60 Works

CIRAD’s wood collection

Didier Normand, Alain Mariaux, Pierre Détienne & Patrick Langbour
Le Cirad dispose d’une xylothèque qui constitue une des plus importantes collections de bois tropicaux et tempérés disponibles à ce jour. Initiée en 1937 à partir de plusieurs petites collections elles-mêmes rassemblées depuis la fin du XIXème siècle à des fins d’exposition et de démonstration, elle est aujourd’hui régulièrement mise à jour et enrichie, notamment dans le cadre d’échanges de spécimens avec différents laboratoires partenaires au niveau international. Début 2017, la collection était constituée de...

Agricultural research in the Global South: Steering research beyond impact promises

Etienne Hainzelin, Danielle Barret, Guy Faure, Marie-Hélène Dabat & Bernard Triomphe
The impacts of agricultural research for development are long-term and very diverse – positive, unexpected, sometimes negative. To assess and understand these impacts, ImpresS, a participatory evaluation method that incorporates the viewpoints of actors on the ground, was tested on 13 research case studies conducted by CIRAD and its partners in diff erent countries. The central conclusion is that research institutions and their funders need to change their practices if they wish to achieve long-term...

Survey data : access to market information and marketing strategies of rice farmers in Madagascar

Hélène DAVID-BENZ, Norontsoa ANDRIANDRALAMBO & Helgina SOANJARA
Socio -economic surveys on rice farms. Focused on (i) structural characteristics of farms, (ii) marketing strategies and constraints, (iii) access to information, and (iv) farmers’ perceptions and expectations towards market information systems

Exploration des liens entre agriculture et sécurité alimentaire : Une enquête auprès des femmes du gouvernorat de Sidi-Bouzid, en Tunisie centrale

Cédric Gaillard, Sandrine Dury & Pierre-Marie Bosc
Enquête réalisée en zone rurale du Centre-est de la Tunisie auprès des femmes, des chefs de ménages et des exploitations agricole.

Termes complexes issus d'un corpus MSF (Médecins sans Frontières)

Mathieu Roche
Termes complexes extraits à partir d'un corpus en anglais MSF (Médecin sans Frontière). Termes extraits avec le logiciel BioTex (http://tubo.lirmm.fr/biotex)

MSF (Médecins Sans Frontières) Testimonies

Jacques Fize & Mathieu Roche
(EN) A set of testimonies extracted from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) website.

The 'Plantain-Optim' dataset: growth, development and yield of 405 plantains

Dépigny Sylvain
The 'Plantain-Optim' dataset contains growth, development and yield data of 405 plantain every 15 days from planting to harvest. These data represent 9 plantain varieties, included 5 natural plantains (Essong, Batard, French clair, Mbouroukou n°3 and Big Ebanga) and 4 plantain-like hybrids (CRBP39, FHIA21, DD248, DC535). These data come from the 'Optim' experiment conducted at CARBAP station (Cameroon) from 2009 to 2011.

La résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux : accompagner la prise en compte de l'incertitude pour le développement

Aurélie Botta & François Bousquet
Le monde du développement et de l'humanitaire a construit sa propre école de la résilience afin d'inscrire ses actions d'urgence dans des stratégies de moyen et long termes. L'incertitude et la complexité accrues des contextes d'intervention sont autant de nouveaux défis à relever. L'école de la résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux peut apporter des approches complémentaires pour comprendre la situation initiale, construire et évaluer des trajectoires d'adaptation. Ses approches se fondent sur l'intégration des...

Managing degraded forests, a new priority in the Brazilian Amazon

Lilian Blanc, Joice Ferreira, Marie-Gabrielle Piketty, Clément Bourgoin, Valéry Gond, Bruno Hérault, Milton Kanashiro, François Laurent, Marc Piraux, Ervan Rutishauser & Plinio Sist
In the Brazilian Amazon, degraded forests dominate the landscapes on the agricultural frontiers. This region is now facing a major challenge: halting degradation and sustainably managing these forests. Today, degraded forests represent a class of forest in their own right. They can nevertheless play a key role in combating climate change, and can also help to improve the ecological functioning of the different territories. Implementing public policies with the twin objectives of reducing degradation and...

Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation

Raphaël Duboz & Aurélie Binot
Zoonoses–infectious diseases communicable between animals and humans–, drug resistance and environmental pollution are now causing serious health problems worldwide. These problems are closely tied to global environmental and socio-economic changes and to the transformation of production systems at the territorial level. In this context, health management is becoming a complex issue: it needs to be addressed in close collaboration with the public veterinary health, agriculture and environment sectors. New uncertainties are emerging, and non- conventional...

Antimicrobials in agriculture: reducing their use while limiting health and socioeconomic risks in the countries of the South

François Roger & Christian Ducrot
The widespread use of antimicrobials in agriculture is increasing, driven by growth in intensive livestock production and demand for animal products. This is creating a serious problem of antimicrobial resistance: bacteria are developing antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, which spread through populations of bacteria, including those affecting humans. Antimicrobial resistance has a major impact on public health, and its effects on animal health and biodiversity are not yet fully understood. To address this alarming situation, reducing and...

Towards concessions 2.0 in Central Africa. Managing overlapping rights between industrial concessions and community forestry

Alain Karsenty & Cédric Vermeulen
In Central Africa, industrial forest concessions and protected areas occupy most of the forested space while community forests are confined to the margins. This separation ignores the reality of land rights and overlapping uses, as well as the need for governance involving different users of the same space. The mapping of local land rights lays the foundation for sharing timber revenues and the development of new economic activities involving industrial operators and communities. A partnership...

Industrial investments in agriculture in Central Africa. Establishing the conditions for sustainability and equity

Laurene Feintrenie, Jean-Marc Roda & Alain Rival
In Central Africa, industrial investments in agriculture have been increasing for the last ten years, constituting one of the many drivers of deforestation. If these investments are to contribute to socioeconomic development without harming the environment,they need to be more effectively monitored.Analysing successes and failures in four Central African countries helps to identify ways to increase the chances of success for projects: carrying out independent impact assessments before projects are launched; obtaining the free, prior...

Control of endemic tropical diseases. Identifying certain animal diseases as "neglected"

François Roger & Pascal Bonnet
The "neglected”" status given by the World Health Organization (WHO) to certain endemic tropical diseases, both human and zoonotic, affecting poor populations has resulted in the large-scale mobilisation of stakeholders and resources, thereby improving control of these diseases. Hence the proposal to also recognise as “neglected” certain animal diseases with serious socio-economic impacts on marginalised populations in the least developed countries. This process nevertheless requires prior identification of economic and social impacts, as well as...

Integrated management of insect vectors of human and animal diseases. Developing genetic control

Jérémy Bouyer
The evolution of insecticide resistance in insect vectors of human and animal diseases and the introduction of exotic vectors to new territories, in a context of tighter regulations on approved molecules, call for the development of new pest control methods. Among these new methods, genetic control shows promise, as demonstrated by the tsetse fly eradication project in Senegal. It nevertheless requires complementary studies combining public and private research. Moreover, it must be combined with other...

Participatory development of collective rules for natural resource and land management. Lasting effects from the local to the national level

Patrick D'Aquino
Although participatory approaches are increasingly recognised as necessary for involving local people in resource and land management, their impacts often remain limited in the long term, whether at the local level or on broader scales. Based on this observation, a CIRAD team developed a methodology, Self Land Policies, whose effects at the local and national levels can still be seen 15 years after its implementation in Senegal. Applied to the management of local territories, then...

Investments in " smallholder " family farming. Towards a New Deal

Pierre-Marie Bosc
Investment in agriculture has declined since the 1980s, and public policies are needed to ensure smallholder farmers are able to invest in their farms. The priority objective is to create a secure, enabling environment so that these farmers can free up the necessary resources, in terms of both time and money. These policies span several different sectors and must therefore be integrated. This is the condition on which smallholder family farmers will be able to...

Urban agriculture support policies in West Africa. Taking account of informal arrangements

Ophélie Robineau
In West Africa, urban agriculture plays an economic, environmental and social role. However, the support policies and actions that are beginning to target this activity remain relatively ineffective, since they fail to take into account informal arrangements between stakeholders - farmers, livestock holders, waste managers, and authorities -, or the spatial organisation of these activities and the proximity required between them. Supporting urban agriculture therefore calls for a global approach that takes into account these...

Estimating carbon emissions for REDD+. The conditions for involving local people

Manuel Boissière, Liz Felker, Guillaume Beaudoin, Indah Waty Bong, Sandra Dharmadi Hawthorne, Walker H. Depuy, Dian Ekowati, Lina Farida, Carola Hofstee, Andhika Vega Praputra, Serge Rafanoharana, Gilang Aria Seta, Wahid Ullah & Arief Wijaya
The participation of local people in climate change mitigation is considered key to ensuring that their priorities are taken into account. This should help to design effective social safeguards and to improve equity in benefit sharing. The participation of local people has been explored in carbon emission Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for REDD+. The feasibility and sustainability of participatory MRV (PMRV) are not automatic and depend on its relevance to local people (including incentives...

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