522 Works

Provision of Moderately and Highly Effective Reversible Contraception to Insured Women with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Justine Wu, Jianying Zhang, Monika Mitra, Susan Parish & Geeth Kavya Minama Reddy
Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are less likely to be provided moderately and highly effective reversible contraceptives than women without intellectual and developmental disabilities

The Better Care Better Jobs Act and Home-and Community-Based Services

Joseph Caldwell
The Biden–Harris administration has proposed a $400 billion investment in Medicaid

Afterthoughts on Zadie Smith

John Plotz, Elizabeth Ferry & Zadie Smith
Zadie Smith touched down at Brandeis because Swing Time was this year's New Student Book Forum selection. It made for a busy day: on top of the podcast, she spoke to faculty and undergraduates at two different events. So, lots of material to discuss. We do our best to unpack Zadie Smith's take on sincerity, authenticity and human sacredness; the "golden ticket" dirty secret behind our hypocritical academic meritocracy; surveillance capitalism as the "biggest capital...

Birthright Israel during Covid-19: Program Impact on Summer 2021 Participants

Graham W. Wright, Shahar Hecht, Sasha Volodarsky & Leonard Saxe
This report documents the impact of Birthright Israel in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the aftermath of the May 2021 Israel-Hamas conflict. The findings draw data collected in pre- and post-trip surveys of US Jewish young adults who applied to go on summer 2021 Birthright Israel trips. The analyses examine changes in attitudes and behaviors among participants and nonparticipants. Despite the disruptions of the pandemic and the lingering tensions of the conflict, overall...

The Talk

Anne Valentine, Eun Ha Namkung, Monika Mitra & Lee Warner
Young women with cognitive disabilities are less likely to receive formal sex education than their nondisabled counterparts, meaning that they may not know how to practice safer sex. Limited access to contraception, too, may lead to riskier sexual practices among women with cognitive disabilities. This study examined whether women with disabilities (including cognitive and noncognitive disabilities) received formal sexual education at the same rate as women without disabilities, and whether differences in sex education affected...

Disability-Inclusive COVID-19 Recovery and Response in Africa

Hussain Zandam
Millions of Africans have a disability—and compared with people without disabilities, they're more likely to live in poverty, have limited educations, and be in poor health. Because health, education, employment, and transportation services are often inaccessible, people with disabilities are less likely to get the support they need to thrive. To make matters worse, the COVID-19 pandemic, which has made many of these disparities more apparent, poses a new threat to the well-being of people...

Sterilization of Women with and without Cognitive Disabilities in the United States

Henan Li, Monika Mitra, Justine Wu, Susan Parish, Anne Valentine & Robert S Dembro
Female sterilization is a term for treatments that stop women from getting pregnant. These treatments work by keeping eggs from going into the uterus (womb). Sterilization is the most common way that women in the US keep themselves from becoming pregnant. Though female sterilization is the most common way to avoid pregnancy, a person's class, race, disability, and ethnicity influence how many women get sterilized. Paying attention to these differences will help us understand more...

A Conversation with Mike Leigh

John Plotz, Elizabeth Ferry & Mike Leigh
The British filmmaker Mike Leigh puts the move into movies: he never stops changing, never stops inventing. In nearly 50 years of filmmaking, he has ranged from comic portrayals of ordinary life amid the social breakdowns of Thatcher's Britain (Life is Sweet, High Hopes) to gritty renditions of working-class constraint and bourgeois hypocrisy (Meantime, Abigail's Party, Hard Labour) to period films that reveal the "profoundly trivial" elements of artistic life even two centuries in the...

Organizing Everywhere: How Social Media and Relational Organizing are Redefining Political Participation in the Digital Age

Holly DeWolf Newman
Social media and digital tools have changed not only the ways that political campaigns interact with voters externally, but also the ways that campaigns organize themselves internally. The COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity to examine the impacts of digitization on campaign tactics and organization structures in a digital work environment, and to study the effects of the pandemic and broader changes in digital campaign strategies on political participation trends. The novel concept of ‘relational...

The Rose of Reason: The Dynamics of Alienation in Hegel's Project of Reconciliation

Kurtis Lee
Alienation, characterized by the spiritual estrangement between individuals and their social communities, is regarded by political philosophers as one of the most pertinent illnesses of modern society. Common interpretations of alienation, heavily influenced by Marx, define the problem as a symptom of external oppressions within society; the solution to alienation is grounded in the practices of social criticism and transformation. This thesis project explores the alternative, Hegelian theory of alienation through an examination of its...

The Policy Monopoly of Accountability: How Business Lobbyists Transformed Education Policy

Aidan Taylor Vogelson
In 1983, the Department of Education published a report entitled “A Nation at Risk”, which detailed the supposed decline of the American education system. In the wake of this publication, business lobbying interests across the country have lobbied for policies under the narrative of accountability. These accountability policies include standardized testing, punishments for failing schools, and additional assistance for students in need. This paper describes the process by which business interests captured the education policy...

\"You're Just Disabled\": Race-Avoidance in 1970s Special Education Legal Cases

Luca Duffy Swinford
The Disability Rights Movement is known to have been inspired by and benefitted from the work of the Black Civil Rights Movement and in particular, the NAACP in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and yet, racism in special education continues to persist, which is seen through disproportionality in disability diagnosis, disproportionality in referral to special education, and disproportionality in discipline. This thesis seeks to explore this contradiction by looking at four strategies from Brown...

A Steady Habit of Segregation: The Origins and Continuing Harm of Separate and Unequal Housing and Public Schools in Metropolitan Hartford, Connecticut

Susan Eaton
The enduring condition of racial and ethnic segregation in schools and housing in metropolitan Hartford, Connecticut, is rooted in historical and contemporary racial discrimination and in practices and policies that exacted disparate harm on Black and Latinx people. School segregation both reflects and reinforces segregation in housing that was created, sustained, and exacerbated over decades. By all available measures, both the state of Connecticut and the Hartford metropolitan area have extremely high levels of racial...

Rewriting the Nation: Dorothy Thompson on Women, Anti-Fascism and American Journalism in the 1930s

Gavi Klein
Throughout her life, Dorothy Thompson asserted that journalists, and women journalists in particular, had a responsibility to guide Americans towards the moral right. She embodied this responsibility herself, passionately so, and devoted her career in the 30s towards defending the U.S. from the threat of fascism, which she viewed as encroaching upon the world. This thesis explores how Thompson’s journalism contributed to a shifting journalistic paradigm and how she characterized journalists as moral guides in...

The 21st Century Cures Act Final Rule: Impacts on Practice and Reactions from Clinical and Laboratory Genetic Counselors

Victoria Morris
The Cures Act Final Rule, enacted in response to the passing of the 21st Century Cures Act, focuses on granting immediate patient access to their personal medical record, including test results and clinical documentation. The immediate release of results to patients electronically may result in a significant shift in the role of genetic counselors in the communication of genetic information. This project sought to understand changes in practice experienced by clinical and laboratory genetic counselors...

Molecular and neuronal mechanisms underlying early experience-dependent chemosensory plasticity in C. elegans

Travis Sherfy Kyani-Rogers
Across the tree of life, an organism’s survival and reproduction is dependent on the ability to sense, respond, and in some instances predict their environment. Organisms that can properly integrate environmental and internal cues to form adaptive behaviors can increase their fitness. One critically important sensory modality in animals is olfaction, which enables animals to locate sources of food and mates, as well as pathogens or predators. Responses of animals to food or chemical stimuli...

Haiti and Being: Vodoun, Zombies and the Plantation Continuum

Patrick Sylvain
“Haiti and Being” examines Black beingness through metaphoric signification of the zombie figure of Haitian Vodoun. While literary studies of the Zombie have understood the figure as the ultimate metaphor of non-being and the liminal threshold between life and death, the decolonizing potential of the Zombie figure, especially within the tradition of Haitian Vodoun, is not well explored. By reading Haiti as a liminal and temporal sphere of existence, it becomes a precarious container, an...

Attractor state transitions and decision-making algorithms underlying behavior

Benjamin Nicolaas Ballintyn
In order to achieve its overarching goal of surviving and thriving in a complex and ever-changing environment, the brain must be able to take in sensory stimuli and transform this information into behavioral outputs appropriate for its current situation. This transformation requires solutions to many distinct sub-problems. Prominent among these are 1) the ability to flexibly alter behavioral responses to stimuli given the current context and 2) the ability to efficiently allocate the resources of...

The Current Status of Family History Collection and Family Medical Screening Recommendations in the Sudden Death in the Young Case Registry

Bailey Alexis Kamp
Sudden death in the young (SDY) is a public health issue that affects thousands of individuals in the United States annually. Both non-inherited and inherited causes of SDY have been identified, with the latter potentially putting surviving family members at risk of sudden death as well. Utilization of family history along with autopsy findings can lead to the identification of at-risk families who should have screening in order to identify other affected individuals. The SDY...

Individual and Cultural Differences in Memory Related to Brain Structure

Nicolette Barber
Memory is a subjective experience that differs across individuals and cultures. The emphasis we place on certain memories and how we choose to encode, consolidate, and store them could alter neuroanatomy. Previous research findings have shown how experiences such as learning modify brain structure. Expanding on this idea, cross-cultural studies have provided evidence of structural differences between East Asians and Americans. In samples of 51 Americans and 57 Taiwanese, we investigated the relationship between individual...

Integrating Culture into Genetic Counseling: A Qualitative Study Investigating the Experiences of Families with Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Alaena Lim
Given their rarity, chronicity, and intense disease management requirements, inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) present a unique set of challenges for families of affected individuals. The challenges may be mitigated or exacerbated by elements of culture such as beliefs, values, and behavioral practices that impact relationships among family members, with the community, and with healthcare providers. Despite this possibility, research regarding this topic has been sparse, only focusing on elucidating differences in treatment compliance between...

Discourse Processing with Self-Paced Listening: A Pupillometric Analysis of Task Engagement

Thomas Allen Hansen
Adult users of cochlear implants (CIs) must perceive, understand, and recall speech from a sharply degraded acoustic input. These real-world demands of speech processing in CI users can be contrasted with current clinical outcome studies that focus almost entirely on intelligibility of phonemes, words, and short sentences. This thesis consists of two experiments. Experiment 1 tested the recall of discourse passages presented to normal (acoustic) hearing young adults, with noise-band vocoding used to simulate the...

Staff Orientation Effectiveness and Implementation at Jewish Summer Camps & the Role of the Counselor-in-Training Program

Zachary Goldberger
All summer camps go through an accreditation process, and an integral part of what the American Camping Association (ACA) looks for when accrediting a camp is how they train their staff through what is widely called Staff Orientation. Each camp structures its orientation differently, to tailor it to the mission of the camp and the goals for the overall staff and specific roles. While staff orientations are used at all camps accredited by the ACA,...

Tropical Stalinism: Caribbean Anti-Communism and the war against the Black State

Isaiah D. Johnson
My research explores how Anti-Black racism synthesized with the anti-communism of the Cold War era, and formed a unique strain of ideological outlook which informs U.S. imperial policy in the Caribbean. My thesis seeks to center the Cuban and Grenadian Revolutions in order to articulate this racialized politique in practice. By exploring the history of slavery, the emergence of the U.S. as an imperial power, and Caribbean communism, my project looks to explicitly name and...

Evaluating Graduate School Training for Pediatric Cancer Genetic Counselors

Katherine Autumn Prince
Pediatric cancer genetic counseling has many unique considerations compared to other genetic counseling specialties that may not be addressed in a typical graduate school training program, neither in clinical nor didactic curriculum. Some of these considerations include learning about unique hereditary cancer syndromes, greater family-centered counseling, tailoring cancer education to children and adolescents, and working with unique ethical deliberations. Little research has been done to assess the quality of pediatric cancer education or the preparedness...

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