443 Works

Magnetic Reconnection Inside Solar Wind Rotational Discontinuity During Its Interaction With the Quasi-Perpendicular Bow Shock and Magnetosheath

Zhifang Guo, Yu Lin, Xueyi Wang & Aimin Du
Using a three-dimensional global hybrid simulation, we investigate the formation and evolution of ion-scale magnetic reconnection inside an interplanetary rotational discontinuity (RD) owing to its interaction with the quasi-perpendicular (Q-perpendicular to) bow shock and the magnetosphere. The interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is initially predominantly northward, while it changes to purely southward across the RD. A significantly thinned RD current layer with a width similar to ion skin depth and normal magnetic field B-n approximate to...

Gap Formation Around 0.5 Omega(e) in the Whistler-Mode Waves Due To the Plateau-Like Shape in the Parallel Electron Distribution: 2D PIC Simulations

Huayue Chen, Xinliang Gao, Quanming Lu, Kai Fan, Yangguang Ke, Xueyi Wang & Shui Wang
The power gap around 0.5 Omega(e) (where Omega(e) is the equatorial electron gyrofrequency) of whistler-mode waves is commonly observed in the Earth's inner magnetosphere, but its generation mechanism is still under debate. By performing two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations in a uniform background magnetic field, we investigate the spectral properties of whistler-mode waves excited by temperature anisotropic electrons. The waves have positive growth rates in a wide range of normal angles (theta approximate to 0 degrees-35 degrees),...

Biomechanical factors influencing successful self-righting in the pleurodire turtle Emydura subglobosa

Alex M. Rubin, Richard W. Blob & Christopher J. Mayerl
Self-righting performance is a key ability for most terrestrial animals, and has been used as a metric of fitness, exhaustion and thermal limits in a variety of taxa. However, there is little understanding of the underlying mechanisms that drive variation in self-righting performance. To evaluate the mechanical factors that contribute to success versus failure when animals attempt to self-right, we compared force production and kinematic behavior in the rigid-bodied, pleurodire turtle Emydura subglobosa between successful...

Improving Representation of Crop Growth and Yield in the Dynamic Land Ecosystem Model and Its Application to China

Jingting Zhang, Hanqin Tian, Jia Yang & Shufen Pan
To accurately assess the roles of agriculture in securing food security and maintaining environmental sustainability, it is essential to improve the representation of crop growth, development, and yield formation in global land models that traditionally focus on energy, water, carbon, and nitrogen exchanges between land and the atmosphere. In this study, a process-based agricultural module has been coupled with the Dynamic Land Ecosystem Model (DLEM-AG2.0) for assessing how multiple environmental factors (climate change, atmospheric CO2...

The evolution of signal design in manakin plumage ornaments

Stephanie Doucet, Daniel Mennill & Geoffrey Hill
Animal signals are characterized by two design components: efficacy (detectability) and content (message being conveyed). Selection for efficient signal perception should favor the evolution of traits that exhibit an optimal balance between these two design components. We examined the evolution of signal design in the colorful plumage ornaments of manakins (Aves: Pipridae). We used a model of avian color space to quantify how differences in plumage coloration would be perceived by a typical passerine bird...

Lifestyles and phylogeny explain bird life histories

F. Stephen Dobson

Reproductive Value and the Stochastic Demography of Age-Structured Populations

Steinar Engen, Russell Lande, Bernt‐Erik Sæther & Stephen Dobson
The dynamics of an age-structured population in a fluctuating environment is determined by the stochastic individual contributions from annual survival and fecundity to the total reproductive value of the population the next year. All parameters required to describe the population dynamics are simple properties of the distribution of these individual demographic contributions, which we call individual reproductive value. The asymptotic population growth rate in the average environment and the demographic and environmental variances are respectively...

The thermal conductivity of Earth's lower mantle

Xiaoli Tang, Moses C. Ntam, Jianjun Dong, Emma S. G. Rainey & Abby Kavner
We assess the thermal conductivity of the Earth’s lower mantle anchored on our first-principles calculations of lattice thermal conductivity of MgSiO3 perovskite. Our calculations agree with measurements of iron-free perovskite at ambient conditions and show a lower pressure dependence compared with other recent calculations. In addition, we show that the effect of iron on the lattice thermal conductivity of silicate perovskite is likely to be small at high temperatures. To provide an assessment of thermal...

The Art of Conduct, the Conduct of Art and the Mixed Science of Eliot's Ethics: 'The Sympathetic Impulse' and 'The Scientific Point of View' in Mill on the Floss

Simon Calder
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Elizabeth Gaskell in Middlemarch: Timothy Cooper, the Judgement of Solomon, and the Woman at the Window

Barbara Hardy
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

George Eliot and a Lost Love

Graham Handley
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

George Eliot's Enchanted Real

Georgia Walton
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

George Eliot and Music

Beryl Gray
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Narration in Middlemarch Revisited

K. M. Newton
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Deronda and the Tigress: Buddhism, Compassion, and National Consciousness in Daniel Deronda (Prize Essay)

Josh Moats
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Review: Constance M Fulmer, George Eliot’s Moral Aesthetic: Compelling Contradictions

Issy Brooks-Ward
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Gwendolen Harleth and the Growth of Conscience

H. S. Kakar
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

A Family's Eye View of George Eliot

Kathleen Adams
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Against Egology: Ethics and Style in George Eliot and Emmanuel Levinas

Athanassia Williamson
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

George Eliot's Aesthetic Immortality

Constance Fulmer
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

In Defense of Romola

John Huzzard
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

The Mill on the Floss: A Tragic Story

June Skye Szirotny
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Orchestrating Society: The Merging of Language and Voice to Create Social Bonds in Romola

Jennifer Jones
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Review: M. Joan Chard, Victorian Pilgrimage, Sacred-Secular Dualism in the Novels of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, and George Eliot

A. G. Van Den Broek
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

The Narrative Emphasis on the Power of the Imagination in Mill on the Floss

Mary Ann Kelly
Article from the George Eliot Review, digitized and hosted by the George Eliot Review Online.

Registration Year

  • 2022
    443

Resource Types

  • Text
    443