32 Works

ANALISI DEL LINGUAGGIO PER LO STUDIO DEL PENSIERO SCIENTIFICO DI BAMBINI ED INSEGNANTI

Tommaso Corridoni
This work shows how the statistical study of the language by means of a descending hierarchical classification is a research method useful for both science didactics and pedagogy. Comparing the results obtained analyzing texts in which both primary school children and their in-training teachers answer the same question about a scientific argument (why the leaves fall in autumn?) shows that, for this theme: a) adults and children use almost the same methods to research explicative...

What do scientists do? Increasing Awareness of social and networking aspects in everyday activities of scientists

Katrin Hochberg & Jochen Kuhn
Background: Unfortunately, despite many efforts, women are still underrepresented in most STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) areas, particularly in physics. Changing the image of science and especially physics to be less masculine, less difficult and more social may be a promising way to attract more pupils and especially girls. One auspicious possibility to change the image of science is to clarify the actual wide range of activities of scientists in their everyday work life (the...

Editorial

Progress In Science Education PriSE
Progress in Science Education (PriSE), Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)

Educating recently immigrated students: Exploring the suitability of scientific Modules in secondary education

Mario Schmiedebach, Vivienne Litzke & Claas Wegner
Background: Over the last few years there has been a surge in the number of recently immigrated students to Germany. Schools often educate these students in separate language learning classes to facilitate integration, as immediate integration can be perceived as frustrating, boring and associated with language-use anxiety. Purpose: Using short-term science modules as an intervention method can possibly circumvent several negative emotions such as frustration, boredom, and language-use anxiety, as well as encourage scientific interest....

Fostering semi-quantitative reasoning in the classroom with worked examples as educational scaffold, Developpement du raisonnement semi-quantitatif (RSQ) en classe avec comme outil pedagogique le «Worked Example» (WE)

Cedric Loretan, Andreas Müller & Laura Weiss
ABSTRACT SQR is seeking for solutions to quantitative problems, which are allowed to be imprecise, but have the correct order of magnitude (expressed as a power of 10; e.g. age of the universe ~1010yrs). It can help to get estimates, when some data cannot be precisely known or hard to obtain by precise calculations, or to check the plausibility of a claim or result, etc. For these reasons, SQR is very important in science ("Fermi...

Fostering semi-quantitative reasoning in the classroom with worked examples as educational scaffold, Developpement du raisonnement semi-quantitatif (RSQ) en classe avec comme outil pedagogique le «Worked Example» (WE)

Cedric Loretan, Andreas Müller & Laura Weiss
ABSTRACT SQR is seeking for solutions to quantitative problems, which are allowed to be imprecise, but have the correct order of magnitude (expressed as a power of 10; e.g. age of the universe ~1010yrs). It can help to get estimates, when some data cannot be precisely known or hard to obtain by precise calculations, or to check the plausibility of a claim or result, etc. For these reasons, SQR is very important in science ("Fermi...

How should stepped supporting tools be designed to support non-major chemistry students while solving tasks in organic chemistry - results of a think-aloud study.

Jolanda Hermanns
ABSTRACT In this article the use of stepped supporting tools by non-major chemistry students will be discussed. The students used this scaffold while solving a task on the electrophilic addition on the double bond. To know how the students proceed a think-aloud study with ten students was conducted and will be discussed here. The results show that the students are then successful in solving the task if they have sufficient prior knowledge and methodical skills....

Das Potenzial philosophischer Gespräche im Biologieunterricht zum Thema Evolution

Deborah Bernhard, Markus Wilhelm & Dominik Helbling
Hintergrund: Unter Naturwissenschaftler*innen ist die herausragende Bedeutung der Evolutionstheorie für die Biologie und darüber hinaus unbestritten. Mit Einführung des Lehrplans 21 an Schweizer Schulen wird die bisher marginalisierte und unter Laien nach wie vor kontrovers diskutierte Thematik erstmalig ein verbindlicher Bestandteil der Volksschulbildung. Die fehlende Akzeptanz der Evolution sowie die Entwicklung von adäquaten naturwissenschaftlichen Vorstellungen gelten im Biologieunterricht als grosse Herausforderung. Ziel: Der theoretische Beitrag beschreibt die zentralen Einflussfaktoren für die Akzeptanz und das Verständnis...

Towards a more comprehensive framework for investigating novelty at out-of-school learning places for science and technology learning

Rebecca Cors, Nicolas Robin, Andreas Mueller & Patrick Kunz
Out-of-school learning places (OSLePs) have come to be recognized as an integral part of promoting science and technology education. Studies at OSLePs demonstrate that learner feelings of unfamiliarity present barriers to achieving educational outcomes. However, these investigations of novelty at OSLePs have drawn from several different, largely unconnected models to guide their work and have differently defined the novelty construct. The aim of this paper is to describe a more comprehensive framework for studying novelty...

Towards a more comprehensive framework for investigating novelty at out-of-school learning places for science and technology learning

Rebecca Cors, Nicolas Robin, Andreas Mueller & Patrick Kunz
Out-of-school learning places (OSLePs) have come to be recognized as an integral part of promoting science and technology education. Studies at OSLePs demonstrate that learner feelings of unfamiliarity present barriers to achieving educational outcomes. However, these investigations of novelty at OSLePs have drawn from several different, largely unconnected models to guide their work and have differently defined the novelty construct. The aim of this paper is to describe a more comprehensive framework for studying novelty...

Analysis of educational web servers for science teaching at the secondary I level, Analyse von Unterrichtsmaterialservern für den Naturwissenschaftsunterricht auf der Sekundarstufe I

Sandro Gössi, Dorothee Brovelli & Katrin Bölsterli Bardy
ABSTRACT The internet has developed rapidly in the last decades. Consequently, it gains in importance for schools. New competence-oriented teaching methods, such as „problem based learning“, rely on the internet as well as on suitable educational web servers. The availability of computers, laptops, and wireless networks in schools and private smartphones of the pupils allow for a diverse use of the internet. This study investigates and examines 121 educational web servers in German language according...

Comprehending digitization and digitalization - Development of a phenomenological access to analog and digital technology

Svantje Schumann
Background: "Digitization" (analog-digital conversion) and “Digitalization” (digital communication and the impact of digital media on contemporary social life) and “Digital transformation” (transformation processes) are frequent keywords nowadays. However, it is noticeable that the terms "digital" and "analog" are often not understood. In a preliminary survey, teachers were asked about their concepts about both terms as well as of the terms “digitization” and “digitalization”. Uncertainty about these terms and the phrase "age of digitalization" seems to...

Jumping to science rather than popularizing: a reverse approach to update in-service teacher scientific knowledge.

François Lombard, Daniel Kaspar Schneider & Laura Weiss
The need for keeping science teachers up-to-date is stronger than ever, but science curricula and teaching is often still focused on outdated approaches and knowledge. We will discuss some of the strong forces that shape the transformations of knowledge from research to curriculum and to classroom - Chevallard (1991)’s Didactical Transposition (DT) - and propose a different approach specifically for teacher professional development. Our research question is: can a different approach reduce detrimental effects of...

SENSE OF BELONGING TO SCIENCE – ENTWICKLUNG EINES ERHEBUNGSINSTRUMENTS FÜR LEHRAMTSSTUDIERENDE

Markus Sebastian Feser
ABSTRACT (Deutsch) Diverse Studien weisen darauf hin, dass der Bildungserfolg von Studierenden auch durch ihren Sense of Belonging – das Ausmaß, in dem sich eine Person einem bestimmten sozialen Umfeld zugehörig fühlt – bedingt ist. Bislang wurde allerdings Sense of Belonging weitgehend domänen-unspezifisch untersucht. Studien, die den Sense of Belonging to Science angehender Naturwissenschaftslehrkräfte untersuchten, fehlen zudem nahezu vollständig. Ein Grund hierfür ist, dass es an Instrumenten mangelt, mit denen eine Erfassung des Sense of...

Simulations in Science Education – Status Quo

Lisa Stinken-Rösner
ABSTRACT During the last decades digitalization has proceeded rapidly and various digital teaching and learning tools are available nowadays. One for science education typical and theoretically well described application are simulations. While previous research focused on design features and/or learning effects of the use of simulations, up to now little is known about the extent to which simulations are actually used in science classes. In this study the use of simulations in science education is...

NOS-Modellierungen – Ein theoretischer Konflikt mit fehlender empirischer Basis

Laura Arndt, Tim Billion-Kramer, Markus Wilhelm & Markus Rehm
ABSTRACT Die verstärkte Orientierung am Bildungsziel der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundbildung und einem zugrundeliegenden angemessenen Wissenschaftsverständnis wird in den letzten Jahren zunehmend bemerkbar. Hieraus resultiert einerseits ein Konsens in der aktuellen Nature of Science (NOS)-Debatte: Ein umfassendes Wissenschaftsverständnis ermöglicht, im Sinne der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundbildung, eine persönliche und gesellschaftliche Meinungsbildung und Entscheidungsfindung bezüglich naturwissenschaftlich-technischer Entwicklungen. Dazu muss verstanden werden, wie naturwissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse generiert, ausgehandelt, medial übersetzt und veröffentlicht werden. Andererseits erzeugt die gleiche Debatte Konflikte verschiedener NOS-Lager darüber,...

Einsatz von Classroom Response Systemen in Übungen

Sebastian Zangerle, Jochen Kuhn & Artur Widera
Background: Classroom response systems (CRS) are an effective way to promote communication between lecturers and students and to improve students' concept understanding. Purpose: The use of CRS in tutorials is still poorly understood. This is why we have studied the added value of using CRS in tutorials in addition to its popular use in lectures. Furthermore, the influence of the CRS on student attitudes towards digital media in teaching and on their confidence in their...

Effects of senegal’s science and technology curriculum on the interest and self-concept of middle-school-students

Ousmane Sy & Patrice Potvin
ABSTRACT The present study aimed to explore the students’ middle-school interest for science and technology (S&T) but also the evolution of this interest while comparing two science and technology curriculum. In this study, the researchers collected data through a questionnaire on interest and self-concept in S&T. Four hundred and seventy-one middle-school students from general middle schools (known as “collèges d’enseignement moyen” [CEMs]) and specialized science and technology schools (known as “blocs scientifiques et technologiques” [BSTs])...

Analysis of educational web servers for science teaching at the secondary I level, Analyse von Unterrichtsmaterialservern für den Naturwissenschaftsunterricht auf der Sekundarstufe I

Sandro Gössi, Dorothee Brovelli & Katrin Bölsterli Bardy
ABSTRACT The internet has developed rapidly in the last decades. Consequently, it gains in importance for schools. New competence-oriented teaching methods, such as „problem based learning“, rely on the internet as well as on suitable educational web servers. The availability of computers, laptops, and wireless networks in schools and private smartphones of the pupils allow for a diverse use of the internet. This study investigates and examines 121 educational web servers in German language according...

Analisi del linguaggio per lo studio del pensiero scientifico di bambini ed insegnanti

Tommaso Corridoni
This work shows how the statistical study of the language by means of a descending hierarchical classification is a research method useful for both science didactics and pedagogy. Comparing the results obtained analyzing texts in which both primary school children and their in-training teachers answer the same question about a scientific argument (why the leaves fall in autumn?) shows that, for this theme: a) adults and children use almost the same methods to research explicative...

Professional Development in the School Institute “Discovery Experimentation” – Framework and First Results

Markus Emden, Armin Baur & Arne Bewersdorff
ABSTRACT This article introduces a Design- and Effect Framework for Professional Development (PD), the research design for a validating intervention study, and first findings from this study. The PD aimed at introducing teachers to a method of inquiry-based experimentation (Discovery Experimentation); During 1.5 academic years teachers attended workshops, were visited in their lessons and coached. Teachers were monitored regarding the development of their beliefs towards inquiry-based experimentation, their respective professional content knowledge (PCK), and their...

Immersive Virtuelle Realität mit VR-Brillen im Geographieunterricht: Potentiale und Herausforderungen

Rolf Bürki & Josef Buchner
Obwohl Lernumgebungen mit Virtueller Realität (VR) in vielen Bereichen gewinnbringend eingesetzt werden, stehen entsprechende Anwendungen in der Schule noch in den Anfängen. Der Beitrag zeigt keine eigenen Forschungsergebnisse, sondern versteht sich als Grundlage und Anstoss für den Einsatz von VR im Geographieunterricht. Er stellt die Frage, inwiefern Anwendungen mit VR-Brillen mit einem Mehrwert eingesetzt werden können. Wie bei allen analogen und digitalen Medien darf VR nicht zu einer Herabsetzung der Realbegegnung und des ausserschulischen Lernens...

Transformations: d’un concept organisateur à une mise en œuvre dans les classes pour développer des compétences en lien avec la démarche d’investigation

Francine Pellaud, Philippe Massiot, Laurent Dubois & Marilyne Bassin
Résumé: Autour de ressources originales proposant d’aborder les grandes questions environnementales, sociales et économiques de notre époque au travers d’une pédagogie de projet, nous cherchons à développer les compétences des élèves, dont leur capacité à gérer leur propre apprentissage. Pour ce faire, des grilles d’autoévaluation leur sont proposées, mises en correspondance avec des grilles d’évaluation renseignées par les enseignants. Le contexte: En collaboration avec une enseignante primaire, nous avons développé des ressources « clé en...

School-related content knowledge in organic chemistry – how different school curricula should be considered for the development of tasks

Jolanda Hermanns & David Keller
Abstract The professional knowledge of teachers, as described by Shulman (1968) consists of content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge and pedagogical knowledge. Woehlecke and Massolt et al. (2017) describe the school-related content knowledge (SRCK) as a cross-disciplinary construct. We developed tasks in organic chemistry using their construct. In these tasks often a school context was used. The tasks were evaluated by using a questionnaire and by conducting focus group interviews. Background: The professional knowledge of teachers,...

Documentation in chemistry teaching - a theory based report of practice; Der Dokumentier-Führerschein - Theoriegestützter Praxisbericht

Martina Cavelti, Wolfgang Bührer & Thomas Berset
A research plan using a design-based research approach for the development of a set of tasks for the in introduction of documentation in chemistry teaching - a theory-based report of practice ABSTRACT Research background: The new science curriculum 21 (LP21), as well as HarmoS and SWiSE, demand teaching documentation competences from primary and secondary I school teachers in Switzerland; however, available teaching materials rarely help teacher to fulfil these competencies. In contrast to the state...

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