40,316 Works

Why Borderline Personality Features Adversely Affect Job Performance: The Role of Task Strategies

Rebecca J. Thompson, Stephanie C. Payne, Margaret T. Horner & Leslie C. Morey
This study examined how Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and its components influence job performance. BPD is theorized to adversely affect the generation of task strategies in the workplace which results in poor job performance. In this study, 180 college students completed the Borderline Scale from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI-BOR; Morey, 1991) followed by a work-related simulation. While none of the facets of BPD related to task strategy, the composite of borderline negatively related to...

Societal Institutions and Work and Family Gender-Role Attitudes

Lisa T. Stickney & Alison M. Konrad
We examine associations between societal-level policies and gender-role attitudes using nationally representative International Social Survey Program (ISSP) data sets from 14 countries in 1994 and 2002. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) findings indicated that tax policies favoring dual-earner families were associated with greater egalitarianism in gender-role attitudes, while the relationship between parental leave times and individual gender-role attitudes was curvilinear in 2002. Low and high parental leave times were associated with traditionalism in gender-role attitude, while...

Technology and Education: an Ever-Growing Intersection

Giovanni Vincenti & James Braman
Taking with it many facets of everyday interaction, including that of teaching and learning. As the educational forefront is continually advancing through the introduction of new ideas, technologies and media, it is important to report all of these changes in order to stay abreast of its impacts. It is with great pleasure that we introduce our second issue of the ICST Transactions on e-Education and e-Learning. It has always been our belief that it is...

Teaching Introductory Programming Through Reusable Learning Objects: A Pilot Study

Giovanni Vincenti, James Braman & J. Scott Hilberg
This paper describes a pilot study that examines the perceived effectiveness and usability of a dynamic reusable learning object that enriches lecture material in an introductory programming course. In particular, we focus on the topic of looping by providing students an interactive tool that lets them simulate and review the execution of code. The results suggest that students in CS0 courses may utilize this tool for learning about looping, while CS1 students are more likely...

Investigating Cyber Law and Cyber Ethics: Issues, Impacts and Practices

Alfreda Dudley, James Braman & Giovanni Vincenti
Constitutional and Administrative Law is a core component of legal studies throughout the world, but to date little has been written about how this might exist on the Internet, which is like a world without frontiers. John Perry Barlow’s “Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace” served to start the debate about the legitimacy of nation-states to impose laws on such a virtual space. It has been argued that the nation-states won as there are now...

Security, Legal, and Ethical Implications of Using Virtual Worlds

Alfreda Dudley, James Braman, Kathy Wang, Giovanni Vincenti & Donna Tupper
Technologies such as virtual worlds have become an increasing area for research over the past several years. Many active internet users are using virtual worlds like Second Life for social interactions of all kinds. These mediums are a growing trend for online communication; the impacts of using this technology are of importance. In this paper, the authors discuss leading areas of concern related to the use of virtual worlds focusing on security, legal and ethical...

The Handbook of Research on Computational Arts and Creative Informatics

James Braman, Giovanni Vincenti & Goran Trajkovski
As technology becomes further meshed into our culture and everyday lives, new mediums and outlets for creative expression and innovation are necessary. The Handbook of Research on Computational Arts and Creative Informatics covers a comprehensive range of topics regarding the interaction of the sciences and the arts. Exploring new uses of technology and investigating creative insights into concepts of art and expression, this cutting-edge Handbook of Research offers a valuable resource to academicians, researchers, and...

Hybrid Emotionally Aware Mediated Agent Architecture for Human-Assistive Technologies

Giovanni Vincenti, James Braman & Goran Trajkovski
Emotionally aware agents used to support human-computer interactions form the basis for our hybrid mediated agent architecture. This paper expands on our framework for an emotionally aware interface architecture that couples with the human user where data is mediated between agent processes for adaptive controlled assistive technologies. We present a hybrid emotionally aware mediated agent architecture that couples human and artificial operators. Agent behaviors in the context of emotion are derived from interactions from human...

Emotion-Based Framework for Multi-Agent Coordination and Individual Performance in a Goal-Directed Environment

Giovanni Vincenti, James Braman & Goran Trajkovski
Through the use of a multi-agent system composed of emotionally enhanced sets of agents, we investigate how emotion plays a role in inter-agent communication, cooperation, goal achievement and perception. The behaviors of each agent are derived from its perception of the envi- ronment, its goals, knowledge gained from other agents and based on its own current emotional state, which is predicated on fuzzy sets. The state of each interacting agent is determined by its level...

Purdue ME 581

Martin Hunt & Marisol Koslowski
These notebooks are examples and homework solutions for ME 581.

Fuzzy Mediation for Online Learning in Autonomous Agents

Giovanni Vincenti & Goran Trajkovski
Information fusion is a field that deals with merging multiple inputs to create a single output. Several fusion mechanisms are in place, but none can be easily adapted to accommodate for online learning using a simulator. This paper analyzes the concept of fuzzy mediation as a novel approach to the creation of a framework through simulations of controllers interacting with a controllable object. We propose this new algorithm as a mean to improved methods of...

Creating an Elastic Robotics Framework for Education and Research

Giovanni Vincenti & Goran Trajkovski
Different applications of robotics require widely different setups of the environments that control the robots. Education and research are closely related in most academic settings yet require different architectures for the structures supporting the operations of agents. Learning how to use a robot needs clear and easy interfaces, while using a robot to discover new knowledge in the field of imitation-based robotics sometimes leaves behind a messy environment. This article introduces a blueprint adaptable enough...

Analysis of Different Mediation Equations and Tightness of Control to Finely Regulate the Exchange of Control Between Expert and Novice Controllers in a Fuzzy Mediation Environment

Giovanni Vincenti & Goran Trajkovski
Fuzzy mediation is an innovative approach to the creation of a framework geared towards supervised and collaborative learning in systems with two controllers, one being an expert controller and the second being a novice one. The nature of fuzzy sets allows for the comparison of inputs to reach a consensus on the overall difference between the controls. In previous works we have highlighted the importance of this concept and the aptitude and ease with which...

Supervisee Avoidant Attachment and Supervisors’ Use of Relational Behavior: Contributions to the Working Alliance

Katharine S. Shaffer
Supervision research has demonstrated the importance of a strong supervisory working alliance in the context of clinical training. However, little is known about what specifically occurs in clinical supervision that contributes to a strong supervisory working alliance. The present study of counselor trainees was designed to investigate relations among their avoidant attachment style, perceptions of relational behaviors used by their supervisors in the most recent supervision session, and the supervisory working alliance. Competing hypotheses stated...

It’s (Still) All About the Relationship: Relational Strategies in Clinical Supervision

Marna L. Friedlander & Katharine S. Shaffer
Web feature in The Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy website.

‘An Alliance Forged in Blood’: The American Occupation of Korea, the Korean War, and the US–South Korean Alliance

William Stueck & BoRam Yi
The US occupation of Korea from 1945 to 1948 was not notable for its success. The volatile interaction between the occupiers and the occupied provided an important context for its relatively rapid conclusion and for Washington’s ineffective employment of deterrence in the lead-up to the June 1950 North Korean attack on South Korea. This essay describes the volatile interaction between Americans and Koreans on the peninsula and the circumstantial, psychological, and cultural factors behind it....

Career Development of Women in Academia: Traversing the Leaky Pipeline

Courtney E. Gasser & Katherine S. Shaffer
Women’s experiences in academia are laden with a fundamental set of issues pertaining to gender inequalities. A model reflecting women’s career development and experiences around their academic pipeline (or career in academia) is presented. This model further conveys a new perspective on the experiences of women academicians before, during and after their faculty appointments and can help in career counseling. Specifically, this model provides career counselors with a framework to conceptualize the concerns of women...

OpenAgrar

Re3data.Org
OpenAgrar publication server now also features research data. Creators support further development as claimed on the Open-Access Days 2017 (Dresden, Germany)

GeneWeaver.org

Re3data.Org
GeneWeaver combines cross-species data and gene entity integration, scalable hierarchical analysis of user data with a community-built and curated data archive of gene sets and gene networks, and tools for data driven comparison of user-defined biological, behavioral and disease concepts. Gene Weaver allows users to integrate gene sets across species, tissue and experimental platform. It differs from conventional gene set over-representation analysis tools in that it allows users to evaluate intersections among all combinations of...

Keeping Quiet: Factors that Hinder Anger Expression at Work

Lisa T. Stickney & Deanna Geddes
More research is emerging that finds workplace anger expression (versus suppression) is more likely to promote positive individual and organizational outcomes. However, many angry employees at work choose to remain silent rather than express their anger. What factors contribute most to this decision? Using content and factor analysis, we identify three key categories of factors that hinder anger expression at work, most to least frequent, respectively: professional courtesy, fear of repercussions, and organizational norms. We...

An Empirical Examination of the Dual Threshold Model of Anger Expression

Lisa T. Stickney & Deanna Geddes
This exploratory study examines the suppression and expression of anger at work within the framework of Callister & Geddes’ (2004) Dual Threshold Model. Data for the study were collected from surveys reflecting a critical incident methodology. Findings support the hypotheses that organizational silence leads to negative workplace outcomes, and expressed anger leads to positive workplace outcomes. There was partial support for the hypothesis that workplace displays of excessive anger negatively impact the offender and the...

A Few Thoughts on the Flipped Classroom

Giovanni Vincenti & James Braman
There are many ways educators can enhance their curriculum and experiment with new pedagogical models to engage students. There have been numerous studies that have shown improvement as well as the potential for additional success with many of these models. From our own experience, certain classroom settings and topics lend themselves to a particular learning style that may be more advantageous. Experience coupled with keeping up with the literature and research on best practices can...

Virtual Worlds in the General Education Curriculum

James Braman, Gabriele Meiselwitz & Giovanni Vincenti
Virtual worlds have been an increasing element in professional training and instruction for some time, with many institutions in higher education becoming interested in integrating virtual worlds into the curriculum. Instructors are integrating these virtual worlds in many cases to supplement traditional courses in higher education, however, only few courses exist that use virtual worlds as a primary topic of study. This paper reports about the use of virtual worlds in a newly created general...

The ARICE Framework: Augmented Reality in Computing Education

Kathy Wang, Giovanni Vincenti, James Braman & Alfreda Dudley
Augmented Reality (AR) is a term for a live direct or an indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented by computer-generated sen- sory input and output including sound, graphics or haptic input and feedback mechanisms. It has been reported that the use of AR for educational purposes provided opportuni- ties for reflection, capabilities for multiple representations, and co-design of personalized learning experiences which contribute to promote active learning. However, most of...

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