83 Works

Sezione di Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica, Vol 11, N° 1 (2015)

Sezione Di Museologia Scientifica E Naturalistica
LE RISORSE INVISIBILI La gestione del patrimonio archeologico e scientifico tra criticità e innovazione

FORMA E INDIVIDUALITÀ NEL DETERMINISMO BIOLOGICO DI CLAUDE BERNARD

ANNAMARIA CONTINI
This essay aims at pointing out the relevance of the question of individuality in the epistemological project of Claude Bernard, the scientist who plays a decisive role in defining the physiology as an autonomous science. Through a detailed analysis of Bernard’s theoretical corpus, this paper shows that the question is closely joined with other problematic issues such as the specificity of the life and the sciences of life, the need to forge original concepts and...

DUGALD STEWART: ABITI MENTALI, EDUCAZIONE DEL CARATTERE E VIZI DEI FILOSOFI

CRISTINA PAOLETTI
Dugald Stewart devoted to the «Varieties of Intellectual Characters» a chapter in the third volume of his Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, published in 1827. Aiming to give a full account of the human mind and to stress the natural modifications of character produced by the acquisition of mental habits, the chapter focused on three characters: the poet, the mathematician, and the metaphysician. Stewart mostly pleaded their defects and degenerations: poets were...

TIPO, FORMA, MEMORIA. BUFFON E IL PROBLEMA DELLA DÉGÉNÉRATION

SALVATORE TEDESCO
The concept of dégénération in Buffon plays a key role in allowing to articulate a reflection on the relationship between species and individual, in theorizing the unit of the type as hierarchical concept of higher order capable of giving an account of the reality of life in its diversification, and especially in allowing the arising of a consideration of the relationship between matter and living form that will profoundly affect the origins of modern biology...

Il corpo dello spettatore. Performance studies e nuova teatrologia

Marco De Marinis
It may seem trivial to say that theatrical relationships bring into play the body as well as the mind, the muscles as well as the thought, the senses as well as the nerves, imagination as well as emotion , and this goes both for the viewer and for the actor or performer. Theater people have always known this; on the contrary theatrical history and theory seem to have acknowledged it only recently. In fact, it...

BÉNÉDICTE SÈRE AND JÖRG WETTLAUFER (EDS.), Shame Between Punishment and Penance.

TOMMASO MARTINO
I castelli di Yale online, volume III, numero 1, 2015

PENSARE SECONDO LA FORMA. LA BIOLOGIA FILOSOFICA DI MAURICE MERLEAU-PONTY

MARA MELETTI BERTOLINI
The paper deals with the «philosophy of form» developed by Merleau-Ponty in La structure du comportement (1942). Through the concepts of form and structure, the philosopher looks for a new instrument of knowledge able to connect life order with specifically human order. What is at stake is the attempt to conceptualize a «conscience naturée» which makes it possible to reinterpret the dialectical relation between life and thought, and to rethink some categories of moral philosophy...

«L’OPTIMISME EST DÉSESPÉRANT». VOLTAIRE E LA TEOLOGIA DELLA CORRUZIONE

ANTONIO GURRADO
Voltaire’s views on optimism are grounded on what Pope wrote in An Essay on Man. Voltaire replicates such views, yet in an altogether different context, in the Discours en vers sur l’homme and exposes a full theory of the middle nature of man in the Anti-Pascal (Lettres philosophiques). Yet, originally refusing the theory of original sin, Voltaire seems to consider it more likely from 1756 on, after the great Lisbon earthquake. From his Poème sur...

DAVID HUME E IL CARATTERE: TRA CRITICA DELL’IDENTITÀ PERSONALE E RIFLESSIONE SULLA MORALE

EUGENIO LECALDANO
Hume never develops the concept of character in any systematic way, but the following text maintains that this concept is very fruitful for giving a general interpretation of Hume’s «science of man». The character’s conceptual space in not the same of «personal identity» that Hume criticizes in Treatise’s book I. The character has a central part in morality and in social life and it is a methodological instrument to show the prevailing role of passions...

MICHEL PASTOREAU, Les signes et les songes. Études sur la symbolique et la sensibilité médiévales

SILVANA VECCHIO
I castelli di Yale online, volume II, numero 1, 2014

MicroCT analysis of archaeozoological remains: a non-destructive approach to the age-estimation

Francesco Boschin, Federico Bernardini, Clément Zanolli & Claudio Tuniz
Summary - Several recent studies are based on microCT analyses of the bone structure at micro- and meso-scales. Most of them are carried out in the field of biomedical research (particularly for bioengineering applications) and, increasingly, in palaeoanthropology and palaeontology. The potentiality of microCT structural analysis of archaeozoological remains is here assessed with the aim to evaluate the applications of such a non-destructive approach to the age-estimation of animal remains through the analysis of the...

Yaleschlösser: breve e veridica storia dei castelli di Yale Presentazione della rivista 'i castelli di Yale'

Marco Bertozzi
In the Italian translation of Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment, “Yaleschlösser” (Yale locks) became “i castelli di Yale” (Yale’s castles). This mistake was regarded as a good title for a new philosophical review… The article relates the (detective)story of this fantastic misunderstanding. leggi tutto

Inganni e impostura tra Cardano e Naudé

LORENZO BIANCHI
The article examines the theme of deceit – a main subject in Machiavelli’s thought – in some post-Machiavelian thinkers like Girolamo Cardano and Gabriel Naudé, that use deceit in a new political and “prudential” perspective. In his De sapientia (1544) and Proxeneta (1570 ca.) Cardano considers dissimulation and deceit as the basis of practical conduct. In his Considérations politiques (1639) the French free thinker Gabriel Naudé examines the theme of strength and of deception in...

UNA FENOMENOLOGIA DELLA VITA: RENAUD BARBARAS

GIULIANO SANSONETTI
It is evident, and even trivial, that philosophy is always philosophy of life, since there is no philosophy without life; however, from its origin philosophy has placed itself outside life, aiming to go beyond life. Thanks to phenomenology, life comes to be the proper object of thought; life is considered in its dual meaning of living being and individual life, of being alive and of the experience of life. Renaud Barbaras is the thinker who...

NORMAN ANGELL E IL CATTIVO AFFARE DELLA GUERRRA

ALBERTO CASTELLI
The article explores Norman Angell’s ideas on the causes of war and the possibilities of keeping a lasting and peaceful settlement of Europe. It especially focuses on what Angell states in The Great Illusion, his most important book, written just five years before the First World War exploded. In that work, Angell explains that war between two states is harmful both for the looser and for the winner because it destroys their productive system and...

Betacismo e altre alternanze in dialetti italiani meridionali. Il rafforzamento è l'opposto della lenizione?

Laura Bafile
Lenition and strengthening are often considered to be the opposite results of a same process affecting, in opposite directions, segmental strength. The notion of strength, however, far from being a theoretical entity, is commonly used to describe properties and processes of different nature. Furthermore, on closer examination, lenition and fortition appear to be different phenomena, frequent, “spontaneous”, truly phonological the former, rare and often morphologised the latter. With reference to some word-initial consonant alternations of...

Cacciatori gravettiani ed epigravettiani nei Colli Berici (Vicenza): due casi di sfruttamento dell’orso delle caverne (Ursus spelaeus)

Nicola Nannini & Matteo Romandini
Riassunto - La revisione tassonomica e tafonomica dei resti faunistici provenienti dalla nicchia terminale del Covolo Fortificato di Trene ha arricchito le conoscenze sulle modalità di sussistenza di gruppi di cacciatori dell’Epigravettiano antico presenti sui Colli Berici (Vicenza) nella grande Pianura Padana circa 20.000 14C anni BP. Durante la frequentazione il sito era immerso in un ambiente prevalentemente forestale a clima temperato freddo con presenza di zone umide nella piana sottostante come testimoniano alce, cervo,...

LE RISORSE INVISIBILI La gestione del patrimonio archeologico e scientifico tra criticità e innovazione

Brunella Muttillo, Marina Cangemi & Carlo Peretto
Il patrimonio culturale italiano riveste grande importanza e significato a livello mondiale, non solo per la sua complessità, che deriva dalla sequenza di fondamentali contesti storici che si sono succeduti nel tempo, ma anche per le sue dimensioni, in termini di qualità e quantità. Quest’ultimo aspetto, quello della quantità, è da tempo discusso in differenti ambiti in particolare con riferimento all’insieme dei beni culturali conservati nei depositi di musei e istituzioni che, seppur organizzati, spesso...

Indagare la neolitizzazione attraverso l'analisi del DNA antico delle principali specie domestiche (Ovis aries e Bos taurus): l'esempio del sito del Neolitico iniziale di Rendina di Melfi (Potenza)

Azzurra Mascelloni, Federica Gabbianelli, Francesca Alhaique, Lorraine Pariset & Alessio Valentini
Riassunto - L'analisi archeozoologica dei numerosissimi reperti raccolti nel sito del Neolitico Antico di Rendina di Melfi (VI-metà V mill. a.C.) è stata affiancata dalle analisi del DNA effettuate su resti di ovini (Ovis aries) e bovini (Bos taurus/primigenius), in un laboratorio apposito e con criteri specifici, volti a evitare la contaminazione con DNA moderno. È stato estratto il DNA da 23 resti in totale. A causa dello stato di conservazione e dell'età dei resti...

GABRIEL TARDE, L’azione dei fatti futuri. I possibili

RICCARDO FEDRIGA
I castelli di Yale online, volume III, numero 1, 2015

LA MINACCIA DEL CORPO MORTO. UN FILONE ESTENSE DAL CINQUE AL SETTECENTO

GIOVANNI RICCI
This essay considers the first and not metaphorical meaning of the word corruption: «The corrupt, being corrupt, in the sense of decomposition, decay, rot». I will reflect on the relationship between the living and the dead meaning the seconds actually like dead bodies. Along a thin line, defined as Estense because unraveled between Ferrara and Modena, I will trace the signs of a growing rift between the living and the dead during the Modern Age,...

PAUL GOODMAN, Individuo e comunità. Scritti politici

ALBERTO CASTELLI
I castelli di Yale online, volume III, numero 1, 2015

LILIANA RAMPELLO, Sei romanzi perfetti. Su Jane Austen

PAOLA ZANARDI
I castelli di Yale online, volume III, numero 1, 2015

CORRUZIONE E MALATTIA NELLA MEDICINA D’ETÀ MODERNA

MARCO BRESADOLA
The concept of corruption plays a central role in early modern medicine, in which it can refer either to the disease process or to the decaying process that follows the death of the body. The article explores these different meanings of the term, and their relative tensions, in two specific areas: medicina practica and anatomy. While in practical medicine the concept of corruption is generally associated to the process of putrefaction that accompanies the disease,...

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