7 Works

Opaque Assets and Rollover Risk

Toni Ahnert & Benjamin Nelson
We model the asset-opacity choice of an intermediary subject to rollover risk in wholesale funding markets. Greater opacity means investors form more dispersed beliefs about an intermediary’s profitability. The endogenous benefit of opacity is lower fragility when profitability is expected to be high. However, the endogenous cost of opacity is a “partial run,” whereby some investors receive bad private signals about profitability and run, even though the intermediary is solvent. We find that intermediaries choose...

Estimates of the Sticky-Information Phillips Curve for the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom

Hashmat Khan & Zhenhua Zhu
Mankiw and Reis (2001a) have proposed a "sticky-information"-based Phillips curve (SIPC) to address some of the concerns with the "sticky-price"-based new Keynesian Phillips curve. In this paper, we present a methodology for the empirical implementation of the SIPC for closed and open economies. We estimate its key structural parameter—the average duration of information stickiness—for the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The benchmark results (with forecasting horizons of firms of seven to eight quarters)...

Reactions of Canadian Interest Rates to Macroeconomic Announcements: Implications for Monetary Policy Transparency

Toni Gravelle & Richhild Moessner
In this study we statistically quantify the reactions of Canadian and U.S. interest rates to macroeconomic announcements released in Canada and in the United States. We find that Canadian interest rates react very little to Canadian macroeconomic news and are significantly affected by U.S. macroeconomic news, which indicates that international influences on the Canadian fixed-income markets are important. Moreover, we find little evidence that Canadian interest rates have become more sensitive to Canadian macroeconomic announcements...

Quantifying Contagion Risk in Funding Markets: A Model-Based Stress-Testing Approach

Kartik Anand, Céline Gauthier & Moez Souissi
We propose a tractable, model-based stress-testing framework where the solvency risks, funding liquidity risks and market risks of banks are intertwined. We highlight how coordination failure between a bank’s creditors and adverse selection in the secondary market for the bank’s assets interact, leading to a vicious cycle that can drive otherwise solvent banks to illiquidity. Investors’ pessimism over the quality of a bank’s assets reduces the bank’s recourse to liquidity, which exacerbates the incidence of...

Labor Mobility in a Monetary Union

Daniela Hauser & Martin Seneca
The optimal currency literature has stressed the importance of labor mobility as a precondition for the success of monetary unions. But only a few studies formally link labor mobility to macroeconomic adjustment and policy. In this paper, we study macroeconomic dynamics and optimal monetary policy in an economy with cyclical labor flows across two distinct regions that share trade links and a common monetary framework.

Changes in the Effects of Monetary Policy on Disaggregate Price Dynamics

Christiane Baumeister, Philip Liu & Haroon Mumtaz
We examine the evolution of the effects of monetary policy shocks on the distribution of disaggregate prices and quantities of personal consumption expenditures to assess the contribution of monetary policy to changes in U.S. inflation dynamics. Given that the transmission of monetary policy to aggregate inflation is determined by the responses of its underlying components, the degree of monetary non-neutrality is ultimately the result of relative price effects at the sectoral level. We provide evidence...

The Resolution of International Financial Crises: Private Finance and Public Funds

Andy Haldane & Mark Kruger
Over the past year and a half, the Bank of England and the Bank of Canada have been developing a framework for the resolution of international financial crises that aligns incentives for all parties to deal with a crisis and preserve the integrity of the international financial system. The framework is built on principles, not rules. It attempts to be clear about the respective roles and responsibilities of the public and private sectors. A central...

Registration Year

  • 2021
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Resource Types

  • Text
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Affiliations

  • Bank of England
    7
  • Bank of Canada
    6
  • International Monetary Fund
    2
  • Université du Québec en Outaouais
    1