Data from: Decoding the dynamics of dental distributions: insights from shark demography and dispersalSora Kim, Justin Yeakel, Juergen Kriwet, Meghan Balk, Jaelyn Eberle, Sarah Zeichner & Dina Fieman
Shark teeth are the most abundant vertebrate fossil, and because tooth size generally correlates with body size, their accumulations document the size structure of populations. Understanding how ecological and environmental processes influence size structure, and how this extends to influence these dental distributions, may offer a window into the ecological and environmental dynamics of past and present shark populations. Here we examine the dental distributions of sand tigers, including extant Carcharias taurus and extinct Striatolamia...
Evolutionary correlations between phenotypic and environmental traits characterize adaptive radiations. However, the lizard genus Liolaemus, one of the most ecologically diverse terrestrial vertebrate radiations on earth, has so far shown limited or mixed evidence of adaptive diversification in phenotype. Restricted use of comprehensive environmental data, incomplete taxonomic representation and not considering phylogenetic uncertainty may have led to contradictory evidence. We compiled a 26 taxon dataset for the L. gracilis species group, representing much of the...
Metabolite, qPCR, and metadata for relationships between Sphaerulina musiva infection and the Populus microbiome and metabolomeNicholas Dove
Pathogenic fungal infections in plants may, in some cases, lead to downstream systematic impacts on the plant metabolome and microbiome that may either alleviate or exacerbate the effects of the fungal pathogen. While Sphaerulina musiva is a well-characterized fungal pathogen which infects Populus tree species, an important wood fiber and biofuel feedstock, little is known about its systematic effects on the metabolome and microbiome of Populus. Here, we investigate the microbiome and metabolome of P....
Dataset for: Physics-informed neural networks with monotonicity constraints for Richardson-Richards equation: Estimation of constitutive relationships and soil water flux density from volumetric water content measurements by Toshiyuki Bandai and Teamrat A. GhezzeheiToshiyuki Bandai & Teamrat Ghezzehei
Simulation of soil moisture dynamics is important for various fields, such as agriculture, hydrological modeling, and natural disasters. Such simulations are conducted by solving a partial differential equation (PDE) called the Richardson-Richards equation (RRE). Because the RRE is a highly non-linear PDE, we need to solve it numerically. Various numerical methods have been used to solve the RRE, such as the finite difference, finite element, and finite element volume method. In order for those numerical...
Active nematic order and dynamic lane formation of microtubules driven by membrane-bound diffusing motorsLinda Hirst
Dynamic lane formation and long-range active nematic alignment is reported using a geometry in which kinesin motors are directly coupled to a lipid bilayer, allowing for in-plane motor diffusion during microtubule gliding. We use fluorescence microscopy to image protein distributions in and below the dense two-dimensional microtubule layer, revealing evidence of diffusion-enabled kinesin restructuring within the fluid membrane substrate as microtubules collectively glide above. We find that the lipid membrane acts to promote filament-filament alignment...
Shape multistability in flexible tubular crystals through interactions of mobile dislocations: Simulation dataDaniel Beller & Andrei Zakharov
We study avenues to shape multistability and shape-morphing in flexible crystalline membranes of cylindrical topology, enabled by glide mobility of dislocations. Using computational modeling, we obtain states of mechanical equilibrium presenting a wide variety of tubular crystal deformation geometries, due to an interplay of effective defect interactions with out-of-tangent-plane deformations that reorient the tube axis. Importantly, this interplay often stabilizes defect configurations quite distinct from those predicted for a two-dimensional crystal confined to the surface...
Illegal wildlife trade or wildlife trafficking is a problem that affects societies and ecosystems alike. However, it remains unclear which management strategies are suitable for addressing this issue, particularly when one considers the diversity of actors, interests, and nuances of the problem. We argue that better management strategies require multiple – and at times, even opposite – actors to coalesce around the fundamentals of the problem. An initial step towards formulating management strategies is to...
This data was used in the CenSierraPywr model created for the project "Optimizing Hydropower Operations While Sustaining Ecosystem Functions in a Changing Climate", for the California Energy Commission. For hydrology inputs, the model requires runoff at the sub-basin level. For this study, we used VIC the historical (1950 to 2013) daily gridded (1/16o) runoff data generated by the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrologic model, forced with observed meteorological data from NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA....
University of California, Merced7
Victoria University of Wellington1
Oak Ridge National Laboratory1
University of Colorado Boulder1
Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education1
University of Vienna1
Brigham Young University1
National Ecological Observatory Network1
California Institute of Technology1