426 Works

Bark characteristics affect epiphytic bryophyte cover across tree species

Devan Becker, Alistair Dobson & Kristen Klitgaard
Forest tree communities are shifting as a result of changes in regional climate and human management, which has cascading effects on other members of the community such as epiphytic bryophytes. Epiphytic bryophytes play important roles in ecosystem function, and their distribution is highly dependent on the characteristics of their substrate. To see how epiphytic substrate characteristics affect bryophyte abundance, we measured bark thickness, pH, and water holding capacity as it varied with bryophyte coverage on...

Measurements from the Fire Influence on Regional and Global Environments Experiment (FIREX) Fire Lab Mini Chamber Experiment

Christopher Cappa, Christopher Lim, David Hagan & Jesse Kroll
All experiments were conducted during the Fire Influence on Regional to Global Environments Experiment (FIREX) lab study, which took place at the Missoula Fire Sciences Lab in Missoula, MT, USA during November, 2016. Experiments focused on refining our understanding of emissions and short timescale processing. The focus was on measuring fuels or combustion conditions that are characteristic of the western U.S. that may be under-sampled by the fire research community. Numerous types of biomass were...

Impacts of fire suppression and drought stress on patterns of conifer mortality in eastern Sierra Nevada montane forest

Josh Brandt, John Laux, & Benjamin Weaver
In the age of fire suppression, a major killer of coniferous forests has shifted from wildfires to beetle infestations and drought stress. We examined a conifer forest in the Eastern Sierra Nevada to obtain demographic data on the area and to determine the factors affecting conifer mortality. We found a positive relationship between the number of boreholes and mortality across tree species. Bark beetle tree mortality in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) was related to density,...

Herbivory defense and growth tradeoffs along a moisture gradient in Lupinus latifolius var. columbianus

Lilly Boiton, James Powers & Jordan Waits
Hypotheses such as the plant stress hypothesis, apparency theory, and the resource availability hypothesis provide contrasting predictions to how plants respond to abiotic stress and their interactions with herbivores. In this paper we examined the effects of a water availability gradient on the morphological characteristics and herbivory of Lupinus latifolius var. columbianus. We measured the abundance of the leaf beetle, Galeruca rudis, and Aphididae as well as the amount of leaf herbivory damage on lupine...

Data from: Evolution of sexually dimorphic pheromone profiles coincides with increased number of male-specific chemosensory organs in Drosophila prolongata

Yige Luo, Yuewei Zhang, Jean-Pierre Farine, Jean-François Ferveur, Santiago Ramírez & Artyom Kopp
Binary communication systems that involve sex-specific signaling and sex-specific signal perception play a key role in sexual selection and in the evolution of sexually dimorphic traits. The driving forces and genetic changes underlying such traits can be investigated in systems where sex-specific signaling and perception have emerged recently and show evidence of potential coevolution. A promising model is found in Drosophila prolongata, which exhibits a species-specific increase in the number of male chemosensory bristles. We...

One-dimensional models of radiation transfer in heterogeneous canopies: a review, re-evaluation, and improved model

Brian Bailey, María Ponce De León & E. Scott Krayenhoff
This dataset contains the project files and data output for the publication: Bailey, Brian; Ponce de León, María; Krayenhoff, E. Scott (2019), One-dimensional models of radiation transfer in heterogeneous canopies: A review, re-evaluation, and improved model. The file main.cpp contains the main program that sets up and runs the simulations. Output files are stored in the 'output' directory. The current version of the Helios source code can be downloaded at https://www.github.com/PlantSimulationLab/Helios

Data from: Anthropogenic Basin Closure and Groundwater Salinization (ABCSAL)

Richard Pauloo
Global food systems rely on irrigated agriculture, and most of these systems in turn depend on fresh sources of groundwater. In this study, we demonstrate that groundwater development, even without overdraft, can transform a fresh, open basin into an evaporation dominated, closed-basin system, such that most of the groundwater, rather than exiting via stream baseflow and lateral subsurface flow, exits predominantly by evapotranspiration from irrigated lands. In these newly closed hydrologic basins, just as in...

Genome Synteny Has Been Conserved Among the Octoploid Progenitors of Cultivated Strawberry Over Millions of Years of Evolution

Michael Hardigan, Mitchell Feldmann, Anne Lorant, Kevin Bird, Steven Knapp, Patrick Edger, Glenn Cole, Charlotte Acharya & Randi Famula
Allo-octoploid cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) originated through a combination of polyploid and homoploid hybridization, domestication of an interspecific hybrid lineage, and continued admixture of wild species over the last 300 years. While genes appear to flow freely between the octoploid progenitors, the genome structures and diversity of the octoploid species remain poorly understood. The complexity and absence of an octoploid genome frustrated early efforts to study chromosome evolution, resolve subgenomic structure, and develop a...

Exploring the role of attitude in the acceptance of self-driving shuttles

YAN XING, Susan Handy, Giovanni Circella, Yunshi Wang & Farzad Alemi
Self-driving vehicles, as a revolution in mobility, are emerging and developing rapidly. However, public attitudes toward this new unproven technology are still uncertain. Given the significant influence of attitude toward a new technology on the intention to use it, the question arises as to why some people are in favor of this technology whereas others are not. Additionally, questions about the key attitudes influencing self-driving technology acceptance, where these attitudes come from, and how they...

Understanding Behavioral Responses of Wildlife to Traffic to Improve Mitigation Planning

Fraser Shilling
Creating and maintaining sustainable transportation systems depends in part on understanding and mitigating ecological impacts. Wildlife crossing structures (WCS) are often used to mitigate impacts on wildlife populations. WCS and existing structures may provide passage for multiple species, depending on their sensitivity to traffic disturbance and perception of the roadway. In a previous project, we found that traffic conditions and traffic noise could reduce WCS effectiveness in facilitating passage of diverse and sensitive species. In...

Correlated evolution of sex allocation and mating system in wrasses and parrotfishes

Jennifer Hodge, Francesco Santini & Peter Wainwright
In accordance with predictions of the size-advantage model, comparative evidence confirms that protogynous sex change is lost when mating behavior is characterized by weak size advantage. However, we lack comparative evidence supporting the adaptive significance of sex change. Specifically, it remains unclear whether increasing male size advantage induces transitions to protogynous sex change across species, as it can within species. We show that in wrasses and parrotfishes (Labridae), the evolution of protogynous sex change is...

Channel types predictions for the Sacramento River basin

Hervé Guillon, Colin F. Byrne, Belize Arela Albin Lane, Samuel Sandoval Solis & Gregory Brian Pasternack
Hydrologic and geomorphic classifications have gained traction in response to the increasing need for basin-wide water resources management. Regardless of the selected classification scheme, an open scientific challenge is how to extend information from limited field sites to classify tens of thousands to millions of channel reaches across a basin. To address this spatial scaling challenge, we leveraged machine learning to predict reach-scale geomorphic channel types using publicly available geospatial data.

Root and shoot variation in relation to potential intermittent drought adaptation of Mesoamerican wild common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Paul Gepts, Jorge Carlos Berny Mier Y Teran, Enéas R Konzen, Viviana Medina, Antonia Palkovic, Andrea Ariani, Siu M. Tsai & Matthew E. Gilbert
• Background Wild crop relatives have been potentially subjected to stresses on an evolutionary time scale prior to domestication. Among these stresses, drought is one of the main factors limiting crop productivity and its impact is likely to increase under current scenarios of global climate change. We sought to determine to what extent wild common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) exhibited adaptation to drought stress, whether this potential adaptation is dependent on the climatic conditions of the...

Data from: Fostering the use of zero and near zero emission vehicles in freight operations

Miguel Jaller, Leticia Pineda, Yasar Gueldas, Farzad Alemi & Irem Otay
California has put forward a number of goals to improve freight efficiency through the introduction and use of zero and near-zero emission vehicles. However, the technical and operational characteristics, market readiness, and other factors related to these technologies can be very different. Therefore, the most appropriate option for different uses (e.g., last mile, long-haul distribution) and users’ preferences is not necessarily clear. This study focused on analyzing the factors to foster the adoption of zero...

Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems achieve comparable crop yields to specialized systems: a meta-analysis

Caitlin Peterson, Leonardo Deiss & Amelie Gaudin
Production systems that feature temporal and spatial integration of crop and livestock enterprises, also known as integrated crop-livestock systems (ICLS), have the potential to intensify production on cultivated lands and foster resilience to the effects of climate change without proportional increases in environmental impacts. Yet, crop production outcomes following livestock grazing across environments and management scenarios remain uncertain and a potential barrier to adoption, as producers worry about the effects of livestock activity on the...

Data from: Forests do not limit bumble bee foraging movements in a montane meadow complex

John Mola, Michael Miller, Sean O'Rourke & Neal Williams
Understanding the roles of habitat fragmentation and resource availability in shaping animal movement are integral for promoting species persistence and conservation. For insects like bumble bees, their movement patterns affect the survival and reproductive potential of their colonies as well as the pollen flow of plant species. However, our understanding of their mobility or the impact of putative barriers in natural environments is limited due to the technical difficulties of studying wild populations. We used...

Data from: Measuring behavior patterns and evaluating time sampling methodology to characterize brush use in weaned beef cattle

Kelsey Horvath, Rachel Toaff-Rosenstein, Cassandra Tucker & Emily Miller-Cushon
With growing interest in provision of brushes to cattle, and implications of brush use for behavioral development and welfare, there is a need to validate methodology for quantifying grooming behavior. Our objectives were to characterize patterns of brush use, including bouts, diurnal activity, and individual variability over 24-h periods and to validate time sampling methodologies to characterize these traits, including instantaneous recording at various time intervals and continuous recording for subsets of the day. Data...

Data from: Comparisons of Late Ordovician ecosystem dynamics before and after the Richmondian Invasion reveal consequences of invasive species in benthic marine paleocommunities

Hannah Kempf, Ian Castro, Ashley Dineen, Carrie Tyler & Peter Roopnarine
A thorough understanding of how communities respond to extreme changes, such as biotic invasions, is essential to manage ecosystems today. Here we constructed fossil food webs to identify changes in Late Ordovician (Katian) shallow marine paleocommunity structure and functioning before and after the Richmondian Invasion, a well-documented ancient invasion. Food webs were compared using descriptive metrics and Cascading Extinction on Graphs models. Richness at intermediate trophic levels was underrepresented when using only data from the...

Data from: Frequency-dependent fitness and reproductive dynamics contribute to habitat segregation in sympatric Jewelflowers

Kyle Christie & Sharon Y. Strauss
Coexistence results from a complex suite of past and contemporary processes including biogeographic history, adaptation, ecological interactions, and reproductive dynamics. Here we explore drivers of local micro-parapatry in which two closely related and reproductively isolated Streptanthus species (Jewelflower, Brassicaceae) inhabit continuous or adjacent habitat patches and occur within seed dispersal range, yet rarely overlap in fine-scale distribution. We find some evidence for abiotic niche partitioning and local adaptation, however differential survival across habitats cannot fully...

Data from: Feeding and damage-induced volatile cues make beetles disperse and produce a more even distribution of damage for sagebrush

Richard Karban & Louie Yang
1. Induced plant responses to herbivory are common and we have learned a lot about the mechanisms of induced resistance and their effects on herbivore performance. We know less about their effects on herbivore behavior and especially on spatial patterns of damage. 2. Theoretical models predict that induced responses can cause patterns of damage to become aggregated, random, or even. A recent model predicted that informed herbivore movement coupled with communication between plants would make...

Data from: Attacks on genetic privacy via uploads to genealogical databases

Doc Edge & Graham Coop
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetics services are increasingly popular for genetic genealogy, with tens of millions of customers as of 2019. Several DTC genealogy services allow users to upload their own genetic datasets in order to search for genetic relatives. The statement that a user's uploaded genome shares one or more segments in common with that of a target person in the database---that is, that the two genomes share one or more regions identical by state (IBS)---reveals...

Data from: Efficacy of masks and face coverings in controlling aerosol particle emission from expiratory activities

Sima Asadi, William Ristenpart, Santiago Barreda, Anthony Wexler, Nicole Bouvier & Christopher Cappa
The dataset provided here is associated with the work "Efficacy of masks and face coverings in controlling aerosol particle emission from expiratory activities," by Asadi et al. This includes measurements made of the influence of different types of face coverings (surgical masks, both vented and unvented N95 respirators, and homemade fabric and paper towel masks) on the emission of micron-scale aerosols from various expiratory activities (coughing, breathing, speaking).

Data from: Local government contribution to recovery of the giant gartersnake (Thamnophis gigas)

Steven Greco
Recovery of a threatened or endangered species usually requires conservation and mitigation actions at the local level across the species' entire range (i.e., geographic limits of a species' spatial distribution). Depending on the size of the range it could involve numerous or few jurisdictions. Under the federal Endangered Species Act an optional off-set program allows local governments to create a Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) to guide mitigative actions (streamlining permitting) and in the state of...

Bayesian total-evidence inference resolves the position of the ant genus Phaulomyrma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

Zachary Griebenow
Although molecular data have proven indispensable in confidently resolving the phylogeny of many clades across the tree of life, these data may be inaccessible for certain taxa. The resolution of taxonomy in the ant subfamily Leptanillinae is made problematic by the absence of DNA sequence data for leptanilline taxa that are known only from male specimens, including the monotypic genus Phaulomyrma Wheeler & Wheeler. Focusing upon the considerable diversity of undescribed male leptanilline morphospecies, the...

Supporting data for: The setup and relaxation of spring upwelling in a deep, rotationally influenced lake

Derek Roberts & S. Geoffrey Schlaodow
Supporting data for the manuscript "The setup and relaxation of spring upwelling in a deep, rotationally influenced lake" accepted for publication in Limnology and Oceanography in November 2020. The data herein were collected at Lake Tahoe, CA/NV, USA in May-June, 2018 as part of a collaboration between the UC Davis Tahoe Environmental Research Center, the UC Davis Bodega Marine Lab, and the Stanford Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory. The goal of this data collection effort was...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    139
  • 2020
    105
  • 2019
    67
  • 2018
    43
  • 2017
    45
  • 2016
    1
  • 2015
    2
  • 2014
    24

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    269
  • Text
    114
  • Collection
    40
  • Audiovisual
    1
  • Interactive Resource
    1
  • Software
    1

Affiliations

  • University of California, Davis
    246
  • University of California, Berkeley
    6
  • United States Department of Agriculture
    4
  • San Diego State University
    4
  • Oregon State University
    3
  • Oklahoma State University
    3
  • University of Florida
    3
  • United States Geological Survey
    3
  • University of Montana
    2
  • University of Washington
    2