5,208 Works

International Commercial Law from a Nordic and Baltic Perspective: Status and Current Challenges

Thomas Neumann
On 18 September 2014 the Secretariat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and the department of law at Aarhus University hosted a joint conference to take stock of the recent changes in the field of international commercial law in the Nordic and Baltic region. The region had long been a place of numerous reservations against the full and unrestricted application of the 1980 UN Sales Convention (CISG). When Finland decided to...

Conceptual Fallacies behind the Idea of Unprotected Intellectual Works

Yoshiyuki Tamura
In the midst of the global pervasive proliferation of intellectual property protection, an ‘if there exists unprotected intellectual works, it is a bad thing’ -type argument can be observed in several ways. Actually, in legal theory, as well as in the enforcement of intellectual property rights, we often hear suggested that there is an area without any protection of intellectual works or if there is any legal protection, it is deemed to be insufficient with...

The Different Meanings of International Commercial Conciliation

Jaakko Henrik Salminen
The meanings of legal textual objects, such as laws, legal principles, concepts, and judgments, change over time. New meanings are proposed by legislators, courts, lawyers, and other legal actors, and are then argued over in courts. In this article, based on my 2011 Master’s thesis, I discuss some of the different meanings proposed for conciliation1 in the context of international commercial dispute resolution. On the basis of contemporary legislative material, caselaw and jurisprudence, I identify...

Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Quest for Sustainability: Insights from Norway and New Zealand

Benjamin J. Richardson
An impressive trend in global financial markets is the growth of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), some of which purport to invest ethically by considering the social and environmental impact of their financing. Yet, like private investors, these funds primarily view themselves as financial institutions interested in enhancing investment returns. A significant tension, therefore, may emerge between the ethical and financial expectations of SWFs. This article investigates two contrasting cases, the Norwegian Government Pension Fund -...

On the back of a beer coaster – Simple estimates for costs and revenues in business modelling

Christian Lehmann & Christina Melanie Bidmon
Validating the profit formula of a business idea is a difficult task for students and entrepreneurs alike. With the “Business Coaster” we present a simple tool that helps students to get in touch with numbers and design the value capture-side of a business model.

From Invention to Innovation: teaching business models to manufacturing researchers

Antonio Maffei & Eleonora Boffa
This work presents the constructively aligned design and implementation of the doctoral course “business driven production development” at KTH in Stockholm. The educational unit was launched in 2016: evaluation suggests that learners perceive the content as a much-required complement to their technical education towards an increase of their contribution´s impact.

Eco-Innovation and Emissions Trading: a sector analysis for European countries

Pablo Silva, Mara Madaleno, Margarita Robaina & Mónica Meireles
This article aims to assess the impact of a specific regulation, namely the European Union emission trading system (EU-ETS), on the Eco-Innovation (EI) activities of the companies, to assess its effectiveness in changing the companies’ environmental behavior. It also intendsto empirically examine whether the EU-ETS and its ‘stringency’ are significantly related to EI, taking into account both the internal and external factors that might be correlated with EI. To this end, we develop a cross-sectional...


Giulio Giannini
A contract is formed when parties express their agreement in congruent declarations, a prior offer and a consequence acceptance. For a long time there was no practical need to force consent into the structure of offer and acceptance because parties always made their contracts face to face. In Rome, for example, contractual obligations were originally made by stipulatio, for which the parties needed to be physically present together, and even when this formality was dropped,...


Fan Yang
It is generally acknowledged that the CISG has influenced the legislation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), but what and where exactly are the influences? How and to what extent has the CISG influenced the PRC legislations and/or legislators? A careful study of the interaction between the CISG and the legislation history and development of the PRC Law is needed. This chapter will address these issues before reviewing the application of the CISG in...


Pilar Perales Viscasillas
CISG ADVISORY COUNCIL OPINION NO. 4 [1]: Contracts for the Sale of Goods to Be Manufactured or Produced and Mixed Contracts (Article 3 CISG) [2]

EFFECTS OF AVOIDANCE: Perspectives from the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles and PECL and case law

Chengwei Liu
Under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1980; “CISG” or “Convention”), the effects of avoidance are described in Arts. 81 to 84, four articles of unequal importance dealing with the consequences which result from a declaration of avoidance accomplished by a party in accordance with the conditions set forth in CISG Arts. 49, 51, 64, 72 and 73.2 Among the four, Art. 81 states the basic consequences of avoidance,3...


Reannon Hemmings
The development of containerisation has not only simplified the carriage of goods but has also changed the legal relationship between seller and buyer. As a consequence some of the INCOTERMS 2000 such as Free on Board (FOB) are now often used incorrectly. Traders instead should make use of the more suitable multimodal term, namely Free Carrier (FCA). A comparison of the two terms on the basis of risk transfer indicates that differences occur and significant...


Ulf Franke
The Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC Institute) was established already in 1917 and has since then been active in both domestic and international arbitration. While at the outset the SCC Institute mainly administered domestic arbitrations, the international activities have increased significantly over the past twenty-five years. Out of the about 160 cases in 2004, roughly half the number is international. Although the international cases involve parties from virtually all parts of...

Samkørsel i Danmark – fremtidens mobilitetsform?

Maria Hornbæk Kristensen & Michella Sofie Bigom Nielsen
Har samkørsel et potentiale som fremtidens mobilitetsform, og hvordan kan brugen af samkørsel øges i Dan-mark er spørgsmål, der besvares i denne artikel. Dette undersøges gennem et litteraturstudie, en klyngeana-lyse med baggrund i en spørgeskemaundersøgelse, fokusgruppeinterviews, samt en analyse af samkørsels-data fra samkørselstjenesten nabogo. Det er fundet, at samkørsel har et potentiale for fremtidens mobilitet, da danskerne er åbne overfor mobilitetsformen, og ser flere fordele ved samkørsel særligt med hensyn til klimaet og miljøet. Samkørsel...

Strategic Choices for Media Managers: A Conceptual Framework for Strategy Adoption

Mohammad Abooyee Ardakan & Saeid Ghanbary
Purpose: Strategy adoption for media businesses has been a major concern for both researchers and executives due to environmental turbulence that such organizations have experienced during the last two decades. The purpose of this article is to elaborate on a comprehensive model through which media businesses could have a clear macro guideline of strategy development, based on the life cycle of their organization, as well as the contextual conditions of their environment. Method: Combining the...

Section 230 and the U.S Policy Debates Surrounding Content Moderation and Online Speech

Jennifer Huddleston
This paper provides an overview of Section 230, a law that provides broad liability protection in the United States for online platforms regarding user-generated content, and the ongoing debates about the impact of the law, content moderation, and online speech. It begins by explaining the intended purposes of Section 230, discusses criticisms it currently faces, and reviews the potential consequences and policy concerns with many of the proposed changes. It concludes that Section 230 remains...

Policy for Fostering Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Creative Industries

Zhan Su & Hadi Zarea
This policy review describes the efforts to develop an ecosystem to boost innovation in creative industries. Since the 2017 re-imposition of the US-led sanctions on Iran, creative industries in the country emerged as a competitive advantage which could help lessen reliance on foreign countries and generate revenues through self-sufficiency. Accordingly, the Iranian government has invested in creative industries ecosystem to foster entrepreneurship and innovation. This policy review briefly touches on Iran's experiences in the implementation...

Context-Aware Sensing and Implicit Ground Truth Collection: Building a Foundation for Event Triggered Surveys on Autonomous Shuttles

Valentino Servizi, Dan Roland Persson, Per Bækgaard, Hannah Villadsen, Inon Peled, Jeppe Rich, Francisco C. Pereira & Otto A. Nielsen
The LINC project aims to study interactions between passengers and autonomous vehicles in natural settings at the campus of Technical University of Denmark. To leverage the potential of IoT components in smartphone-based surveying, a system to identify specific spatial, temporal and occupancy contexts relevant for passengers’ experience was proposed as a central data collection strategy in the LINC project. Based on predefined contextual triggers specific questionnaires can be distributed to affected passengers. This work focuses...

Evaluering af trafiksikkerhed ved hævede krydsflader

Morten Lind Jensen, Michael W. J. Sørensen & Tanja K.O. Madsen
Projektet omhandlende trafiksikkerhed ved hævede krydsflader i vigepligtskryds har haft til formål at undersøge den sikkerhedsmæssige effekt af at etablere hævede krydsflader i vigepligtsregulerede kryds i byzone. Dvs. at undersøgelsen er ende ud med et estimat for størrelsen på den isolerede sikkerhedseffekt af at etablere en hævet krydsflade i et enkelt prioriteret vejkryds i byzone. Projektet er lavet som et samarbejde mellem Via Trafik og Trafikforskningsgruppen ved BUILD på Aalborg Universitet (AAU BUILD).

The Interdisciplinary Journal of International Studies

Rieke Schröder & Ariadni Stavroula Zormpa
The Interdisciplinary Journal of International Studies, Vol. 10 No. 1 (2020): The Interdisciplinary Journal of International Studies: Global Perspectives

Denmark is Damaging Children by Leaving them on Lesbos

Mette Nielsen
In this essay, Mette Nielsen zooms in on the Danish response to the fire in the Moira camp on Lesbos.

What Do Humanities Researchers Do?

Lasse Gøhler Johansson

Forced Sterilization of Immigrant Women in US Detention Center

Emily Boem Palomo, Amalie Winther Andersen & Christina Binderup Mikkelsen
Abstract This article addresses the reports of immigrant Latin American women being forcibly sterilized in the Irwin County ICE detention center through an intersectional approach and by using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) on data retrieved from news articles from the past six years and sources on the history of the practice of forced sterilization. How are these women vulnerable to this kind of abuse? The results indicate that immigrant Latin American women are in fact...

Through Using a Multi-Level Approach, What Role do Women Play in Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution in the Acholi Ethnic Group of Northern Uganda?

Michaela Sørensen & Annelies Coessens
Northern Uganda is home to the Acholi people, the predominant ethnic group of the region. The northern region of Uganda has been impacted the most by the civil war the country faced from 1981-1986 and, thereafter, the 20-year war with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) that spanned from 1986-2006. Using such conflict-settings as a predisposition, the article aims to examine the role of women in peacebuilding and conflict resolution through a Social Ecological Perspective approach....

“Samskaping” i norsk offentlig sektor

Janne Paulsen Breimo & Asbjørn Røiseland
“Co-creation” in Norwegian public sector – Changes, Opportunism or Symbolism? The Norwegian word for co-creation, “samskaping”, is a new-constructed word that during the last 5 years has become a key concept in the public sector. How to understand this conceptual change? By leaning on theories about organizational diffusion and translation, the article explores to what extent we are witnessing a real versus more symbolic change. The article analyses the spread of co-creation based in web-searches...

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