2,109 Works

Diffusion studies using methane to investigate the diffusional constraint in ZSM-5 samples used in the methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction

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Methanol-to-Hydrocarbons (MTH) is an important industrial reaction. It is thought to work through a 'hydrocarbon pool' mechanism where the hydrocarbons retained within the catalyst pores act both as the activating and deactivating species. It is known that the hydrocarbons retained within the pores increase with time-on-stream and thereby change the diffusion pathways of both reactants and products. During a previous QENS beam allocation, both methanol and methane were used as a probe molecule. The methanol...

Techno-Economic Assessment of Biomass Pre-Processing (TEABPP) - Review and Benchmarking Report

R. Taylor, P. Konopka, J. Howes, A. Bauen, M. Eastwood, L. Martinez, T. Milne, N. Shah, N. MacDowell, P. Fennell, K. Huges, M. Pourkashanian & J. Jones
This techno-economic project will provide a greater understanding of the options available to modify or improve the physical and chemical characteristics of different types of UK-derived 2nd generation energy biomass feedstocks, that may otherwise reduce the cost-effective performance of conversion technologies.

This report assesses the current techno-economic status of biomass pre-processing, combustion and gasification technologies used to transform forestry and perennial energy crop feedstocks into heat, power and syngas.The report uses a common review framework to...

Building Supply Chain for Mass Refurbishment of Houses: Customer Segmentation - Draft Supply Chain Design (WP4 D2) Draft Supply Chain Scenarios Appendix 1: Survey Process Map

P. Cook & D. Lake
This project looked at designing a supply chain solution to improve the energy efficiency of the vast majority of the 26 million UK homes which will still be in use by 2050.It looked to identify ways in which the refurbishment and retrofitting of existing residential properties can be accelerated by industrialising the processes of design, supply and implementation, while stimulating demand from householders by exploiting additional opportunities that come with extensive building refurbishment.The project developed...

Characterisation of Feedstocks - D1 Detailed Schedule of Work

The primary objective of this 2015/16/17 Project was to provide an understanding of UK produced biomass properties, how these vary and what causes this variability. This 86 page report is the second of seven deliverables produced as part of Phase 1 (2015/16) of the Characterisation of Feedstocks Project and the second of two under Milestone 1. It describes the rationale for both the experimental design and the decisions taken. Deliverable 2 was to provide technical...

Local coordination and vibrational properties of hydride ions in a novel oxide-hydride

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This proposal requests beamtime on the inelastic neutron scattering spectrometers TOSCA and MAPS to investigate the local coordination and vibrational dynamics of hydride ions in the recently discovered LaxSr4-xNiRuO4H4 (x = 0.5, 1, and 1.5) oxide-hydride phases. Besides being of pure fundamental interest, one of the interests in these materials is their inherent hydride-ion conductivity, which makes them of interest for various technological devices. The aim of the research is to determine how the atomic-scale...

Scoping New thermal CCS Power Station - Incentivisation of thermal Power with CCS - Stage 1B Final Report

P. Hare & S. Murray
The Energy Technology Institute (ETI) is charged with promoting low carbon technologies – to develop them and ease their implementation. In this regard, the ETI commissioned Pöyry to develop a model and an accompanying report with the primary objective of understanding the risks involved in implementation of future Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects, and hence assessing their economic viability.The model, developed for the project and supplied to ETI, is designed in Excel with the...

Hydrogen Turbines Follow On - Scenario 10 Results Pack - Cost-optimal pathways to decarbonising the GB power sector - Final Report

Optimal annual decarbonisation pathways to 2050 considering capacity and operational dispatch requirements, and current policy momentum effectsETI commissioned Baringa to undertake detailed analysis of what the cost optimal power sector capacity mix could look like around the 2030 point on the pathway to 2050, which allows for feasible operation (in line with GB’s reliability standard for a loss of load expectation of 3 hours per year) and which is consistent with a trajectory that enables...

Biomass to Power with CCS - One Page Summary

TESBiC: Techno-Economic Study of Biomass to power with CCS. Bioenergy production coupled with CCS could provide up to 10% of UK energy in the 2050s and deliver substantial net negative emissions. At the time of writing (2012) Bioenergy with CCS was thought to have the potential to remove 50 - 100 Mt of CO2 from the atmosphere each year by 2050. More recent analysis, published in the Bioenergy Insights papers, suggests that this figure is...

Learnings from a Public-Private Partnership in the UK: Energy Systems - an Integrated Effort

J. Coleman
ETI’s Strategy Director Jo Coleman presented “Learnings from a Public-Private Partnership in the UK” at the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA). This slideset covers what the ETI is, who the members are, and what the ETI offers: a shared evidence base, insights across the whole energy system, and what ETI have learnt about managing private-public partnerships.

On track or too little too late: how can we accelerate the low carbon transition?

J. Coleman
ETI’s Strategy Director Jo Coleman presented “On track or too little too late: how can we accelerate the low carbon transition?” at the G-02Y Summit in Switzerland. World energy demand is set to growCOP21 pledges fall far short of a 2ºC pathwayPower is not typically the dominant end-useOpportunities to introduce step-changes in technology or strategic direction are fewAn feasible emissions reduction plan is presented - Power now, heat next, transport gradually which should have optimal...

Building Supply Chain for Mass Refurbishment of Houses: Customer Segmentation - Draft Supply Chain Design (WP4 D2) Draft Supply Chain Scenarios Appendix 4.1: FMEA Workshop Summary Results - Survey Process

P. Cook & D. Lake
This project looked at designing a supply chain solution to improve the energy efficiency of the vast majority of the 26 million UK homes which will still be in use by 2050.It looked to identify ways in which the refurbishment and retrofitting of existing residential properties can be accelerated by industrialising the processes of design, supply and implementation, while stimulating demand from householders by exploiting additional opportunities that come with extensive building refurbishment.The project developed...

Building Supply Chain for Mass Refurbishment of Houses : Sustainable Supply - Chain Final summary report (WP4 D8)

P. Cook, R. Smith, P. Davies & D. Lake
This project looked at designing a supply chain solution to improve the energy efficiency of the vast majority of the 26 million UK homes which will still be in use by 2050.It looked to identify ways in which the refurbishment and retrofitting of existing residential properties can be accelerated by industrialising the processes of design, supply and implementation, while stimulating demand from householders by exploiting additional opportunities that come with extensive building refurbishment.The project developed...

Building Supply Chain for Mass Refurbishment of Houses : Sustainable Supply Chain - Change management roadmap (WP4 D5)

This project looked at designing a supply chain solution to improve the energy efficiency of the vast majority of the 26 million UK homes which will still be in use by 2050.It looked to identify ways in which the refurbishment and retrofitting of existing residential properties can be accelerated by industrialising the processes of design, supply and implementation, while stimulating demand from householders by exploiting additional opportunities that come with extensive building refurbishment.The project developed...

In situ Ca-F cluster formation during crystallisation of mold fluxes

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Mold fluxes are used as sort of ‘lubricants’ for molten steel, and are prepared as mixtures of calcite, flurite, some SiO2, and some Na: these mixtures are tailored to melt at certain temperature, providing a molten layer that works as a lubricant. These melts, at lower T, start to crystallise, forming a mineral called cuspidine and some other Ca-silicates. The very beginning of the process is the most interesting part, because what happens (likely the...

In situ lattice spacing measurement during creep in gamma double prime strengthened Ni-base superalloys

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This proposed experiment is to use neutron diffraction at ENGIN-X to study the micro-mechanics of deformation during creep of the Ni-base superalloy Inconel 718. Before the neutron experiment, the samples will be heat treated in order to form a microstructure that will allow the mechanism to be more readily probed. The lattice response of both the matrix phase and the strengthening phase during creep deformation can be in situ monitored in the neutron experiment. Measurements...

Investigation of local structure in Ni3+-rich Li ion battery cathode materials

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LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (Li NMC 811), LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (Li NMC 622) and LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (Li NCA) are next generation Li ion battery cathode materials where the main redox active ion is Jahn-Teller active Ni3+. A previous report on the parent material LiNiO2 indicated local ordering of the Ni3+ Jahn-Teller orbitals into trimers at low temperatures, however the impact of the local distortions of the Ni3+ Jahn-Teller orbital on the structure and the subsequent electrochemical performance of these Ni3+ rich...

Guest dynamics as a function of pressure in a barocaloric coordination framework

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Coordination framework materials tend to be mechanically soft, so their order-disorder phase transitions can be exploited, for instance, in environmentally friendly barocaloric refrigeration. Yet understanding the origin of the entropy change across these phase transitions is exceptionally challenging. QENS provides a unique way to simplify this problem by separating entropy due to dynamic site-hopping from that due to vibration or static disorder. In this experiment we will load a coordination framework, TPrAMn(dca)3, with exceptionally high...

Guest dynamics as a function of pressure in a barocaloric coordination framework

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Coordination framework materials tend to be mechanically soft, so their order-disorder phase transitions can be exploited, for instance, in environmentally friendly barocaloric refrigeration. Yet understanding the origin of the entropy change across these phase transitions is exceptionally challenging. QENS provides a unique way to simplify this problem by separating entropy due to dynamic site-hopping from that due to vibration or static disorder. In this experiment we will load a coordination framework, TPrAMn(dca)3, with exceptionally high...

Dynamics of Li Atom in Solid Ionic Conductors: LiAlGeO4 and Amorphous Li2Si2O5

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The lithium battery research is progressively increasing to make the batteries lighter, quickly chargeable, safer, long liver, stable and cost effective. The ab-initio calculated activation energy for diffusion of Li in LiAlGeO4 is reported to be about 0.11 eV (0.30 eV for LiAlSiO4). So it is expected to have higher ionic conductivity and lower conduction temperature than that of LiAlSiO4. Amorphous phase of Li2Si2O5 is found to transform to crystalline form above 893 K. This...

Characterisation of the interactions between electrode, lipid membrane and cross-membrane redox protein under electrochemical control.

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This proposal builds on previous work in which a custom-made electrochemical cell was used to reveal subtle but significant changes in the structure of a key electron-transfer protein, cytochrome c, as the applied potential was varied. The transfer of electrons to the electrode surface is currently a rate-limiting step in bioelectrochemical devices that use light-harvesting biofilms to generate electricity and therefore understanding more about this key interaction is crucial for future development of this technology....

Scoping New thermal CCS Power Station - Stage A Identification of potential sites

L. Robinson
URS was appointed by the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) in June 2014 (Consultancy Agreement ref. NHE/CS/URS) to undertake a desk-top selection and review study, to identify potential sites available for the development of a new low carbon thermal power plant that can benefit from the marginal cost of connection to a carbon sink. This scope of works constitutes work package WP1.1 of ETI’s “Incentivisation of thermal Power with CCS” programme. This report presents the conclusions...

CCS Benchmark Refresh - Task 5 Report: Independent Capture Plant

R. Ray, A. Tarrant & T. Abbott
This report describes development of a new benchmark for an alternative commercial CCGT model with an Independent Capture Plant (ICP), in order to examine the feasibility, cost, schedule and efficiency penalty for a “commercially distinct” post-combustion carbon capture plant.The report describes the results from a base case and two sensitivity cases:The base case consists of a CCGT plus ICP configured for 90% capture using an amine system but where the CCGT is unaffected by the...

Determination of the mechanism of bacterial membrane disruption by cationic antimicrobial polymers

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Rising antimicrobial resistance poses one of the largest threats to global health, predicted to lead to over 10 million deaths per annum in the UK and US alone by 2050. To combat this issue, we have taken inspiration from natural antimicrobial peptides and developed a library of synthetic, cationic antimicrobial polymers which are effective in inhibiting the growth of clinically relevant MRSA by disrupting the membranes which encapsulate the bacterial cell. Here, we propose to...

Ecosystem Land Use Modelling & Soil C Flux Trial (ELUM) - Chronosequence methodology approaches in literature, including specific recommendations for sampling for ELUM

A.M. Keith, E. Bottoms, P. Henrys, J. Oxley, K. Parmar, M. Perks, R. Rowe, S. Sohi, E. Vanguelova & N.P. McNamara
This deliverable presents a critical review of paired site and chronosequence approaches in the literature and provides specific sampling recommendations and a UK sampling roadmap for the Ecosystem Land-Use Modelling project (ELUM). It looks beyond bioenergy plantations to uncover the best practices to determine the effects of Land Use Change (LUC) on soil carbon stocks. Work Package 2 (WP2) will adopt these approaches in the context of the most relevant bioenergy transitions across the UK.The...

An ETI Perspective - Opportunities for rural job creation in the UK energy crops sector

Planting 30 - 35 kha/yr of second generation crops (Miscanthus, Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) willow and Short Rotation Forestry (SRF)) would keep the UK on the trajectory to deliver a bioenergy sector of the scale needed to help cost-effectively decarbonise the UK energy system.Due to the seasonal nature of bioenergy crop planting, management and harvesting, the majority of job opportunities will be part-time, but are complimentary to the seasonal demands of other roles in the...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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