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153 Works

ART and FRT cue weighting in children (Peter et al., 2018)

Varghese Peter, Marina Kalashnikova & Denis Burnham
Purpose: An important skill in the development of speech perception is to apply optimal weights to acoustic cues so that phonemic information is recovered from speech with minimum effort. Here, we investigated the development of acoustic cue weighting of amplitude rise time (ART) and formant rise time (FRT) cues in children as measured by mismatch negativity (MMN).Method: Twelve adults and 36 children aged 6–12 years listened to a /ba/–/wa/ contrast in an oddball paradigm in...

Adolescent discourse summarization (Lundine et al., 2018)

Jennifer P. Lundine, Stacy M. Harnish, Rebecca J. McCauley, Deena Schwen Blackett, Alexandra Zezinka, Wei Chen & Robert A. Fox
Purpose: Summarizing expository passages is a critical academic skill that is understudied in language research. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of verbal summaries produced by adolescents for 3 different discourse types and to determine whether a composite measure of cognitive skill or a test of expressive syntax predicted their performance.Method: Fifty adolescents listened to, and then verbally summarized, 1 narrative and 2 expository lectures (compare–contrast and cause–effect). They also participated...

ART and FRT cue weighting in children (Peter et al., 2018)

Varghese Peter, Marina Kalashnikova & Denis Burnham
Purpose: An important skill in the development of speech perception is to apply optimal weights to acoustic cues so that phonemic information is recovered from speech with minimum effort. Here, we investigated the development of acoustic cue weighting of amplitude rise time (ART) and formant rise time (FRT) cues in children as measured by mismatch negativity (MMN).Method: Twelve adults and 36 children aged 6–12 years listened to a /ba/–/wa/ contrast in an oddball paradigm in...

Adolescent discourse summarization (Lundine et al., 2018)

Jennifer P. Lundine, Stacy M. Harnish, Rebecca J. McCauley, Deena Schwen Blackett, Alexandra Zezinka, Wei Chen & Robert A. Fox
Purpose: Summarizing expository passages is a critical academic skill that is understudied in language research. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of verbal summaries produced by adolescents for 3 different discourse types and to determine whether a composite measure of cognitive skill or a test of expressive syntax predicted their performance.Method: Fifty adolescents listened to, and then verbally summarized, 1 narrative and 2 expository lectures (compare–contrast and cause–effect). They also participated...

Preschoolers’ communicative participation outcomes (Cunningham et al., 2018)

Barbara Jane Cunningham, Steven E. Hanna, Peter Rosenbaum, Nancy Thomas-Stonell & Bruce Oddson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of communicative participation outcomes for a large cohort of preschoolers with speech and language impairments.Method: A secondary analysis of longitudinal program evaluation data from Ontario, Canada’s Preschool Speech and Language Program was done. Data available for 46,872 children 18–67 months of age (M = 41.76 months, SD = 11.92; 68% boys, 32% girls) were previously used to predict children’s communicative participation skill development in 5...

Gaze to social scenes by individuals with autism (Liang & Wilkinson, 2018)

Jiali Liang & Krista Wilkinson
Purpose: A striking characteristic of the social communication deficits in individuals with autism is atypical patterns of eye contact during social interactions. We used eye-tracking technology to evaluate how the number of human figures depicted and the presence of sharing activity between the human figures in still photographs influenced visual attention by individuals with autism, typical development, or Down syndrome. We sought to examine visual attention to the contents of visual scene displays, a growing...

Children's speech adaptations to friends with HI (Granlund et al., 2018)

Sonia Granlund, Valerie Hazan & Merle Mahon
Purpose: This study aims to examine the clear speaking strategies used by older children when interacting with a peer with hearing loss, focusing on both acoustic and linguistic adaptations in speech.Method: The Grid task, a problem-solving task developed to elicit spontaneous interactive speech, was used to obtain a range of global acoustic and linguistic measures. Eighteen 9- to 14-year-old children with normal hearing (NH) performed the task in pairs, once with a friend with NH...

Variables that influence binomial completion (Eaton & Newman, 2018)

Catherine Torrington Eaton & Rochelle S. Newman
Purpose: The goal of this research was to institute an evidence base behind commonly used elicitation materials known as binomials (e.g., “day and night”) that are commonly used for persons with aphasia (PWAs). The study explored a number of linguistic variables that could influence successful binomial completion in nonaphasic adults and PWAs.Method: Thirty nonaphasic adults and 11 PWAs were asked to verbally complete 128 binomials; responses were scored by accuracy and reaction time. Binomials were...

Dysphagia research: Administrative databases (Bartlett & Thibeault, 2018)

Rebecca S. Bartlett & Susan L. Thibeault
Purpose: The call for data-driven health care has been bolstered by the digitization of medical records, quality initiatives, and payment reform. Administrative databases and clinical registries are increasingly being used to study oropharyngeal dysphagia and to facilitate data-driven decision making. The objective of this work was to summarize key findings, etiologies studied, data sources used, study objectives, and quality of evidence of all original research articles that have investigated oropharyngeal dysphagia or aspiration pneumonia using...

Morphosyntactic production and WM in aphasia (Fyndanis et al., 2018)

Valantis Fyndanis, Giorgio Arcara, Paraskevi Christidou & David Caplan
Purpose: The present work investigated whether verbal working memory (WM) affects morphosyntactic production in configurations that do not involve or favor similarity-based interference and whether WM interacts with verb-related morphosyntactic categories and/or cue–target distance (locality). It also explored whether the findings related to the questions above lend support to a recent account of agrammatic morphosyntactic production: Interpretable Features’ Impairment Hypothesis (Fyndanis, Varlokosta, & Tsapkini, 2012).Method: A sentence completion task testing production of subject–verb agreement, tense/time...

Sentence production in semantic dementia (Koukoulioti et al., 2018)

Vasiliki Koukoulioti, Stavroula Stavrakaki, Eleni Konstantinopoulou & Panagiotis Ioannidis
Purpose: Language production in semantic dementia(SD) is characterized by a lexical–semantic deficitand largely preserved argument structure and inflectionproduction. This study investigates (a) the effectof argument structure on verb retrieval and (b) theinterrelation between inflection marking and verb retrievalin SD.Method: Seven individuals with SD and 7 healthy controlsperformed 2 sentence elicitation tasks. In Experiment 1,participants described the action taking place in a video.In Experiment 2, they watched the same videos precededby a phrase prompting the production...

Auditory–visual perception of Down syndrome speech (Hennequin et al., 2018)

Alexandre Hennequin, Amélie Rochet-Capellan, Silvain Gerber & Marion Dohen
Purpose: This work evaluates whether seeing the speaker’s face could improve the speech intelligibility of adults with Down syndrome (DS). This is not straightforward because DS induces a number of anatomical and motor anomalies affecting the orofacial zone.Method: A speech-in-noise perception test was used to evaluate the intelligibility of 16 consonants (Cs) produced in a vowel–consonant–vowel context (Vo = /a/) by 4 speakers with DS and 4 control speakers. Forty-eight naïve participants were asked to...

Children's speech adaptations to friends with HI (Granlund et al., 2018)

Sonia Granlund, Valerie Hazan & Merle Mahon
Purpose: This study aims to examine the clear speaking strategies used by older children when interacting with a peer with hearing loss, focusing on both acoustic and linguistic adaptations in speech.Method: The Grid task, a problem-solving task developed to elicit spontaneous interactive speech, was used to obtain a range of global acoustic and linguistic measures. Eighteen 9- to 14-year-old children with normal hearing (NH) performed the task in pairs, once with a friend with NH...

Teacher ratings (Gregory & Oetting, 2018)

Kyomi D. Gregory & Janna B. Oetting
Purpose: We compared teacher ratings as measured by the Teacher Rating of Oral Language and Literacy (TROLL; Dickinson, McCabe, & Sprague, 2001, 2003) and Children’s Communication Checklist–Second Edition (CCC-2; Bishop, 2006) to 2 established screeners, the Part II of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Language Variation–Screening Test (DELV-ST-II; Seymour, Roeper, & de Villiers, 2003) and Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills–Next (DIBELS; Good, Gruba, & Kaminski, 2009), and then examined whether teacher ratings alone or...

Gaze to social scenes by individuals with autism (Liang & Wilkinson, 2018)

Jiali Liang & Krista Wilkinson
Purpose: A striking characteristic of the social communication deficits in individuals with autism is atypical patterns of eye contact during social interactions. We used eye-tracking technology to evaluate how the number of human figures depicted and the presence of sharing activity between the human figures in still photographs influenced visual attention by individuals with autism, typical development, or Down syndrome. We sought to examine visual attention to the contents of visual scene displays, a growing...

Dysphagia research: Administrative databases (Bartlett & Thibeault, 2018)

Rebecca S. Bartlett & Susan L. Thibeault
Purpose: The call for data-driven health care has been bolstered by the digitization of medical records, quality initiatives, and payment reform. Administrative databases and clinical registries are increasingly being used to study oropharyngeal dysphagia and to facilitate data-driven decision making. The objective of this work was to summarize key findings, etiologies studied, data sources used, study objectives, and quality of evidence of all original research articles that have investigated oropharyngeal dysphagia or aspiration pneumonia using...

Variables that influence binomial completion (Eaton & Newman, 2018)

Catherine Torrington Eaton & Rochelle S. Newman
Purpose: The goal of this research was to institute an evidence base behind commonly used elicitation materials known as binomials (e.g., “day and night”) that are commonly used for persons with aphasia (PWAs). The study explored a number of linguistic variables that could influence successful binomial completion in nonaphasic adults and PWAs.Method: Thirty nonaphasic adults and 11 PWAs were asked to verbally complete 128 binomials; responses were scored by accuracy and reaction time. Binomials were...

Sentence production in semantic dementia (Koukoulioti et al., 2018)

Vasiliki Koukoulioti, Stavroula Stavrakaki, Eleni Konstantinopoulou & Panagiotis Ioannidis
Purpose: Language production in semantic dementia(SD) is characterized by a lexical–semantic deficitand largely preserved argument structure and inflectionproduction. This study investigates (a) the effectof argument structure on verb retrieval and (b) theinterrelation between inflection marking and verb retrievalin SD.Method: Seven individuals with SD and 7 healthy controlsperformed 2 sentence elicitation tasks. In Experiment 1,participants described the action taking place in a video.In Experiment 2, they watched the same videos precededby a phrase prompting the production...

Sound selection (Storkel, 2018)

Holly L. Storkel
Purpose: There are a number of evidence-based treatments for preschool children with phonological disorders (Baker & McLeod, 2011). However, a recent survey by Brumbaugh and Smit (2013) suggests that speech-language pathologists are not equally familiar with all evidence-based treatment alternatives, particularly the complexity approach. The goal of this clinical tutorial is to provide coaching on the implementation of the complexity approach in clinical practice, focusing on treatment target selection.Method: Evidence related to selecting targets for...

Morphosyntactic production and WM in aphasia (Fyndanis et al., 2018)

Valantis Fyndanis, Giorgio Arcara, Paraskevi Christidou & David Caplan
Purpose: The present work investigated whether verbal working memory (WM) affects morphosyntactic production in configurations that do not involve or favor similarity-based interference and whether WM interacts with verb-related morphosyntactic categories and/or cue–target distance (locality). It also explored whether the findings related to the questions above lend support to a recent account of agrammatic morphosyntactic production: Interpretable Features’ Impairment Hypothesis (Fyndanis, Varlokosta, & Tsapkini, 2012).Method: A sentence completion task testing production of subject–verb agreement, tense/time...

Preschoolers’ communicative participation outcomes (Cunningham et al., 2018)

Barbara Jane Cunningham, Steven E. Hanna, Peter Rosenbaum, Nancy Thomas-Stonell & Bruce Oddson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of communicative participation outcomes for a large cohort of preschoolers with speech and language impairments.Method: A secondary analysis of longitudinal program evaluation data from Ontario, Canada’s Preschool Speech and Language Program was done. Data available for 46,872 children 18–67 months of age (M = 41.76 months, SD = 11.92; 68% boys, 32% girls) were previously used to predict children’s communicative participation skill development in 5...

Teacher ratings (Gregory & Oetting, 2018)

Kyomi D. Gregory & Janna B. Oetting
Purpose: We compared teacher ratings as measured by the Teacher Rating of Oral Language and Literacy (TROLL; Dickinson, McCabe, & Sprague, 2001, 2003) and Children’s Communication Checklist–Second Edition (CCC-2; Bishop, 2006) to 2 established screeners, the Part II of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Language Variation–Screening Test (DELV-ST-II; Seymour, Roeper, & de Villiers, 2003) and Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills–Next (DIBELS; Good, Gruba, & Kaminski, 2009), and then examined whether teacher ratings alone or...

Sound selection (Storkel, 2018)

Holly L. Storkel
Purpose: There are a number of evidence-based treatments for preschool children with phonological disorders (Baker & McLeod, 2011). However, a recent survey by Brumbaugh and Smit (2013) suggests that speech-language pathologists are not equally familiar with all evidence-based treatment alternatives, particularly the complexity approach. The goal of this clinical tutorial is to provide coaching on the implementation of the complexity approach in clinical practice, focusing on treatment target selection.Method: Evidence related to selecting targets for...

Auditory–visual perception of Down syndrome speech (Hennequin et al., 2018)

Alexandre Hennequin, Amélie Rochet-Capellan, Silvain Gerber & Marion Dohen
Purpose: This work evaluates whether seeing the speaker’s face could improve the speech intelligibility of adults with Down syndrome (DS). This is not straightforward because DS induces a number of anatomical and motor anomalies affecting the orofacial zone.Method: A speech-in-noise perception test was used to evaluate the intelligibility of 16 consonants (Cs) produced in a vowel–consonant–vowel context (Vo = /a/) by 4 speakers with DS and 4 control speakers. Forty-eight naïve participants were asked to...

Misarticulations and word identification (Krueger et al., 2018)

Breanna I. Krueger, Holly L. Storkel & Utako Minai
Purpose: The purpose of the present studies was to determine how children’s identification and processing of misarticulated words was influenced by substitution commonness.Method: Sixty-one typically developing preschoolers across 3 experiments heard accurate productions of words (e.g., “leaf”), words containing common substitutions (e.g., “weaf”), and words containing uncommon substitutions (e.g., “yeaf”). On each trial, preschoolers chose between a real object picture (e.g., a leaf ) and a nonobject (e.g., an anomalous line drawing). Accuracy and processing...

Resource Types

  • Collection
    79
  • Text
    52
  • Dataset
    8
  • Image
    8
  • Audiovisual
    6

Publication Year

  • 2018
    67
  • 2017
    86

Registration Year

  • 2018
    64
  • 2017
    89

Data Centers

  • figshare ASHA Publications
    153