531 Works

Comprehensive assessment of ecological status of watercourses near the chemical weapons decommission plant in Pochep (Bryansk region)

L. V. Konnova
The results of hydrochemical and hydrobiological research of the rivers Sudost, Rozhok, Semchanka and Costa (Bryansk region) are given. The characteristics of macrozoobenthos species composition is given for the first time, that includes 72 species and taxa. Pollution indexes are calculated on the basis of hydrochemical characteristics for these rivers as well. The ecological assessment of condition of the rivers is given grounded on the species composition and structural characteristics of macrozoobenthos communities.

Using the zooindicator Viviparus viviparus L. in order to identify environmental hazards from technical aviation fluid «Skykem»

S. Kh. Soltanov & Kh. B. Yunusov
The work is the analysis of the technical aviation liquid for sanitary facilities of aircrafts “Skykem” using the method of zooindication. The obtained results can be used to control the state of the environment of airport services. Due to a small number of universal methods for studying and determining the environmental harmfulness of aviation technical substances, the study has scientific and practical significance. Determination of the degree of risk in the leakage of this fluid...

The analysis of viability of the populations of specially protected species by the example of Helix pomatia L. (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)

E. А. Snegin
The state of genofunds of three populations of the specially protected species Helix pomatia L. (edible snail) in conditions of southern forest-steppe of Mid-Russia Hills was investigated on the basis of the analysis of morphological and genetic changeability determined by the method of proteins’ gelelectroforez. Genetic-automatic processes are considered in the populations and the vectors of natural selection under the influence of both natural and anthropogenic factors are determined. The hypothesis of the origin of...

Problems of Experimental Modeling Results of Heavy Metals Pollution of Soil-Plant System

E. A. Karpova, A. A. Ermakov & Yu. S. Parubets
In this article the results of three years experiment with soil polluted with heavy metals are presented. The influence of time factor on the change of content of mobile and acid-soluble forms of Cu in soil and Cu accumulation in barley is shown.

Complex Monitoring of Environmnetal State in the Zone of Chemical Weapons Storage and Decommission Plants in the Town Potchep in Bryansk Region

N.V. Akimenkov, S.A. Bachegov, G.V. Brilyova, V.P. Ivanov, I.Yu. Adamovich, I.N. Glazun & S.I. Marchenko
The article shares the experience of systematic complex ecological monitoring of the affected zone of the complex of plants of chemical weapons storage and decommission in Potchep town in Bryansk region. The main directions of the analysis of ecological system background condition are set forth in detail.

On the possibility of voltammetric determination of highly toxic substances in objects of the environment by means of metal-polymer electrodes, by the example of hydrazine

I. V. Kovalenko, A. M. Smolin, D. V. Zhuzhelsky & N. E. Kondratieva
This article describes new approaches for developing of electrochemical sensors for the determination of hydrazine in various samples. It was noted that there are currently insufficient number of formal methods for the qualitative hydrazine analysis in natural and waste waters at a level of limit of detection. Therefore there is need the development of method for hydrazine determining with concentration close to limit of detection. The electrode sensors have been proposed based on the ensembles...

Method for processing lignin-containing wastes from the paper industry to produce sorbents for wastewater treatmen

Y. I. Vaysman, I. S. Glushankova, E. S. Shirinkina & S. F. Davletova
Pulp and paper mill requires large amount of resources and energy. Technological processes of pulp and paper mill are associated with high water consumption (10–20 m3 per ton of final product) and high consumption of wood raw materials and electricity (1080–1100 kg of raw materials and 300–350 kWh of electricity per ton of final product). The most environmentally hazardous objects in pulp and paper mills are cellulose production, which is followed by the formation of...

Multilevel system of industrial environmental control and monitoring of chemical weapons stockpiles decommission in the Russian Federation

V. I. Kholstov, A. P. Treghub & T. Ya. Ashikhmina
The article contains material on the structure, organization forms, and content of multilevel industrial environmental control and monitoring at chemical weapons decommission plants. The data on the organization of control and monitoring systems at all the existing facilities of the Russian Federation is given.

Perspective Approaches to Reorganizing Chemical Weapon Decommission Objects. Reagent Technologies of Extracting Arsenic from Arsenic-containing Reaction Masses and Wastes

V.N. Chupis, O.Yu. Rastegayev & А.О. Malishevskiy
The article considers the problems connected with the conception of reorganizing chemical weapons decommission plants as high technology objects. Technological aspects of converting Arsenic-containing substances and wastes into products in demand are shown

Почвообразование на техногенных озёрных илах

Е.В. Дабах
Статья посвящена почвам техногенного ландшафта (Technosols по WRB), формирующимся на загрязнённых техногенных озёрных отложениях, вышедших на дневную поверхность после изменения гидрологического режима и прекращения поступления в озеро загрязнённых сточных вод. Исследуемая территория расположена в долине р.Вятки в районе хвостохранилищ химических предприятий г. Кирово-Чепецка (Кировская область, Россия). Мощность почвенного профиля ограничена плотной гипсовой коркой, залегающей на глубине 30 см и способствующей переувлажнению почв. В отличие от окружающих кислых аллювиальных почв, они характеризуются щелочной реакцией, контрастностью верхней...

Chemical Weapons Decomission – the 3d Stage

V.I. Kholstov
The article presents the results of Russia’s fulfillment of the third stage of the international chemical disarmament liability. For 2,5 years (from May 2007 to December 2009) 10 000 t. of poison substances is destroyed. During realization of the federal special program (FSP) «Chemical Weapon Stores Decommission in the RF» since 2002 5 chemical weapon decommission plants were launched on the territory of Russia. Objects of social and engineering infrastructure have been built to contribute...

Vegetation and structural grounds of Arctic

S. Kholod S.
Relation between vegetation and structural grounds is investigated on the example of arctic tundra of Wrangel Island. Ordination of sytaxa in the axes of granulometric composition, polygon diameter and increased of central part of the polygon under its borders were made. It was set a stochastic relationship of vegetation and structural grounds: one structural-morphological type of soil corresponds to several syntaxa and one syntaxon can occur in several types of structural grounds.

Biotechnological methods and neutralizing agents for purification of soils and water, which were contaminated by ecotoxic substances

N. V. Zavyalova, I. V. Filimonov, E. N. Efremenko, V. I. Kholstov & A. A. Yankovskaya
The work presents an overview of the literature over the last thirty years by biotechnological methods and biocatalysts, which may be used for disinfection of soil and purification of water contaminated of ecotoxicants. It was formed that mechanisms and schemas of realization of degradation toxicants and their degradation products in their destruction in water solutions and soils may be different from various strains of microorganism-destructors, their consortiums and ferments. It was proposed that during development...

Characteristics of cryogenic calcite from cave Grandioznaya (V. A. Anufrieva), Southern Ural

I. Kadebskaya O. & V. Dublyansky Y.
Cave Grandioznaya, discovered in 1999 in Republic Bashkortostan is one of the largest natural caves in Ural Mountains. Speleological research of the cave is conducted by the Salavat club of speleologists (Republic of Bashkortostan). Unusual calcite formations were found in the cave in 2016, as on large blocks, and on a clay bottom in free space were discovered. Using the temperature data logger HOBO Water Temp Pro v2, it was found that stable positive temperatures...

Biological bases of ecocontrol of the status of habitats at the chemical weapons disposal with the use of lichen biot

I. A. Balyasnikov, T. A. Rudakova & L. N. Anischenko
Biological bases of assessment of habitats on chemically dangerous object in the Bryansk region are represented using complex of lichenoindicators. Through the use of quantitative indexes of the lichenoindicators, biochemical indices proved to be highly informative lichen biota in relation to the habitats at the facility for destruction of chemical weapons. Concentrations of sulfur, phosphorus and heavy metals in thallus of a lichens in the background to impact the monitoring site chemically hazardous man-made object....

Identification of the thickets of Heracleum sosnowskyi using Earth remote sensing data

V. Tovstik E., A. Adamovich T., V. Rutman V., Kantor G. Ya. & Ashikhmina T. Ya.
Sosnowsky’s hogweed (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden.) is one of the most dangerous invasive plant species, common in the European part of Russia and some European countries. Its spread threatens the biological diversity of natural ecosystems. The danger of H. sosnowskyi for the human health lies in its ability to cause skin burns. Large populations of H. sosnowskyi can be found in uncultivated fields, meadows, on the banks and in the vicinity of watercourses and reservoirs, on...

Biological consequences of radioactive contamination for rodents in the exclusion zone of the Сhernobyl NPP

A. I. Taskaev, L. D. Materiy, A. G. Kudyasheva, O. V. Ermakova, L. A. Baschlikova, N. G. Zagorskya & L. N. Shishkina
Monitoring of the radioactive contamination effects on the organism of different species of rodents was carried out in a 30-km zone of the Chernobyl accident in 1986–1993 and 2007 using ecological, radiochemical, morphophysiological, hematological, histomorphological, cytogenetic, biochemical and biophysical methods. The stages of forming and developing changes in the major systems of the organism were observed and the regulation processes in several generations of rodents inhabiting in the Chernobyl accident zone were studied. Despite the...

Monitoring the effective operation of the emission cleaning system by waste composition

S. A. Sharov & T. Ya. Ashikhmina
Modern development of gas cleaning technologies allows providing a level of purification for individual substances up to 99%, but in addition to introduction of new technologies, it is necessary to implement effective control over the full operation of existing gas purification plants. The current method of inspecting enterprises that do not have automatic gas detectors allows assessing the state and efficiency of cleaning systems only at the current time, for examination the dynamics of the...

Soil cyanobacterial-algal cenoses of urbanized territories (Neftekamsk, the Republic of Bashkortostan)

N. V. Sukhanova & A .I. Fazlutdinova
Microscopic algae and cyanobacteria are an important and integral part of urban soils. This work is devoted to the study of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of communities of algae and cyanobacteria in the soil on the territory of the city of Neftekamsk (Republic of Bashkortostan). This article provides a list of soil algae and cyanobacteria, the analysis of the taxonomic structure of cyanobacterial-algal cenoses (CAC). Groups of species common in soil Neftekamsk city were isolated,...

Key aspects of using the simplest means of toxic substances control in relation to the process of decommission and mitigation of activities of weapons destruction plants

I. V. Kovalenko, A. S. Lyakin, A. N. Commissarov & S. Yu. Konyakhin
The article describes the main approaches to using the means of poison substances control during decommission and mitigation of chemical weapons storage and destruction plants. Sanitary requirements to monitoring workplace air in rooms of I and II risk groups are given. Efficient control of toxic substances in relation to the process of decommission and mitigation of activities of weapons destruction plants is recommended to be performed using indicator tubes, display flat elements, modern detectors and...

The analysis of results of ecological monitoring around the lewisite destruction plant in the town Kambarka of Udmurt Republic, taking into account models of behaviour of polluting substances in soil

V. G. Petrov, M. A. Shumilova, N. D. Smolina & О. S. Nabokova
Results of monitoring of lewisite destruction plant in the town of Kambarka of the Udmurt Republic are considered, taking into account possible behaviour of polluting substances in soil. On the basis of laboratory research it is shown that pollution with sodium arsenite aspires to delocalization at atmospheric influence in the form of rain, unlike pollution with oxides of some heavy metals. Possible mechanisms of delocalization of well soluble polluting substances are considered taking into account...

On the possibility of using artificial ecosystems for maintenance of human life

Y. L. Tkachenko
The article suggests how to use artificial ecosystems, i. e. residential units built on the principle of closure of internal material flows in order to ensure human life in extreme conditions, such as the Arctic, arid deserts, high mountains, in the areas of chemical and radioactive contamination. From the outside this artificial ecosystem requires only the influx of energy revenues which may be provided at the expense of local renewable sources: wind, sunlight, moving water,...

The main technological operations fnd stages of bioremediation of soils and water purification in situ

N. V. Zavyalova, I. V. Filimonov, V. A. Kovtun, A. N. Golipad, S. V. Petrov, K. K. Styazhkin, E. N. Efremenko, V. I. Kholstov & A. A. Yankovskaya
The work presents the main technological operations and stages of biotechnological methods of remediation of soils and water purification using ecological and biological preparations based on enzymes and microorganisms-destructors. Is a block diagram, and set out the procedures for carrying former chemical weapons storage and destruction facilities. The technological operations, stages, blocks of diagrams and stages of operations during realization in situ have a universal character. They can be used in neutralizing of any organophosphorus...

Selenium in natural water. Finding optimal concentrations

S. N. Kurskov & O. Yu. Rastegaev
The article presents the data on presence of selenium in different natural and organic systems. Special attention is paid to the mass-spectrometric method of selenium research in water, food and a human organism. We discuss the optimal concentrations of selenium.

Biocatalysts based on bacteria-destructors and enzymes of differ from high destructive capability chemical warfare agents and their degradation products in process of purification of soils and water

N. V. Zavyalova, I. V. Filimonov, E. N. Efremenko, V. I. Kholstov & A. A. Yankovskaya
The work presents an overview of the literature over the last thirty years by biotechnological methods and biocatalysts, which may be used for disinfection and purification of soil and water contaminated of chemical warfare agents and products of their detoxification. During analyzing the data was found, indicating about facilities of low concentrations of detoxication agents and their degradation products in the reactionary missing the soil and waste water. It was established, that the destruction of...

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