4,073 Works

Happiness and Ideological Reconfiguration in the Revolutionary Novels of Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Hays (1788-1799)

Isabelle Bour
In the writings of Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Hays, the attack on patriarchy paradoxically does not leave much room for happiness, as it is combined with an inscription of femininity within the paradigm of sensibility. Sensibility, though reviled by Wollstonecraft in some of her works, functions as a plot matrix, which neutralizes the rational arguments of the female protagonist (in fiction) or the pamphleteer (in polemical essays). Furthermore, Wollstonecraft and Hays are more concerned with...

«The Multiplicity of Agreeable Consciousness»

Rudolph Freiburg
Samuel Johnson’s life was troubled by diverse physical diseases and – one year before his death – he experienced a stroke. Moreover, he suffered from recurring fits of depression. But Johnson was also merry, loved witty conversations, good food and his nightly tours through London pubs. Johnson maintained that pleasure and pain were closely connected with each other. In both his dialogues with James Boswell and in his comprehensive literary works, Johnson reveals a philosophy...

The Spectator, Aesthetic Experience and the Modern Idea of Happiness

Brian Michael Norton
Focusing on Joseph Addison and Richard Steele’s Spectator papers, this essay links modern ideas of happiness to the emergence of aesthetic theory in early eighteenth-century Britain. It argues that Addison and his contemporaries understood aesthetics foremost as a means of enriching life through sharpening our sensory experience of the world, especially the world of nature. The «happiness» that attends this experience, as they describe it, is a heightened sense of feeling alive, of connecting to...

Jonathan Swift: Defeat, Isolation, and the Price of Failed Norms

Howard Weinbrot
Starting with Jonathan Swift’s famous letter on the ‘falsity’ of the notion of man as ‘animal rationale’, this article investigates the role of norms and the normative in his works. The essay especially considers A Tale of a Tub, Gulliver’s Travels, the mock Marlborough-eulogy, the final ‘Stella’ poem, and the Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift. The several matters considered include Swift’s major concerns and sources of his own infelicity, such as his recollection...

John Tillotson, Self-love and the Teleology of Happiness

Regina Maria Dal Santo
The idea of happiness in sermons in the long eighteenth century is examined, in particular the idea of moral reformation promoted by the Latitudinarian movement, which obtained relevant importance in the Church of England after the Restoration. The analysis focuses on Archbishop John Tillotson’s Sermons as they exemplify the Church’s position on Man’s relationship with God and happiness. His sermons describe Man as a traveller whose destination is happiness. They underline the role of reason...

Happy Face or Happy Space?

Kevin L. Cope
Between the now nearly archaic meaning of ‘happiness’ as fit, functional, or favourable and its modern meaning as a generalized mental state stands the Enlightenment, with its investigations not only of the nature of happiness but also of its pursuit and maintenance of happiness. This article analyses the expanding meaning and practice of happiness in the verse of the ‘long’ eighteenth century. The paper begins with what might be called the ‘eruptive’ approach to happiness...

«Nothing Better than Mirth and Hilarity»

Abigail Williams
It has been claimed that the eighteenth century invented happiness – or at least, began to entertain the notion that secular happiness could be expected as part of virtuous Christian life. Studies of the notion of happiness in this period have tended to focus on the philosophical dimensions of the concept. This essay offers a different perspective, by considering jest book culture and the idea of mirth through reading. It had long been argued that...


Flavio Gregori
English Literature, 2 | 1 | 2015

Contemporary Japan

Paolo Calvetti & Marcella Mariotti
In recent years Japan has faced the rapid changes characterising the post-global world, vis-à-vis the economic crisis, as well as the new geopolitical equilibrium amongst the Asian countries after the economic and military rise of China. Moreover, the aftermath of the Fukushima disaster of March 2011 poses a series of questions about social solidarity and emergency management along with the problems of confidence in the national safety system that Japan has had to cope with....


Ketti Borille
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Valutare e personalizzare gli apprendimenti per gli alunni di madrelingua non italiana attraverso la normativa

Annalisa Brichese
<div> <p>This article provides an overview about current legislation about children welcoming in schools, their training and evaluation. A particular focus is dedicated to junior high schools' tests for students without italian citizenship. Recently the composition of classes has changed significantly. Classes are became multilingual and plurilingual. This particular situation brought the necessity of a transformation in the evaluation and consequently even the methodology has change.</p> </div>

La canción para la educación literaria

Camilla Spaliviero
<div> <p>The current essay deals with the proposal to use the song for literary education. Considering the crisis that literary education has been going through in the last decades, the song represents a possible resource which could act as a ‘bridge’ between literary education and juvenile culture. Therefore, our research aims to present the didactic validity of the song as a potential instrument for literary education, demonstrating it through an exemplification. In order to reach...

An Exploration of the Link between Language and Cognition

Ada Bier
<div> <p>In this article, we will explore the work of several scholars who, albeit operating in different contexts, have adopted Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory as a starting point for their research. First of all, Vygotsky’s work will be briefly presented; second, Barnes and Mercer’s research on L1 and cognition will be commented; third, Swain’s research in immersion contexts will be shortly outlined; finally, the CLIL environment will be explored. The fil rouge which bonds all these...

<i>Content and Language Integrated Learning</i>: la voce dei più giovani

Emilia Di Martino
<div> <p>This paper analyzes the data of a survey conducted by means of a student questionnaire which was aimed at opening a window onto the expectations and concerns of the real actors of CLIL on the eve of its real implementation. The questionnaire was circulated amongst numerous schools in the province of Naples but only produced 226 responses. Some of the students surveyed do not seem to be very optimistic about the possible trickle down...

<i>Onetti fuera de sí</i>. «Jamás leí a Onetti»

Adriana Mancini
<div> <p>This collection published by <i>Editorial Katatay</i>, «Onetti out of his mind», carried out by the researchers Teresa Basile and Enrique Foffani, gathers a group of essays that aims to represent the work of the Uruguayan writer taking into account its relationship with other artistic expressions: music, painting, cinema, similarities with other poetic works from Rio de la Plata or unaddressed issues such as old age or gender paradigms. An unlikely Onetti that exceeds the...

Didattica dell’italiano e Sistema Italia in Camerun

Vicky Mazoua Megni Tchio
Sistema Italia is the interaction between the economic, productive, political, social and cultural dimensions. It refers to the image and the values that language and culture can represent abroad. The Italian language has been taught in Cameroon for almost twenty years and has recently been introduced in local schools. This research is intended to determine whether the increase in demand for Italian in Cameroon depends on the possible values that this language can convey. The...

Biblioteca Italiana dell’Educazione Linguistica - BELI

Paolo Balboni
The complete bibliography, from 1960 to nowadays, can be found in the websites of the Research Centre on Language Education of Ca' Foscari University (www.unive.it/crdl), of the Laboratorio Itals (www.itals.it) and of Società Italiana di Didattica delle Lingue e Linguistica Educativa (www.dille.it). BELI is a work in progress, it is based on the collaboration of Italian scholars and all experts can suggest integrations or corrections. This is the 2014 bibliography

Assessing Oral Production of English as a Lingua Franca in European Universities: Can Corpora Inform the Test Construct?

David Newbold
<div> <p>This article examines the rapidly growing phenomenon of the use of English as a lingua franca (ELF) in European universities and the need to develop tests which reflect this use. After reporting on a research project which introduced a lingua franca element into a receptive skills test set at Levels B1-B2 of the CEFR (reflecting current entrance requirements to first and second level degree programmes), it goes on to consider the challenges posed by...

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