1,668 Works

Body enactivism and primordial affectivity. Max Scheler and Jacob von Uexküll’s aporia

Guido Cusinato
This paper is aimed to discuss and reconsider life categories starting from German phenomenologist Max Scheler’s analysis of the “lived body” (Leib), which he developed between 1909 and 1928 independently of Husserl. For the philosophy of biology, Scheler’s phenomenology of corporeality is of outstanding importance, because the categories it applies to the Leib are not taken from the inorganic world, as is ultimately still the case with Husserl, but from Jacob von Uexküll’s biology and...

Meta-Identität / Unstable identities: towards a plastic morphology

Salvatore Tedesco
The essay aims to investigate some developments in W.G. Sebald’s poetics, explaining the foundations of a morphology starting from the relationship with the theories of Viktor von Weizsäcker and Rudolf Bilz. The anthropological model elaborated by Rudolf Bilz, between the study of the origin of mythologemes and the investigation of unstable identities, allows us to investigate the presence in Sebald’s work of some decisive authors of modernity. In this way the proposal of a plastic...

Organism, Self, Umwelt: A New Approach to Organismic Individuality

Spyridon A. Koutroufinis
Organisms exhibit a specific form of biological individuality. In contemporary biosciences, explanations of organismic dynamics are often reduced to mechanistic descriptions. It is taken for granted that complex biological processes of different kinds are reducible to molecular and other “mechanisms”. In this paper, I show (1) that organisms express a form of individuality that is realized by a particular kind of causality and (2) that organismic causality transcends the logic of mechanisms used in contemporary...

Beyond the arché. Aristotle, Goethe, Heidegger, Schürmann

Pier Alberto Porceddu Cilione
The aim of this article is to rethink the indispensable connection between aesthetics and life sciences. According to a consolidated tradition, the fundamental point of intersection between the two disciplines is represented by the concept of form. It is therefore to morphology that the task of thinking about the nature of form and the form of nature is ascribed. In this sense, Goethe and the debates on morphology arising from his texts represent an essential...

The Levels of Empathy. A Phenomenological Contribution to Psychopathology

Anna Donise
The first aim of this paper is to outline some peculiar characteristics of Husserl’s concept of «empathy», that is developed over the years through critical confrontation with Theodor Lipps. Husserl will always be opposed to interpretations of empathy that give too much space to the instinctive and immediate level of the relationship, which seems to him to be a prelude to a failed recognition of otherness. Rather, he will think of empathy as an encounter...

Flight of Ideas or Flight from Ideas? A Schelerian Contribution to the Symptomatology of “Flight of Ideas”

Alexander Nicolai Wendt
In psychiatric symptomatology, “flight of ideas” is commonly understood as a symptom of a formal thought disorder which is typical for bipolar illnesses. Notwithstanding, there is a historical controversy that preceded this classification. Neither the nature nor the meaning of the symptom is self-explanatory. Psychology of thought, especially in the works of Hugo Liepmann and Oswald Külpe, has tried to grasp its actual complexity. Yet, they could not advance beyond the presuppositions of their own...

Phenomenological Psychopathology of Common Sense and Medicalization Blankenburg and Kimura on Schizophrenia and Depersonalization

Kohji Ishihara
In the tradition of phenomenological psychopathology, common sense has been focused upon as a key term. Blankenburg characterizes schizophrenia as a lack of common sense that enables an individual to understand a situation and cope with the environment and other people. The Japanese psychopathologist Kimura Bin has adapted the common sense approach to depersonalization, drawing on Blankenburg’s theory and Nishida Kitaro’s concept of “active intuition”. Phenomenological psychopathology of common sense theory risks medicalizing common sense...

MAX SCHELER’S DIONYSIAN REDUCTION AS THE DEPRESSIVE’S MODUS VIVENDI

John Cutting
This article aims to illuminate the psychopathology of melancholia (depressive psychosis in Anglo-American parlance) by comparing it to a thought experiment conducted by the phenomenological philosopher Max Scheler (1874-1928), which he called the “Dionysian reduction”. The “Dionysian reduction” envisages a human being devoid of what in German is referred to as Geist – spirit and higher intellectual functions. Such a being would be tantamount to a non-human animal: reliant on instinct and with an overwhelming...

‘Homer’ Tackles Aeschylus

Alison Middleton
This article explores the limitations of Linda Hutcheon’s definition of adaptation as distinct “product” and “process” (2013), when applied to ancient theatre and its reception in twenty-first century performance. Two modern productions are used to problematise this binary: Anne Washburn’s Mr Burns (2014) and Robert Icke’s Oresteia (2015), both of which showcase theatre’s inherent status as ephemeral ‘process’. This article borrows Paul Davis’ notion of “culture-text” (1990) alongside terminology from Lawrence Venuti (1995) to describe...

Unmotherly Love: the Medea Model in Mary Sidney's Antonius

Roberta Zanoni
Mary Sidney’s Antonius, the English translation of Robert Garnier’s Marc Antoine, offers the first example of a closet drama in early modern English that not only used classical resources but was also written by a woman. It is worth exploring the possibility that Euripides’s and Seneca’s versions have coloured Sidney’s reception and re-elaboration of Garnier’s play. Although neither has yet been connected with Garnier’s and Sidney’s plays, Sidney’s version effectively shows significant similarities in her...

Guido Paduano, Teatro. Personaggio e condizione umana. Roma: Carocci, 2020, pp. 209.

Delia Gambelli
In this book the author analyses those theatrical masterpieces in which the ability to represent and give meaning to humanity’s principal hopes and needs is to be most clearly discerned. Beginning with the tragedies of Ancient Greece and Greek and Latin comedy, it continues with the rejection of Aristotelian conventions and the reaction against tradition by the twentieth-century European avant-garde. En route it pauses to consider Seneca, Shakespeare, French classicism and the theatrical output of...

The Virtual

Rinde Eckert
“Virtue” is the crux of this essay. What is the virtue of describing a two-dimensional representation of reality as “virtual?” Isn’t a screen a screen? Large or small, made of glass or bed sheets, the screen holds an image, a representation, of something that is not present. Whether the image is generated by a 16mm movie projector or a television broadcast studio or a computer, there is no escaping the fact of the screen; all...

Performing/Watching Artificial Intelligence On Stage

Antonio Pizzo
In the last two decades, we have observed the experimenting with Artificial Intelligence algorithms as a tool for performances. From the early tests, mostly carried out in the Universities’ Labs, to the first public performances, the practice has produced several evidence, enough to consider the implications, both from the point of view of the design and of the reception. Computer scientists have used performance and drama to test the potential of AI. Artists have used...

Promotion of Physical Activities among Underprivileged Populations: Researcher’s Discomforts during the Fieldwork.

Anne Morillon, Arine Kassabian & Stéphane Héas
In 2010, the WHO announced that a sedentary lifestyle, through its impact on health and association with non-communicable chronic diseases, is the fourth global risk factor of mortality. As a result of this alert, France established its first national plan for encouraging physical activity (PA) in 2012. People in precarious social positions are known for being physically inactive and also having unhealthy eating habits, which further increases the risk of chronic diseases. Rooted in this...

All’ombra di Goethe e Byron: l’incontro fra Vasilij Žukovskij e Alessandro Manzoni

Giulia Baselica
Riassunto: A partire dal noto episodio dell’incontro fra Vasilij Žukovskij e Alessandro Manzoni, avvenuto a Milano l’8 novembre 1838 e dai temi della loro conversazione, annotati da Žukovskij sul suo diario, il presente contributo si propone di ricostruire le relazioni letterarie che, rispettivamente, Žukovskij e Manzoni intrattennero con Goethe e Byron, per poi individuare, in termini generali, la visione del Romanticismo nei due poeti e scrittori. Parole chiave: Vasilij Žukovskij, Alessandro Manzoni, Wolfgang Goethe, George...

Identités et intertextualités féminines face à l’altérité

Laura Colombo
Résumé : Entre la fin du XVIIIe siècle et le début du XIXe, les écrivaines partagent l’intérêt contemporain pour le voyage, source de confrontation et d’apprentissage, et pour l’utilisation savante du dépaysement et du relativisme. La femme étrangère, extra-européenne, les interpelle par plusieurs thématiques, concernant l’oppression, l’infériorité, le sacrifice ou la victimisation d’une part, et de l’autre la non-violence, la compassion, le dévouement, la liberté et l’égalité. Dans les oeuvres de Mme de Monbart, Mme...

Casimir Delavigne e Venezia

Franco Piva
Riassunto: Venezia, che Casimir Delavigne visitò nel giugno del 1826, fu città che il viaggiatore amò in modo del tutto particolare. Oltre alla «Promenade au Lido», composta nel ricordo di lord Byron e pubblicata subito dopo il suo ritorno nelle Messéniennes nouvelles e alla tragedia di Marino Faliero, destinata a un enorme successo sul teatro della Porte-Saint-Martin nel 1829, Venezia gli ispirò alcuni componimenti minori, apparsi dopo la sua morte nei Derniers Chants, che ci...

El ballet romántico en Madrid (1842-1853)

Laura Hormigón
Resumen: Entre 1842 y 1853 en Madrid se escenificaron grandes títulos del ballet romántico protagonizados por bailarines de primer orden como Marius Petipa, Marie Guy-Stéphan, Fanny Cerrito y Arthur Saint-Léon, entre otros. Esto demuestra la existencia de un repertorio de ballet común entre París, Londres e Italia y que, durante ese periodo, se representaron tanto en el Teatro del Circo como en el Teatro Real, espectáculos de calidad. Además, el ballet ocupó un lugar central...

Leonardo Buonomo, Immigration, Ethnicity, and Class in American Writing, 1830-1860: Reading the Stranger

Vincenzo Bavaro
Review of the volume Immigration, Ethnicity, and Class in American Writing, 1830-1860: Reading the Stranger by Leonardo Buonomo.

The New England Yeoman: Noah Webster and the Defining of American English (1758-1843)

Luisanna Fodde
Writing and reflecting on the works of a late eighteenth-century lexicographer today may seem a little unusual and perhaps outdated. Why should linguists and cultural analysts be interested in such a scholar, when so many changes have recently occurred in the English language with the advent of the Internet, digital communication and social media that require our attention? What is the sense nowadays of concentrating our attention on language phenomena and discussions occurred 200 years...

Music, Sampling, and Musical Intertextuality in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained

Amaia Ibarraran-Bigalondo
According to both critics and the general public, Quentin Tarantino is probably one of the most respected, applauded—and despised—contemporary directors. Some of his movies will forever be regarded as revolutionary in the history of cinema and he has created his own style, the Tarantino style. This consists of the blending of different genres, the representation of violence in an aestheticized way, non-chronological storylines, and the centrality of music in his films (Barnes Hearn 6; Rennet...

Tom Kromer, Un pasto caldo e un buco per la notte

Elisa Bordin
Review of Un pasto caldo e un buco per la notte, by Tom Kromer

Winx, Orzowei, Pik e altre rappresentazioni della razza. Una prospettiva comparata sui libri per l'infanzia in Italia

Renata Morresi
Children’s literature seems to occupy a secondary position compared to general literature in terms of relevance for the cultural debate. Actually, being on the margins of ‘serious’ literature allows it to avoid the canonical control over literary appropriateness and to introduce “subversive” elements. As an academic subject, a commercial business and a cultural phenomenon, children’s books move more freely between mass culture, entertainment, and educational environments: they can become the symbol of transnational cultural struggles,...

Yasemin Bayyurt e Sumru Akcan (a cura di), Current Perspectives on Pedagogy for English as a Lingua Franca

Valeria Franceschi
Review of Current Perspectives on Pedagogy for English as a Lingua Franca.

Karolina Kalocsai, Communities of Practice and English as a Lingua Franca,

Paola Vettorel
Review of Communities of Practice and English as a Lingua Franca.

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