The most of the global organic carbon is stored in the forest soil. The large quantity of CO2 emitted from soil is a consequence of land use change, both through human activities (e.g. agriculture) or natural hazards (e.g. flooding, landslides, erosion). A net carbon loss from soils adds to the increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration, probably leading to higher global temperatures. On the other hand, a net soil CO2 sequestration could help to mitigate...
Earth System Modelling and Climate Services, Earth System Modelling for Climate Projections, Climate Predictions and Future Challenges, The Downscaling Effort: Climate Modelling Goes Regional, Refinement Techniques, From Science to Society.
This report presents an overview of the Targeted Products of the Challenge 2 (Marine Protected Areas). It describes the methodology used to develop the products and attempts to answer some of the primary questions regarding the adequacy and representativity of the Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas-Fisheries Restricted Areas network.
The Annex 3 is providing the analysis of availability indicators for all P02 characteristics by challenge. This assessment is done on the entire Mediterranean Sea metadatabase, not only for the selected input data sets chosen to make the Challenge products. The input data sources selected for each P02 characteristics in the Challenges are different and can have different availability indicators.
This Annex presents the Quality Elements (QE) composing the appropriateness indicators and the indicator of “Fitness for Use” for the input data sets. After a list of Targeted products is presented, the appropriateness methodology is introduced followed by the description of the chosen ISO Quality Elements.
The CMEMS Mediterranean Sea Biogeochemistry Analysis and Forecast dataset consists of daily 3D fields of chlorophyll, net primary production, nitrate, phosphate, dissolved oxygen, carbon biomass of phytoplankton, pH and pCO2 for the period 2013-2017. The dataset is produced by the coupled transport-biogeochemical model OGSTM-BFM and the variational data assimilation scheme 3DVARBIO for surface chlorophyll. The model has a 1/16˚ (ca. 6-7 km) horizontal grid resolution and 72 unevenly spaced vertical levels.
The primary aim of the wind farm siting challenge is to assess whether the currently available data on the Mediterranean Sea are appropriate for the preliminary assessment required to identify potential new farm sites. A variety of factors are considered to be important for wind farm siting. These factors include the natural resources data that can be used to define the energy potential of the area and the local climatic characteristics, and the intense anthropogenic...
Annex 4 presents the details of the appropriateness indicators described in Annex 2. The indicators will be analysed as a function of Challenges and P02 characteristic categories.
This report provides an overview of the targeted products of Challenge 7 (River Inputs), and describes the method applied to produce them. It also attempts to answer some primary questions about the "adequacy" of the input data.
The CMEMS Mediterranean Sea Biogeochemistry reanalysis dataset consists of monthly 3D fields of chlorophyll, net primary production, nitrate, phosphate, dissolved oxygen, carbon biomass of phytoplankton, pH and pCO2 for the period Jan1999 - Dec2015. The dataset is produced by the coupled transport-biogeochemical model OGSTM-BFM and the variational data assimilation scheme 3DVARBIO for surface chlorophyll. The model has a 1/16˚ (ca. 6-7 km) horizontal grid resolution and 72 unevenly spaced vertical levels.
The targeted products were divided in two main tasks, based on the Challenge 5 Objectives: TASK 1) fishery datasets of fish landings, discard and by-catch (ETP species) for assessing the quality, extracting the synergies and identifying the gaps in the fishery data collection systems in the Mediterranean Sea; TASK 2) maps showing the extent of the trawling fishing grounds in order to identify the areas that have been most disturbed by bottom trawling and the...
This document illustrates the EMODnet Oil Platform Leaks (OPL) Bulletin, which is the Targeted Product of Challenge 3. The EMODnet OPL Bulletin simulates the fate and transport of oil leaks from platforms. The oil movement from the platform is simulated for a week after the release and the bulletin can be updated at the customer’s request. Possible impacts on the coasts are also considered. The EMODnet OPL Bulletin is issued every time a request arrives...
The MyOcean-CMEMS Mediterranean Sea reanalysis (MED REA) system comprises an Ocean General Circulation Model based on NEMO 3.2-3.4 code and a variational data assimilation scheme (OceanVar) for temperature and salinity vertical profiles and satellite SLA along track data. The model horizontal grid resolution is 1/16˚ (ca. 6-7 km) and the unevenly spaced vertical levels are 72. It spans the time period 1987-2015 and it is yearly updated.
The second Mediterranean Data Adequacy Report (DAR) is completing the development of concepts and methodologies initiated in the Literature Review and in the first Data Adequacy Report. The aim of this DAR is to document the reliability and utility of the existing monitoring system at the sea basin level and it identifies the gaps, prioritizing them. This DAR describes the final methodological approach for the MedSea Checkpoint based upon ISO and INSPIRE principles and the...
This annex gives the definition of the SeaDataNet categories of characteristics in use in the First Data Adequacy Report (DAR1).
The Mediterranean CheckPoint metadatabase presently contains information about 47 different characteristic categories(P02 vocabulary), 23 P03 group of characteristics, 266 data sets descriptors, covering16 INSPIRE themes (over a total of 34) and 6 environmental matrices. The input data sets metadatabase is accessible at: http://www.emodnet-mediterranean.eu/browser/
This document review the literature and describes the elements used for the classification of the upstream data needed by the challenges and the template 2 to be used by the challenge partners to collect them.
The CMEMS Mediterranean Sea Analysis and Forecast system comprises an Ocean General Circulation Model based on NEMO v3.4 coupled with a Wave Model WW3 v3.14 and a variational data assimilation scheme (OceanVar) for temperature and salinity vertical profiles and satellite SLA along track data. The model has a 1/16˚ (ca. 6-7 km) horizontal grid resolution and 72 unevenly spaced vertical levels. It spans the time period 2013-2017 and it is daily updated.
The 60 years reanalysis has been produced by combining, every day, the output of the ocean model, forced by atmospheric surface fluxes and relaxed to SST, and quality controlled ocean observations. The hydrodynamics are supplied by the Nucleos for European Modelling of the Ocean (NEMO), with a variational data assimilation schema (OceanVar) thanks to which salinity and temperature profiles and satellite Sea Level Anomaly along track data are jointly assimilated to estimate the initial condition...
This report provides an overview of the targeted products of Challenge 6 (Marine Environment) and describes the methodology we used to produce them. It also attempts to answer some primary “adequacy” questions.
This annex gives the list of the upstream data sources identified by the seven challenges of the MEDSEA Checkpoint project organised by environmental matrix, by group of SeaDataNet categories of characteristics (P03 list), by categories of characteristics (P02 list) and by characteristic (with the corresponding SDN P01 code and definition when available).
Annex 5 presents the expert evaluation of Targeted Product quality and gaps in the input data sets.
EMODnet MedSea CheckPoint aims to document the quality assessment of the existing monitoring system at the sea basin level, by developing fitness for use indicators to show the appropriateness and availability of monitoring data for the production of Challenge targeted products. There are seven Challenges: Wind Farm Siting (CH1), Marine Protected Areas (CH2), Oil spill Platform Leaks (CH3), Climate and Coastal Protection (CH4), Fisheries (CH5), Marine Environment (CH6) and Rivers (CH7). The assessment will help...
The CMEMS Mediterranean Sea Physics Analysis and Forecast system comprises an Ocean General Circulation Model based on NEMO v3.6 and a variational data assimilation scheme (OceanVar) for temperature and salinity vertical profiles and satellite SLA along track data. The model has a 1/24˚uniform horizontal grid resolution and 141 unevenly spaced vertical levels. It spans the time period 2015-2017 and it is daily updated.
The document summarizes the tasks developed by the Climate and Coast Protection challenge as part of the MedSea Checkpoint Project. The report describes the methods developed for generating each targeted product requested by the contract tender. It specifies the main characteristics of the datasets, the main gaps in them and the problems associated with their use.