3,205 Works

Are wives and daughters disadvantaged in polygynous households? A case study of the Arsi Oromo of Ethiopia

Caroline Uggla, Eshetu Gurmu & Mhairi Gibson
Final version published 2017 in Evolution and Human Behavior.


Abstract: Whether polygyny is harmful for women and their children is a long-standing question in anthropology. Few studies, however, have explored whether the effect of polygyny varies for women of different wife order, and whether there are different outcomes for their sons and daughters. Because males have higher reproductive variance, especially when they are allowed to take multiple wives, parents may have higher fitness returns from...

Birth and Employment Transitions of Women in Turkey: Conflicting or Compatible Roles?

Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Banu Ergöçmen & Aysıt Tansel
Abstract: The relationship between fertility and employment among women is a challenging topic that requires further exploration, especially for developing countries where the micro and macro evidence fails to paint a clear picture. This study analyzes the two-way relationship between women’s employment and fertility in Turkey using a hazard approach with piece-wise constant exponential modelling, using data from the 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the...

Birth and Employment Transitions of Women in Turkey: Conflicting or Compatible Roles?

Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Banu Ergöçmen & Aysıt Tansel
Abstract: The relationship between fertility and employment among women is a challenging topic that requires further exploration, especially for developing countries where the micro and macro evidence fails to paint a clear picture. This study analyzes the two-way relationship between women’s employment and fertility in Turkey using a hazard approach with piece-wise constant exponential modelling, using data from the 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the...

Cognitive ability and fertility amongst Swedish men. Evidence from 18 cohorts of military conscription

Martin Kolk & Kieron Barclay
Abstract: We examine the relationship between cognitive ability and childbearing patterns in contemporary Sweden using administrative register data. The topic has a long history in the social sciences and has been the topic of a large number of studies, many arguing for a negative gradient between intelligence and fertility. We link fertility histories to military conscription tests with intelligences scores for all Swedish born men born 1951 to 1967. We find an overall positive relationship...

NrdJ phylogenies

Daniel Lundin
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) class II (NrdJ) phylogenies.

NrdJ phylogenies

Daniel Lundin
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) class II (NrdJ) phylogenies.

NPP supply and demand projections for the Sahel

Florian Sallaba, Stefan Olin, Jonathan Seaquist, Veiko Lehsten & Kerstin Engström
Annual projections of different NPP (net primary production) scenarios balance (supply and demand) for the 21st century Sahel. Projections are generated by coupling a simple NPP supply model (forced with projections from four representative concentration pathways) with a global, reduced-complexity demand model (driven by socio-economic data and assumptions derived from five shared socio-economic pathways). Corresponding population density projections are also included in the dataset. This data is supplementary to Sallaba, F., Olin, S., Engström, K.,...

Are wives and daughters disadvantaged in polygynous households? A case study of the Arsi Oromo of Ethiopia

Caroline Uggla, Eshetu Gurmu & Mhairi Gibson
Abstract: Whether polygyny is harmful for women and their children is a long-standing question in anthropology. Few studies, however, have explored whether the effect of polygyny varies for women of different wife order, and whether there are different outcomes for their sons and daughters. Because males have higher reproductive variance, especially when they are allowed to take multiple wives, parents may have higher fitness returns from investing in sons over daughters in polygynous households. Moreover,...

U14017 Livsförloppsperspektiv på funktionshinder och människors delaktighet i samhället, Sverige

Mattias Sandström, Outi Hyvönen, Nina Brynefall & Maria Wisselgren
Professor Lotta Vikström med forskargrupp har erhållit medel från Europeiska forskningsrådet (ERC) för det tvärvetenskapliga projektet ”Möjligheter och hinder längs levnadsbanan: Livsförloppsperspektiv på funktionsnedsättningar och människors delaktighet i samhället förr och nu (DISLIFE)”. Som en del i detta projekt ska hälsa och dödlighet bland funktionsnedsatta individer analyseras, vilket bland annat ska ske med hjälp av data från databasen POPLINK, som finns vid CEDAR, avdelningen för Demografiska databasen (DDB). POPLINK är en användardatabas som innehåller individdata...

Exotic vowels in Swedish - South

Susanne Schötz & Johan Frid
The general object of this study is vowel production, specifically long palatal vowels in Swedish. In a cross-language comparison, Swedish has a fairly rich vowel system, and Swedish vowels have some particularly exotic and distinctive features. We focus on three specific issues: the crowding of vowels among the front, close vowels, particularly y and u, the diphthongisation of long vowels, and the special "damped" colour of i and y vowels. The main purpose is to...

Exotic vowels in Swedish - West

Susanne Schötz & Johan Frid
The general object of this study is vowel production, specifically long palatal vowels in Swedish. In a cross-language comparison, Swedish has a fairly rich vowel system, and Swedish vowels have some particularly exotic and distinctive features. We focus on three specific issues: the crowding of vowels among the front, close vowels, particularly y and u, the diphthongisation of long vowels, and the special "damped" colour of i and y vowels. The main purpose is to...

Exotic vowels in Swedish - East

Susanne Schötz & Johan Frid
The general object of this study is vowel production, specifically long palatal vowels in Swedish. In a cross-language comparison, Swedish has a fairly rich vowel system, and Swedish vowels have some particularly exotic and distinctive features. We focus on three specific issues: the crowding of vowels among the front, close vowels, particularly y and u, the diphthongisation of long vowels, and the special "damped" colour of i and y vowels. The main purpose is to...

Exotic vowels in Swedish - an articulographic study of palatal vowels

Susanne Schötz & Johan Frid
The general object of this study is vowel production, specifically long palatal vowels in Swedish. In a cross-language comparison, Swedish has a fairly rich vowel system, and Swedish vowels have some particularly exotic and distinctive features. We focus on three specific issues: the crowding of vowels among the front, close vowels, particularly y and u, the diphthongisation of long vowels, and the special "damped" colour of i and y vowels. The main purpose is to...

Joseph Stephens' Diaries in India 1860-1863

Ingemar Gunnarsson
The material consists of transcriptions, including analyses and references, within the historical research study "A Scandinavian Railway Contractor in India 1860-1869".

Transcription from The Diaries of Joseph Stephens 1860-1863

Ingemar Gunnarsson
The material consists of transcriptions, including analyses and references, within the historical research study "A Scandinavian Railway Contractor in India 1860-1869".

Parental Survival and Retirement Timing in the Swedish Population

Linda Kridahl & Merril Silverstein
Abstract: Workforces are aging in most developed countries. At the same time, the parents of workers nearing retirement age are more likely to still be alive and in need of care. This study investigated the association between the survival of parents and retirement timing in Sweden. Data was derived from Swedish population registers for men and women born in 1940-1945. Discrete-time survival analysis using complementary log-log functions was employed. The study finds evidence that parental...

Policy support and impact on third births in post-socialist Hungary

Zsolt Spéder, Lívia Murinkó & Livia Olah
Abstract: Since the early 1990s fertility fall steeply in Central-East European countries including Hungary where substantial governmental efforts sought to stop or at least reduce the decline. Specific policy measures have benefited parents with three or more children: i) the flat-rate child-raising support paid from the 3rd until the 8th birthday of the youngest child in large families (signalling recognition of ‘motherhood as profession’) and ii) a comprehensive tax-relief system. The success of these measures,...

Militant attitudes among Swedish employees: The role of class and social identification

Johanna Palm
Using a mixed-methods approach, including data from a national sample of 1851 employees and 10 in-depth interviews with various categories of employees, this paper examines what factors influence different atti-tudes towards industrial action among Swedish employees. It adds to previous research by showing that social class has a strong influence on attitudes, both in terms of its effects on wages and working conditions and in terms of how class identification and class background affects perceptions...

Health and criminal conviction among African Americans - A sibling study

Amber Beckley, Rohan.Palmer@Emory.Edu, Mrocque@Bates.Edu & Keith.Whitfield@Wayne.Edu
Abstract: We examined the association between crime and poor health in a sample of African American twins. We combined health data from the Carolina African American Twin Study of Aging with criminal conviction data from North Carolina’s Department of Public Safety. We analyzed both convicted Study members matched with non-convicted study members and siblings discordant for criminal conviction. Study members with a criminal conviction, compared to those without a criminal conviction, had poorer adult health...

“Does Marriage Matter?” Revisited: The stability, fertility and mortality of the Swedish 1989 Marriage Boom cohort

Jennifer Holland, B.G.Perelli-Harris@Soton.Ac.Uk & Gunnar Andersson
A common finding across studies of the association between family context and wellbeing is a positive correlation between marriage and a host of outcomes related to union quality and stability, mental and physical health, job prospects and economic wellbeing for spouses and their children. The magnitude of the marriage premium and whether it is purely driven by selection remains elusive. We situate our study in Sweden, a context where the legal and social value of...

Self-Selection into Circular Migration: Evidence from linked Finnish and Swedish Register Data

Rosa.Weber@Sociology.Su.Se & Jan Saarela
Circular migration in a setting of free mobility has received increasing attention among policy makers. However, to date we know relatively little about the mechanisms underlying circular migration. In this paper, we try to fill the gap in the literature by analysing circular migration between Finland and Sweden using unique linked register data. The data set covers the years 1987-2005 and provides information on individuals in Finland and Sweden, thus allowing us to follow migrants...

European Earth System Modelling for Climate Services

Ralf Döscher, Helena Martins, Chris Hewitt, Fraeya Whiffin & Bart Van Den Hurk

The Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register Annual Report 2002

Peter Herberts, Henrik Malchau & Göran Garellick

The Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register Annual Report 2003

Peter Herberts, Henrik Malchau & Göran Garellick

The Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register Annual Report 2004

Peter Herberts, Johan Kärrholm & Göran Garellick

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