Gunnar Stange
Shadia Marhaban has been actively involved in international peace mediation, capacity building, and human rights activism for more than 20 years. She is from Aceh, Indonesia, where she joined the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in the early 2000s. She was an advisory member of GAM’s peace negotiating team during the 2005 Helsinki talks that brought an end to nearly 30 years of armed conflict. After her return to Aceh, she became a founding member of...

Workshop Report: Central Kalimantan in the Year 2030: Natural Resources, Social Justice, and Sustainable Development

Kristina Großmann
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Forced Migration in Southeast Asia

Is Makassar a ‘Sanctuary City’? Migration Governance in Indonesia After the ‘Local Turn’

Antje Missbach, Yunizar Adiputera & Atin Prabandari
Taking into consideration three levels of government (regional, national, and sub-national) that potentially offer protection to refugees, this paper is concerned with changes initiated by the 2016 Presidential Regulation on Handling Foreign Refugees. This regulation has delegated more responsibility for managing refugees to the sub-national levels of administration in Indonesia, which, like other nations in the Southeast Asia, has been reluctant to provide protection for refugees or any options for their integration into society. The...

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