In questo volume è raccolta la maggior parte delle memorie presentate in occasione della “Decima Giornata di Studio Ettore Funaioli”, che si è svolta il 15 luglio 2016 presso la Scuola di Ingegneria e Architettura dell’Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna. La Giornata è stata organizzata dagli ex allievi del Prof. Ettore Funaioli con la collaborazione del DIN – Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e della Scuola di Ingegneria e Architettura dell’Alma Mater Studiorum –...
With the application of Legislative Decree no. 193/2007, Italy has partially solved the administrative problems about the application of the EU Regulations on food safety, even if the European provisions had to be directly applied from 1st January 2006. The European Commission was pursuing a legal action against Italy for failing to comply properly with their obligations under EU law. These decisions covering many sectors aim to ensure proper application of EU law for the...
The Legislative Decree. n. 181 of 27 September 2010, Implementation of Directive 2007/43/EC regarding minimum standards for the protection of broilers kept for meat production, sets out specific requirements for the welfare of chickens kept for meat production, in conjunction with the general dictates of Legislative Decree n. 146/2001 regarding the welfare of farmed animals. Within 60 days since its publication, the Ministry of Health should have issued a more specific implementing decree, in order...
The legislation on the establishment of the Registry of livestock animals is constantly evolving, and even pigs are subject to identification and registration. This is a relevant factor and guarantee for subsequent food chain, in a state like Italy that has a tradition of excellence in the world for food production processes with pork.
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico, Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Ways of imitation
Osservazioni sull’indipendenza dell’esperienza immediata: da Frege alla «fenomenologia sperimentale» di Paolo BozziLuca Taddio
Paolo Bozzi developed his «experimental phenomenology» from the Gestalt psychology tradition, particularly from Gaetano Kanizsa’s method. The distinction between «phenomenal description» and «causal explanation» of the «perception» springs up from the analysis of Bozzi’s «S-D psychophysical scheme». What Frege, who was well-known by Bozzi, deals with in paragraph 71 of The Thought theoretically mirrors what is outlined in the Scheme and could also be intended as its source. The juxtaposition between a «science of observable...
The Organization of Pessimism: Profane Illumination and Anthropological Materialism in Walter BenjaminRicardo Ibarlucía
This paper explores Walter Benjamin’s relationship with French Surrealism from sources rarely studied or practically unknown until now. First, I will set out the direct link between the theses on “profane illumination” and the “organization of pessimism” in Der Sürrealismus. Die letzte Momentaufnahme der europäischen Intelligenz, and various texts by Pierre Naville, one of the most active figures in the Surrealist movement between 1925 and 1929. Second, I will consider Benjamin’s commentaries in Pariser Passagen...
The article examines the use of the concept of mimesis in Adorno’s notes towards a theory of musical performance. In trying to idiosyncratically define the latter as “reproduction”, Adorno relied on a framework elaborating on concepts introduced by Arnold Schoenberg, Hugo Riemann and Walter Benjamin – a framework that the article discusses insofar as it deals with the problem of mimesis. Specific attention is devoted to the relation between Benjamin’s essays on language and translation...
In a well-known course he gave in 1904-1905, Edmund Husserl developed a ‘threefold’ notion of image revolving around the notion of depiction [Abbildung]. More specifically, the phenomenological description allows a seeing-in to emerge as an essential characteristic of the image consciousness, in which an image object assumes the role of a representant [Repräsentant] in order to allow us to see the image subject in the image itself (thanks to “moments of resemblance” shared by image...
This paper deals with a development of the ancient thought on mimesis in its modern reception as regards a certain idea of theatre. It defends the hypothesis that the figure of the character, as set up in Diderot’s Paradoxe sur le comédien, has its source in a curious reversal of the Platonic mimesis. After presenting the main tenets of Plato’s reflection on mimesis and of Diderot’s theory on character, showing their convergences and contrasts, it...
What is a toy? As objects of play, toys seem to be inextricably bound up with mimesis: a child plays ‘make believe’, for example, with a doll or toy cart. But as I will show, Plato has a very different conception of toys from the modern one which tends to conceive of play as essentially mimetic. Toys do not derive their pleasure from being mimetic objects; rather, they are essentially pleasure objects and as such...
This paper wants to address the Aristotelian analysis of the concept of mimesis from a social and cultural angle. It is going to show that mimesis is crucial if we want to understand why the institution of the theatre played such a crucial role in the civic educational programme of classical Athens. The paper’s argument is that the magic spell of theatrical imitation, its aesthetic machinery was exploited by the city for civic educational function....
This paper revisits Plato’s and Aristotle’s views on mimesis with a special emphasis on mythos as an integral part of it. I argue that the Republic’s notorious “mirror argument” is in fact ad hominem: first, Plato likely has in mind Agathon’s mirror in Aristophanes’ Thesmoforiazusae, where tragedy is construed as mimesis; second, the tongue-in-cheek claim that mirrors can reproduce invisible Hades, when read in combination with the following eschatological myth, suggests that Plato was not...
My paper sets out to compare neuroaesthetics and transcendental philosophy, concerning the perception of schemes of imitation in aesthetic experience. The argument is structured in four steps: first, I will introduce the function of schemes in mirror-neuron-based processes and in general in the embodiment theory of Mark Johnson and George Lakoff; second, I will consider some analogical relations between a transcendental approach and neuroaesthetics concerning semantics; third, starting with the statement that one open question...
Defining biomimetics (§ 1) as the imitation of models, systems and elements of nature for the purpose to solve human complex problems, the essay considers (§ 2) some examples of that activity, like display technologies, and nanoscientific innovations. According to the literature on the subject, the further section of the article (§ 3) examines the possibility of giving a conceptual framework for biomimetic processes, starting from the observation of its current insufficient development both on...
The present contribution is mainly intended to illustrate how some recent discoveries in the field of neurosciences have revolutionized our ideas about perception, action and cognition, and how these new neuro-scientific perspectives can shed light on the human relationship to art and aesthetics, in the frame of an approach known as "experimental aesthetics". Experimental aesthetics addresses the problem of artistic images by investigating the brain-body physiological correlates of the aesthetic experience and human creativity, providing...
The paper both connects and disassociates the work of Walter Benjamin and Aby Warburg. There are two interrelated undertakings. The first involves the relationship between philosophy and art history and thus how art history figures within the philosophical. The second pertains to the status of the image. Part of the argument to be advanced is that an engagement with philosophical approach to art history yields a concern with the image in which it is the...
To a great extent, cultural learning is mimetic learning, which is at the center of many processes of education, self-education, and human development. It is directed towards other people, social communities and cultural heritages and ensures that they are kept alive. Mimetic learning is a sensory, body-based form of learning in which images, schemas and movements needed to perform actions are learned. This embodiment is responsible for the lasting effects that play an important role...
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico, Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Ways of imitation
La Cour de justice et la mise en balance des intérêts dans le contexte de crise financière: la décision Dowling et al.Romain Foucart
European Papers; European Forum; Insight of 16 July 2017; www.europeanpapers.eu; p. 1-6; ISSN 2499-8249
Università degli Studi di Bologna14,611
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