880 Works

Putnam on Methods of Inquiry

Gary Ebbs
Hilary Putnam’s paradigm-changing clarifications of our methods of inquiry in science and everyday life are central to his philosophy. He takes for granted that the judgments of scientists are for the most part reasonable and not in need of philosophical support, and that no part of our supposed knowledge is unrevisable or guaranteed to be true. He infers from key episodes in the history of science that our language contains terms whose references may remain...

Some remarks on philosophy and on Wittgenstein’s conception of philosophy and its misinterpretation

Peter Hacker
The paper advances a broadly Wittgensteinian conception of the nature and limits of philosophy. It differs from Wittgenstein over the claims that (i) philosophical problems arise only when language is idling; (ii) that philosophy does not result in new knowledge: it does. But the new knowledge does not concern the nature of the world, but the character of our forms of description of the world, and its form is not discovery but realisation. (iii) in...

On Searle on Austin on truth

Odai Al Zoubi
John Searle gives two different interpretations to Austin’s view on truth: ‘the propositional interpretation’ and ‘the stating interpretation’. The former identifies what is true or false with the locutionary meaning, and the latter with the illocutionary act of stating. In this article, I argue that both interpretations are inaccurate, and I introduce a fresh interpretation that identifies what is true or false with the whole speech act.

Wittgenstein on truth

Paul Horwich
The topic is Wittgenstein’s eventual abandonment of his Tractatus idea that a sentence is true if and only if it depicts a possible fact that obtains, and his coming (in the Investigations) to replace this with a deflationary view of truth. Three objection to the initial idea that will be discussed here are: (i) that its theory of ‘depiction’ relies on an unexplicated concept of word-object reference; (ii) that its notion of a possible fact...

Davidson_Decision and interpretation

Pol Vincent Harnay & Petronille Reme
Decision theory plays a central role in Davidson’s work. Based on the experimentations led in Stanford during the 1950s, it is possible to track down the origins and the foundations of the unified theory of thought, meaning and action. The ‘wording effect’ and the omission of meanings undermine decision theory as a whole, hence the need to enlarge the basis of decision theory by integrating an interpretation theory that reflects mental holism more accurately.

L’ambito chimico. Il PAS A012 - Chimica agraria; il PAS A013 - Chimica e Tecnologie chimiche; il PAS C240 - Laboratorio di Chimica e Chimica industriale e il PAS C350 - Laboratorio di Tecnica microbiologica

Patrizia Nitti
Dopo una breve cronologia degli eventi che portarono all’attivazione dei PAS di ambito chimico (A012, A013, C240 e C350) viene illustrata l’offerta formativa dei quattro percorsi, la tipologia dei corsisti iscritti e le difficoltà organizzative causate dalla contemporanea attivazione dei TFA A012 e A013. Infine vengono riportati i risultati ottenuti dai corsisti all’esame di abilitazione.

Le attese delle Scuole del primo ciclo

Cinzia Scheriani
“Imparare facendo” potrebbe essere il motto che ogni docente tirocinante dovrebbe utilizzare quando entra in una scuola che l’accoglie. Nel contempo ogni Dirigente dovrebbe considerare come “risorsa” giovane, creativa e volenterosa colui/colei che entra per la prima volta in un contesto scolastico. Donare la propria esperienza a chi inizia il percorso di avvicinamento all’insegnamento è il modo migliore per trasmettere memoria e costruire una scuola innovativa che mai dimentichi i veri valori e gli insegnamenti...

Book Reviews

Null Null
Book reviews: issue 5, volume 2017

Una "procedura di infrazione" anche nel sistema CEDU: similitudini e divergenze rispetto al "modello UE" ex artt. 258-260 TFUE

Anna Iermano
This article purports to analyse the “infringement proceedings” ex art. 46, paras. 4-5 ECHR in comparison to the “EU model” ex arts 258-260 TFEU, underlining similarities and divergences between them, in particular in the light of the case Mammadov v. Azerbaijan, that is the first case in which the Committee of Ministers decided to use this procedure against a State – Azerbaijan – that refuses to execute a judgment of the European Court of Human...

One cheer for autonomy-centered perfectionism: an arm’s-length defense of Joseph Raz’s perfectionism against an allegation of internal inconsistency

Matthew H. Kramer
In the present article, I will concentrate sustainedly on a central strand of Jonathan Quong’s critique of Joseph Raz’s autonomy-centered liberal perfectionism. Rightly taking Raz to have offered the most elaborate and prominent version of autonomy-centered perfectionism in the contemporary debates over such matters, Quong devotes much of the first half of his book to contesting a number of Raz’s positions. This article will defend Raz against one of Quong’s chief objections, an allegation of...

The democratic riddle

Philip Pettit
Democracy means popular control, by almost all accounts. And by almost all accounts democracy entails legitimacy. But popular control, at least as that is understood in many discussions, does not entail legitimacy. So something has got to give. Democratic theories divide on what this is, so that the question prompts a taxonomy of approaches. The most appealing answer, so the paper suggests, involves a reinterpretation of the notion of popular control.

A proposito di (auto)valutazione in glottodidattica

Roberta Giordano
Drawing on error analysis, this paper investigates the idea that every process of student or teacher (self)evaluation can be considered a useful formative experience. The (self)evaluation approach shown in this paper has been applied to a course of E/LE f

Analytic philosophy and European culture. Filosofia analitica e cultura europea

Umberto Eco
This is a talk for the Round Table that rounded off the 6th National Conference of the Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy (SIFA), Genoa 2004. Given the subject of Eco’s talk, it is worth noting that the Round Table was held in the Carlo Felice opera house and, perhaps because of the presence of Eco, there was standing room only. The conference to which the event was annexed was held in the classrooms of the...

Davidson on the objectivity of values and reasons

Pascal Engel
Although he did not write on ethics, Davidson wrote a few papers on the objectivity of values. His argument rests on his holistic conception of interpretation of desires. I examine whether this argument can be sufficient for his objectivism about values. And supposing that the argument were correct, would it entail a form of realism about normativity and reasons? I argue that it falls short of giving us a genuine form of moral realism. My...

On elliptic curves of bounded degree:a polarized Abelian surface

Lucio Guerra
For a polarized compleax Abelian surface A we study the function NA(t) counting the number of elliptic curves in A with degree bounded by t. We describe elliptic curves as solutions of an explicit Diophantine equation, and we show that computing the number of solutions is reduced to the classical problem in Number Theory of counting lattice points lying on an explicit bounded subset of Euclidean space. We obtain in this way some asymptotic estimate...

New trends in philosophy of mind and epistemology: an overview [Special Issue]

Maria Cristina Amoretti & Francesca Ervas
The seven papers included in this special issue of Argumenta might be ideally divided into two parts. On the one hand, this issue collects four contributions dealing with some important topics in Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of language: the modularity of mind (the connections between the “pragmatic” module and epistemic vigilance mechanisms), the problem of perception and its link with action (the alleged anti-representational character of enactivism), the nature of phenomenal content (the plausibility...

Differing skills of interpreters in Portuguese India

Garry Mullender
By piecing together the many but scattered references to linguistic and cultural mediation in contemporary sources, some of which were first-hand accounts, we can build a picture of interpreters and interpreting during the Portuguese voyages of discovery and their early quests in India and the East. Linguistic and cultural mediators were not held in high regard, with convicts or slaves, regardless of hether or not they possessed the requisite language skills, often being forced into...

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