### 1,384 Works

### Hilbert cubes in arithmetic sets

Christian Elsholtz
Let $S$ be a multiplicatively defined set. Ostmann conjectured, that the set of primes cannot be (nontrivially) written as a sumset $P\sim A+B$ (even in an asymptotic sense, when finitely many deviations are allowed). The author had previously proved that there is no such ternary sumset $P\sim A+B+C$ (with $ \left |A \right |,\left |B \right |,\left |C \right |\geq 2$). More generally, in recent work we showed (with A. Harper) for certain multiplicatively defined...

### On equality of arithmetic and analytic exterior square root numbers

Freydoon Shahidi
This is a joint work with J. Cogdell and T.-L. Tsai. I will report on the progress made in proving the equality of Artin epsilon factors for exterior and symmetric square L-functions with those on the representation theoretic side through the local Langlands correspondence. The equality for L-functions has already been established by Henniart. I will show how the equality can be proved if one has the stability of these factors under highly ramified twists...

### Some news on bilinear decomposition of the Möbius function

Olivier Ramaré
This talk presents some news on bilinear decompositions of the Möbius function. In particular, we will exhibit a family of such decompositions inherited from Motohashi's proof of the Hoheisel Theorem that leads to
$\sum_{n\leq X,(n,q)=1) }^{} \mu (n)e(na/q)\ll X\sqrt{q}/\varphi (q)$
for $q \leq X^{1/5}$ and any $a$ prime to $q$.

### The Galois type of an Abelian surface

Francesc Fité
This series of three talks is the first part of an introductory course on the generalized Sato-Tate conjecture, made in collaboration with Andrew V. Sutherland at the Winter School "Frobenius distributions on curves", celebrated in Luminy in February 2014. In the first talk, some general background following Serre's works is introduced: equidistribution and its connexion to L-functions, the Sato-Tate group and the Sato-Tate conjecture. In the second talk, we present the Sato-Tate axiomatic, which leads...

### The Chebotarev density theorem

Peter Stevenhagen
We explain Chebotarev’s theorem, which is The Fundamental Tool in proving whatever densities we have for sets of prime numbers, try to understand what makes it hard in the case of ifinite extensions, and see why such extensions arise in the case of primitive root problems.

### Distributions of Frobenius of elliptic curves #5

Chantal David
In all the following, let an elliptic curve $E$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ without complex multiplication. For every prime $\ell$, let $E[\ell]= E[\ell](\overline{\mathbb{Q}})$ be the group of $\ell$-torsion points of $E$, and let $K_\ell$ be the field extension obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adding the coordinates of the $\ell$-torsion points of $E $. This is a Galois extension of$\mathbb{Q}$ , andGal$(K_\ell/\mathbb{Q})\subseteq GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/\ell\mathbb{Z})$.
Using the Chebotarev density theorem for the extensions $K_\ell/\mathbb{Q}$ associated to a given curve $E$,...

### Distributions of Frobenius of elliptic curves #2

Chantal David
In all the following, let an elliptic curve $E$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ without complex multiplication. For every prime $\ell$, let $E[\ell]= E[\ell](\overline{\mathbb{Q}})$ be the group of $\ell$-torsion points of $E$, and let $K_\ell$ be the field extension obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adding the coordinates of the $\ell$-torsion points of $E $. This is a Galois extension of$\mathbb{Q}$ , andGal$(K_\ell/\mathbb{Q})\subseteq GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/\ell\mathbb{Z})$.
Using the Chebotarev density theorem for the extensions $K_\ell/\mathbb{Q}$ associated to a given curve $E$,...

### Distributions of Frobenius of elliptic curves #6

Nathan Jones
In the 1970s, S. Lang and H. Trotter developed a probabilistic model which led them to their conjectures on distributional aspects of Frobenius in $GL_2$-extensions. These conjectures, which are still open, have been a significant source of stimulation for modern research in arithmetic geometry. The present lectures will provide a detailed exposition of the Lang-Trotter conjectures, as well as a partial survey of some known results.
Various questions in number theory may be viewed in...

### Distributions of Frobenius of elliptic curves #4

Nathan Jones
In the 1970s, S. Lang and H. Trotter developed a probabilistic model which led them to their conjectures on distributional aspects of Frobenius in $GL_2$-extensions. These conjectures, which are still open, have been a significant source of stimulation for modern research in arithmetic geometry. The present lectures will provide a detailed exposition of the Lang-Trotter conjectures, as well as a partial survey of some known results.
Various questions in number theory may be viewed in...

### Group structures of elliptic curves #3

Igor Shparlinski
We give a survey of results which address the following generic question: How does a random elliptic curve over a finite field look like.
This question has a rich variety of specfic interpretations, which depend on how one defines a random curve and what properties which are of interest. The former may include randomisation of the coefficients of the Weierstrass equation or the prime power defining the field, or both. The latter may include studying...

### Group structures of elliptic curves #2

Igor Shparlinski
We give a survey of results which address the following generic question: How does a random elliptic curve over a finite field look like.
This question has a rich variety of specfic interpretations, which depend on how one defines a random curve and what properties which are of interest. The former may include randomisation of the coefficients of the Weierstrass equation or the prime power defining the field, or both. The latter may include studying...

### Moment sequences of Sato-Tate groups

Andrew Sutherland
Moment sequences as a tool for identifying and classifying Sato-Tate distributions. Computing moment sequences of Sato-Tate groups, Weyl integration formulas, comparing moment statistics, distinguishing exceptional distributions with additional statistics.
Sato-Tate - Abelian surfaces - Abelian threefolds - hyperelliptic curves

### Introduction to Sato-Tate distributions

Andrew Sutherland
Overview of the generalized Sato-Tate conjecture with lots of explicit examples. Preliminary discussion of L-polynomial distributions, Sato-Tate groups, and moment sequences. Presentation of the main results in genus 2.
Sato-Tate - Abelian surfaces - Abelian threefolds - hyperelliptic curves

### Quasi-Cocycles Detect Hyperbolically Embedded Subgroups

Alessandro Sisto
Hyperbolically embedded subgroups have been defined by Dahmani-Guirardel-Osin and they provide a common perspective on (relatively) hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, Out(F_n), CAT(0) groups and many others. I will sketch how to extend a quasi-cocycle on a hyperbolically embedded subgroup H to a quasi-cocycle on the ambient group G. Also, I will discuss how some of those extended quasi-cocycles (of dimension 2 and higher) "contain" the information that H is hyperbolically embedded in G. This...

### Automatic sequences along squares and primes

Michael Drmota
Automatic sequences and their number theoretic properties have been intensively studied during the last 20 or 30 years. Since automatic sequences are quite regular (they just have linear subword complexity) they are definitely no "quasi-random" sequences. However, the situation changes drastically when one uses proper subsequences, for example the subsequence along primes or squares. It is conjectured that the resulting sequences are normal sequences which could be already proved for the Thue-Morse sequence along the...

### Informatique et physique : quelques interactions

Gilles Dowek### Ergodicity of the Liouville system implies the Chowla conjecture

Nikos Frantzikinakis
The Chowla conjecture asserts that the signs of the Liouville function are distributed randomly on the integers. Reinterpreted in the language of ergodic theory this conjecture asserts that the Liouville dynamical system is a Bernoulli system. We prove that ergodicity of the Liouville system implies the Chowla conjecture. Our argument has an ergodic flavor and combines recent results in analytic number theory, finitistic and infinitary decomposition results involving uniformity norms, and equidistribution results on nilmanifolds.

### xThe diameter of the symmetric group: ideas and tools

Harald Helfgott
Given a finite group $G$ and a set $A$ of generators, the diameter diam$(\Gamma(G, A))$ of the Cayley graph $\Gamma(G, A)$ is the smallest $\ell$ such that every element of $G$ can be expressed as a word of length at most $\ell$ in $A \cup A^{-1}$. We are concerned with bounding diam$(G) := max_A$ diam$(\Gamma(G, A))$.
It has long been conjectured that the diameter of the symmetric group of degree $n$ is polynomially bounded in...

### The unsolved problems of Halmos

Benjamin Weiss
Sixty years ago Paul Halmos concluded his Lectures on Ergodic Theory with a chapter Unsolved Problems which contained a list of ten problems. I will discuss some of these and some of the work that has been done on them. He considered actions of $\mathbb{Z}$ but I will also widen the scope to actions of general countable groups.

### Primes with missing digits

James Maynard
We will talk about recent work showing there are infinitely many primes with no $7$ in their decimal expansion. (And similarly with $7$ replaced by any other digit.) This shows the existence of primes in a 'thin' set of numbers (sets which contain at most $X^{1-c}$ elements less than $X$) which is typically vey difficult.
The proof relies on a fun mixture of tools including Fourier analysis, Markov chains, Diophantine approximation, combinatorial geometry as well...

### Operators in ergodic theory - Lecture 1: Operators dynamics versus base space dynamics

Markus Haase
The titles of the of the individual lectures are:
1. Operators dynamics versus base space dynamics
2. Dilations and joinings
3. Compact semigroups and splitting theorems

### About the domino problem on finitely generated groups - Lecture 1

Nathalie Aubrun
Subshifts of finite type are of high interest from a computational point of view, since they can be described by a finite amount of information - a set of forbidden patterns that defines the subshift - and thus decidability and algorithmic questions can be addressed. Given an SFT $X$, the simplest question one can formulate is the following: does $X$ contain a configuration? This is the so-called domino problem, or emptiness problem: for a given...

### Logic, decidability and numeration systems - Lecture 1

Émilie Charlier
The theorem of Büchi-Bruyère states that a subset of $N^d$ is $b$-recognizable if and only if it is $b$-definable. As a corollary, the first-order theory of $(N,+,V_b)$ is decidable (where $V_b(n)$ is the largest power of the base $b$ dividing $n$). This classical result is a powerful tool in order to show that many properties of $b$-automatic sequences are decidable. The first part of my lecture will be devoted to presenting this result and its...