531 Works

Technology for producing activated carbons based on compact vegetable raw materials

V. M. Mukhin, Yu. F. Taranchenko & T. V. Gimatdinov
The article presents the research on the development of highly active coal using domestic raw material base for soil restoration. It is shown that the feedstock is one of the main factors in forming quality indicators of carbon adsorbents, such as bulk density, parameters of porous structure, adsorption properties and mechanical strength. �ompact vegetable raw material, such as nut shell and fruit stone shells of peach and apricot, was used for manufacturing activated carbons (A�)...

Microbiological status of soils in the Kirov-Chepetsk Chemical Plant area

E. S. Gornostaeva, S. S. Zlobin, E. S. Suntsova, T. S. El’kina, L. I. Domracheva & T. Ya. Ashikhmina
The results of chemical, radiological, bacteriological, mycological and algological soil analysis in the area of the Kirov-Chepetsk chemical plant are presented. Microbiological analysis of soil samples and biological testing of soil extract on the basis of cyanobacteria have identified the areas which are the most toxic to microbiota.

Thermochemical recycling of polycarbonate consuming with producing sorption materials with desired properties

I. S. Glushankova, A. A. Surkov & D. V. Aseeva
This paper presents a technical and environmental analysis of the main methods of waste consumption of polycarbonate, and the results of experimental studies on the thermochemical processing of waste to produce sorption materials with desired properties. The influence of the ratio of the activating agent (potassium hydroxide) and carbonizate polycarbonate, temperature and time of activation on the formation of the porous structure of the samples sorbents and their sorption properties are found out. The research...

The Influence of brewing industry waste on enzymatic activiti of chernozem soil polluted with oil

Е. Yu. Rudenko
Influence of the basic waste of the brewing industry on the enzymatic activity of the petropolluted chernozem soil is studied. The spent grain and the fulfilled diatomite variate activity of catalase more, than activity of invertase of the chernozem soil polluted by oil more. A brewing waste can be applied to stimulation of a biological potency of the petropolluted chernozem soil.

High-sensitive gas-chromatographic-mass-spectrometric assessment of o-phthaliс acid esters in water of different origin

V. V. Krylov & V. V. Volkova
The analysis of water samples of different origin on the content of dialkylphthalates was carried out with use of high-sensitive gas-chromatographic-mass-spectrometric assessing with liquid-phase microextractionpreconcentration with ultrasound that has been developed by the authors for the first time in Russia. The capabilities of the method were compared with other methods, described in the literature. The limits of detection at the level 10-5-10-6 mg∙l-1 were reached by the author.

Biotechnological methods and neutralizing agents for purification of soils and water, which were contaminated by ecotoxic substances

N. V. Zavyalova, I. V. Filimonov, E. N. Efremenko, V. I. Kholstov & A. A. Yankovskaya
The work presents an overview of the literature over the last thirty years by biotechnological methods and biocatalysts, which may be used for disinfection of soil and purification of water contaminated of ecotoxicants. It was formed that mechanisms and schemas of realization of degradation toxicants and their degradation products in their destruction in water solutions and soils may be different from various strains of microorganism-destructors, their consortiums and ferments. It was proposed that during development...

Legal basis for forest management in the Republic of Poland

E.M. Gordeeva & K. Khlebovsky
The article considers forest management legal provisions in the Republic of Poland. Since 1945, after the World War II, the amount of forest lands has increased by 10%. The figure is the result of effective sustainable forest management under the requirements of the international law forest principles: biodiversity perseverance, non-exhausting, renewable forest usage, its protection and territory covered by forests increase.

The analysis of seasonal and long-term dynamics of the vegetative NDVI index in the territory of the State Nature Reserve “Nurgush”

A. Adamovich T., Kantor G. Ya., Ashikhmina T. Ya. & P. Savinykh V.
Results of studying the NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) dynamics for identification and mapping land vegetation according to satellite data of Landsat in the territory of the State nature reserve “Nurgush” in Kirov Region of Russia are given. The features of the proposed approach include the estimation of the values of this spectral index separately for pine, deciduous forests and meadow phytocenoses. The choice of these natural objects is based on their different sensitivity to...

The Amur River bottom Sediments

S. Е. Sirotsky, N. P. Chizhikova, G. V. Kharitonova, А. S. Manucharov, N. S. Konovalova & Е. V. Utkina
The fraction composition of the Amur River bottom sediments was studied. The total content of river bottom sediments and their clay sub-fractions – water-peptizate (WPC) and aggregated clays (AC) were analyzed. Compared to bottom sediments, WPC and AC in general are characterized with a high capacity to accumulate Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn. The functional role of diatoms in accumulation of Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn by fine-grained components of bottom sediments is shown

Applying songbird population dynamics models to conservation biology needs

A. L. Podolsky
Proper understanding of the reproductive biology traits and population dynamics patterns of declining songbird species is crucial for ensuring their effective protection and recovery. Metapopulation dynamics may cause the extinction of local populations in some landscape patches regardless of the habitat quality and undertaken conservation measures. At the same time, the source-sink type of the population dynamics could saturate lower quality habitat patches with dispersing individuals from the population sources. Hence, poorer quality habitats presumed...

Communities of actinomycetes in brown soils of forest ecosystems with different climate

G. Shirokikh I., I. Nazarova Ya., A. Shirokikh A. & Аshikhmina T. Ya.
The interest in studying the role of environmental factors in the geographical distribution of microorganisms is amplified by the currently observed local and global climate changes. Given the metabolic diversity and the contribution of actinomycetes in natural suppressive conditions of soils, it is important to determine to what extent climate change is a threat to the preservation of the structure and diversity of their complexes. In part, this idea can be formed by matching data...

Improving tetrazol-topographic method of biotesting using cyanobacteria

A. I. Fokina, L. I. Domracheva, Yu. N. Zykova, S. G. Skugoreva, E. I. Lyalina & L.V. Trefilova
Tetrazole-topographical method of determining dehydrogenase activity of soil cyanobacteria (CB) has been recently used as for assessing toxicity of environmental objects contaminated with various pollutants. The method consists in introduction of a homogenized culture of CB into a test solution or soil extract for 19–20 hours, then the culture is separated from the solution by centrifugation and is filled with a 0.075% solution of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) for 3 hours or, if necessary, for a...

A multi-factor model as the basis for the environmental quality management of urban аreas

V. Sokolskaya E., I. Kochurov B., A. Dolgov Yu. & A. Lobkovsky V.
The article considers mathematical approach to environmental quality management to improve the ecological comfort of living for the population. The problem of environmental management is described using a multi-factor model of quality of the environment with the weight coefficients of the importance of its components: atmospheric air, acoustic impact, soil, water resources, and green spaces, accessibility of natural and recreational areas. The values of weight coefficients of importance of influencing factors for environmentally comfortable living...

Migration of pollutants and contamination of groundwater when mining iron ore

Yu. A. Babushkina & N. N. Nazarenko
The article considers the problem of migration of chemical pollutants into the aquatic environment of iron ore mining area on the example of JSC “Sokolovsko-Sarbaiskoye Ore-dressing Production Association” (Kazakhstan). The materials of the study where samples of groundwater selected at the plant for the extraction of magnetite ore, on the border of the sanitary protection zone and beyond. Sampling of water was carried out in accordance with Russian State Standard GOST 31861-2012 in the period...

Identification of the thickets of Heracleum sosnowskyi using Earth remote sensing data

V. Tovstik E., A. Adamovich T., V. Rutman V., Kantor G. Ya. & Ashikhmina T. Ya.
Sosnowsky’s hogweed (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden.) is one of the most dangerous invasive plant species, common in the European part of Russia and some European countries. Its spread threatens the biological diversity of natural ecosystems. The danger of H. sosnowskyi for the human health lies in its ability to cause skin burns. Large populations of H. sosnowskyi can be found in uncultivated fields, meadows, on the banks and in the vicinity of watercourses and reservoirs, on...

The influence of humic products on bioactivity of soils with phosphogypsum

M. A. Kanis’kin, A. A. Izosimov, V. A. Terekhova, O. S. Yakimenko & M. A. Pukalchik
Influence of some humic products (HP) on ecotoxicity of model soils mixtures (MS) with phosphogypsum (PG) is investigated. Using the standardized test-cultures (Daphnia magna, Scenedesmus quadricauda, Sinapis alba) it is established that humates originated from peat – Pe-FlexK and from coal – BC-EnK reduce toxicity of MS and FG mixtures. Detoxication activities of HP decrease at increasing their concentrations in mixtures from 0.005% to 0.02% and increase the share of phosphogypsum from 3.3% to 7.5%.

Gene-toxicity Level Evaluation at Ecological Monitoring

V.N. Chupis, N.V. Emelyanova, E.A. Tanaylova, N.V. Polukhina, T.A. Shingaryenko & O.M. Plotnikova
The article presents the results of investigating the level of ground gene-toxicity in the area of the former chemical weapons storage in the Udmurt republic. To evaluate the ground pollution level we used methods of chromosome aberration counting, nucleolus activity changes in the meristematic cells of tested plants and toxicity-hygiene experiments on laboratory mice

Production of bioorganomineral fertilizers as the direction of realization of waste-free technologies in pig-breeding

А. V. Sazanov, Yu. N. Terentyev, N. V. Syrchina, T. Ya. Ashikhmina & V. A. Kozvonin
Manure is the main waste in the production of pig-breeding. The problem of pig manure utilization has not found ecologically reasonable solution. The most perspective direction of utilization of pig manure is processing of this withdrawal into fertilizer. The purpose of this work was development of technology of processing of fresh pig manure in a bioorganic-mineral fertilizer balanced in structure, stable at storage and transportation, and not dangerous to the environment. Production of bioorganic-mineral fertilizers...

Vegetation and rare species river canyon of the Niya-yu (Polar Urals)

E. Kulugina E. & V. Teteryuk L.
The program for the improvement of the system of protected areas of the Komi Republic conducted a comprehensive survey of the canyon in the lower reaches of the river . Of th (basin . Usa ) . 8 km long canyon is formed by large limestone outcrops on both sides of the river. Extensive rocky outcrops and flat spaces alternate with slope coastal areas. Along the edges of the watershed common willow and dwarf tundra...

Estimation of the state of urban soils by methods of biotesting using organisms of different systematic accessory and chemical analysis data

Yu. N. Zykovа, S. G. Skugoreva, E. V. Tovstik & T. Ya. Ashikhmina
The object of the study was soils of Kirovo-Chepetsk and Slobodskoy (Kirov region) sampled in the territories with different anthropogenic load: in industrial, transport, residential and park areas. Assessment of toxicity level of the selected samples was carried out by chemical analysis and biostoration, using a higher plant and a cyanobacteria (CB). Chromatographic analysis of soil extracts showed that the maximum content of ions was different from extracts from soil samples collected in Kirovo-Chepetsk in...

The first experience of assessing extinction risk of Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) on the system of criteria and categories of the International Union for Conservation of Nature on the territory of the Komi Republic

A. G. Tatarinov & O. I. Kulakova
found. By now almost complete data are obtained on the Butterfly species composition, dissemination and particulars of their ecology, as well as on the status and long-term dynamics of their populations. Driopa mnemosyne, Parnassius corybas, Issoria eugenia, Clossiana tritonia, Euphydryas iduna are considered rare or are threatened with extinction and included in the Red Book of the Komi Republic. 14 Butterfly species are included in the Application of the Red Book. In order to unify...

Composition and state of soil cover plants in bilberry spruce phytocenoses in the technogenic pollution zone of the pulp and paper mill

E. A. Robakidze & N. V. Torlopova
Technogenic pollution of soil cover plants with pulp-and-paper industry emissions in spruce forests has been studied. Analysis of the plant composition in ground cover of blueberry spruce forest showed a significant similarity with the plant species composition in other spruce blueberry forests growing in the middle taiga subzone. Number of plant species in the impact zone of the ‘Mondi SLPK’ plant and paper mill varies form 15 to 24 which is less than that in...

Diversity of soil actinomycetes complexes conditioned by mycelial actinobacteria temperature adaptations

D. G. Zvyagintsev, G. M. Zenova, T. A. Grachova, A. I. Kurapova & M. S. Dubrova
The review considers questions of specificity of actinomycetes complexes diversity in different soil types in connection with mycelial prokaryotes temperature adaptation. The works dedicated to mechanisms of mycelia actynobacteria adaptation to high and low temperature are analysed. Temperature adaptation of mycelialn actynobacteria helps to keep actynomycetes diversity in soils different in temperature regimes.

Features and problems of ecological self-control methods

S. I. Lomash
The article presents an attempt to describe methodical and methodological problems of organization and implementation of industrial ecological control and to outline some of the ways of its solving.

Grain yield and oats adaptability in the Volga-Vyatka region

I. I. Rusakova, G. A. Batalova, M. V. Tulyakova & G. P. Zhuravleva
The article presents the results of oats samples productivity and adaptability accession. Complex sources with high productivity and tolerance to drought and high soil acidity were found out.

Registration Year

  • 2018
    531

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    515
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