During pregnancy and while breastfeeding, many women are required to take medications for pre-existing conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or mental illnesses. However, some of these medications are considered unsafe for fetuses or infants and these medications are collectively called category X medications. Category X medications are those that have demonstrated causing fetal abnormalities or evidence of human risk based on adverse reactions; examples include blindness and Down syndrome. Other medications, including the...
Our understanding of how human activities impact insect communities is limited. Dung beetles, well known for the ecosystem services they provide, are faced with many conservation threats, particularly from deforestation and agriculture. Here we used 200-m transects and human-dung—baited pitfall traps to examine dung beetle populations in 7 forests of Maryland's Coastal Plain. We set traps once a month, from May 2014 to April 2015, to determine species presence, abundance, range, and seasonality. We collected...
The purpose of this study was to select an efficient assessment, the California Personality Inventory, to utilize as a screening device for the Salisbury Police Department. The CPI was administered to twenty-six potential law enforcement officers currently involved in a thirteen week training program. Of the twenty-six potential officers, eight planned to work for the Department of Natural Resources (DNR), The hypothesis of this study was that these eight candidates would score significantly higher on...
Problem Statement: African American women have a lack of access to health care in underserved urban areas and are experiencing cardiovascular disease at a higher rate that negatively impacts their health, and increases medical costs. Purpose: To determine if the implementation of a Community- Based Outreach Hypertension Program in beauty salons will increase African American women’s knowledge concerning hypertension, encourage self-management, and follow-up care for chronic disease management. Methods: Twelve African American women with hypertension...
The USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Cotton Program maintains a National Database (NDB) in Memphis, Tennessee for owner access to cotton classification data. The NDB is computerized telecommunications system which allows owners or authorized agents of owners to retrieve classing data from the current crop and/or the previous four crops. The NDB stores classing information from all 10 regional classing offices.
CottonGen is a new cotton community genomics, genetics and breeding database being developed to enable basic, translational and applied research in cotton. It is being built using the open-source Tripal database infrastructure. CottonGen consolidates and expands the data from CottonDB and the Cotton Marker Database, providing enhanced tools for easy querying, visualizing and downloading research data.
Genome resource samples of wild animals, particularly those of endangered mammalian and avian species, are very difficult to collect. In Korea, many of these animals such as tigers, leopards, bears, wolves, foxes, gorals, and river otters, are either already extinct, long before the Korean biologists had the opportunity to study them, or are near extinction. Therefore, proposal for a systematic collection and preservation of genetic samples of these precious animals was adopted by Korea Science...
The Effects of Leveled Literacy Reading Intervention on Title I First- and Second-Grade Students’ Reading Accuracy and ComprehensionKimberly Smith
The purpose of this study was to determine whether first-grade targeted Title I students who participated in the Fountas and Pinnell Leveled Literacy Intervention had the same reading levels after the implementation of the intervention. The study used a quasi-experimental design, and the group of students was chosen using convenience sampling based on their reading needs. All of the students in the study were performing at a Kindergarten reading level as determined by the Fountas...
Problem Statement: As patients with chronic, life-limiting conditions live longer, it is important to continuously evaluate quality-of-life. The lack of initiation of a palliative care consult at the time of diagnosis with a chronic, life-limiting condition results in an increase in disease burden and functional decline. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine if the implementation of a palliative screening and referral process in the primary care setting as compared with usual care...
In this paper we develop a general equilibrium overlapping generations (OLG) model with health shocks to analyze the life-cycle pattern of insurance choice and health care spending. We use data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and show that our model is able to match the life-cycle trends of insurance take up ratios and average medical expenditures in the U.S. We then demonstrate how this model can be used to conduct health care policy...
Current research has shown that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids are equally effective in treating acute low back pain (LBP). Opioids not only have many more side effects than NSAIDs do, but also carry the risk of opioid abuse and overdose. Despite this evidence, emergency department (ED) providers are still frequently prescribing opioids for acute LBP. The purpose of this project was to review the prescribing habits of providers in a rural Mid-Atlantic ED,...
Improving Outpatient Follow Up for Hypertensive Patients Post Emergency Department Visit Using a Staff Education and Telephone Referral InterventionJordan Braniff
Problem Statement: Americans are increasingly using the Emergency Department (ED) for primary treatment of hypertension, a significant chronic health problem which requires primary care follow-up. Previous studies have shown that between 24-50% of ED patients are lost to ambulatory follow-up. Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to determine if primary care provider (PCP) follow-up and utilization rates increased in patients with hypertension who did not have a PCP after receiving an educational intervention...
Improving Perceptions of Health Literacy Practices and Indicators of Metabolic Syndrome in Adults with Severe Mental IllnessDeanna Schloemer
Low health literacy is a major problem in the U.S. which can negatively impact health and indicators of metabolic syndrome, particularly in the underserved population of those with severe mental illness. The purpose of this pilot project was to improve the health literacy in persons with mental illness at an outpatient mental health clinic utilizing the AHRQ’s Health Literacy Universal Precautions Toolkit with the goal of improving the indicators of metabolic syndrome. Medical records were...
Cotton Functional Genomics Database (CottonFGD) integrates with modern genomic/transcriptomic data and earch/analysis/visualization modules. It aims at providing an easy, quick and visualized data analysis platform for cotton (Gossypium spp) researchers and other functional genomic researches.
Database platform for cotton expressed sequence tag (EST)-related information, covering assembled contigs, function annotation, analysis of GO and KEGG, SNP, miRNA, SSR-related marker information.
The Portal aims to serve as a unique access point to timely, comprehensive migration statistics and reliable information about migration data globally. The site is designed to help policy makers, national statistics officers, journalists and the general public interested in the field of migration to navigate the increasingly complex landscape of international migration data, currently scattered across different organisations and agencies. Especially in critical times, such as those faced today, it is essential to ensure...
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