103 Works

Prevention of catheter-associated UTI

Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Leyland Chuang & Edmund Chiong
We surveyed existing guidelines and literature on the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Key principles include avoiding unnecessary urinary catheterization, maintaining a closed aseptic drainage system and minimizing duration of catheterization. Institutional guidelines on appropriate indications for catheterization, reminder and stop-order systems, and policies on restricted urinary catheterization and nurse-directed catheter removal are effective and recommended. Urinary catheter care bundles and infection control interventions described in various guidelines are summarized and should be...

Medical treatment for urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB)

Christian Wejse
Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) should in general be treated as pulmonary TB with a four-drug regimen of Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide for a total of 6 months, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide only the first two months. Some patients may need longer treatment (cavitary disease, kidney abscess/malfunction, HIV co-infection). Treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires use of long-term intravenous treatment with aminoglycosides and other drugs with considerable toxicity for 18–24 months. Complications such as urinary tract...

Invasive therapy for bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC)

Claus Riedl
This chapter summarizes our present experience with invasive regimen in BPS/IC therapy. A broad spectrum of interventions including simple endoscopic procedures as well as extensive surgery are performed in this indication. Hydrodistension, fulguration of Hunner’s lesions, sacral neuromodulation and cystectomy may all give significant symptom relief to BPS/IC patients, however, the efficacy is not perfectly predictable. Thus, patient selection is crucial, and our algorithms for precise selection of patients for each procedure still are improvable.

Sustainable packaging solutions to improve resource efficiency in supply chains of perishable products

Sophia Dohlen, Antonia Albrecht & Judith Kreyenschmidt
The production of high quality and safe foods has increased steadily in recent years. At the same time, a sustainable food production gains in importance. Sustainability aspects include several different aspects, such as for example the energy efficiency of production and cooling plants, the logistic concepts, animal welfare aspects or the energy supply concepts. Especially the reduction of waste along the entire supply chain is increasingly discussed in public. The application of innovative packaging strategies...

UTI in renal transplant patients

Valerie Huei Li Gan & Daniel A. Shoskes
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infectious complication following kidney transplantation. The incidence in adults is about 20% in the first six months and 50% in the first three years, despite the common use of antibiotic prophylaxis. Risk factors include more intensive immunosuppression (especially the use of depleting induction antibodies and sirolimus), extremes of age, diabetes, prolonged time on dialysis, abnormal or reconstructed lower urinary tract and prolonged use of urinary catheters and...

3.4.1. Definition von Qualität

Hans-Joachim Hannich & Katharina Piontek
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – Updating a concise overview for urologists

Peter Schneede
Worldwide more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day. Given the growing rate of antimicrobial resistance of STIs and otherwise the effective improvements in STD laboratory testing, in STI treatment, and in STI prevention in the last decades urologists need to be periodically updated in this field. This article straightforwardly continues an Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Working Group (EAU) STD review, 2003, which has been updated in 2010, and which now...

2.7. Soziodemografische Grundlagen

Andrea Budnick & Adelheid Kuhlmey

2.2.5. Kognition und Sprache

Josef Unterrainer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.2.4. Gedächtnis

Susanne Diekelmann
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Polycystic renal disease

Tamara Perepanova & Oleg Apolikhin
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur in 21–75% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and as high as 50% have been reported in patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) during their lifetime. Frequently UTI is the first presentation of the disease. The urinary tract, renal parenchyma and cysts may be involved in the inflammatory process. Renal infection is...

Which antibiotics are used in urology worldwide

Mete Çek & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
A literature search of meta-analyses and reviews on the use of antibiotics in urology was made, and papers included were reviewed. The use of antibiotics in certain urological conditions and the clinical results obtained are discussed in light of these meta-analyses and reviews. The results of the Global Prevalence of Infections in Urology studies on usage of antibiotics for nosocomially acquired urinary tract infections and for prophylaxis before urological interventions are also reviewed and compared...

3.4. Qualitätssicherung

Hans-Joachim Hannich & Olaf von dem Knesebeck
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.3. Differentiellpsychologische Grundlagen

Margraf-Stiksrud Jutta
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2. Grundlagen der Psychologie und Soziologie und ihre Bedeutung für die Medizin

Renate Deinzer & Olaf von dem Knesebeck
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.5.2. Die Perspektive der Umwelt: Soziale Normen und Rollen

Stefanie Sperlich & Siegfried Geyer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Asymptomatic bacteriuria in hospitalized patients

Riccardo Bartoletti, Tommaso Cai, Florian M. E. Wagenlehner & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
Asymptomatic Bacteriuria (ABU) in hospitalized patients is a relatively frequent event and is mainly seen in patients with co-morbidities. This chapter incorporates the 2016 Guidelines on Urological Infections of the European Association of Urology and the latest Guideline of the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the management of ABU. A systematic literature search in Medline, Cochrane and Embase was also carried out. The following keywords were used: ABU and hospitalized/inpatients, ABU and elderly institutionalized...

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