89,876 Works

Russofobia e nichilismo nazionale nel dibattito intellettuale russo di fine Novecento

Marco Sabbatini & Nadia Cornettone
Russophobia is one of the most interesting and complex manifestations in contemporary Russian literature. It is widely recognised that Russophobia is a western cultural conceptualization, with an attestation in written literature in the first half of the nineteenth century, when Astolphe de Custine composed La Russie en 1839 (1843) and Donoso Cortés published the Discurso sobre la dictatura (1849). We can presume that western Russophobia was exploited to contain and destabilize Russian Empire spheres of...

«Number One, the lunatic asylum man»

Michela Vanon Alliata
Beneath its spectacular Gothic topoi, the experience of subjectivity, the interest in the hidden dimensions of the mind and in the developing fields of neurology and psychiatry, which were challenging post-Enlightenment notions of rationality, traditional constructions of manliness and conventional gender roles, are central in Bram Stoker’s Dracula published in 1897, one year after the term psychoanalysis was introduced. Images of emotional instability, altered states of consciousness, and downright pathologies pervade the novel. Significantly enough,...

Ästhetischer Konservatismus und Lebensphilosophie

Cristina Fossaluzza
For a long time Friedrich Schlegel’s conservatism in his Vienna years has been considered a catholic and restorative thought related to Metternich’s political line. Thus Schlegel’s conservatism, which after the beginning of the Napoleonic Empire in 1804 and the fall of the Sacred Roman Empire in 1806 centres on the ideal of a new Austrian ‘Empire’, is less reactionary and more innovative than it could seem at first sight. Taking into consideration Schlegel’s nearly forgotten...

Autorrelato e identidades profesionales

Vicent Manuel Salvador Liern
In recent years the interest of scholars on issues of identity and narrative has increased in the field of literary as well as non-literary studies. One of the intersections of both issues is the autobiographical story where the authors look themselves in the mirror or rather cast a glance in the rearview mirror. In this article are studied autobiographies of scientists and physicians, in order to examine their professions as an essential tool for the...

Body and Time in Don DeLillo’s The Body Artist

Chiara Patrizi
This research looks at Don DeLillo’s shortest novel by considering body and time as the two factors that are essential in order to understand the existential path that the book outlines. The aim is to provide a new interpretation of the novel, able to highlight its real-life concern for traumatic mourning, particularly in response to the suicide of an intimate. The literary study focuses on the journey started by the protagonist, the body artist Lauren...

«My Female Evil»

Camilla Caporicci
Shakespeare’s opposition towards some aspects of Stoic and Neoplatonic doctrines and religious fanaticism, particularly Puritanism, can be found in many of his plays. However, rather than focusing on the dramatic output, this essay will concentrate on Shakespeare’s Sonnets. The strongly subversive nature of the Dark Lady section is especially notable, although modern critical opinion is generally less inclined to acknowledge its subversive philosophical message because of the supposedly more ‘personal’ nature of lyrical expression compared...

VoiceP Deactivation and Deponency in Latin

Francesco Pinzin
<div> <p>What is a deponent verb? Why do we have verbs which have only a Non Active morphology and never an Active one? Is it possible to these verbs as a coherent category, with a common feature? Is this common feature a syntactic one, a semantic one or a morphological one? I’m trying to propose a (partial) answer to these questions. To do that, I have analysed the most salient and representative Latin deponent verbs...

Russian as a Partial Pro-Drop Language

Camilla Bizzarri
<div> <p>This paper explores the grammaticality and interpretation of referential null subjects (NSs) in Russian in distinct clausal types. Based on the results of an online survey (carried out by about 140 respondents), we show that in contrast with generalizations typically hypothesized for partial pro-drop languages (Holmberg, Nayudu, Sheehan 2009) Russian exhibits properties which seem to be nearer to consistent pro-drop languages than to partial pro-drop languages. Such peculiarities can be accounted for within an...

About Some Old Creole Tenets: Losses, Forgetfulness, Disappearance, Reappeareance, Findings

Alessandro Costantini
<div> <p>In the wide field of postcolonial studies, there exist related or similar areas whose stories are nevertheless very different, if not indeed opposed. This is the case of catechisms in Romance languages (or of Romance origin), outcomes of European colonization. In particular, contradictions between the history of catechisms from Hispanic-American colonization and the catechisms produced by French colonization, in America and elsewhere. The latter appear a century and a half after the Spanish texts,...

A Genetic Analysis of Writing and Poetic Evolution in the <em>Quaderni in Ottavo</em> by Franz Kafka

Giulia Frare
<div> <p>The eight <i>Octavo Notebooks</i>, written by Kafka in the crucial months between the end of 1916 and the beginning of 1918, represent for many reasons a precious and partially still unexplored source for Kafka studies. Not only do they include some of the greatest and most representative short prose works of the author (as <i>The Great Wall of China</i>, the Gracchus’ fragments, <i>The Bucket Rider</i>,<i> A Report to an Academy</i>), but they also bear...

Imagining the World through Alice’s Eyes

Alessandra Avanzini
In this paper, I would like to discuss how Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s adventures in Wonderland (1865) can be considered to be a Bildungsroman. I will also affirm my idea that Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is actually the first novel of a trilogy which comprises also Through the Looking-Glass (1871) and Sylvie and Bruno (1889-1893). In this trilogy Wonderland represents the first fundamental stage of Alice’s formative journey. I will therefore analyse the world as seen...

The Limiting Topic

Giorgio Carella
<div> <p>In the literature, different types of Topics have been identified and studied in detail (cf. Chafe 1976; Reinhart 1981; Lambrecht 1994; Büring 1997, 2003; Frascarelli, Hinterhölzl 2007), while others have been less considered by scholars. This is the case of the <i>Limiting Topic</i> (LT), whose function is to limit the validity of a propositional content in a specific <i>frame</i>. We investigate in detail the characteristics of this type of Topic in order to answer...

The First Chapter of Part One of Franciosini’s <i>Quijote</i>

José Francisco Medina Montero
<div> <p>Among the translators from Spanish active in the 17th century, a leading role was played by Lorenzo Franciosini, the grammarian, lexicographer and author of the first translation of <i>Don Quijote </i>into Italian. The original text by Cervantes was compared with Franciosini’s translation, published in 1622, to evaluate a range of translational choices and their rationale. Broadly speaking, Franciosini’s translation can be considered reliable, although mistakes emerge deriving from inaccuracies and miscomprehensions. This study only...

Andrei Belyi in North Africa (1911)

Anita Frison
Andrei Belyi (1880-1934) wrote several works about his trip to North Africa in 1911. The analysis of his ‘African’ letters (to his mother, to A. Blok, E. Metner, A. Kožebatkin, A. Petrovskij and M. Morozova) shows the coexistence of the orientalist thinking and a gradual distaste for the European world. Belyi undoubtedly describes Arabic people using typical orientalist commonplaces, thus putting himself inside the Western cultural identity (which has always created these stereotypes, as highlighted...

<em>Epitaph of a Small Winner</em> – Título qualquer serve?

Ariadne Nunes
<div> <p><i>Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas</i> has an English translation, by William L. Grossman, intitled <i>Epitaph of a Small Winner</i>. The article reflects upon possible consequences for the interpretation and reading of the book of such a translation of its title, trying to determine if it implies an idea of translation as a form of rewriting. It concludes that Grossman's translation of the title may imply a loss in comunication between Machado de Assis' message...

Learned Letters from Italy

Manuela D'Amore
The study of the relations that the Royal Society established with Italy in the years 1665-1700 has generally been neglected by academic debate. Our purpose here is to show that there is still a lot to learn from the huge amount of letter articles that were published in vols. 1-22 of the Society's scientific journal, Philosophical Transactions, and that the type of information that its first two editors, Henry Oldenburg (c. 1619-1677) and Edmond Halley...

Pensare prima di scrivere

Gerardo Tocchini
The introduction of Diderot’s first drama, Le Fils naturel, unleashed a furious counter-offensive from playwrights and from influential sectors of journalistic criticism (Fréron, Palissot, Collé), who were fighting the theories closed in the armour of standards and of the 'good' rule of playwriting. The heated debate that aroused, allows us to bring back to light the underlying terms of a first, bewildered reaction to the Enlightenment critique on the principle of Autorité dans les discours...

Gossip Between Social Media and Fiction

Giorgia Tommasi
Representations of gossip thrive in contemporary American literature and TV series, and they are often tied to the impact the Internet and social media have had on the way we communicate. Far from being a new phenomenon, fictional depictions of gossip are found in the very first forms of literature. In general however, literary narratives have assumed a highbrow attitude toward gossip, linking it to minor, morally flawed characters. Also, being portrayed as idle talk,...

La letteratura italiana e il concetto di maternità

Lucy Delogu
Una raccolta di saggi scritti da ricercatori di diversi paesi sul ruolo della madre nella letteratura italiana. Un viaggio che tocca diversi periodi della storia italiana, grazie agli autori italiani che hanno affrontato in diverse maniere il tema della maternità. I saggi mettono in luce quindi il ruolo della maternità che ha avuto in ogni autore e le implicazioni sociali e culturali che li hanno mossi.

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