1,366 Works

Polariton graph simulators

Natalia Berloff
We propose a platform for finding the global minimum of XY Hamiltonian with polariton graphs. We derive an approximate analytic solution to the spinless complex Ginzburg-Landau equation that describes the density and kinetics of a polariton condensate under incoherent pumping. The analytic expression of the wavefunction is used as the building block for constructing the XY Hamiltonian of two-dimensional polariton graphs. We illustrate examples of the quantum simulator for various classical magnetic phases on some...

Reconstruction methods for ill-posed inverse problems - Part 2

Samuli Siltanen
inverse problem - reconstruction - regularization - tomography - computation

Some remarks regarding ergodic operators

Etienne Matheron
Let us say that a continuous linear operator $T$ acting on some Polish topological vector space is ergodic if it admits an ergodic probability measure with full support. This talk will be centred in the following question: how can we see that an operator is or is not ergodic? More precisely, I will try (if I’m able to manage my time) to talk about two “positive" results and one “negative" result. The first positive result...

An integration approach to the Toeplitz square peg problem

Terence Tao
The Toeplitz square peg problem asks if every simple closed curve in the plane inscribes a square. This is known for sufficiently regular curves (e.g. polygons), but is open in general. We show that the answer is affirmative if the curve consists of two Lipschitz graphs of constant less than 1 using an integration by parts technique, and give some related problems which look more tractable.

Uncertainty principles for discrete Schrödinger evolutions

Eugenia Malinnikova
We consider solutions of the semi-discrete Schrödinger equation (where time is continuous and spacial variable is discrete), $\partial_tu = i(\Delta_du + V u)$, where $\Delta_d$ is the standard discrete Laplacian on $\mathbb{Z}^n$ and $u : [0, 1] \times \mathbb{Z}^d \to \mathbb{C}$. Uncertainty principle states that a non-trivial solution of the free equation (without potential) cannot be sharply localized at two distinct times. We discuss different extensions of this result to equations with bounded potentials. The...

Algebraicity of the metric tangent cones

Xiaowei Wang
We proved that any K-semistable log Fano cone admits a special degeneration to a uniquely determined K-polystable log Fano cone. This confirms a conjecture of Donaldson-Sun stating that the metric tangent cone of any close point appearing on a Gromov-Hausdorff limit of Kähler-Einstein Fano manifolds depends only on the algebraic structure of the singularity. This is a joint work with Chi Li and Chenyang Xu.

Hitting time statistics for random dynamical systems

Jérôme Rousseau
We study law of rare events for random dynamical systems. We obtain an exponential law (with respect to the invariant measure of the skew-product) for super-polynomially mixing random dynamical systems. For random subshifts of finite type, we analyze the distribution of hitting times with respect to the sample measures. We prove that with a superpolynomial decay of correlations one can get an exponential law for almost every point and with stronger mixing assumptions one can...

Local limits and connectivity

Patrice Ossona De Mendez
The theory of graph (and structure) convergence gained recently a substantial attention. Various notions of convergence were proposed, adapted to different contexts, including Lovasz et al. theory of dense graph limits based on the notion of left convergence and Benjamini–Schramm theory of bounded degree graph limits based on the notion of local convergence. The latter approach can be extended into a notion of local convergence for graphs (stronger than left convegence) as follows: A sequence...

A Grassmannian technique and the Kobayashi Conjecture

Eric Riedl
An entire curve on a complex variety is a holomorphic map from the complex numbers to the variety. We discuss two well-known conjectures on entire curves on very general high-degree hypersurfaces $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$: the Green–Griffiths–Lang Conjecture, which says that the entire curves lie in a proper subvariety of $X$, and the Kobayashi Conjecture, which says that X contains no entire curves. We prove that (a slightly strengthened version of) the Green–Griffiths–Lang Conjecture in dimension...

A universal hypercyclic representation

Eli Glasner
For any countable group, and also for any locally compact second countable, compactly generated topological group, $G$, there exists a "universal" hypercyclic representation on a Hilbert space, in the sense that it simultaneously models every possible ergodic probability measure preserving free action of $G$. I will discuss the original proof of this theorem (a joint work with Benjy Weiss) and then, at the end of the talk, say some words about the development of this...

Cohomological obstructions to local-global principles - lecture 3

Cyril Demarche
Hasse proved that for quadrics the existence of rational points reduces to the existence of solutions over local fields. In many cases, cohomological constructions provide obstructions to such a local to global principle. The objective of these lectures is to give an introduction to these cohomological tools.

Local cohomology modules of a smooth $\mathbb{Z}-algebra$ have a finite number of associated primes

Gennady Lyubeznik
Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring that is a smooth $\mathbb{Z}-algebra$. For each ideal $a$ of $R$ and integer $k$, we prove that the local cohomology module $H^k_a(R)$ has finitely many associated prime ideals. This settles a crucial outstanding case of a conjecture of Lyubeznik asserting this finiteness for local cohomology modules of all regular rings.

Algebraic and transcendental formulas for the smallest parts function

Scott Ahlgren
We study the smallest parts function introduced by Andrews. The associated generating function forms a component of a natural mock modular form of weight 3/2 whose shadow is the Dedekind eta function. We obtain an exact formula and an algebraic formula for each value of the smallest parts function; these are analogues of the formulas of Rademacher and Bruinier-Ono for the ordinary partition function. The convergence of our expression is non-trivial; the proof relies on...

Metamodels for uncertainty quantification and reliability analysis

Stefano Marelli
Uncertainty quantification (UQ) in the context of engineering applications aims aims at quantifying the effects of uncertainty in the input parameters of complex models on their output responses. Due to the increased availability of computational power and advanced modelling techniques, current simulation tools can provide unprecedented insight in the behaviour of complex systems. However, the associated computational costs have also increased significantly, often hindering the applicability of standard UQ techniques based on Monte-Carlo sampling. To...

Bandits in auctions (& more)

Vianney Perchet
In this talk, I will introduce the classical theory of multi-armed bandits, a field at the junction of statistics, optimization, game theory and machine learning, discuss the possible applications, and highlights the new perspectives and open questions that they propose We consider competitive capacity investment for a duopoly of two distinct producers. The producers are exposed to stochastically fluctuating costs and interact through aggregate supply. Capacity expansion is irreversible and modeled in terms of timing...

Numerical methods for mean field games - Lecture 1: Introduction to the system of PDEs and its interpretation. Uniqueness of classical solutions

Yves Achdou
Recently, an important research activity on mean field games (MFGs for short) has been initiated by the pioneering works of Lasry and Lions: it aims at studying the asymptotic behavior of stochastic differential games (Nash equilibria) as the number $n$ of agents tends to infinity. The field is now rapidly growing in several directions, including stochastic optimal control, analysis of PDEs, calculus of variations, numerical analysis and computing, and the potential applications to economics and...

Random hyperbolic graphs

Marcos Kiwi
Random hyperbolic graphs (RHG) were proposed rather recently (2010) as a model of real-world networks. Informally speaking, they are like random geometric graphs where the underlying metric space has negative curvature (i.e., is hyperbolic). In contrast to other models of complex networks, RHG simultaneously and naturally exhibit characteristics such as sparseness, small diameter, non-negligible clustering coefficient and power law degree distribution. We will give a slow pace introduction to RHG, explain why they have attracted...

Nonlinear analysis with resurgent functions

David Sauzin
Ecalle’s resurgent functions appear naturally as Borel transforms of divergent series like Stirling series, formal solutions of differential equations like Euler series, or formal series associated with many other problems in Analysis and dynamical systems. Resurgence means a certain property of analytic continuation in the Borel plane, whose stability under con- volution (the Borel counterpart of multiplication of formal series) is not obvious. Following the analytic continuation of the convolution of several resurgent functions is...

Invariant random subgroups of acylindrically hyperbolic groups

Denis V. Osin
A subgroup $H$ of an acylindrically hyperbolic groups $G$ is called geometrically dense if for every non-elementary acylindrical action of $G$ on a hyperbolic space, the limit sets of $G$ and $H$ coincide. We prove that for every ergodic measure preserving action of a countable acylindrically hyperbolic group $G$ on a Borel probability space, either the stabilizer of almost every point is geometrically dense in $G$, or the action is essentially almost free (i.e., the...

Recent approaches based on harmonic analysis for the study of non regular solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations with variable density

Raphaël Danchin
The inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that govern the evolution of viscous incompressible flows with non-constant density have received a lot of attention lately. In this talk, we shall mainly focus on the singular situation where the density is discontinuous, which is in particular relevant for describing the evolution of a mixture of two incompressible and non reacting fluids with constant density, or of a drop of liquid in vacuum. We shall highlight the places where...

From Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck to incompressible Euler equations

Julien Barré
Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equations provide a simplified model for a cloud of cold atoms in a Magneto Optical Trap. The strong field, or quasi-neutral regime, where the repulsive interaction dominates, is often relevant for experiments. Motivated by this example and more generally by trapped non neutral plasmas, we study this quasi-neutral limit, and show under certain conditions the convergence of the solution of Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equations to the solution of incompressible Euler equation. For an infinite or periodic...

On examples of varieties that are not stably rational

Alena Pirutka
A variety X is stably rational if a product of X and some projective space is rational. There exists examples of stably rational non rational complex varieties. In this talk we will discuss recent series of examples of varieties, which are not stably rational and not even retract rational. The proofs involve studying the properties of Chow groups of zero-cycles and the diagonal decomposition. As concrete examples, we will discuss some quartic double solids (C....

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