156 Works

REPRESENTATIONAL AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NOSTALGIC MEMORIES: AN INTERGENERATIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDY INVOLVING NATIVE AND IMMIGRANT GREEKS

Anna Madoglou, Panagiotis Xanthopoulos & Dimitrios Kalamaras
Nostalgia is defined as a reconstruction of important representational memories in the present. The present study aimed to investigate the process of objectification of nostalgic memories, and, also, the effects of gender, age/ generation, country of residence, and rate of occurrence of nostalgic memories. It draws on data from a sample of 226 female and male Greek natives and immigrants residing in Germany. The participants belonged to three different generations (young adults/children, adults/parents, elders/grandparents). They...

ΧΟΥΝΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΧΡΥΣΗ ΑΥΓΗ: Ο ΡΟΛΟΣ ΤΗΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΗΣ ΤΑΥΤΟΤΗΤΑΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΑΝΑΠΑΡΑΣΤΑΣΙΑΚΗ ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΗ ΜΝΗΜΗ ΚΑΙ ΛΗΘΗ ΑΚΡΑΙΩΝ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΩΝ ΦΑΙΝΟΜΕΝΩΝ

Panagiota Ropoki & Anna Madoglou
Αντικείμενο της παρούσας έρευνας ήταν η μελέτη της επίδρασης της πολιτικής ταυτότητας στην αναπαραστασιακή κοινωνική μνήμη και λήθη της χούντας των Συνταγματαρχών (1967-1974) και του κόμματος της Χρυσής Αυγής, στην Ελλάδα. Στην έρευνα συμμετείχαν 300 άνδρες και γυναίκες διάφορων ηλικιών που απάντησαν σε μια κλίμακα πρωτοτυπικών ιδεών της αριστεράς και της δεξιάς, σε μια κλίμακα ταύτισης με την εθνική ενδο-ομάδα, σε μια κλίμακα πολιτικής τοποθέτησης όπου και σημείωναν το πολιτικό κόμμα που ψήφισαν στις τελευταίες...

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND MARITAL COMMUNICATION AMONG MARRIED COUPLES AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF MARRIAGE

Barbara Zmaczyńska-Witek, Marta Komborska & Aleksandra Rogowska
The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) andmarital communication (in terms of support, involvement and depreciation) amongmarried couples at different stages ofmarriage. The sample comprised 71 couples from the Silesian region of Poland with an average age of 36 years for women and 38 for men. Couples belonged to various stages ofmarriage according to the categorisation proposed byDuvall’s (1985) family life-cycle theory. The Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and the...

ACADEMIC SELF-HANDICAPPING IN ADOLESCENCE: THE ROLE OF PERSONAL AND PERCEIVED CONTEXTUAL FACTORS

Glykeria Chatzikyriakou, Εleftheria Gonida & Grigoris Kiosseoglou
The present study aimed to investigate academic self-handicapping in secondary school students. A number of personal factors (achievement goal orientations, self-efficacy, self-esteem, strategy use and prior achievement) as well as students’ perceptions of contextual factors (perceived classroom and parent goals, teacher-student relationship) were tested as potential predictors of academic self-handicapping. A total of 392 7th and 9th graders were asked to complete a set of self-report questionnaires measuring all the above variables adjusted for mathematics....

TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS OF “RETROGENESIS” VIA THE COMPARISON OF THE LATENT STRUCTURE OF \"ATHENA\" TEST AMONG TYPICALLY DEVELOPING YOUNG CHILDREN AND MENTALLY HEALTHY OLDER ADULTS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY

Magda Dinou, Effie Katsadima, Eugenia Savvidou, Evangelia Foutsitzi, Charilaos Zaragas, Despoina Moraitou & Georgia Papantoniou
The aim of this study was the comparison of the general cognitive ability (g), among typically developing young children and mentally healthy older adults, by exploring possible differentiations in the latent structure of Athena Test (AT; Paraskevopoulos, Kalantzi-Azizi, & Giannitsas, 1999) across the age sub-groups of the sample. The sample consisted of 42 kindergarten students, 56 elementary school students, 118 new-old adults and 27 old-old adults. The participants were administered a short version of AT...

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE BANGLA VERSION OF PSS-10: IS IT A SINGLE-FACTOR MEASURE OR NOT?

The Bangla version of the Perceived Stress Scale(PSS-B) is a popular and widely used measure in Bangladesh. Despite its popularity, it has never been validated among nonclinical samples in the country.The present study examined the psychometric properties of the PSS-B in a sample of 300 respondents. A two-factor structure was found in EFA performed on half of the sample (Sample 1, n = 150), explaining 53.41% of the total variance. The CFA performed on the...

INTERCULTURATION AND INYERCULTURAL SENSITIVITY: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MAJOR CONCEPTS FOR A BETTER MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL OTHERNESS

Valentin El Sayed, Julien Teyssier, Patrick Denoux & Elaine Costa-Fernandez
This study aimed to explore the relationship between intercultural sensitivity, namely, the ability to apprehend cultural difference, and interculturation. Specifically, this study investigated the effect of nationality (French, Brazilian, Bolivian, Sri Lankan) and individual characteristics (e.g., number of spoken foreign languages, socioeconomic status, age and gender) on intercultural sensitivity and interculturation. An intercultural sensitivity scale and demographic questions about individual characteristics were administered to a sample of 434 participants. The results showed that intercultural sensitivity...

A History of Camp from Christopher Isherwood to the Met Gala

Constantine Chatzipapatheodoridis
This article explores the concept of camp through a historical account that traces its discourse from the literary work of Christopher Isherwood to the Costume Institute exhibition and benefit held by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 2019. The objective of this project is a departure from defining camp since its theorization has been thoroughly pursued by cultural critics for over half a century now. Instead, opting more for a retrospective critique, I am focusing...

The Representation of National Character through Translation: Re-constructing Irish Cultural Images for a Greek Readership

Theodora Valkanou
Twentieth-century Irish poetry in English is often considered the literary manifestation of a distinct Irish cultural identity. Not only had it been used as a vehicle for national emancipation during the Celtic Revival, playing a significant role in the formation of an Irish self-image, but it also later provided the canvas on which postcolonial tensions and the multiplicity of the Irish experience have been displayed. As such, it is rife with cultural images which discursively...

Cox, Jessica. Neo-Victorianism and Sensation Fiction. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019 (251 pp). ISBN: 978-3-030-29289-8.

Elisavet Ioannidou
Gramma: Journal of Theory and Criticism, Vol 26 (2019): Mapping New Trends: Greek Scholarship in Anglophone Studies

PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE GREEK VERSION OF THE BODY ESTEEM SCALE

George Alexias & Constantinos Togas
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Body Esteem Scale (BES) in a community sample (N = 2162) of both genders. A set of questionnaires was administered. It included demographic data, Body Mass Index, the Body Esteem Scale (BES), the Body Appreciation Scale, the Other as Shamer, the Experience of Shame Scale, and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale. The best solution for BES (according to confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis) supported a...

“Shifting” Identities or “Hidden” Messages? A Musical Ethnohistory of Northwestern Greece (An Introductory Note)

Athina Katsanevaki
This research explores the musical culture of an unknown area of Northwestern Greece (Western Macedonia and Epirus) and its neighboring areas in the State of North Macedonia and Northern Epirus in Southern Albania. It reveals that areas considered alien and linguistically distinguished from each other, belong to the same musical culture despite the difference of language. Thus the conventional division of the area of Western Macedonia in Greece into three zones, the Greek-speaking part (the...

Modality in Greek Music (1900-50) in Expressing Different Perceptions of the Nation

Konstantinos Chardas
A variety of modal collections (from different traditions, or self-invented) entered Greek art music from 1900 to 1950. Since the modal intervallic content inevitably determines the final sound result, these collections and the way they are employed essentially express a wide spectrum of ideological inclinations and nuances, even, within the widely-spread nationalist agenda of the era. Drawing on research from the modern Greek studies, the present chapter proposes to examine modality as expressing and promoting...

Some Piano Improvisations by Nicolas Economou

Galina Dimova-Georgieva
The paper examines some of the piano improvisations of the Cypriot pianist and composer Nicolas Economou (1953-1993). Highly acclaimed for his piano interpretations, Economou is little known as a composer and improviser. A large part of his compositions existed only as recordings and they were notated after his tragic death. The paper reviews how the composer’s creative personality was influenced by the jazz instrumental culture of the 20th century. The research focuses not only on...

Approaching the Texture of the Greek Evangelical Hymnography

Vasiliki Konstantinou
This paper explores the Greek Evangelical Hymnography, considering not only the Lutheran protestant tradition but also the way the origins of the churches influenced the hymn melodies. Moreover, it focuses on the presentation and the analysis of evangelical hymns which were mainly sung in Cappadocia. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of three hymns, the melodies of which were only passed down through oral tradition (nowadays almost forgotten), and which are presented for the first...

The Pythkiauli Instrument of Cyprus: Nomenclature and Historical Origins. The Ancient Inscription of Delphi, F. Delph. III, I, no 547

Moses Markou
The inscription F. Delph. III, I, no 547 was discovered in Delphi a few meters east of the thesaurus of Sikyonion. The editor of the inscription, Emile Bourguet, determined the age of the inscription in the Late Antiquity period (138-161 AD). The inscription is interesting in connection with the study of nomenclature and historical origins of the pythkiauli, the folk wind instrument of Cyprus. Through ethnomusicological approach, we found information which illuminate unknown aspects of...

The Two Byzantine Operas of the Greek National School of Music: Konstantinos Paleologos by Manolis Kalomiris and Kassiani by Georgios Sklavos

Demosthenes Fistouris
This paper aims to present an aesthetical approach on the exploitation of the history of the Byzantine Empire and the Byzantine chant of the Orthodox psaltic tradition, which constitute the ‘nationalistic elements’ par excellence, in both operas. As regards the composers, Manolis Kalomiris is now recognized internationally as the founder of the Greek National School of Music and Georgios Sklavos is considered to be among its most distinguished members of the first generation. The methodology...

The Character of the Keys in the Music of the Classical and Romantic Period

Raphael Staubli
To discuss the character of keys in tonal music is a task between speculation and science based on facts. The purpose of this essay is to identify empirical facts on which individual traits of a given key are based. At the same time, I was keen on leaving room for the imagination, which plays an essential role in this context. On the one hand, it was my aim to conduct research which yields concrete results;...

Introduction

Zoe Detsi & Maria Schoina
Gramma: Journal of Theory and Criticism, Vol 26 (2019): Mapping New Trends: Greek Scholarship in Anglophone Studies

SUFFERING BULLYING PASSIVELY IS TO BE EXCLUDED FROM HUMANITY: YOU ARE NOT HUMAN UNLESS YOU STAND UP FOR YOURSELF

Kyriaki Fousiani, Maria Sakalaki & Clive Richardson
Two experiments were conducted in order to test whether suffering as a result of bullying affects the perceived humanness of the victims. We hypothesized that observers who are confronted with suffering and passive endurance of victimization will view victims as less than human. We propose a double dehumanization of victims, that is, denial of both their human uniqueness and human nature.We also hypothesized that victims’ defending themselves and deploying agency rather than passivity, has a...

FROM NOSTALGIA THROUGH SOCIAL CONNECTEDNESS TO SELF-CONTINUITY: REPLICATION AND EXTENSION

Georgios Abakoumkin, Erika G. Hepper, Tim R. Wildschut & Constantine Sedikides
Prior research, relying mostly on samples from the UK and the US, has indicated that nostalgia serves as a source of self-continuity (a sense that one’s past is interwoven with one’s present), and it does so by increasing social connectedness (a sense of belongingness and acceptance). The present research aimed to conceptually replicate and extend these findings in two experiments. Indeed, the study findings replicated those of previous research in another culture (Greece; Experiment 1),...

Γραπτά σώματα κειμένων ακαδημαϊκού λόγου για τη μετάφραση διαγνωστικών τεστ λεξιλογίου και την επιχώρια προσαρμογή τους στην ελληνική γλώσσα

Elisavet Neofytidou & Eleni Kassapi
Στο πλαίσιο μελέτης της σχέσης της προνοσηρής νοημοσύνης με την εμφάνιση νοητικής έκπτωσης και την έναρξη ανοϊκών συνδρόμων στην Ελλάδα έχουν χρησιμοποιηθεί μεταφρασμένες δοκιμασίες ελέγχου του νοητικού λεξικού. Η αναφορά γίνεται για τις λεξιλογικές δοκιμασίες αναγνώρισης και απόφασης και συγκεκριμένα για τη μετάφραση και επιχώρια προσαρμογή της πρότυπης σουηδικής δοκιμασίας λεξιλογικής απόφασης (SLDT), η οποία στα ελληνικά βασίστηκε σε σώματα κειμένων προφορικού λόγου υποκειμένων τρίτης ηλικίας. Η παρούσα έρευνα επιδιώκει τη συλλογή και καταγραφή του...

Η πρόσληψη του σοβιετικού θεάτρου στην Ελλάδα του Μεσοπολέμου

Βαρβάρα-Ελένη Παπαδοπούλου
Το δημοσίευμα αποτελεί μία επεξεργασμένη εκδοχή της διπλωματικής μου εργασίας, που παρουσιάστηκε στο Τμήμα Θεάτρου τον Οκτώβριο του 2019. Αποσκοπεί, σε πρώτο βαθμό, στην όσο το δυνατόν πιστότερη παρακολούθηση και παρουσίαση της ελληνικής πρόσληψης των βασικών αρχών που διέπουν το σοβιετικό θέατρο κατά την περίοδο του Μεσοπολέμου. Η συγκεκριμένη ιστορική περίοδος αποτελεί για το ελληνικό θέατρο μία μεταβατική περίοδο, όσον αφορά την αναζήτηση θεατρικού προτύπου, η οποία συμπίπτει χρονικά με την ανάδυση και την ακμή...

Η τραγωδία και ο συνηθισμένος άνθρωπος

προλ. σημ. και μτφ. Αντώνης Γλυτζουρής Μίλλερ
Το μικρό δοκίμιο του Άρθουρ Μίλλερ «Η τραγωδία και ο συνηθισμένος άνθρωπος» («Tragedy and the Common Man»), που πρωτοδημοσιεύτηκε στους New York Times στις 27 Φεβρουαρίου 1949, αμέσως μετά την πρεμιέρα του έργου Ο θάνατος του εμποράκου, μεταφράζεται και δημοσιεύεται για πρώτη φορά στα ελληνικά. Δεδομένης ιστορικής αξίας, το κείμενο μεταφέρει στα μεταπολεμικά χρόνια τη συζήτηση περί τραγικού, συμμετέχοντας σε έναν κύκλο που είχαν ανοίξει, δύο περίπου αιώνες πριν, συγγραφείς και θεωρητικοί του Ευρωπαϊκού Διαφωτισμού,...

«Η ώρα της δράσης». Η διανόηση στην υπηρεσία της ελληνοχριστιανικής εθνικοφροσύνης. Η αλληλογραφία της Ελένης Ουράνη με τη Ρούλα Παπαδημητρίου

Έλενα Σταματοπούλου
Το παρόν άρθρο παρακολουθεί την αλληλογραφία της κριτικού λογοτεχνίας και θεάτρου, ανάμεσα σε άλλα, Ελένης Ουράνη, γνωστής με το φιλολογικό ψευδώνυμο Άλκης Θρύλος, με τη Θεσσαλονικιά λογοτέχνιδα Ρούλα Παπαδημητρίου. Η αλληλογραφία εκτείνεται σε μια περίοδο είκοσι τριών χρόνων, με έναρξη το 1948, μεσούντος του Εμφύλιου πολέμου, και λήξη το 1971 με τον θάνατο της Ουράνη. Λαμβάνει χώρα, λοιπόν, σε μια περίοδο καθοριστικής σημασίας για τη νεοελληνική ιστορία, που εγκαινιάζει το εμφύλιο αίμα και σφραγίζει το...

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