1,012 Works

The Wartanian Siedlec Sandur (Zedlitzer Sandur) southwards the Trzebnica Hills, Silesian Lowland; Southwestern Poland: re-examination after fifty years

Dariusz Krzyszkowski
The Siedlec Sandur (Zedlitzer Sander) in Silesia, Southwest Poland, was at first described by M. Schwarzbach in 1942. It was interpreted as the Wartanian proglacial outwash, formed at the southern margin of ice-pushed ridge (Trzebnica Hills, Trebnitzer Katzengebirge). Some recent investigations reject this interpretation and denay the occurrence of the Wartanian ice-sheet in Southwestern Poland. The paper presents new sedimentological investigations from deposits of the Siedlec Sandur. The main result of this study is detailed...

Vol. 6 No 1

Paul Woldstedt
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Anwendung statistischer Methoden auf Ergebnisse der Schwermineralanalyse pleistozäner Sedimente bei Nochern (Mittelrhein)

Barbara Wypyrsczyk & Wolfgang Boenigk
Heavy mineral analysis have been carried out on pleistocene sediments at the Middle Rhine in the vicinity of Nochern. The aim of the investigations was to get an idea of sources of error and their order in heavy mineral analysis. Samples have been taken from three pit-sections of a terrace-unit. The results of the investigations have been tested with statistical methods. From the results of the investigated sediments it can be shown that it is...

Neue Schweizer Arbeiten zur Glazialmorphologie des Mittellandes

Hans Graul
In this report the most important results of 5 new Swiss papers on glacial and periglacial landforms of the „Schweizer Mittelland" are published and discussed. These very good studies show the first geomorphological maps (1 : 25 000) of the „Mittelland" and for the first time they analyse periglacial forms in this region. A reiterated and radical change of accumulation and erosion is rejected within the melt-water-valleys during the Würm-glaciation. The thick accumulation of pebbles...

Zur Mikromorphologie und zum Tonmineralbestand von Böden ungarischer Lößprofile und ihre paläoklimatische Auswertung

Arnt Bronger
In Hungary loess profiles are subdivised by paleosols especially of upper pleistocene age in much greater detail than in adjacent western countries. Paleoklimatic interpretations are based on field studies as well as on micromorphological observations, which permit an exact classification of paleosols regarding soil type and genesis. Investigations of the clay mineral contents of loess and of the various soils developing from loess show the amount of formation of clay minerals in the different particle...

Lößstratigraphie und paläolithische Kulturabfolge in Niederösterreich und den angrenzenden Gebieten (Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Frage der Würmgliederung)

Friedrich Brandtner
The detailed sequence of the Pleistocene is a problem, which can be solved only by comprehending all the various branch lines of the Quarternary Research. In consideration of the numerous observations and finds, completed by recent researches, the threefold division of the Last (Würm-)Glaciation can be clearly discerned — at least in the explored territory. The Penultimate (Riß-) Glaciation can be divided into two stages separated by a fully temperated and longer interstadial; several short...

Pleistozän-kaltzeitliche Vergletscherungen im Hochland von Tibet und im südafrikanischen Kapgebirge: Pleistozän-kaltzeitliche Klimadynamik und Paläogeographie in Indien und Südafrika

Johannes F. Gellert
The new discoveries and surveys from Kuhle (1981 — 1989) of an inland glaciation of the Highland of Tibet (Xizang) and from Borchert & Sänger (1981) and Sänger (1988) of a pleistocene cold time glaciation in the west Cape Mts in South Africa permit consequences respectively explanations of the paleogeographical situations of that time in India and in southern Africa. An atmospheric depression by heat over the Highland of Tibet in present effecting the monsoon...

Luminescence Dating of Middle Pleistocene Glaciofluvial Sediments of the Austrian Northern Alpine Foreland

Lukas Bickel
In the beginning of the 20th century, Albrecht Penck und Eduard Brückner (1909) developed the concept of four large scale Quaternary alpine glaciations extending into the alpine foreland. Since then, the Northern Alpine Foreland (NAF) has played a major role in the investigation of glacial and furthermore paleo-climatic events. However, a numerical chronology has not been established yet. This study focuses on applying luminescence dating to the glaciofluvial deposits attributed to the penultimate glaciation (Riß...

Ein frühweichselzeitliches Profil bei Rahden-Welle (nördliches Wiehengebirgsvorland, Nordrhein-Westfalen)

Klaus Skupin & Rüdiger Stritzke
During excavations for a purification plant in Rahden-Welle lower terrace depositions of the „Kleine Aue" were found. Meltwater layers of probably Saalian age were overlain by peaty, silty and sandy depositions. Pollenanalytical investigation of the peat records the dominance of grass, pine and birch in the scenery. Together with considerable amounts of heliophytes the pollen assemblage indicates an Herning stadial age (early Weichselian) of the investigated layer.

E. Archaeological Research: 2. Neolithic Periods

Jens Lüning
No abstract available.

Zur Problematik der pleistozänen und holozänen Vergletschernung Süd-Kamtschatkas – erste Ergebnisse bodengeographischer Untersuchungen

Wolfgang Zech, Rupert Bäumler, Oskana Savoskul & Gerlinde Sauer
In the Plotnikova Valley, west of Petropavlovsk in South Kamchatka, two valley drift complexes can be identified. They are correlated with glaciofluvial terraces. The older, so called M1-moraines descend to about 300 m a.s.l. corresponding with the T1-terraces; they are smoothand vague-shaped, without kettles. The younger, so called M2-moraines descend to 350-450 m a.s.l.; their relief is well formed and rich in kettles and ridges, and they are connected with the T2-terraces. The soils developed...

Das Mammut von Taimyr

N. Polutoff
No abstract available.

Untersuchungen an nordwestdeutschen Interglazialen

Paul Woldstedt, Ulrich Rein & Willi Selle
No abstract available.

Elster-Löß und Holstein-Ton von Northeim (Hann.)

Gerd Lüttig
Elster-glacial loess has been found below the Holstein Interglacial clay of the brick-works Kerrl at Northeim. This formation is now rather well exposed. Up to the present, there has not been safe evidence of loess of such a high age. A brief description of this new outcrop which is of significance for the Interglacial as well, is therefore presented.

Noch einmal: Riß oder Würm?

Hugo Gross
The Young Moraines Areas uniform as to their morphology and weathering degree have been formed by the second Main Phase (named second Main Re-advance by W. Soergel) of the Last Glaciation (Würm or Weichsel); this Glaciation began more than 64000 (possibly c. 72000) years ago and attained its maximum past 29000 B. P. (probably around 20000 B. P.) as suggested by Groningen radiocarbon measurements. The considerable (long) climatic oscillations of the Würm Advance possibly more...

Jungquartär und End-Mesolithikum in der Provinz Kerman (Iran)

Reinhold Huckriede
The main masses of detritus and silts („See-Löß"), deposited in water and filling the vast plateau-valleys of Kerman-area, seem to have been formed during semi-arid conditions till in older Holocene times. North of Buhabad and in the town of Kerman, areas which are now-days arid or nearly desertic, sediments of a brackisch lake and of shallow fresh-or oligohaline waters indicate that once precipitation and humidity were higher than doday. In Kerman they contain layers of...

Gletscherschrammen bei Burgstemmen südlich von Hannover.

Heinz Jordan & Klaus-Dieter Meyer
In this paper a description is given of a new occurrence of glacial striae on Upper Muschelkalk near Burgstemmen, 30 km south of Hannover. Of the two crossing striation systems — N 10° E and N 60° E — the latter is the younger one. Since the striae are overlain by gravels of the Drenthe stadium it is not possible up to now to decide whether the striae have been caused by the Elster ice...

Development and stagnation of the last Pleistocene icecap in the Yellowstone Lake Basin, Yellowstone National Park, USA

Gerald M. Richmond
Abstract. In late Pleistocene (Pinedale) time, the last of a series of Pleistocene icecaps developed in the Yellowstone Lake Basin. Initiated by a large glacier that entered the lake basin from the upper valley of the Yellowstone River, the icecap gradually thickened until, at the glacial maximum, it had a maximum thickness of about 925 m, covered about 6,200 km², and comprised about 975 km³ of ice. The cap overrode the basin divides in all...

Geomorphology and Stratigraphy of the Paleolithic Site of Budino (Prov. Pontevedra, Spain)

Karl W. Butzer
The Paleolithic site of Budino, located in the Louro Valley of southwestern Galicia, was partly excavated by E. de Aguirre in 1963. The occupation floors include flaking and possible habitation sites with a great variety of tool-making techniques and tooltypes found in undisturbed associations, geologically in situ. With quartzite and quartz as exclusive raw material the artifacts include choppers and chopper-tools, trihedral picks, so-called Camposanquian picks, Clactonian flakes and notches, proto-bifaces, denticulates and other flake...

The subdivision and zonation of interglacial periods

C. Turner & R. G. West
It is becoming ever more difficult to study and compare the increasing number of pollen diagrams from sites in different parts of North-West Europe or from different interglacial periods, because of the diversity of zonation schemes used by different authors. Iversen (1958) and Andersen (1966) have nevertheless shown similar cycles of vegetational and edaphic changes have taken place during each of the major interglacial periods. The authors here suggest that during each interglacial a series...

Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology of Terna River Basin in West Central India

Mohammad Babar, Radhakrishna Chunchekar, Madhusudan G. Yadava & Bhagwan Ghute
This paper presents the morphostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy and sedimentary structures of Terna River basin in the Deccan Basaltic Province (DBP) of West Central India. These Quaternary deposits have been divided into three informal formations (i) dark grey silt formation – Late Holocene, (ii) Light grey silt formations – Early Holocene, (iii) Dark grayish brown silt formation – Late Pleistocene with the older Quaternary Alluvial deposits of Upper Pleistocene age. The fine clay and silt formations in...

Zur Deutung eines neuentdeckten interglazialen Seeton-Vorkommens im Berchtesgadener Land

Hans Pichler
The discussion deals with the opinion of Ganss (1953) according to which the altitude of a lacustrine-clay deposit found by him, 870 metres above sea-level, is proof for an enormous interglacial filling-up (350 metres in thickness) of the Berchtesgaden basin (Berchtesgaden Alps, Upper Bavaria). This view of Ganss necessarily includes — in accordance with interglacial morphology — similar immense accumulations in the neighbouring Salzach valley and in the Reichenhall basin. The fact, however, that there...

Vol. 14 No 1

Paul Woldstedt & Martin Schwarzbach
Yearbook of German Quaternary Association

Weichselian and Holocene river dynamics in relation to climate change in the Halle-Leipziger Tieflandsbucht (Germany)

Joanne Mol
The exact relationship between river development and climate change is still unknown. Therefore, this study aims to contribute to an increase in knowledge about this topic and focuses on Weichselian and Holocene river development in the Halle-Leipziger Tieflandsbucht (Germany). The results are correlated with data from Poland and the Netherlands, finally, the impact of climatic changes on river development are explained. Changes in vegetation cover, related to changes in climate, trigger the onset of each...

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