250 Works

Analyses of the relationship between photoperiod sensitivity and flowering duration in wheat

Hannah Jones, Martin Lukac, Bastiaan Brak, Maite Martinez-Eixarch, Abdulaziz Alhomedhi & Mike Gooding
Wheat lines differing in photoperiod sensitive allele were grown in pots under controlled and under ambient environment conditions. Flowering assessments included records of individual floret phenotype throughout the course of anthesis for the first 5 spikes per plant for each genotype. The plants under the controlled environment conditions were grown under two temperature regimes: cool and warm. The start and end of flowering for each spike and plant for each of the replicates for each...

Improved Arctic sea ice thickness projections using bias corrected CMIP5 simulations

Nathanael Melia
Projections of Arctic sea ice thickness (SIT) have the potential to inform stakeholders about accessibility to the region, but are currently rather uncertain. The latest suite of CMIP5 Global Climate Models (GCMs) produce a wide range of simulated SIT in the historical period (1979 – 2014) and exhibit various biases when compared with the Pan-Arctic Ice Ocean Modelling and Assimilation System (PIOMAS) sea ice reanalysis. We present a new method to constrain such GCM simulations...

Data for 'Infrared radiative performance of urban trees: spatial distribution and interspecific comparison among ten species in the UK by in-situ spectroscopy'

Jie Deng
The datasets include 1) Leaf reflectance spectra of 9 common tree species (carpinus betulus, acer campestre, quercus robur, platanus x acerifolia, tilia platyphyllos, acer x freemanii, betula pendula, acer platanoides, aesculus hippocastanum) in the UK over the full wavelength range of 400 - 2500 nm. The leaf reflectance spectrum of each species was sampled from 5 to 10 individual trees with 10 leaves randomly collected from each tree. The collected leaves were measured promptly in...

A new multi-variable benchmark for Last Glacial Maximum climate simulations

Sean Cleator, Sandy Harrison, Nancy Nichols, Iain Colin Prentice & Ian Roulstone
Reconstruction of climate anomalies for the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ca 21,000 years ago), made by combining pollen based reconstructions (from Bartlein et al. 2011) and averaged outputs of LGM simulations from the 3rd round of the Palaeoclimate Model Intercomparison Project (PMIP, Braconnot et al. 2011), under a variational data assimilation technique. This reconstruction is designed to be used for data-model comparison, specifically against the results of PMIP4. The dataset consists of 6 variables: moisture...

SISAL (Speleothem Isotopes Synthesis and AnaLysis Working Group) database version 2.0

Laia Comas-Bru, Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt, Sandy Harrison & SISAL working group members
Note: This edition of the SISAL database was withdrawn on 13 July 2020. It has been superseded by a new edition available at http://dx.doi.org/10.17864/1947.256.

University of Reading Empirical Climate Model Version 1.0: Decadal Prediction Experiment

Emma Suckling & Ed Hawkins
Hindcast data from the University of Reading Empirical Climate Model Version 1.0 (UREAD-ECM1.0): Decadal Prediction Experiment. Each zip file contains ensemble hindcast data for annual mean (Jan-Dec) surface air temperature anomalies covering the period 1960-2014, with start dates every year, generated from the UREAD empirical model. The data is intended as a benchmark model for the decadal prediction experiments. Each hindcast set is generated using a different prediction mode. The `standard’ model configuration data also...

Career, capitals and consumption: an analysis of the impacts of narrowly-defined occupational membership on household consumption, from a human capital and occupational field perspective

Karina Pavlisa
This thesis explores the relationship between distinctive, narrowly-defined, occupational groups and their consumption priorities, in relation to goods that represent strategic investments to underpin capitals.

ERA5 derived time series of European country-aggregate electricity demand, wind power generation and solar power generation

Hannah Bloomfield, David Brayshaw & Andrew Charlton-Perez
The ERA5 reanalysis data (1979-2018) has been used to calculate the three-hourly country aggregated wind and solar power generation for 28 European countries based on a distribution of wind and solar farms which is considered to be representative of the current situation (2017). In addition a corresponding daily time series of nationally aggregated electricity demand is provided. The datasets have been produced to investigate the inter-annual variability of the three weather-dependent power system components. **...

BIOME 6000 DB classified plotfile version 1

Sandy Harrison
The file contains BIOME 6000 reconstructions of vegetation at 0, 6, and 21ka at individual sites, where the original published nomenclature for individual regions has been converted to a globally-applicable standardized classification (BIOME 6000 Consolidated Name). Two other standardized classifications are also given: common biome names between BIOME 6000 and the BIOME 4.2 model (BIOME 4.2 BIOME 6000 common names) and the megabiome scheme used by Harrison and Bartlein (2012) (MegaBiome Scheme 2). Additional information...

TAMSAT Daily Rainfall Estimates (Version 3.0)

Ross Maidment, Emily Black & Matthew Young
The dataset comprises high resolution (0.0375 degrees) satellite-derived daily rainfall estimates for all Africa from January 1983 to December 2016 (data from 2017 onwards can be downloaded from the TAMSAT website: http://www.tamsat.org.uk/). The dataset is derived from TAMSAT Version 3.0 pentadal (5-day) rainfall estimates (1983-present). Although the principle features of the TAMSAT rainfall estimation approach have remained the same in generating TAMSAT Version 3.0, the calibration used in Version 3.0 differs markedly to Version 2.0...

An Implicit Pictorial Report of Affective States

James Weaver
The aim of this study was to develop a new tool for obtaining subjective reports of an individual's affective state. Unlike popular tools which require explicit reports of affect, this tool impliments an implicit approach whereby participants match their affective state to pre-tagged emotionally loaded visual stimuli. For each trial, participants were emotionally stimulated by a single target visual stimulus and then provided with nine affective stimuli to match their emotional state to. To validate...

Supplementary data for Note: A self-calibrating wide range balloon electrometer

Giles Harrison, Graeme Marlton, Keri Nicoll, Martin Airey & Paul Williams
This dataset contains the radiosonde and additional sensor data for an adapted radiosonde launched on the 22nd September 2017 from Pallas at 0915 UT. The file contains standard meteorological data and the additional sensor channels that were used in the analysis shown in the Review of Scientific Instruments note: A self-calibrating wide range balloon electrometer by R. Giles Harrison, Graeme J. Marlton, Keri A. Nicoll, Martin W. Airey, Paul D. Williams.

Verbal fluency in Bengali-English bilinguals with aphasia and bilingual healthy controls

Abhijeet Patra, Arpita Bose & Theodoros Marinis
We investigated the contribution of linguistic and executive control processes in verbal fluency performance for Bengali-English bilinguals with aphasia and bilingual healthy controls. We collected verbal fluency data, executive control data and linguistic background measures to characterize each participant. This dataset contains the verbal fluency data from 8 Bengali-English bilinguals with aphasia and 8 bilingual healthy controls. The data from the verbal fluency task was collected using audio recorder, later transcribed orthographically. Demographic information and...

A Mathematical Model of Melt Lake Formation on an Ice Shelf

Samantha Buzzard
The Matlab files contained here comprise a 1-D mathematical model of a surface melt lake on an idealised ice shelf. The model incorporates a calculation of the surface energy balance of an ice shelf, heat transfer through the upper ice shelf, the production and percolation of meltwater into the firn, the formation of ice lenses in the firn and the formation, development and refreezing of surface melt lakes on the ice shelf. This model was...

SISAL (Speleothem Isotopes Synthesis and AnaLysis Working Group) database version 2.0

Laia Comas-Bru, Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt, Sandy Harrison & SISAL working group members
Stable isotope records from speleothems provide information on past climate changes, most particularly information that can be used to reconstruct past changes in precipitation and atmospheric circulation. SISAL (Speleothem Isotope Synthesis and Analysis) is an international working group of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) project. The working group aims to provide a comprehensive compilation of speleothem isotope records for climate reconstruction and model evaluation. The second version of the SISAL database contains oxygen and carbon...

ERA5 derived time series of European country-aggregate electricity demand, wind power generation and solar power generation: hourly data from 1979-2019

Hannah Bloomfield, David Brayshaw & Andrew Charlton-Perez
The ERA5 reanalysis data (1979-2019) has been used to calculate the hourly country aggregated wind and solar power generation for 28 European countries based on a distribution of wind and solar farms which is considered to be representative of the 2017 situation. In addition a corresponding daily time series of nationally aggregated electricity demand is provided. The datasets have been produced to investigate the inter-annual variability of the three weather-dependent power system components. When citing...

Data supporting 'Pressure drag for shallow cumulus clouds: from thermals to cloud ensemble'

Jian-Feng Gu, Bob Plant, Chris Holloway & Mark Muetzelfeldt
This dataset is used to understand the pressure drag of shallow cumulus clouds, the relationship between the pressure drag of individual clouds and the cloud ensemble. We performed large eddy simulations of shallow cumulus clouds based on the Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX) using the Met Office-NERC (National Environment Research Council) Cloud model (MONC). The grid spacing is 25 m in all directions and the domain size is (15X15X3) km^3. As the whole simulation...

Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Fingerprint data for apples from the National Fruit Collection as used in Ordidge et al PLOS One 2018

Matt Ordidge & Edward Venison
Data are simple sequence repeat (SSR) genetic fingerprints of the accessions in the apple collection of the National Fruit Collection, Brogdale, UK. The data are called and rounded allele scores, recorded by marker to the nearest base pair. The data represent a reproduction and update of the original SSR dataset from Fernandez-Fernandez F (2010) as detailed in the publication by Ordidge et al., 2018 (PLOS One). A number of alleles were adjusted based on either...

Crop pollinator communities - global dataset

Deepa Senapathi
***This dataset has been withdrawn: An updated version of the dataset is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.17864/1947.291*** This dataset is in a single Excel file that contains information on the richness and abundance of insect pollinators in crop systems collated from previous studies on crop systems from across the world. The data file has five spreadsheets, details of which are outlined below: 1. Metadata 2. Summary - Information on study ID, country, crop, years of sampling and...

The impact of precipitating hydrometeors on the atmospheric radiation budget

Peter Hill
This dataset contains atmospheric radiative fluxes and heating rates. These fluxes and heating rates were calculated in order to quantify the effect of precipitating hydrometeors (particularly rain) on the radiation budget of the atmosphere and thereby determine whether climate and weather models should include a treatment of the radiative effect of rain. The dataset includes 4 files. all_hydro.nc and no_rain.nc contain full resolution SW and LW radiative fluxes at the surface and top of atmosphere...

The Reading Palaeofire Database: an expanded global resource to document changes in fire regimes from sedimentary charcoal records

Sandy Harrison, Roberto Villegas-Diaz, Paul Lincoln, David Kesner, Esmeralda Cruz-Silva, Luke Sweeney, Yicheng Shen & Daniel Gallagher
Wildfires have major impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, the global carbon cycle, atmospheric chemistry and climate. Charcoal records from sedimentary sequences provide a way to reconstruct palaeofire regimes at different temporal and spatial scales and are a key resource to improve our understanding of the drivers of wildfires. The RPD version 1 is an updated and expanded database of global charcoal records, accompanied by new Bayesian age models. The first version of the RPD contains 1681...

Model output for perturbed biology and physics signatures in a 1-D ocean biogeochemical model ensemble

Prima Anugerahanti
The dataset is generated from running MEDUSA-1.1. model in a 1-D emulator (MarMOT) to compare the effect of perturbing the biogeochemistry, physics, and both to the model outputs, particularly the distribution of DIN, phytoplankton (chlorophyll) and zooplankton. The characteristic signatures are obtained from the anomaly concentrations of these model variables in the surface. The model is run at five oceanographic stations: BATS, ALOHA, Cariaco, PAP, and L4 which are stored in separate folders. The model...

Measures of performance difference in verbal fluency in Bengali-English bilingual and English monolingual speakers

Abhijeet Patra, Arpita Bose & Theodoros Marinis
We investigated the contribution of linguistic and executive control processes in verbal fluency performance for young healthy Bengali-English bilingual and English monolingual speakers. We collected verbal fluency data, executive control data and detailed background measures to characterize each participant. This dataset contains the transcribed one-minute verbal fluency data from semantic fluency trials (animals, fruits and vegetables, and clothing) and letter fluency trials (F, A, S) in English from 25 Bengali-English bilinguals and 25 English monolinguals....

Stakes, scales, and skepticism datasets (The psychology of philosophical thought experiments)

Kathryn Francis, Nat Hansen & Philip Beaman
The datasets included here were collected online as part of the project: 'The Psychology of Philosophical Thought Experiments' and are forthcoming in 'Stakes, Scales, and Skepticism' (Ergo, 2019). In this project, we were interested in investigating whether there are 'stakes effects on knowledge' – which posits that the 'stakes' or importance of being wrong affects judgments about whether a subject knows a proposition.

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