2,109 Works

Doped YAG nanoparticles: neutron diffraction to explain luminescent properties by the lattice features

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Doped YAG is an important material with interesting technological applications in inorganic electroluminescence displays, X-ray scintillators, etc. In order to control the morphology and particle size of products, we modified the preparation methods by adding some additives (polymers, metals and glasses), thus improving the luminescent properties. Particularly, one of the most interesting and puzzling result is that, when dealing with nano-powders with the same particle size, we observed the same emission spectra but values of...

Characterisation of Feedstocks - D6 Final Report (Phase 1) Appendix 4: Miscanthus IVF maps

This document contains maps of the test Miscanthus field showing the different plots analysed and their relative yield of in terms of moisture content, net and gross calorific value, dry ash content and its variability, dry nitrogen content, dry chlorine, barium, beryllium, chromium, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, nickel, vanadium, zinc, arsenic, antimony, mercury, cadmium, lead, fluorine, bromine, aluminium, calcium, iron, potassium, manganese, sodium, phosphorus, silicon and titanium.

This document is one of the 13 appendices...

Refining estimates of land for Biomass - Route map to 1.4M ha of bioenergy crops

S. Wynn, L. Alves & R. Carter
This report has identified that between 1.0-1.8 Mha of land is potentially available for conversion to bioenergy, of which the two largest contributors are by utilizing the surplus area of arable crops by sending surplus production for first generation (1G) bioenergy processing as demand dictates (314,000-494,000 ha) and improved utilization of grassland (350,000-700,000 ha).The range in values represents the uncertainty around figures, with the lower value representing the most likely land area to be converted,...

Ecosystem Land Use Modelling & Soil C Flux Trial (ELUM) - Chronosequence methodology approaches in literature, including specific recommendations for sampling for ELUM

A.M. Keith, E. Bottoms, P. Henrys, J. Oxley, K. Parmar, M. Perks, R. Rowe, S. Sohi, E. Vanguelova & N.P. McNamara
This deliverable presents a critical review of paired site and chronosequence approaches in the literature and provides specific sampling recommendations and a UK sampling roadmap for the Ecosystem Land-Use Modelling project (ELUM). It looks beyond bioenergy plantations to uncover the best practices to determine the effects of Land Use Change (LUC) on soil carbon stocks. Work Package 2 (WP2) will adopt these approaches in the context of the most relevant bioenergy transitions across the UK.The...

An ETI Perspective - Opportunities for rural job creation in the UK energy crops sector

Planting 30 - 35 kha/yr of second generation crops (Miscanthus, Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) willow and Short Rotation Forestry (SRF)) would keep the UK on the trajectory to deliver a bioenergy sector of the scale needed to help cost-effectively decarbonise the UK energy system.Due to the seasonal nature of bioenergy crop planting, management and harvesting, the majority of job opportunities will be part-time, but are complimentary to the seasonal demands of other roles in the...

Ecosystem Land Use Modelling & Soil C Flux Trial (ELUM) - Report on the Findings of Effects on Land-Use Change (LUC) into Bioenergy Crops

M. Richards, M. Pogson, M. Dondini & P. Smith
The ELUM project was commissioned to provide greater understanding on the GHG and soil carbon changes arising as a result of direct land-use change (dLUC) to bioenergy crops, with a primary focus on the second-generation bioenergy crops Miscanthus, short rotation coppice (SRC) willow and short rotation forestry (SRF).The project was UK-bound, but with many outcomes which could be internationally relevant. Indirect land-use change impacts were out of scope. This report documents the key results and...

Ecosystem Land Use Modelling and Soil C Flux Trial (ELUM) - Report on the Effects of Land-Use Change (LUC) into Bioenergy Crops from Specified Transitions

Z.M. Harris & G. Taylor
The ELUM project was commissioned to provide greater understanding on the GHG and soil carbon changes arising as a result of direct land-use change (dLUC) to bioenergy crops, with a primary focus on the second-generation bioenergy crops Miscanthus, short rotation coppice (SRC) willow and short rotation forestry (SRF).The project was UK-bound, but with many outcomes which could be internationally relevant. Indirect land-use change impacts were out of scope. This deliverable provides an up to date...

Ecosystem Land Use Modelling and Soil C Flux Trial (ELUM) - A Review of Existing Models, Toolkits and Resources Available to Assess the Effects of Land Use Change Into Bioenergy Crops From Specified Transitions

M.J. Tallis, Z.M. Harris & G. Taylor
The ELUM project was commissioned to improve understanding on the GHG and soil carbon changes arising as a result of direct land-use change to bioenergy crops, with a focus on the second-generation bioenergy crops Miscanthus, short rotation coppice willow and short rotation forestry.The project was UK-bound, but with many outcomes which could be internationally relevant. Indirect land-use change impacts were out of scope. This deliverable presents a review of existing (2012) models, toolkits and resources...

ETI: Innovation Learnings - Carbon Capture and Storage

M. Colechin
The ETI’s analysis of the UK energy system points to the central importance of CCS in enabling the UK to meet its carbon targets efficiently. CCS could save tens of billions of pounds (up to circa 1% of GDP by 2050) from the annual cost of meeting UK Climate Change targets, compared with alternative approaches to reducing emissions which do not deploy this capability.

The ETI has carried out techno-economic and project investment level modelling of...

Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage

D. Gammer
Termination of the most recent Government CCS Commercialisation competition late in 2015 was a major setback for the decarbonisation of the fossil power and industrial sectors in the UK. Now the dust has settled, we review in this paper what we have learned about the CO2 storage aspects of CCS in particular, and other aspects of CCS that have changed over the last few years, since we first published our analysis of the UK’s CO2...

Aquifer Brine - Impact of Brine Production on Aquifer Storage

M. Jin, P. Olden, S. Ghanbari, G. Pickup, E. Mackay & D. Fitch
This £200,000 nine-month long project, studied the impact of removing brine from undersea stores that could, in future, be used to store captured carbon dioxide. It was carried out by Heriot-Watt University, a founder member of the Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage (SCCS) research partnership, and Element Energy. T2 Petroleum Technology and Durham University also participated in the project. It built on earlier CCS research work and helped develop understanding of potential CO2 stores, such...

ETI HDV marine programme - Presentation

S. Bradley
ETI’s Strategy Manager Stuart Bradley presents the “ETI HDV marine programme” at All Energy 2017 in Glasgow

The aim of hte HDV Marine Programme: To bring about a meaningful change to the fuel efficiency and Green House Gas intensity of the UK HDV marine fleetWhy is HDV efficiency so important?Ship Construction and LexiconMarine Program StructureWhat is our UK Fleet?Selected Vessels to represent the HDV Marine FleetWhat do Ships use for Power today?Innovations for ShipsTechnology ImpactImproved PerformanceWaste...

Transportable Storage - Techno-economic Evaluation of Transportable Energy Storage Final Report

L. Hull, M. Gillie, E. Dudek, J. Irvine, R. Clarke, A. Cruden & T. Houghton
With increasing utilisation of renewable energy sources there are many cases where the ability to site generation within easy reach of demand becomes more limited. In these situations, how the energy is moved from where it is generated to where it is needed becomes a more critical aspect of the overall energy system. More remote locations are more costly to connect to transmission lines, be they electricity networks or pipelines. At the same time the...

Mineralisation - Carbon Capture and Sequestration by Mineralisation (CCSM) Final Report

G. Hillier, M. Styles, S. Zemskova & T. Paulson
This report summarises the findings of the Energy Technologies Institute’s project studying the capture and storage of carbon dioxide using mineralisation, CCSM. Five major groups of CCSM technologies were defined and the so-called “aqueous multi-step with additives” group was selected for investigation. Ammonium compounds were utilized as additives, and the CCSM process studied in this project is referred as an “Ammonium-based” CCSM.The ETI is grateful for the contributions made by all participants of the Mineralisation...

Hydrogen Turbines - Hydrogen Storage and Flexible Turbine Systems WP5 - Identification of a Representative System & Comparison of CCGT with CO,sub>2 Buffer Storage

R. Ray
The purpose and focus of the Hydrogen Turbines project is to improve the ETI’s understanding of the economics of flexible power generation systems comprising hydrogen production (with CCS), intermediate hydrogen storage (e.g. in salt caverns) and flexible turbines, and to provide data on the potential economics and technical requirements of such technology to refine overall energy system modelling inputs.The final deliverable (D2) comprises eight separate components. This document is D2 WP5 Report – identifying a...

Scoping New thermal CCS Power Station - Incentivisation of thermal Power with CCS - Stage 1B Final Report

P. Hare & S. Murray
The Energy Technology Institute (ETI) is charged with promoting low carbon technologies – to develop them and ease their implementation. In this regard, the ETI commissioned Pöyry to develop a model and an accompanying report with the primary objective of understanding the risks involved in implementation of future Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects, and hence assessing their economic viability.The model, developed for the project and supplied to ETI, is designed in Excel with the...

Scoping New thermal CCS Power Station - Stage A Identification of potential sites

L. Robinson
URS was appointed by the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) in June 2014 (Consultancy Agreement ref. NHE/CS/URS) to undertake a desk-top selection and review study, to identify potential sites available for the development of a new low carbon thermal power plant that can benefit from the marginal cost of connection to a carbon sink. This scope of works constitutes work package WP1.1 of ETI’s “Incentivisation of thermal Power with CCS” programme. This report presents the conclusions...

CCS Benchmark Refresh - Task 5 Report: Independent Capture Plant

R. Ray, A. Tarrant & T. Abbott
This report describes development of a new benchmark for an alternative commercial CCGT model with an Independent Capture Plant (ICP), in order to examine the feasibility, cost, schedule and efficiency penalty for a “commercially distinct” post-combustion carbon capture plant.The report describes the results from a base case and two sensitivity cases:The base case consists of a CCGT plus ICP configured for 90% capture using an amine system but where the CCGT is unaffected by the...

Learnings from a Public-Private Partnership in the UK: Energy Systems - an Integrated Effort

J. Coleman
ETI’s Strategy Director Jo Coleman presented “Learnings from a Public-Private Partnership in the UK” at the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA). This slideset covers what the ETI is, who the members are, and what the ETI offers: a shared evidence base, insights across the whole energy system, and what ETI have learnt about managing private-public partnerships.

On track or too little too late: how can we accelerate the low carbon transition?

J. Coleman
ETI’s Strategy Director Jo Coleman presented “On track or too little too late: how can we accelerate the low carbon transition?” at the G-02Y Summit in Switzerland. World energy demand is set to growCOP21 pledges fall far short of a 2ºC pathwayPower is not typically the dominant end-useOpportunities to introduce step-changes in technology or strategic direction are fewAn feasible emissions reduction plan is presented - Power now, heat next, transport gradually which should have optimal...

Hydrogen Turbines Follow On - Scenario 1,2 and 3 Results Spreadsheet: Role of Gas/H2 in the GB power sector - initial analysis

Various scenarios for the UK’s power fleet composition in 2030 and 2040 were developed. Dispatch modelling in Plexos was carried out by Baringa on these fleets to investigate the role gas fed plants might have in future. This includes the ability to study load factors, stop/starts etc, and together with concomitant pricing, provide a picture of investment remuneration.The effect of key drivers is studied e.g. gas price. This spreadsheet contains baseline, and scenario 1,2 and...

Hydrogen Turbines Follow On - Scenario 10 Results Pack - Cost-optimal pathways to decarbonising the GB power sector - Final Report

Optimal annual decarbonisation pathways to 2050 considering capacity and operational dispatch requirements, and current policy momentum effectsETI commissioned Baringa to undertake detailed analysis of what the cost optimal power sector capacity mix could look like around the 2030 point on the pathway to 2050, which allows for feasible operation (in line with GB’s reliability standard for a loss of load expectation of 3 hours per year) and which is consistent with a trajectory that enables...

Local Authority Engagement in UK Energy Systems: Highlights from Early Findings

M. Tingey, J. Webb & D. Hawkey
Key Research Findings:The majority of Local Authorities have ambitions for action on sustainable energy, and 82% of those researched are active to some degreeLocal Authorities were more likely to have an Energy and Carbon Plan than investment in projectsLocal Authority investment in energy was focused on infrastructures for combined heat and power alongside the improvement of energy efficiency in buildingsAcross the UK, Scotland had a higher proportion of leaders in providing low carbon systems –The...

Strategic Analysis Capability

This brochure describes what the ETI is, and what it does, outlining services available, credibility of results and key personnel.

Infographic - 10 Years to Prepare for a Low Carbon Transition

Infographic showing what will need to be done to over a ten year period to prepare for transition to a low carbon energy system

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