1,521 Works

Data source taxonomy for supply network structure visibility

Johannes Zrenner, Ahmad Pajam Hassan, Boris Otto & Jorge Carlos Marx Gómez
The supply network structure of manufacturers is complex and non-transparent. In order to achieve a higher visibility and consequently increase the performance, the existing lack of data has to be closed. This paper answers the questions, how to identify, describe and compare suitable data sources for an end-to-end visibility. Following the design science research process, two artifacts are developed based on conceptual-to-empirical approaches. The initial conceptualizations result from literature reviews. The conceptual representation of supply...

Use case of self-organizing adaptive supply chain

Julia Wagner & Henning Kontny
The main drivers for the development and implementation of self-organizing adaptive operation processes are the increase of flexibility while lowering costs in times of growing consumer demands, shaping the supply chain into ”the source of enterprises core competence”. This paper is based on the ”Guidelines for conducting and reporting case study research in software engineering” and it demonstrates the design of the self-organizing adaptive supply chain through an integration of processes and systems. As a...

Supply chain flexibility and SMEs internationalization : a conceptual framework

Sylvia Mercedes Novillo Villegas & Hans–Dietrich Haasis
This paper has the aim of analyzing the relationship of logistics capabilities and supply chain flexibility (SCF) as part of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) internationalization strategy through a review of relevant research in these areas. This review will constitute the foundation for developing an integrative conceptual framework to understand the relationship. An integrative literature review in internationalization approaches, SCF and logistics capabilities from 2006 through 2016 was conducted. The analysis of an extract from...

Business model innovation : a case of the offshore lifting equipment supplier

Mikhail Shlopak, Richard Myhre & Gabriele Hofinger Jünge
The purpose of this paper is to present the background for and the process of development of an Internet of Things (IoT) business model (BM) for a Norwegian offshore lifting equipment supplier. The paper presents both challenges and new opportunities connected to the case company’s transition towards IoT, servicebased BM. The research methodology is a single case study research. The research approach involves four steps: theoretical discussion; a case study; analysis of the case study,...

Automotive supply-chain requirements for a time-critical knowledge management

Ann-Carina Tietze, Jan Cirullies & Boris Otto
Transforming increasingly growing data volumes into knowledge and improving its usage requires knowledge management models (KMM). KMM structures the workflow for decision taking based on knowledge. Industry-suitable requirements for a KMM, in particular for automotive supply chains (SC) and supply-critical bottlenecks, are not raised, especially concerning the crucial parameter of timecriticality. As none of the investigated models suits time-related specifications, requirements for time-critical knowledge management (KM) are derived from former case studies (CS) in the...

Supply chain process oriented technology-framework for industry 4.0

Florian Schlüter & Endric Hetterscheid
Digitalization in supply chains is an arising topic. Screening recent publications in this field delivers no application-oriented classification of potential Industry 4.0 technologies for supply chain processes. The purpose of this paper is to present an application-oriented Technology-Framework speeding up the development of digitalization scenarios for supply chain processes.A structured literature review will be carried out to identify and extract relevant technologies within the field of Industry 4.0. Afterwards, the Process Chain Model will be...

Smart supply chain risk management - A conceptual framework

Florian Schlüter & Michael Henke
Screening existing literature on Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) shows that only sporadic attention is paid on real data driven SCRM. Most tools and approaches lead to an expert knowledge based SCRM. Due to the arising topic of digitalization in supply chains, leading to Industry 4.0 (I4.0), there is huge potential in building a data driven, smart SCRM. To speed up research in this direction it is worthwhile to define a new research framework giving...

Productive ponds as part of rainwater harvesting systems in the context of the slope farming project Arba Minch, Ethiopia

Stefan Hügel
In Gebieten mit langen Trockenzeiten sind Rainwater Harvesting Systeme von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Anpassung an den Klimawandel, besonders im Regenfeldbau. Wasserspeichernde Erdteiche können in ländlichen Bereichen einfach angelegt werden und in ihrer Funktionalität erweitert werden, um nicht nur Wasser zu speichern, sondern auch um aquatische Pflanzen und Tiere zu züchten. In diesem Zusammenhang sind besonders Azolla spp. und Teichlinsen hervorzuheben, die beide zu den produktivsten Pflanzen gehören und Potential zur Verwendung als Tierfutter, Gründünger...

Data mining and fault tolerance in warehousing

Christopher Reining, Omar Bousbiba, Svenja Jungen & Michael Ten Hompel
This paper surveys the significance of data mining techniques and fault tolerance in future materials flow systems with a focus on planning and decision-making. The fundamental connection between data mining, fault tolerance, and materials flow is illustrated. Contemporary developments in warehousing are assessed to formulate upcoming challenges. In particular, the transition towards distributed systems and the increasing data volume is examined. The significance of taking fault tolerance into account is emphasized. Ultimately, research issues are...

Bibliometric analysis of risk management in seaports

Ayman Nagi, Marius Indorf & Wolfgang Kersten
Seaports play an essential role in global supply chains. Incidents and accidents in such ports may lead to service delays, port closure as well as damage to people, property and the environment. Therefore, risk management in seaports plays an important role in mitigating and preventing possible accidents and disruptions. This paper aims to explore the structure of literature on risk management in seaports using co-citation analysis in order to reveal its current main research areas...

Cooperation strategies among SMEs for implementing industry 4.0

Julian Marius Müller, Lukas Maier, Johannes Veile & Kai-Ingo Voigt
Industry 4.0 is expected to bring several conversions for industrial value creation, encompassing entire value-added networks. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which play an important role for both the German as well as the European economy, struggle to integrate the concept of Industry 4.0 within their value creation. However, due to the high importance of SMEs for industrial value creation networks, their integration is essential to successfully establish Industry 4.0 across value chains. Several SMEs...

Simulation-framework for illicit-goods detection in large volume freight

Lutz Kretschmann & Torsten Münsterberg
Innovative non-intrusive inspection technologies can help customs prevent illicit trade in large volume freight. Validation whether technologies fulfill their intended purpose ideally takes place under real conditions. However, constraints limit the number and type of experiments performed during such field trials. Against this background simulation offers the opportunity to evaluate improvements in detection of illicit-goods without interrupting activities on site. A discrete event simulation framework in the context of large volume freight is introduced in...

Influence of patterns and data-analytics on production logistics

Benjamin Kormann & Susanne Altendorfer-Kaiser
The flow of information is an essential part of Industry 4.0, as more reliable process data is available and subsequent hardware changes provide for processing power to enable large-scale data analysis. Due to the fact that most data analytics and big data frameworks presume that Data-Mining- and Data-Analytics-Activities are conducted in form of projects, this paper focuses on the integration of data analytics and data mining into operational processes and the resulting consequences of the...

Towards a web based transportation infrastructure

Florian Kleedorfer & Christian Huemer
The level of digitalization within transport companies is much higher than the level of digitalization across organization boundaries. This fact suggests that there is room for improvement. However, this situation is not likely to change as long as there is no financial incentive for the whole sector to cooperate in establishing a shared communication infrastructure. In this paper, we present our approach for building such an infrastructure using the method of design science. The goal...

Design of a cyber-physical production system for semiconductor manufacturing

Sophia Keil
Due to the highly dynamic markets, an increasing complexity, and individualization of products, efficient and robust logistical processes are difficult to achieve through the use of central planning and control approaches. The aim of the contribution is the design of a decentralized, autonomous control system for high tech production systems. An interdisciplinary perspective was adopted as methods of artificial intelligence and mechanical as well as electrical engineering were used. The results are a hardware concept...

Adsorption and diffusion in zeolites : the pitfall of isotypic crystal structures

Nils E. R. Zimmermann, Maciej Haranczyk, Manju Sharma, Bei Liu, Berend Smit & Frerich Keil
Untersucht wird der Einfluss von isotypischen Kristallstrukturen auf die Adsorption und Diffusion von Methan in Vollsilikatzeolithe der Gittertypen LTA, SAS und ITE. Resultate, die auf Grundlage von experimentellen Strukturen erzielt wurden, werden mit Resultaten basierend auf Strukturvorhersagen und gängigen Strukturannäherungen verglichen. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass der Diffusionskoeffizient hierbei sehr viel stärker beeinflusst wird als der Henry-Koeffizient. Tatsächlich können Unterschiede im Diffusionskoeffizienten von mehreren Größenordnungen beobachtet werden. Eine systematische Untersuchung hebt letztendlich hervor, dass...

Framework for digitalized proactive supply chain risk management

Katharina Diedrich
In order to initiate proactive measures and to prevent the actual occurrence of risk events a digitalized and proactive supply chain risk management is needed.Existing approaches for digitalized and proactive SCRM are investigated by a systematic literature review and completed by a requirements engineering. Furthermore frameworks for SCRM are reviewed and the fulfillment of the requirements is checked. These results are applied to develop a digitalized and proactive SCRM framework.The findings in this paper are...

E-Cash & E-Vouchers: the digitalization of the humanitarian aid and logistics

Loic Cohen & Vincent Salaun
In the recent years, the mobile phone coverage expansion and the more widespread use of cash cards have eased the implementation at scale of Cash and Vouchers (C&V) programmes in the humanitarian sector. Furthermore, the development of web-based interfaces, designed to respond to the specifics needs of the sector, supports the implementation of C&V programmes. Due to the technological innovations, C&V assistance is growing rapidly and the sector seriously considers the ‘’e-assistance” as an alternative...

Toward pixel-wise vision in epiretinal visual prosthesis

Diego Luján Villarreal
Visuelle Prothesen sollen das Sehvermögen von erblindeten Menschen wiederherstellen. Dies ist mit zertifizierten Sehprothesen bereits in eingeschränktem Rahmen möglich, aber für eine räumliche Wahrnehmung durch elektrisch aktivierte Zellen werden signifikante Verbesserungen benötigt. Es werden Anordnungen von Neuronen in der Retina modelliert, um Konzepte für eine Verbesserung der visuellen Wahrnehmung zu entwickeln. Neurologische Modelle und theoretische Überlegungen für eine physikalische Realisierung der Elektronik werden in die Untersuchungen einbezogen und Modellrechnungen zur Erhöhung der Elektrodenanzahl, zur Bestimmung...

In-Form[at]ieren und Wissenschaft : Wilhelm Ostwalds wissenschaftsorganisatorische Aktivitäten und die Technologien der geistigen Arbeit

Thomas Hapke
Der Nobelpreisträger für Chemie und spätere Privatgelehrte Wilhelm Ostwald ist ein Beispiel für einen Naturwissenschaftler, der schon Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts explizit die Organisation wissenschaftlicher Kommunikation thematisierte und über die Technik wissenschaftliches Arbeiten mit internationalem Fokus nachdachte. Nach einer kurzen Übersicht zu den (biografischen) Voraussetzungen von Ostwalds wissenschaftsorganisatorischen Aktivitäten werden in diesem Text Ostwalds theoretische und praktische Ansätze zum Formieren, Formatieren und Informieren von Wissenschaft und ihrer Medien vorgestellt. Es geht um Tätigkeiten und Handlungen...

Relational view on collaborative supply chain disruption recoveries

Marie Brüning & Julia Bendul
Due to their growing global and complex nature, supply chains are increasingly vulnerable to natural and man-made disasters that disrupt the flow of goods. Today, recovering from supply chain disruptions represents a major challenge for supply chain professionals. In research, most recovery methods suggested are based on redundancy and flexibility. In practice, a different approach gains momentum: companies recover by collaborating with their supply chain partners, especially by temporarily sharing resources. Based on the relational...

Transforming blood supply chain management with Internet of things paradigm

Wijai Boonyanusith & Phongchai Jittamai
Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm has transformed the traditional healthcare system into the smart one. The IoT-based healthcare system is able to connect all available resources to operate healthcare services via the internet network. It would maximize the utilization of healthcare resources such as blood and blood products, which are scarce resources. Blood supply chain is a challenging system to manage, which researchers usually study for improved methodologies to boost its operation efficiency. Thus, this...

Investigating the factors influencing the acceptance of fully autonomous cars

Ahmed Ziad Benleulmi & Thorsten Blecker
Once thought of as a product of science fiction, self-driving cars are discussed today as an unavoidable means towards improving transportation systems. In fact, many car manufacturers have announced their plans to deploy highly autonomous cars as soon as 2020; according to the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) these vehicles are capable of reacting “even if the human driver does not respond appropriately to the request to intervene (SAE level 4)”. There is however a...

Lead-time optimization potential of digitization in air cargo

Benjamin Bierwirth & Kai-Oliver Schocke
The air cargo supply chain consists of several parties: the forwarders collect air cargo shipments and consolidate these shipments in regional warehouses all over the continent. They decide upon the export airport and bring it there to consolidate all shipments in their air cargo hub - warehouse according to the chosen flight. Using local truckers, the shipments, consolidated by airline, are forwarded to the handling agents to load air cargo containers or to build up...

Cybersecurity in ports : a conceptual approach

Jenna Ahokas, Tuomas Kiiski, Jarmo Malmsten & Lauri Ojala
As the world is becoming increasingly digitalized, the role of cybersecurity on society is mounting. Recent cyberattacks have showed the vulnerability of critical infrastructure, including ports. The objective is to describe how cybersecurity is perceived in ports, as preparedness and regulation for cyberthreats in ports appears inadequate. The study is a conceptual analysis built upon a comprehensive literature review. The results show that regardless of the growing awareness of the issue, much work needs to...

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