50 Works

Improving plastic management by means of people awareness

Francesca Demichelis, Riccardo Caivano, Edoardo Degli Innocenti, Edoardo Gava, Chiara Landini & Lisa Odoardi
In past decades the usage of plastic has seen a tremendous increment. This raise is mainly caused by industrial development and by the spread of this material in every aspect of people life, from food package to aerospace application. For sure plastic has a key role in society and it is not possible to erase, nevertheless its overuse has a serious impact on the environment as well know. In particular, just a few percentage of...

Simple, affordable evaporative cooler to reduce food loss in developing countries

Federico Collarin, Antonietta Conte, Francesca Marasca, Luigi Mascolo, Leonardo Massa, Fabio Mutti & Maria Teresa Sposato
Cooling systems in developing countries have effects on health, hunger, food waste and the environment. Refrigerators are the best method for preserving food, but they are expensive, complex, energy-consuming, unsustainable for some countries. Therefore, there is an interest in simple, cheaper alternatives: evaporative coolers allow to raise the air humidity while reducing its temperature. The purpose of this work is to design and validate an evaporative cooling system that will allow storage of perishables, such...

The 3 T’s framework of social innovation labs

Claudia Marcelloni
Social Innovation labs present an unorthodox and varied typology, but one common denominator among them is the goal to create complex inter-organizational collaborations in order to tackle complex problems. These labs are systemic, experimental and social in nature. They utilise methodologies already discussed in the collaboration theory literature, adapting them to the context of innovation. We argue that social Innovation labs create safe spaces to innovate by using a framework composed of time, techniques and...

Perceptions of open innovation at CERN: an explorative study

Hamza El-Kebir, Maria Chiara Mazza & Jody Liu
Innovation is seen as a crucial factor to drive businesses to grow, stand out and to meet customer needs. However, most research on open innovation focuses on commercial businesses. Here, we study how research institutes, specifically CERN, establish innovation as their driving force, primarily through internal and external openness. To explore how interdisciplinary collaboration and open innovation is perceived by CERN’s constituents, mixed-form interviews have been conducted. A majority is found to be in favour...

Experimental research setting in management

Saku J. Mäkinen
The current issue of the CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation displays the plurality of levels of analysis for experimental research in management leaving only the policy level investigations untouched.

OBI - Developing an idea sharing platform for online collaboration and distributed student projects

Joona Juhani Kurikka
Online Base Innovation (OBI) is a development project to create and test a scalable online platform to support globally distributed learning, collaboration and concept development. OBI development is coordinated by IdeaSquare, an innovation experiment at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. This paper will focus on defining the initial steps and structure for setting up a comprehensive online collaboration platform to support multidisciplinary development projects, and also to optimize the learning experience and collaboration...

Experimenting with innovation in creative spaces

Matteo Vignoli, Elisa Mattarelli & Saku J. Mäkinen
This special issue is dedicated to the investigation of how people, teams, and organizations collaborate and experiment with innovative practices in different types of creative spaces and the challenges and opportunities they face in such contexts. The six papers of this special issue offer a comprehensive view of creative spaces by providing variegated perspectives, case studies, and evidence on exemplary experimentations within them.

Tackling challenges of the future with new approaches

Saku J. Mäkinen
The special circumstances of the post-COVID-19 situation emphasise the importance of innovating new solutions with cross-disciplinary approaches and these manuscripts in their part also have shown interesting ways towards the future of innovating. We hope that these manuscripts will inspire new approaches and experiments in tackling challenges of the future globally

Innovation in farming: an engaging and rewarding business model to foster digitalization

Fiorella Sibona, Lorenzo Chiavarini, Alessandro Bortoletto & Sara Mainiero
Over the last few years, innovation has been heavily driven by digitalization. This is due to the huge developments in the field of data analysis, enabled by the introduction of new technologies. Several fields have witnessed a smooth integration of digital tools along the whole value chain, unlike legacy sectors, which still face a spread mistrust towards innovative digital solutions. This paper proposes an engaging and rewarding model, taking into account the causes hindering innovation...

Co-creating an idea lab: lessons learned from a longitudinal case study

Katja Thoring, Roland M. Mueller, Carmen Luippold, Pieter Desmet & Petra Badke-Schaub
This article presents a longitudinal case study of the development process of an idea lab—from initial planning to final implementation and usage. The research approach comprised various methods, including a user study with cultural probes and a visual canvas, a focus group co-creation workshop, and a follow-up evaluation, two years after the space’s implementation. We identified 15 relevant themes and 39 spatial characteristics that constitute the individual users’ preferences, as well as several insights from...

The influence of spatial distribution and work organization on the effectiveness of teamwork in an innovative multidisciplinary project

Betsabea Bussi, Francesco Ottoboni, Giuseppe Buccoliero & Ludovica Spazzini
The aim of this paper is to investigate and define the type of teamwork that best fits along various phases of innovation projects based on design thinking process for engaging people in the design thinking process. Within the context of Innovation 4 Change program, the typical phases of a design thinking project have been analysed by means of a macro methodology matrix based on two core variables: spatial distribution and internal organization of team members....

Closing the gap: reinventing organizations for innovation and the disruptors who drive it

Steffen Raetzer, Rebecca L. Self & Nina Klein
The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceived gap between existing work environments and those desired by internal innovators and employees. Can the notion of evolutionary paradigmatic shifts be measured and mapped? And can this assist leaders attempting to implement profound organisational transformations needed to address social, technological, environmental, economic, and political realities facing organizations today? Inspired by Frederic Laloux’s Reinventing Organizations, the current study features responses from 131 respondents at Deutsche Bahn....

Smart work centers as “creative workspaces” for remote employees

Luisa Errichiello & Tommasina Pianese
This paper focuses on the creative potential offered to remote workers by an innovative workplace, i.e. Smart Work Center (SWC), that acquired momentum with the diffusion of smart working, a holistic approach in managing employees’ flexibility. In conceptualizing SWCs as "creative workspaces", we draw on literature on workplace creativity to identify a number of factors related to work environment influencing individual creativity. Then, in light of specific SWC’s features, we developed a set of research...

Harnessing butterflies for creating innovation tornadoes

The purpose of this paper is to offer a “Gedankenexperiment” related to the question of amplification of innovation. We assume a simple innovation ecosystem in which its different actors (research communities, industry and public and private investors) interact in parallel but pursue different (but not necessarily incompatible) goals. Our approach is inspired by chaos and non-linear dynamical system theories and the famous “butterfly effect”. An arm-chair recipe on how to amplify innovation is casually offered...

Open hardware as an experimental innovation platform: preliminary research questions and findings

Pietari Kauttu & Luis Felipe Murillo
In this article, we explore the concept of Open Hardware (OH) as an experimental innovation platform to take a first step in the study of the institutional and sociotechnical conditions for fostering and advancing Free and Open Source projects at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN. For our purposes, OH will be described as a highly adaptable platform for present and future research infrastructures. As part of the contemporary movement for “Open Science,” OH...

Organizational experiments and the change of meaning

John K Christiansen & Marta Gasparin
The present paper advocates for a bolder use of real life experiments in and with organizations. We illustrate how real life - in-vivo experiments - can lead to wide organizational changes by creating new meanings and change sensemaking, which makes it possible for a company to address its challenges from a new position. We argue that having a Dionysian perspective when using organizational experiments makes it possible to plan and execute experiments inspired by high...

Supporting the creative process from data

Juan Carlos Quiñones Gómez
Today, interest in the analysis of cognitive activities related to creativity has become a critical interdisciplinary topic. The need for effective means for the use of data management and analysis in design is growing. As a tool to assist designers in the early stages of design, there have been discussed the effects of considering the integration of big data via the data-driven design model within the creative process of new product development. In this way,...

Controlled microalgae culture as a reactive nitrogen filter: from ideation to prototyping

Maurizio Capra, Elena Barone, Mario De Matteo, Martina Puppi & Ravin Garg
Freshwater pollution caused by excessive reactive nitrogen in water due to extensive use of nitrogen-based fertilizers poses an ecological threat. As a result of an innovation management program, the problem is explored through the stages of research, ideation, solution (identification and validation), and prototyping/execution. After a description of the problem and a theoretical argumentation of the methodology used to approach it, each of these stages is discussed and the solution is presented. A water treatment...

Public engagement in urban innovation: towards the concept of inclusive mobility

Xiaoxu Liang, Michele Lopez, Jacopo Aiello, Nicola Langone, SImone Vottari & Yuri Ardesi
In the process towards smart city, the concept of public transportation has evolved as a set of socio-material entanglements by highlighting the social impacts. This research offers a community-based approach to identify criteria for the design towards inclusive mobility by setting a validation model to measure and extract collected stakeholders’ data. The study provides a thematization of optimizing strategies to address mobility in future smart city actions towards sustainable community development, aiming to inspire further...

Customized servitization as an innovative approach for renting service in the fashion industry

Ana Ricchiardi & Giovanni Bugnotto
Fashion Industry has proven to be one of the most polluting industries that exists nowadays. Finding innovative ways to tackle its unsustainable development is a challenge that deserves attention. In the context of the 20-weeks program “Innovation for Change” a possible solution to the challenge was found. Design-driven and action research approach were encouraged in order to find innovative ideas. This paper show casts the partial results for a customized servitization for renting services in...

Results from experimental and design thinking driven programs

Saku J. Makinen
This issue includes a number of papers from the Innovation 4 Change program led by Silvia Petocchi, Chief Executive Officer, and Raghu Movva, Director, at the Collège des Ingénieurs, in collaboration with Politecnico di Torino during the spring of 2019. Tuuli Utriainen has also been involved in the program as a facilitator from CERN IdeaSquare.

Here is the thing I wasn’t looking for!

This time the experimental innovation team of IdeaSquare explores serendipity in a serendipitous way.

Innovating onsite or coordinating online? An exploration of how knowledge practices shape the onsite and online collaboration interplay across the lifecycle of collaborative communities

Paula Ungureanu, Carlotta Cochis, Stefano Rodighiero, Fabiola Bertolotti, Elisa Mattarelli, Fabrizio Montanari, Matteo Rinaldini & Anna Chiara Scapolan
This paper inquires about how collaborative communities configure online and onsite collaboration practices throughout their lifecycle, paying specific attention to how knowledge practices and online-onsite collaboration practices interplay. While previous literature shows that the same online and onsite collaboration practices can be both good and bad for an organization’s ability to generate new knowledge, we show that this insight can be better understood at the light of an organization’s lifecycle. By studying the evolution of...

Experimenting with innovation processes: the case of reinventing a museum through collaboration

Marine Agogué & Anna Yström
This paper explores how experimenting with collaborative processes contributes to reinventing the purpose and practices of an organization. Based on a case study of the Insectarium of Montréal, we focus on the 2-year collaborative process orchestrated by the director, involving employees, experts and visitors. Our findings show several organizational implications of engaging in this type of experimentation: specifically, beyond enabling the collective generation of new ideas, experimenting through collaboration is an excellent opportunity to renew...

Creativity and science parks: more than just a physical platform?

Stefano Cirella & Anna Yström
This study explores how managerial practices can develop and enhance a creative climate in science parks. Based on a case study of one of the most important Italian science parks, Area Science Park, our results suggest that science park management can further enhance the park’s park potential and strengthen ties to its different actors by focusing on creative climate development. In particular, we identify and discuss key aspects that are relevant to this challenge, i.e....

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