1,131 Works

The Effect of Communication Skills Training on Quality of Care, Self-Efficacy, Job Satisfaction and Communication Skills Rate of Nurses in Hospitals of Tabriz, Iran

Esmail Khodadadi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Sima Moghaddasian & Jalil Babapour
Introduction: Having an effective relationship with the patient in the process of treatment is essential. Nurses must have communication skills in order to establish effective relationships with the patients. This study evaluated the impact of communication skills training on quality of care, self-efficacy, job satisfaction and communication skills of nurses. Methods: This is an experimental study with a control group that has been done in 2012. The study sample consisted of 73 nurses who work...

Evaluation of Glove Damage during Dental Procedures among Dental Specialists in Tabriz

Ali Taghavi Zenouz, Masoumeh Mahdipour, Reza Pakravan, Javad Yazdani, Saeed Nezafati, Ali Hossein Mesgarzadeh & Seyed Ahmad Arta
Background and aims. Dental practitioners are prone to occupational risk of infection. This can be prevented in part by wearing gloves. However, for this to be effective, gloves should be intact during the entire course of dental procedure. Leaky surgical latex gloves have been seen in 0.9% of cases before use. As much as 1.9% of latex gloves have been reported to be damaged during dental procedures. In this study, we decided to assess glove...

Factors Affecting the Decision to Quit Smoking of the Participants of a Hospital-Based Smoking Cessation Program in Greece

Charikleia Georgiadou, Maria Lavdaniti, Maria Psychogiou, Anastassios Tzenalis, Markos Sgantzos & Despina Sapountzi-Krepia
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that affect people who are in the process of quitting smoking. Methods: A randomly selected sample of 110 participants in a smoking cessation program (SCP) of a hospital in Thessaloniki Greece. Instruments of data collection were: i) the Demographic Data Lifestyle Questionnaire and ii) the Fragerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire. ANOVA tests between the Demographic Data Lifestyle Questionnaire and the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire relating to the...

Lactose Engineering for Better Performance in Dry Powder Inhalers

Yahya Rahimpour & Hamed Hamishehkar
Dry powder inhaler (DPI) is generally formulated as a powder mixture of coarse carrier particles and micronized drug with aerodynamic diameters of 1–5 μm. Carrier particles are used to improve drug particle flowability, thus improving dosing accuracy, minimizing the dose variability compared with drug alone and making them easier to handle during manufacturing operations. Lactose is the most common and frequently used carrier in DPIs formulations and nowadays various inhalation grades of lactose with different...

The Effect of Educational and Modifying Intervention on Asthma Control among Adolescents: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Soheila Zarei, Leila Valizadeh & Nemat Bilan
Introduction: Controlling over allergens and environmental irritants is one of the essential elements of controlling asthma. Asthma control in adolescents is a challenge. The current study was performed with the goal of investigating the effect of an educational and modifying intervention about asthma triggers on asthma control among adolescents. Methods: The current study was a randomized clinical trial. 60 adolescents of 12-18 years of age participated in this study. The participants were randomly divided into...

Technical Quality of Maternity Care: the Pregnant Women's Perspective

Andrew Wilson, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Kamal Gholipour & Mostafa Farahbakhsh
Background: Improving adherence to care standards is one way to improve quality of delivered care. This study aimed to determine the degree of providers' adherence to maternity care standards from the perspective of pregnant women. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 185 pregnant women in their ninth month of pregnancy who received maternity care from health centres in Tabriz, Iran. Participants were selected randomly from 40 health centres. Data collection used a researcher-developed questionnaire...

Mental Health and Its Personal and Social Predictors in Infertile Women

Shirin Hasanpour, Soheila Bani, Mojgan Mirghafourvand & Fatemeh Yahyavi Kochaksarayie
Introduction: Infertility is considered a traumatic stressor for infertile couples, and it becomes a psychosocial crisis for that person. Considering the importance of fertility and based on the cultural and social aspects of it in Iran, the present study aimed to determine mental health and its individual and social predictors in infertile women referring to the infertility center of Al-Zahra hospital in Tabriz, Iran, during 2012-2013. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study on 345 infertile...

Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration in First-Time Mothers: Ex­ploring the Impact of Father Involvement in the Early Post-Partum Period Breastfeeding

Theresa Hunter & Georg’ann Cattelona
Background: The early post-partum period is a crucial time for breastfeeding support. Mothers who have physical and emotional support during this period are more likely to be successful in breastfeeding. This study examined the rela­tionship between father involvement and support for breast feeding initiation and duration in first-time mothers. Methods: Overall, 146 women who attended a childbirth education class or breastfeeding course at BABS were asked to fill out the Childbirth Experiences Survey, which explored...

Theory of mind in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder compared to controls

Mohammad Taghi Saeedi Saeedi, Gholamreza Noorazar, Hassan Bafandeh, Mahboobe Taheri & Sara Farhang
Introduction: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have serious social skill deficits and problems in relation with peers. this study aimed to compare theory of mind (ToM) in drug naïve children with ADHD with those with no psychiatric disorders at the same age. Methods: This cross-sectional study was established in child and adolescent psychiatry clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Drug naïve, male children and adolescents with a diagnosis of ADHD were enrolled...

The Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Erythropoietin and Melatonin on Renal Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Male Rats

Nasser Ahmadiasl, Shokofeh Banaei, Alireza Alihemmati, Behzad Baradaran & Ehsan Azimian
Purpose: Renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is an important cause of renal dysfunction. It contributes to the development of acute renal failure (ARF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of erythropoietin (EPO) and melatonin (MEL), which are known anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents, in IR-induced renal injury in rats. Methods: Male Wistar Albino rats were unilaterally nephrectomized and subjected to 45 min of renal pedicle occlusion followed by 24 h reperfusion. MEL...

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Language Version of the System Usability Scale

Iman Dianat, Zahra Ghanbari & Mohammad AsghariJafarabadi
Background: The System Usability Scale (SUS) is a widely used self–administered instrument for evaluating the usability of a wide range of products and services. The aims of this descriptive-methodological study were to develop and investigate the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the SUS. Methods: The study was conducted among 202 university students from the Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Content validity was evaluated by a panel of 10 experts. Construct validity was...

Synthesis and Pharmacological Evaluation of Some New Pyrimidine Derivatives Containing 1, 2, 4-Triazole

Shantaram Gajanan Khanage, S. Appala Raju, Popat Baban Mohite & Ramdas Bhanudas Pandhare
Purpose: An efficient method has been described for synthesis of 6-(substituted aryl)-4-(3, 5-diphenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-1, 6-dihydropyrimidine-2-thiol, as a beneficial antimicrobial, anticonvulsant and anticancer agents. Methods: The clalcones of title compounds were synthesized in three steps and subsequently these chalcones were further reacted with thiourea in the presence of KOH in ethanol, which led to the formation of dihydropyrimidine derivatives (4a-j). Compounds 4a-j were screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activity by agar well method and their anticonvulsant...

Nonsurgical treatment of maxillary deficiency using tongue guard appliance: a case report

Farzaneh Ahrari & Neda Eslami
BThe present report describes orthodontic treatment of a patient with skeletal Class III malocclusion and maxillary hypoplasia. To correct the retrusive maxilla, the treatment plan included an intra-oral removable device. It had the advantages of good patient cooperation, ease of construction and effective modification. Forward growth of the maxilla, minimal downward and backward rotation of the mandible and improved facial profile esthetics were achieved.

Caregivers’ Knowledge and Use of Fermented Foods for Infant and Young Children Feeding in a Rural Community of Odi, Gaut­eng Province, South Africa

Paul K Chelule, Mathilda Mokgatle, Lindiwe Zungu & Armelia Chaponda
Background: Fermented foods have positive health effects in adults and chil­dren if consumed regularly. However, lack of knowledge and perceptions to­wards fermented foods may limit their usage. This study aimed to assess the caregivers’ awareness and usage of fermented foods for feeding children in peri-urban/rural communities of Gauteng Province. Methods: A qualitative exploratory study was conducted in June, 2012, in a peri-urban/rural community to assess the awareness and use of fermented foods by child caregivers...

Oral Health Behaviors in a Sample of Portuguese Adolescents: An Educational Issue

Nélio Veiga, Carlos Pereira, Paula Ferreira & Ilidio Correia
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral health behaviors among a sample of Portuguese adolescents and to evaluate the association with socio-demographic factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 447 adolescents aged 12-19 years, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal. A self-administered questionnaire was applied for data collection. Results: The prevalence of tooth brushing (twice-a-day or more) was 90.6%. About 6% of adolescents reported daily flossing, which...

Selenium Effect on Oxidative Stress Factors in Septic Rats

Elmira Zolali, Hadi Hamishehkar, Nasrin Maleki-Dizaji, Naime Majidi Zolbanin, Hamed Ghavimi, Maryam Kouhsoltani & Parina Asgharian
Purpose: Severe oxidative stress is an important event that occurs in patients with sepsis. The body has extensive and multiple defense mechanisms against the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during inflammation and sepsis. One of these mechanisms includes a group of enzymes that utilize selenium as their cofactor. The purpose of this study is investigating of Selenium effect on oxidative stress factors in animal model of sepsis. Methods: Sepsis was induced by caecal ligation and...

Down syndrome screening methods in Iranian pregnant women

Azizeh Farshbaf Khalili, Mahnaz Shahnazi, Khadijeh Hajizadeh & Mahmoud Shekari Khaniani
Introduction: Down syndrome is one of the most prevalent genetic diseases. Screening methods for this syndrome are easy and safe and are recommended to all pregnant wom-en particularly mothers over 35 years of age. This study aimed to review the status of Down syndrome screening and related factors in Iranian pregnant women. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was carried out in 2011. It included 400 women who were randomly selected from those referring to Alzahra...

Activated clotting time level with weight based heparin dosing during percutaneous coronary intervention and its determinant factors

Majid Soleimannejad, Naser Aslanabadi, Bahram Sohrabi, Morteza Shamshirgaran, Ahmad Separham, Babak Kazemi, Ebrahim Khayati Shal, Reza Madadi, Hamidreza Shirzadi, Hoda Azizi & Samad Ghaffari
Introduction: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may be associated with Thrombotic complications. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a potent and preferable antithrombotic agent during this procedure. Activated clotting time (ACT) is a good assay for accurate titration of UFH during PCI. The aim of this study was to evaluate ACT levels 10 minutes after administration of 100U/kg IV heparin and determining its associated factors.Methods: This study was performed in Madani hospital, Tabriz, Iran between January 2013 to...

The Relationship between Cognitive Appraisal and Adherence to Medical Regimens in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Shahnaz Ahrari, Ali Mohammadpour, Zahra Amouzeshi & Alireza Agha-Yousefi
Introduction: Non-adherence to medical regimen has remained a challenge to the medical profession as well as to social sciences. To achieve positive results, the factors negatively impacting patient adherence to medical regimens (i.e., diet, drug and exercise regimen) must be scrutinized in detail. The objective of this research was to explore the relationship between cognitive appraisal and adherence to medical regimens in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: In this correlational study, 218 type 2 diabetes...

Prevalence of occupational stress and its correlates among firefighters, Tehran, Iran, 2013

Mahdi Sepidarkish, Saeid Safiri, Seyed Hadi Hosseini & Reza Pakzad
Introduction: Among the various occupations, firefighters are exposed to stress due to the nature of their occupational. Hence, our aim in this study was to assess occupational stress and its correlates among Tehran’s firefighters, Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among firefighters of Tehran in 2013. A total of 312 staff of firefighting organization selected from five operating region through a multistage sampling. Demographic and occupational stress questionnaires were filled by subjects. Finally,...

Allelic Prevalence of ABO Blood Group Genes in Iranian Azari Population

Nojavan Nojavan, Karim Shamsasenjan, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh, Seyd Esmail Torabi & Morteza Ghojazadeh
Introduction: ABO blood group system is the most important blood group in transfusion and has been widely used in population studies. Several molecular techniques for ABO allele’s detection are widely used for distinguishing various alleles of glycosyl transferase locus on chromosome 9. Methods: 744 randomly selected samples from Azari donors of East Azerbaijan province (Iran) were examined using well-adjusted multiplex allele- specific PCR ABO genotyping technique. Results: The results were consistent for all individuals. The...

Antioxidant Activity of Rhizoma Cibotii in vitro

Wenqiong Mai, Dongfeng Chen & Xican Li
Purpose: The paper tried to systematically investigate the in vitro antioxidant activity of Rhizoma Cibotii (RC) for the first time. Method: The methanol extract from RC (MERC) was prepared then systematically investigated by various antioxidant assays, including: DPPH• (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical), ABTS•+ (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6- sulfonic acid diammonium salt radical), •O2- (superoxide anion radical), •OH (hydroxyl radical) scavenging assays, Fe3+ reducing power, Cu2+ reducing power assays, compared with positive controls Trolox (± -6 -hydroxyl -2,5, 7, 8-tetramethlychromane-2-carboxylic...

Application of lactobionic acid and nonionic surfactants as solubilizing agents for parenteral formulation of clarithromycin

Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Niaz Mousavian-Fathi, Saeed Ghanbarzadeh, Mohammad-Hosein Zarrintan & Hadi Valizadeh
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to enhance the solubility of clarithromycin (CLR) using nonionic surfactants and some type of acids for preparation of the new formulations. Methods: Myrj 52 and chremophor (2.5 and 5% w/v) were used in two concentrations. To investigate solubility, the formulations were shaken for 48 hours at room temperature. For stability test, lyophilized samples were maintained in refrigerator at 4° C, and in oven at 40° C. Drug analysis...

Antimicrobial Activity of Carbon-Based Nanoparticles

Solmaz Maleki Dizaj, Afsaneh Mennati, Samira Jafari, Khadejeh Khezri & Khosro Adibkia
Due to the vast and inappropriate use of the antibiotics, microorganisms have begun to develop resistance to the commonly used antimicrobial agents. So therefore, development of the new and effective antimicrobial agents seems to be necessary. According to some recent reports, carbon-based nanomaterials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (especially single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)) and graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles show potent antimicrobial properties. In present review, we have briefly summarized the antimicrobial activity of carbon-based...

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