145 Works

Low- and Middle-Income Country Primary Health Care Expenditures 2000-2017

This dataset includes estimates of primary health care (PHC) expenditures, PHC expenditures in ambulatory settings, and PHC expenditures disaggregated by the System of Health Accounts (SHA) health care function category in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 through 2017. Three data sources were used to estimate PHC expenditures: recently published health expenditure estimates for each LMIC, which were constructed using 1662 country-reported National Health Accounts (NHAs); proprietary data from IQVIA to estimate expenditure of...

New Lives in Anand

Sanderien Verstappen
In 2002 widespread communal violence tore apart hundreds of towns and villages in rural parts of Gujarat, India. In the aftermath, many Muslims living in Hindu-majority villages sought safety in the small town of Anand, some relocating with the financial assistance of their relatives overseas. Following such dramatic displacement and disorientation, Anand emerged as a site of opportunity and hope. For its residents and transnational visitors, Anand’s Muslim area is not just a site of...

Misreading the Bengal Delta

Camelia Dewan
Perilously close to sea level and vulnerable to floods, erosion, and cyclones, Bangladesh is one of the top recipients of development aid earmarked for climate change adaptation. Yet, to what extent do adaptation projects address local needs and concerns? Combining environmental history and ethnographic fieldwork with development professionals, rural farmers, and landless women, Misreading the Bengal Delta critiques development narratives of Bangladesh as a “climate change victim.” It examines how development actors repackage colonial-era modernizing...

Climate Impacts Research at the University of Washington, 1995-2005

Through innovative scientific research on how the Northwest’s natural resources are affected by predictable climate variations, the Climate Impacts Group (CIG) at UW has provided inestimably valuable services to the region and has guided resource managers toward more informed decisions. The CIG outlines here how it would build on this foundation of basic and applied research, increasing its value to a region uniquely well suited to becoming more “climate-wise”.

Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments

A.K. Snover, L.C. Whitely Binder, J. Lopez, E. Willmott, J.E. Kay, D. Howell & J. Simmonds
Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments is designed to help local, regional, and state governments prepare for climate change by recommending a detailed, easy-to-understand process for climate change preparedness based on familiar resources and tools. The guidebook was co-authored by the Climate Impacts Group, King County (Washington) Executive Ron Sims, and King County ‘s climate team. ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability is a contributing partner and is distributing the guidebook...

Links between Pacific basin climatic variability and natural systems of the Pacific Northwest

Z.M. Gedalof
This thesis is composed of three principal chapters, each describing a distinct line of inquiry: (1) Five paleoproxy reconstructions of Pacific Basin climatic variability are examined in order to identify the extent to which these records provide a coherent signal. A composite chronology of these records is well correlated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) index, and provides a better record of PDO variability than any of the constituent chronologies back to 1840. This record...

Statistical downscaling techniques for global climate model simulations of temperature and precipitation with application to water resources planning studies

A.F. Hamlet, E.P. Salathé & P. Carrasco
This chapter and related materials for the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project were produced by the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington in collaboration with the WA State Department of Ecology, Bonneville Power Administration, Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Oregon Water Resources Department, and the B.C. Ministry of the Environment. The project report, data and other information can be accessed at the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project website.

Introduction and project overview

A.F. Hamlet
This chapter and related materials for the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project were produced by the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington in collaboration with the WA State Department of Ecology, Bonneville Power Administration, Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Oregon Water Resources Department, and the B.C. Ministry of the Environment. The project report, data and other information can be accessed at the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project website.

Assessing Pacific Northwest water resources stakeholder data needs

C Lee & L.C. Whitely Binder
This chapter and related materials for the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project were produced by the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington in collaboration with the WA State Department of Ecology, Bonneville Power Administration, Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Oregon Water Resources Department, and the B.C. Ministry of the Environment. The project report, data and other information can be accessed at the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project website.

Markov model studies of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation

S.D. Johnson
Aspects of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation are investigated using statistical models derived from observational data sets of surface and subsurface temperature in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Topics examined include: the existence of a seasonal cycle in the unforced internal dynamics of the sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly field; useful forecasting information contained in the subsurface temperature anomalies not reflected in SST; Geographical patterns of SST anomaly and subsurface temperature anomaly that lead to highest growth...

Impacts of Climate Variability and Change, Pacific Northwest

P.W. Mote, D.J. Canning, D.L. Fluharty, R.C. Francis, J.F. Franklin, A.F. Hamlet, M. Hershman, M. Holmberg, K.N. Ideker, W.S. Keeton, D.P. Lettenmaier, L.R. Leung, N.J. Mantua, E.L. Miles, B. Noble, H. Parandvash, D.W. Peterson, A.K. Snover & S.R. Willard
Climate variations in the past have had a tremendous impact on the course of human history, at times allowing one civilization to flourish and at other times driving another civilization to migration or collapse. Even in this century, droughts and floods have crippled one region after another. Adding to these natural variations in climate, it now appears that humans have embarked on a global-scale modification of Earth’s climate by substantially changing the composition of the...

Regional Climate and Hydrologic Change in the Northern U.S. Rockies and Pacific Northwest: Internally Consistent Projections of Future Climate for Resource Management

J.S. Littell, M.M. Elsner, G.S. Mauger, E.R. Lutz, A.F. Hamlet & E.P. Salathé
Planning for the effects of climate change on natural resources often requires detailed projections of future climate at finer spatial scales consistent with the processes managers typically consider. While it is numerically possible to produce downscaled climate at very fine scales (< 5km), accurate estimation at these scales is difficult and less certain without very detailed local information. Both the absence of a sufficiently dense network of long-term climate observations and the presence of local...

Global Health Expenditures by Services and Providers 2000-2017

This dataset includes collected country-reported health expenditures and national health expenditure estimates for 195 countries from 2000 through 2017 by the System of Health Accounts (SHA) healthcare function (HC) and healthcare provider (HP) categories. The estimates are saved in level space, per capita, and as a share of total health spending. The estimates were created using 1662 country-years and 110,070 data points of health expenditures extracted and compiled from existing National Health Accounts (NHA).

Rapid and Sensitive Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Using Quantitative Peptide Enrichment Analysis

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Reliable, robust, large-scale molecular testing for SARS-CoV-2 is essential for monitoring the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. We have developed a scalable analytical approach to detect viral proteins based on peptide immunoaffinity enrichment combined with liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (LC-MS). This is a multiplexed strategy, based on targeted proteomics analysis and read-out by LC-MS, capable of precisely quantifying and confirming the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in PBS swab media from combined throat/nasopharynx/saliva samples. The results reveal that...

Latin American Country HIV Mortality Geospatial Estimates by Age and Sex 2000-2017

Annual estimates were produced for the HIV mortality rate and number of deaths due to HIV by sex and age group in the 0-80+ year range at the municipality level in six countries in Latin America: Brazil, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Colombia, and Ecuador. The estimates cover from 2000 to 2017 in Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico; from 2009 to 2017 in Guatemala; from 2004 to 2014 in Ecuador; and from 2014 to 2016 in Costa...

Mapping Water in Dominica, supplemental maps

Mark Hauser
These maps accompany the book Mapping Water in Dominica by Mark Hauser.

Mexico - Yucatán Under-5 Baseline Household Survey 2020

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These data are the product of a collaboration between the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán (UADY). The objective of the project was to improve maternal and child health and the quality of health information in the state of Yucatán, Mexico through assessing the knowledge of alarm signs, and access and utilization of health services, among caregivers of children under 5 years of age. This dataset includes the...

Projected Changes in Extreme Precipitation Web Tool

H. Morgan, G. Mauger, J. Won & D. Gould
The purpose of this tool is to visualize projected changes in heavy rainfall events across the Pacific Northwest. This tool provides extreme precipitation projections as a function of decade, duration, and return interval (frequency). You can customize the tool to select various precipitation frequencies and durations to ensure the data shown in the tool is relevant to your specific needs. The tool lets you download graphics for later use and you can also download the...

Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) Chewing Tobacco Use Prevalence 1990-2019

"The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019), coordinated by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), estimated the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors for 204 countries and territories and selected subnational locations. Estimates of chewing tobacco use and the burden attributable to this risk factor were produced by sex, age group, and year for 204 countries and territories for 1990-2019. The files in this record include estimates of chewing tobacco...

Comparison of allergen quantification strategies for egg, milk, and peanut in food using targeted LC-MS/MS

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Methods for the detection and quantification of food allergens in complex matrices are necessary to ensure compliance with labeling regulations and assess the effectiveness of food allergen preventive controls. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has emerged as an orthogonal technique in complement to immunochemical-based assays. However, the absence of established guidelines for MS-based quantification of allergens in food has limited harmonization among the method development community. In this study, different quantification strategies were evaluated using...

Optimization and characterization of printing parameters on a novel continuous carbon fiber composite material for 3D-printing

Sarah Waddell, Esther Law, Amanda Inthavong, Mallory Parker & Dwayne D. Arola
Additive manufacturing of composites materials is rapidly gaining interest in the aerospace industry due to the technique's flexibility and the high strength to weight ratio of polymer composites. Toray has recently developed a novel continuous carbon fiber (CCF) composite filament with Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS) resin matrix (CCF/PPS). With a high volume fraction of fibers, 50 Vf%, this new filament could introduce significant improvements in mechanical properties upon existing alternatives such as chopped fiber and continuous...

Additive manufacturing applications in the medical industry

Janet K. Diep
Additive manufacturing techniques have been introduced in the medical field and can be considered the field of biofabrication or bioprinting. Some applications of additive techniques have included the enhancement of medical imaging techniques, drug delivery, and replacement and regeneration of skin, bone, and other tissues. Imaging techniques can be evaluated with 3D printed models whereas drug delivery systems can be conducted with 3D printed tablets. Additionally, different scaffolds of various material compositions can be used...

Heat treatments to improve microstructures of nickel alloys after selective laser melting

Helen C. Carson
Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is the preferred additive manufacturing process for manufacturing high-temperature metals such as nickel alloys, and it has revolutionized the ability to create complex, previously unimaginable structures. However, the full mechanical capabilities of alloys produced via SLM cannot be achieved without methods of controlling the microstructure and addressing defects. This work reviews combinations of hot isostatic pressing and other heat treatments that can reduce porosity, anisotropy, residual stress cracking, and undesired precipitate...

Development and use of titanium alloys for biomedical and orthopedic applications

Xitlalit Rubi Sanchez-Martinez
Materials that can perform and mimic biological functions have been in high demand in the medical field since the invention of prosthetics. A variety of implant materials have been tested and applied to meet a wide variety of medical needs. In recent years titanium alloys and titanium-based alloys have been a focus for the use of biomedical and orthopedic applications due to their superior mechanical behavior and biocompatibility. Various attempts to improve on their properties...

Review on titanium and titanium alloy usage in biomedical implantation applications

Taylor Juenke
Titanium and titanium alloys possess various properties which contribute to their superior osseointegration and durability in implant fixture applications. This review discusses the current state of titanium use in biomedical research, development, and clinical application structures. The microstructural and mechanical properties of commercially pure titanium and titanium alloys are outlined, as well as the effects of their mechanical properties on biocompatibility and stress shielding. Processing methods of titanium alloys which improve these properties are discussed...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    145

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    74
  • Text
    62
  • Book
    3
  • Interactive Resource
    2
  • Other
    2
  • Image
    1
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Oslo
    1
  • University at Buffalo, State University of New York
    1
  • University of Vienna
    1