5,707 Works

Social Constraint, Social Support and Psychological Functioning in Rural and Nonrural Cancer Survivors

Jessica Rivera Rivera
This cross-sectional study identified the nature and strength of the relationship between social and psychological functioning, and explored if these relationships differ as a function of environmental and personal characteristics. Participants (n=87) consist of breast, prostate, colorectal, lung, and head and neck cancer survivors who were diagnosed within the past five years. Cancer survivors were recruited through a cancer registry and outpatient clinics. Data collection involved questionnaire and medical records review. In linear regression models...

STRIATED MUSCLE SPECIFIC RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L3-LIKE

Laura Brown
Ribosomes are the molecular machinery of the cell that catalyzes synthesis of peptides from amino acids. The eukaryotic ribosome is made up of four strands of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and ~80 ribosomal proteins. While many tissues routinely exhibit variations of ribosomal protein stoichiometry, tissue specific ribosomal proteins are rare. The ribosomal protein with the highest tissue specificity of any ribosomal protein is found in striated muscle, ribosomal protein L3-like (RPL3L). Other than its tissue specificity,...

UNCOVERING STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS OF INORGANIC NANOMATERIALS VIA TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Melonie Thomas
The rapid increase of research in nanoscale devices and nanotechnology in the past few decades has revealed that nanomaterials may possess exceptional properties that are significantly different from the bulk counterpart, due to local rearrangements of the atoms at surfaces and defects. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is an indispensable tool when it comes to the characterization of nanomaterials, primarily due to its ability to resolve the local-structure of materials at the atomic-scale. To study dynamic...

THRESHOLD IONIZATION SPECTROSCOPY AND SPIN-ORBIT COUPLING OF LANTHANIDE COMPLEXES

Yuchen Zhang
The C-C and C-H bonds have high bond strength and low polarization, which make many small hydrocarbons too inert to react with other molecules under ambient pressure and temperature conditions. Therefore, activation of these bonds is required to convert such small molecules into other value-added chemicals. Among various bond activation methods, metal activation is widely used and reported in the literature, because of its relatively mild reaction conditions and high selectivity. In this work, Ce...

Establishing Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Influence of Hospital Support

Martha Monroe
Maternal-child health authorities recommend that infants breastfeed exclusively for the first six months of life. Currently, 25% of infants in the United States do so. Breastfeeding specific care that mothers receive from their postpartum nurses and lactation specialists is integral to successfully initiating exclusive breastfeeding. Due to the time sensitive nature of establishing milk supply, interrupting the process of lactogenesis with supplementation puts infants at high risk for early termination of breastfeeding. The purpose of...

NEW SINGLE MOLECULE IN VIVO AND EX VIVO METHODS TO UNDERSTAND THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF NICOTINE USE

Xu Fu
The consumption of tobacco products leads to several health risks, including respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and many different cancers. Nicotine, the primary addictive compound in tobacco, acts on the cholinergic system through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), which is believed to be an essential component of addiction. However, the lack of a complete understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of nicotine abuse is one of the primary barriers to finding potent therapeutics for smoking cessation. Single-molecule imaging...

MICROFILTRATION MEMBRANE PORE FUNCTIONALIZATION APPROACHES FOR CHLORO-ORGANIC REMEDIATION TO HEAVY METAL SORPTION

Mohammad Saiful Islam
Microfiltration polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes have distinct advantage for open structure in terms of high internal surface area and ease of access in the pore domain. Functionalization of PVDF membranes with different functional groups (-COOH, -OH, -SH) enables responsive (pH, temperature) properties to membrane, tuning of effective pore size, controlling permeate flux. PVDF microfiltration membrane functionalization with suitable responsive polymer such as poly acrylic acid (PAA) to incorporate carboxyl (-COOH) group enables further modification of...

CLINICAL MEASUREMENTS OF THE POSTERIOR SHOULDER ENDURANCE TEST (PSET)

Neil Evans
Of the intrinsic factors responsible for non-traumatic shoulder pain, muscular endurance is often not measured by rehabilitation professionals due to the lack of available shoulder endurance measures. Measurement properties of the PSET have not been adequately assessed in previous studies. The purpose of this dissertation was to develop the clinical measurement properties of the Posterior Shoulder Endurance Test (PSET) so that it might be used as a clinical measure of shoulder muscular endurance. Electromyography (EMG)...

College Students Mandated to Substance Use Courses

Benjamin Montemayor
Every year, college campuses report alcohol and other drug (AOD) policy violations as the most frequent reason students receive disciplinary referrals and, thus, are mandated to programming. This dissertation focused on exploring characteristics of students mandated to intervention programming in order to provide recommendations for future programs. This dissertation includes three studies involving students enrolled in mandated intervention programming: (1) a systematic review of the effectiveness of mandated programs in reducing cannabis or other drug...

SIMULTANEOUS ZEROS OF A SYSTEM OF TWO QUADRATIC FORMS

Nandita Sahajpal
In this dissertation we investigate the existence of a nontrivial solution to a system of two quadratic forms over local fields and global fields. We specifically study a system of two quadratic forms over an arbitrary number field. The questions that are of particular interest are: How many variables are necessary to guarantee a nontrivial zero to a system of two quadratic forms over a global field or a local field? In other words, what...

Restructuring Work “The Chattanooga Way”

Mauri Systo
In Chattanooga, TN, the construction of a fiber optic telecommunications network has led to a tech-based revitalization strategy, and the promotion of entrepreneurial and technical positions within the Downtown. This dissertation questions what revitalization, the “Chattanooga Way,” means to differently situated residents of Chattanooga, TN, and how those differences in interpretation are related to lived experiences of economic inequality. Powerful local discourses, like the Chattanooga Way policy model and its accompanying “origin myth” of Chattanooga’s...

SOIL CARBON DYNAMICS AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN CONSERVATION TILLAGE SYSTEMS AT MULTIPLE SCALES

Yawen Huang
Conservation tillage practices like no-tillage and reduced tillage have been widely implemented worldwide, with expectations they would provide multiple benefits (e.g., yield enhancement and soil carbon sequestration) for food security and climate adaptation and mitigation. However, the adoption of conservation tillage faces both opportunities and challenges. A knowledge gap still exists regarding the effects of conservation tillage on the carbon cycle in agroecosystems. This dissertation reflects a comprehensive evaluation of conservation tillage at multiple scales...

UNDERSTANDING AND MITIGATING THE ELECTROCHEMICAL-MECHANICAL DEGRADATION OF HIGH CAPACITY BATTERY ELECTRODES

Dingying Dang
Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with high energy density and cycling stability play a critical role in developing electric vehicle (EV) and grid energy storage techniques. The electrochemical performance of LIBs can be improved by using high capacity positive (e.g., LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2, i.e., NMC111) and negative (e.g., silicon) electrodes; both, however, experience severe electrochemical-mechanical degradation caused by the lithiation/delithiation induced volume changes. Understanding mechanical degradation mechanisms and their relationships with the capacity fading of electrodes is important for...

PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION, STRUCTURAL DETERMINATION, AND MOLECULAR DYNAMIC MODELING OF PROSO MILLET PROTEINS FOR ENHANCED FOOD FUNCTIONALITY

Felix Akharume
More than one-third of Americans today incorporate plant-based protein into their diet and about 40% believed that plant-based protein is healthier than animal protein, especially Millennials. The increasing global demand for plant-based proteins driven by the high cost of animal proteins, consumers’ desire for lean protein, vegetarianism, and the need for more sustainable green protein products have necessitated research into alternate emerging and underutilized sources of protein to complement or supplement the major plant protein...

UNDERSTANDING EDUCATION ABROAD WITH ADVANCED QUANTITATIVE METHODOLOGIES

Jie Dai
This three-study dissertation contributes to the research in the field of participation in education abroad, particularly as it relates to student profiles and academic outcomes. Through employing more robust methodologies across the three studies, this dissertation aims not only to understand what are the factors associated with education abroad participation and how these factors interplay with each other, but also to provide a less biased picture of the impact of participation in education abroad on...

Editorial Comment: Local Health Department Provision of WIC Services Relative to Local Need

Paul C. Erwin

Editorial Comment: Public Health Governance and Population Health Outcomes

F. Douglas Scutchfield & Elizabeth Harper

Answering the Call to Integrate

Gulzar Shah
These editorial comments attempt to provide some contextual background to the primary focus of the study by Carlton and Erwin in the March 2015 issue of Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research, integration of health care and public health (executives). The purpose is also to provide a critical assessment of the value of evidence about strategies for integration, identified by the stakeholders in these two industries. Findings from the Carlton and Edwin study...

Public Health Services Most Commonly Provided by Local Health Departments in the United States

Gulzar H. Shah, Huabin Luo & Sergey Sotnikov
The primary purpose of this research is to identify the most commonly performed public health services by local health departments (LHDs) and highlight variation by LHD characteristics. Data were drawn from the 2008 and 2010 National Profile of LHDs, conducted by the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO). The descriptive analysis aims to further the essential dialogue triggered by a recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) report about the standard minimum set of...

Editorial Comment: Keeneland Conference Plenary Sessions

Glen Mays

Keeneland Conference Plenary Sessions

Richard J. Umbdenstock
Historically individual and community health problems fed off one another, nonetheless the connection eventually became clear and individual health and population health solutions started to emerge and built off one another. Somewhere along the line, population health and patient health seemed to become divided by a brighter line into 2 separate realms, few of us crossing from one to the otherToday we are looking out for the good of our respective communities. As hospitals move...

The Effects of the State of Tennessee Immunization Policy Change of 2011 - 2012 on Vaccination Uptake in East Tennessee

Margaret A. Knight, Anne D. Kershenbaum, Martha Buchanan, Janet Ridley & Paul C. Erwin
In the United States, funding for the purchase of vaccines depend on annual Congressional allocations. These allocations fluctuate from year to year as Congress responds to changes in national needs for immunizations. The Affordable Care Act requires first dollar coverage of immunizations and other preventive care, allowing a reduction in federal funding for vaccine purchase and a reallocation of funds to other uses such as infrastructure development. In fiscal year 2012, the loss of funds...

Health Department–Hospital Collaboration on Community Health Assessments

F. Douglas Scutchfield & Kaylee R. Hicks
The paper by Carlton and Singh in the March 2015 issue of Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research represents an effort to show that, at least indirectly, hospitals and health departments in some communities apparently are in partnership, at least in the health department’s judgment: That is, the health department listed hospitals as a partner in the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) survey of local health departments. They also...

Effectiveness and Challenges for Implementing Quality Improvement Activities in Nebraska’s Local Health Departments

Li-Wu Chen, Anh Nguyen, Janelle J. Jacobson, Diptee Ojha & David Palm
What is already known on this topic? Although the implementation strategies and effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) activities have been examined extensively for many industries, including the health care sector, very few studies have focused on QI activities in the public health context. What is added by this report? The study results indicated that Nebraska’s LHDs still face significant barriers for QI implementation, including low capacity, knowledge gaps, inadequate resources, and low institutional QI maturity....

Use of the County Health Rankings by Local Health Departments in Florida, 2010 - 2011

Nancy L. Winterbauer, Bonita Winterbauer & James B. Tidwell
This paper describes how local health departments (LHDs) in Florida used the County Health Rankings over the first two years of their release (2010 – 2011). We surveyed LHD leadership to describe if, how and to what extent the Rankings were used by Florida’s 67 LHDs to improve the health of their communities and describe changes in use from the 2010 to the 2011 release. Our results indicate substantial use of the Rankings by Florida’s...

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