170 Works

Colophon

China
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2010年后中美关系调整 ——基于“制度体系”理论解读 / The Readjustment of China-US Relations After 2010 - Based on The Theory of 'Institutional System'

Zhang Shuai
二战后,国际体系逐渐从“权力体系”进入“制度体系”时代,国际制度成为国际体系建设的核心,大国围绕制度结构中优势地位的争夺变为推动彼此关系变化的主要动因。“制度体系”背景下,国际制度主导国为维护自身主导地位,往往使用“安全杠杆”,在维持国际市场开放性前提下,建立“歧视”崛起国的国际经济制度,推动经济要素向着有利于己方的方向流动,削弱崛起国的物质基础和政策自由度。2010年前后,国际制度结构进入加速调整期,重点是在东亚地区,中国则是主要推动力。国际制度结构的调整威胁了美国原有的主导地位。因此,2010年前后,中美之间的矛盾瞬时尖锐起来。中美此轮博弈的焦点是东亚国际制度主导权,美国的安全战略只是手段,面对美国即将建立的针对中国的“歧视”性国际经济制度安排(TPP),中国需在更大范围内的加大开放,以“共同发展”应对该歧视战略。 After World War II, international order gradually changed from a 'power-centered system' to an 'Institution-based System'. International Institution became the core stone in the construction of the international order. Occupying an advantageous position in the institutional structure became the main factor in driving relational changes between major powers. Against the background of 'institutional system', the dominant countries are inclined to use the 'security lever' as a tool to maintain their dominant position. In order...

国际格局与日本政治大国谋求 / International Framework and Japan’s Pursuit of Being A Major Political Power

Meng Xiaoxu & Xin Xiaoyang
作为战败后崛起的国家,日本对国家发展道路的选择深受国际格局的影响。冷战时期的两极格局使日本在美国的支持下重新获得主权国家的身份。在冷战格局的框架下,日本在经济大国基础上提出了谋求政治大国的目标。冷战结束后,世界格局向多极化转变,日本将其视为实现政治大国的“机运”,期望更多地参与国际事务以及在国际秩序和经济体制方面发挥责任和作用;同时,日本在军事力量上也积极突破,为其践行政治大国化目标助力。21世纪后,多极化格局深化,新兴国家群体性崛起,日本谋求政治大国的进程加速,增强自身在区域经济中的领导力和影响力,谋求修改和平宪法,突破战后军事限制,在反恐等国际事务及联合国等国际组织活跃,推动政治大国化目标的实现。当前,日本政治大国的追求仍面临着不少障碍。 The boom of post-war Japan is deeply affected by the international framework when choosing the development path of the state. The bipolar architecture of the Cold War has made Japan a sovereign state again with the support of the United States. Within the Cold War framework, Japan has come up with the goal of being a political power based on its economic strength. After the end of Cold War, multipolar architecture has become the...

Professional discourse and professional identities at cross-purposes: Designer or entrepreneur?

Birgitte Norlyk
What happens when designer dreams meet business reality? This paper illustrates how a group of professional designers experienced emotional tensions and conflicts of personal and professional identity during an eight-week voluntary course on business and entrepreneurship for the creative professions. The designers' discourse, which revolved around ideals of commitment towards artistic integrity, aesthetics and design clashed with the hard core discourse of business which highlighted practical concerns relating especially to market considerations and the necessity...

Danske modalpartikler som indikatorer på afsenders forskellige kommunikationsstrategier

Elvira Krylova
My paper is devoted to a contrastive-pragmatic analysis of Danish interrogative sentences involving the particles da, vel and så. The speaker’s choice of a specific particle in otherwise identical contexts is not at all accidental: it signals different communication strategies which, each in its own way, define his attitude towards the utterance, the hearer’s strategy and the actual situation, but which also indicate the degree of epistemic responsibility taken by him.

Ordre eller opfordring? Direktive sproghandlinger i dansk-russiske filmoversættelser

Dina Nikulicheva
The article compares directive utterances from Danish film-dialogues with their translations into Russian. The attention is focused on some typical deviations between the two languages in pragmatic meanings communicated by their imperative structures and other volitive utterances. Those deviations stem from basic differences between Danish and Russian which belong to different communicative supertypes as described in Per Durst-Andersen’s cognitive-semiotic theory of human communication. Danish as a hearer-oriented language is developing a special paradigm of analytic...

Critical Points of Contact

Ole B. Jensen & Nicola Morelli
In contemporary urban societies multiple networks and systems interact, overlap, exist in parallel, converge, conflict etc. creating unforeseen complexity and less transparency. By exploring how layered networks of physical movement, service information, goods delivery, commercial communication etc. are connected (and disconnected) we get a much better understanding of how to design and intervene regardless if we are thinking about public spaces in the city or new systems of service design. The many networks orchestrating and...

Procesvalg, rekvisition og forberedelse– regelgrundlaget for proces før skelforretningen

Tanja Lindgaard Skovsgaard
I artiklen redegøres for reglerne, der ligger til grund for processen før skelforret-ningen. Begrænsningen i parternes adgang til domstolene problematiseres. Det konstateres, at retsvirkning af henholdsvis rekvisition og indkaldelse ikke er fuldt afklarede. Der argumenteres endvidere for, at kravene til oplysning af sagens parter er utilstrækkelige.

Regler om proceselementer og procesrækkefølge ved skelforretninger

Tanja Lindgaard Skovsgaard
I artiklen redegøres for, hvilke proceselementer der skal indgå i en skelforretning, og der søges udledt en procesrækkefølge. Endvidere foretages en sammenligning mellem gældende og tidligere regler. I den forbindelse problematiseres det, at regler vedrørende flere proceselementer blev fjernet ved udstykningsreformen, der trådte i kraft i 1991. Det blev stillet Folketinget i udsigt, at reglerne skulle flyttes til en ny skelforretningsbekendtgørelse. Men dette skete ikke

Colophon

The Journal Of China International Relations
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The Eurasian Economic Union: A Brittle Road Block on China's \"One Belt – One Road\" - A Liberal Perspective

Wolfgang Zank
In this article, I explore the development and character of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and its compatibility with China's OBOR initiative. The genesis of the EEU is placed in the context of Russia's attempts to fill its "Monroe Doctrine" with substance, i.e. to claim the post-Soviet space as a zone of exclusive Russian influence. Russia's "Monroe Doctrine" was primarily formulated against the EU, its enlargement and its "European Neighbourhood Policy" (ENP) which offers privileged...

The \"Asia-Pacific Dream\": Is China Using Economic Integration Initiatives as Ideological Weapons? – On The Link Between Free Trade Agreements, Soft Power and \"Universal Values\"

Anke Berndzen
This article examines the function and role of the "Asia-Pacific Dream" (including the FTAAP) in China's foreign policy strategy by analysing the speech in which Xi Jinping promoted this dream, and creating a link between China's push for regional economic integration, soft power strategy and "universal values". While China is promoting this concept and the FTAAP to increase its influence in the region, the U.S. have also been rebalancing to Asia through different means, such...

Directors’ Duties and Corporate Social Responsibility under German Law – Is Tort Law Litigation Changing the Picture?

Peter Rott
This article discusses the right and a potential duty of directors to pursue CSR policies under German law. It first explains the two main duties of directors: to make sure that the company complies with its legal obligations, which has been broadly interpreted in Germany to include the duty to extend to domestic and foreign subsidiaries’ compliance with the law, and to act for the (economic) benefit of the company. CSR policies will often only...

Editorial - Smart district heating and energy system analyses

Poul Alberg Østergaard & Henrik Lund
This editorial introduces the 13th volume of the International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, which addresses thermal storage systems in district heating systems, simulation of scheduling of energy units as well as the structure of pricing systems for district heating in Sweden. Beyond the area of district heating, the volume probes into the effects of energy price reductions on energy demand in Hungary as well as the geographical distribution of electricity demand and...

Allocation of annual electricity consumption and power generation capacities across multiple voltage levels in a high spatial resolution

Ludwig Hülk, Lukas Wienholt, Ilka Cußmann, Ulf Philipp Müller, Carsten Matke & Editha Kötter
The electrical energy system is in transition. There is continuing expansion of renewable generation, which causes a spatial and temporal shift of energy flows at different voltage levels of the power grid. On the consumption side, demand patterns are expected to change. The limited availability of data with high spatial resolution hinders independent and transparent assessments. In view of this, the research project open_eGo is developing methods focusing on electricity networks and open-science principles. In...

Review of Eli Hinkel (ed.), Teaching English Grammar to Speakers of Other Languages, Routledge, 2016.

Marie Møller Jensen
Globe: A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication, Vol 4 (2016)

Discursive legitimation in online crowdfunding: A study of Kickstarter projects promoting human rights

Ana Kedves
The internet-based crowdfunding platforms have in many ways changed the way projects are nowadays funded. Apart from opening to the small businesses, it has created funding opportunities for non-governmental organisations, citizens’ initiatives, non-formal groups and individual projects, which used to have rather limited access to this sort of resources. However, the widening and liberalisation of the market poses new challenges for these entities as well – the project ideas have to be effectively elaborated in...

Musik og billeddannelse (GIM) med PTSD-ramte flygtninge: Introduktion til tre single case-studier

Bolette Daniels Beck & Torben Moe
Mange flygtninge kommer fra kulturer med helt andre forestillinger og begreber om årsager til og forventninger om behandling af psykisk lidelse end man almindeligvis anvender i psykiatrien. F.eks. er psykisk lidelse i mange mellemøstlige kulturer forbundet med skam, og udtrykkes måske derfor snarere i form af fysisk smerte. For at et behandlingsforløb skal lykkes, er der behov for kulturel sensitivitet hos behandleren, når der skal samarbejdes med tolken, skabes et møde på tværs af kulturer...

China's People-to-people Diplomacy and Its Importance to China-EU Relations: A Historical Institutionalism Perspective

Shichen Wang
People-to-people exchange has become a heated topic of the Chinese foreign policy. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, China has established people-to-people dialogues with the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, France and Russia. In 2012, China and the EU established a high-level dialogue for people-to-people exchange, making people-to-people exchange the third pillar of China-EU relations. However, China is not a newcomer to people-to-people exchanges with Europe. Why does China launch the...

Soft Power and Tourism: A Study of Chinese Outbound Tourism to Africa

Yu-Wen Chen & Niall Duggan
The increase of Sino-African interactions in trade, aid and investments has attracted Chinese tourists to Africa. The Beijing Action Plan of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) outlines China’s cultural diplomacy in Africa, delineating a number of areas of cultural cooperation: education; press, publishing and media; and tourism and people-to-people exchange programs in academia and think tanks among young people, women and athletes. Though scholars of International relations (IR) have detected that tourism is one...

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Venezuela and China: Independency and Dependency in the Context of Interdependent Hegemony

Óscar García Agustín
In a world order without a sole hegemon, the dialectic relationship between the main global players and emerging powers enables nation-states to strategically favor their national interests as well as mutually beneficial alliances, whilst the multipolar world becomes strengthened. This article draws on this context of 'interdependent hegemony' to explore the existing relationship between Venezuela, as a swing state, and China, as one of the Big Three global powers. Particularly, I focus on Venezuelan efforts...

Åbninger og lukninger i e-mailkorrespondance på fire sprog

Eva Skafte Jensen, Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh & Erling Strudsholm
This paper describes different strategies of politeness in e-mail communication between students and teachers and between colleagues in Academia. The data are found in e-mails in the following languages: Danish, Swedish, French, and Italian. The aim of the study is to give insights into differences and similarities across languages and cultures. The analyses are anchored in pragmatically oriented research in politeness as well as the diasystematic dimensions, as proposed by Eugenio Coseriu, and inspired by...

Sproglig relativitet: Postulat eller menneskeligt grundvilkår?

Viktor Smith
Introductory article.

Throwing the Body Into the Fight: The Body as an Instrument in Political Art

Max Ryynänen
Thinking about the body in contemporary art leads easily to an exaggerated focus on extremities and excess. Beginning from Pier Paolo Pasolini’s violently radical life, and ending up in Martin Jay’s critique of Richard Shusterman’s somaesthetics, the first part of this article discusses different conceptions regarding the role of the body in art. I aspire to show the need to rearticulate the role of the body in contemporary art. In the second part of the...

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