1,012 Works

Vol. 36 No 1

Hans Dietrich Lang
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Quaternary Stratigraphy of Southern Bavaria

Gerhard Doppler, Ernst Kroemer, Konrad Rögner, Johannes Wallner, Hermann Jerz & Walter Grottenthaler
A review of current stratigraphical systems for the Quaternary sedimentary sequences of Southern Bavaria is given as it is used by the Geological Survey of the Bavarian Environment Agency. Different classification approaches for continental deposits of the Quaternary are highlighted with a special focus on the climate and terrace stratigraphy which are commonly used in Bavaria. A description of the associated informal units documents the current status of application and may lead to formal definitions....

Holstein- und Eem-Interglaziale im Bereich des Lausitzer Grenzwalles und die Gliederung der Saalevereisung zwischen Baruther und Lausitzer Urstromtal

Kurt P. Unger, Frank Hübner & Dieter Escher
The first proof of limnic sediments of the Holstein interglacial and of early Saale fluvial deposits in the quarternary of the lignite field Calau South requires - in connection with several Eem findings - the revision of the recently valid stratification of the Saale glaciation in western Lower Lusatia. lVnvaih the glacial series of the Warthe stage (its terminal moraine crosses the probed area from NW to SE) only one earlier ground moraine of the...

Vol. 3 No 1

Paul Woldstedt
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Mittel- und spätpleistozäne Stratigraphie und Morphogenese in Schlüsselregionen der Nordschweiz

Oskar Keller & Edgar Krayss
To find a stratigraphical division of the Middle and the Late Pleistocene of Northern Switzerland, the sedimentological and morphological field observations of seven key regions are explained and interpreted. The investigations include the period after the sedimentation of the “Tieferen Deckenschotter” along the High Rhine (Hochrhein) and the subsequent period of a strong erosion that started in the Lake of Konstanz area. In this period four main glacials can be verified. According to the front...

Die Felsnische Uppony I (Nordungarn)

Dénés Jánossy, Endre Krolopp & Karl Brunnacker
The rock-overhang, Uppony I, located in the northern part of the Bükk-Mountains, Hungary, has yielded a rich fauna of mammals and molluscs. The origins of these mammalian fauna are to be sought as far back as the 'Biharium'. The uppermost parts of the sediment-fill can be considered to belong to a cold phase before the Riss Glacial (s. s.) The molluscan fauna, which does not show any fundamental differences throughout the time involved, consists of...

Stratigraphie und Morphogenese von frühpleistozänen Ablagerungen zwischen Bodensee und Klettgau

Hans Rudolf Graf
The stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Deckenschotter (“cover gravels”) of the Rhine glacier system between Lake Constance, the city of Schaffhausen and the Klettgau area (Switzerland, Germany) was revised. This was achieved by means of new surveying and mapping, petrographical analysis und a systematic evaluation of available literature and borehole data. Within the Deckenschotter three morphostratigraphic units can be discerned: (a) Höhere (higher) Deckenschotter, (b) Tiefere (lower) Deckenschotter and (c) Tiefere Deckenschotter, unteres Niveau (lower...

Development and Evolution of Sedimentary Environments during the Holocene in the Western Coastal Plain of Belgium

Cecile Baeteman
The interrelationship of the different depositional sedimentary environments in their areal distribution and through time has been investigated in a sandy area of the Western coastal plain of Belgium. The sandy area is used to be interpreted as the result of one single post-Roman erosive phenomenon. The study of the entire Holocene sequence and the three-dimensional view of it showed the existence of a depression in the pre-Holocene surface where initially a tidal flat came...

Vol. 12 No 1

Paul Woldstedt
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Die jungpleistozänen Äolianite in der südlichen Küstenzone von Israel: Ein Beitrag zur zeitlich-räumlichen Klimaentwicklung

Karl Brunnacker, Avraham Ronen & Wolfgang Tillmanns
Aeolian deposits appear between Gaza and Beer Sheva with near shore sand (Kurkar), landwards sandy clay-loess and finally clay-loess. According to the facial arrangement and the heavy mineral association the source of origin of the aeolian material was the coastal zone of the last glacial time. It has been drifted during the regression of the sea. Macro-morphologically very stable soils (Hamra) have been built during the transgression. This "Middle paleolithic soil complex" comprises the last...

Das Profil von Kitros in Nord-Griechenland als Typusprofil einer mediterranen Lößprovinz

Karl Brunnacker, Hans-Jürgen Altemüller & Hans-Jürgen Beug
In a small deposit in the lowlands near Kitros (Makedonia), fluvial formations are covered by collovial sediments and several meters of loess with fossil soils. In spite of the macro- and micro-morphologically weathered soils, the surface layers conform to the general terrain, as the details of the Würm Iceage show. The four fossil soils are largely lime deficient, they are very rich in clays and show a markedly condensed texture. The typological classification of „red...

Quartäre Klimaphasen und Subrosion als Faktoren der Bildung von Kies-Terrassen im südwestlichen Harzvorland

Werner Ricken
Structure and distribution of gravel bodies of the rivers Sieber and Oder are described. Furthermore other terraces exist which are formed by erosion and thus do not posess an own gravel body. The minimum age of the gravel layers, climatic variations, and solifluction intensity are derived from the stratigraphical study of the loess cover and by paleobotanical determinations. The resulting data are as follows: Upper Terrace Elster or older, Upper Middle Terrace probably Drenthe, Middle...

Funde von Steingeräten aus altpleistozänen Schottern im Raume von Wien

H. Mohr & M. Mottl
Stone implements which nearly at the same time have been found in the Neckar region (by A. Rust) and in the Danube region (by H. Mohr and H. Küpper) have approved the existence of an industry belonging to the Homo Heidelbergensis (or pre-Heidelbergensis)-period in Middle Europe. The present paper deals with the implements which have been found in the Danube district. The history of the discovery, the geology of the finding places and the material...

Pleistozän-kaltzeitliche Vergletscherungen im Hochland von Tibet und im südafrikanischen Kapgebirge: Pleistozän-kaltzeitliche Klimadynamik und Paläogeographie in Indien und Südafrika

Johannes F. Gellert
The new discoveries and surveys from Kuhle (1981 — 1989) of an inland glaciation of the Highland of Tibet (Xizang) and from Borchert & Sänger (1981) and Sänger (1988) of a pleistocene cold time glaciation in the west Cape Mts in South Africa permit consequences respectively explanations of the paleogeographical situations of that time in India and in southern Africa. An atmospheric depression by heat over the Highland of Tibet in present effecting the monsoon...

Chronostratigraphy of the Hochterrassen in the lower Lech valley (Northern Alpine Foreland)

Patrick Schielein, Gerhard Schellmann, Johanna Lomax, Frank Preusser & Markus Fiebig
Hochterrassen (High or Higher Terraces) are a prominent geomorphological feature of the Northern Alpine Foreland and have traditionally been attributed to the Rissian glaciation. However, distinct morphological sublevels observed for this feature have often raised the question of their age. This issue is exemplarily investigated here on the Langweider and Rainer Hochterrassen in the lower Lech valley using different relative and numerical dating techniques. The lowest sublevel, the Übergangsterrasse is only preserved in small patches...

Ein Beitrag zur Gliederung der eiszeitlichen Ablagerungen im Trauntal bei Wels/Oberösterreich

Kurt Metzger
This contribution should show that it is possible to give a more exact declaration with suitable chemical and physical experiments as investigations in the field alone. So one can give more exact declaration about structure and formation of complicated profiles. The clay-complex in the clay-pit of the brickworks Würzburger/Wels can not be accepted as an homogeneous sedimentition, it is rather a komplex of four accumulations. Therewith is the age of the lying "Deckenschotter" such of...

Vol. 11 No 1

Paul Woldstedt
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Eine begrabene Solifluktionsdecke und ihr Einfluß auf die heutige Vegetation: Beobachtungen auf einer Bliesterterrasse (Saarland)

Gerhard Hard
In the lower Blies valley the author discovered a periglacial mudflow consisting of white marl and fragments of limestone, surmounted by 25-30 cm river-sand belonging to a Riß-terrace. The surface of these deposits was covered by fossil ice-wedges. The changes in the phyto-sociological structure of the vegetation cover permitted to fix the exact extension of the periglacial mudflow.

Zur relativen und absoluten Geochronologie der Reliefentwicklung an der Küste des mittleren Südwestafrika

Friedrich Wieneke & Uwe Rust
Results concerning Quaternary geomorphic events in Coastal Namib Desert are presented. We found two high stands and one low stand of the sea level. We obtained radiocarbon dates of Intra-wurm age (ca. 26 000 B.P.) for the younger one of the high stands. This is a eustatic high stand. Late Quaternary tectonic movements of the coastal region have to be considered. The sea level changes are linked to stages of terrestrian morphogenesis. The high stands...

Vol. 54 No 1

Ernst Brunotte
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Neue Ergebnisse quartärgeologischer Untersuchungen im Gebiet der "Falkenberg-Endmoräne"

Hans Dietrich Lang
New field research and drilling have confirmed a conception of the Quaternary-Geological structure of the "Falken Berg" area in extension of results published by the author in 1983 (LANG 1983 a). The fact that the ground moraine belonging to the Drenthe main advance is dipping under the end moraine ridges in the Falken Berg area has been proved by drilling. On the end moraine ridges relics of the ground moraine never have been found; likewise...

Vogelherd und Bocksteinschmiede im Lonetal

Ulrich Lehmann
The faunas of two recently excavated caverns are being compared, that of the Bocksteinschmiede and that of the Vogelherd, both situated in the Lone-Valley, Württemberg. The main part of the animal remains has been brought in by man. The Vogelherd contained remains of at least 180 animals, the Bocksteinschmiede of at least 250. Summed up to larger groups, their percentages are being shown graphically. In spite of largely accidental preservation, the composition of the two...

Vogesen- und Schwarzwald-Kare

Adolf Zienert & Fritz Fezer
In the Vosges and the Black Forest there are many glacial cirques. Using statistical methods regarding the altitude of their floors and the exposition of the whole forms, four groups can be destinguished. Because of the parallelism between these groups and the well-known four "Würm"-stadials of the glaciers in the southern part of the Black Forest, they can be related to each other. On the second hand there is the opportunity to relate indirectly (of...

Zur jungholozänen Oberflächen- und Bodenentwicklung der Siegaue im Hennefer Mäanderbogen

Karl Heusch, Johannes Botschek & Armin Skowronek
The flood loams in the Sieg valley near Hennef were investigated with geomorphological, sedimentological and pedological methods. They are free of carbonate. Four late Holocene floodplain terraces can be seperated and dated. On the Upper Floodplain Terrace an Auenparabraunerde-Auenbraunerde (Fluvi-Luvic Cambisol) of early Iron Age was found. The pedogenesis on the older Middle Floodplain Terrace lead to a Typische Auenbraunerde (Fluvi-Eutric Cambisol) of Latene Age. The younger part of this terrace is covered by a...

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